高考英语完型填空解题技巧


高考完形填空解题技巧

完形填空考点和能力要求分析 命题意图: 在语篇层面上考查常用词汇的准确、得体的应用。 选材:以叙述文、说明文为主,信息量大,情节曲折。 基本能力: 1)阅读理解能力 2)词汇运用能力 完形填空的解题思路: 1)句子理解—考查单句语境中词语运用 2)上下文理解—考查并列句及复合句语境中词语的运 用 3)段落理解—围绕段落主旨的段落语境中词语的运用 4)文章中心理解—围绕文章中心的文章整体语境中词语 运用

一. 明确文章语境,搞清词语差异
高考完形填空选项的设置一般均属于同一词类, 要求考生学会在例句中把握其用法,并能在考试 中结合语境,推敲最佳答案。 例1. (09浙江) The trip to city was eye-opening for everyone, and near its end, all the young people in our group began to reflect on what it had meant. We __21___the first night we had arrived. 21. A.put up with B.got back to C. looked back on D. made up for

例2. At this moment, the air hostess ___73__. She looked pale, but was quite __74__. 73. A. showed B. presented C. exposed D. appeared 74. A. well B. still C. calm D. quiet

73. 中四个选项都有“出现、显露”方面的意 思,但自身的语义特征构成了各自及物\不及物的 区别。A,B,C 都是及物动词,而这里应用不及 物动词,表示“不期出现”之意,所以答案为D。 74. still表示"站着不动",quiet表示"安静, 不乱说",calm则表示人,"镇定、"。所以,答案 应该是C。

技巧小试
1.(11北京)There was only one way to get money, and that was to __42__ it. He would have to find a job. 42. A borrow B. earn C. raise D. save 2.(10上海)Most people believe they don’t have much imagination. They are __50__. Everyone has imagination, but most of us, once we become adults, forget how to __51__ it. Creativity isn’t always __52__ with great works of art or ideas
50. A. wrong B. unbelievable C. reasonable D. realistic 51. A. put up with B. catch up with C. make use of D. keep track of 52. A. equipped B. compared C. covered D. connected

3. “People are like apples. They come in all 28 colors, shapes and sizes. On the 29 , some of the apples may not 30 look as delicious as the others.” 28. A. ordinary B. normal C. different D. regular 29. A. outside B. whole C. table D. inside 30. A. still B. even C. only D. ever 4.People are 38 like apples! They are all different, but once you 39 the outside, they’re pretty much the same on the inside.” 38. A. just B. always C. merely D. seldom 39. A. put away B. get down C. hand out D. take off

5.Even though it was only October ,my students were already whispering about Christmas plans, With each passing day everyone became more __36__wthting for the final school bell Upon its_37____everyone would run for their coats and go home ,everyone except David . 36.A.anxiors B. courageous C. serious D. cautious 37.A.warning B. ringing C. calling D. yelling

二。近义词辨析
1.(09重庆)People often fall ill because of me. 36 , they can hardly blame me; it is largely their own 37 . 37. A .business B . responsibility C. excuse D. fault 2.(09广东)Alfred Nobel became a millionaire

and changed the ways of mining, construction, and warfare as the inventor of dynamite(炸药). On April 12, 1888, Alfred’s brother Ludwig died of heart attack. A major French newspaper 21 his brother for him and carried an article 22 the death of Alfred Nobel. “The merchant of death is dead,” the article read.
21. A. found B. misunderstood C. mistook 22. A. introducing B. announcing C. implying D. advertising D. judged

3.(辽宁)A young man was getting ready to gradually from college, for many months he bad 36 a beautiful sports car in a dealer’s showroom, and 37 his father could well 38 it, he told him that was all he wanted. 36. A. expected. B. enjoyed. C. admired. D. owned 37 A. finding B. proving C. deciding D. knowing 38. A. afford. B. offer C. keep D. like

三.利用逻辑关系语.
逻辑关系语指表示各种逻辑意义的连句手段,主要 有:(1)词(包括连词、副词和少数介词),如 and, but, or, because, though, however, yet, therefore, otherwise, despite等;(2)短语,如 in other words, or rather, in addition, as a result, so that, on the contrary, instead of等; (3)分句和独立结构,如that is to say, what is more, all things considered等。逻辑关系语对准 确理解语篇意义能够起到很强的提示作用。完形填 空中很多题目都围绕它们而设。考生在解题时要充 分利用这些逻辑关系语,找到与文中某些词、短语 有密切关系的选项,如其同义词、近义词或反义词 等,有时这些词、短语甚至复现在文中

逻辑手段
并 列 关 系

转 折 关 系

因 果 关 系

解 释 关 系

顺 序 关 系

【例】 The girl became increasingly worried about this, both when__46__and in her dreams. (07全国卷I) 46. A. asleep B. away C. around D. awake 【例】 Before leaving, I had turned the heater__48__in the roadhouse, so that when we went in, it was nice and__49__. (07湖北卷) 48. A. onB. off C. inD. over 49. A. neatB. hot C. warmD. attractive

【技巧小试】
(1).(09全国1)It was always thought that

Treasure Island was the product of Robert Louis Stevenson’s imagination. 36 , recent research has found the true story of this exciting work. 36. A. However B. Therefore C. Besides D. Finally

7.(09重庆)People often fall ill because of me. 36 , they can hardly blame me; 36. A .Therefore B. Besides C. However D. Then

3) (09湖北) The class were required to criticize(评论 ) that essay, _40_the grade of everyone in class would be reduced. A. so B. and C. but D. or

四.根据生活常识及文化背景 知识 in summer. In the 例1: It was an early morning
streets, sleepy-eyed people were moving quickly, heading towards their___ . This was the beginning of another_____ day in New York City. 1. A. jobs B. homes C. buses D. offices 2. A. working B. hot C. same D. ordinary

分析:从信息词“early morning”和“sleepy-eyed”来判断, B. homes不符合逻辑,按生活经验,他们是去上班。这时有些考 生也许会认为,既然上班,就要去“挤公交车”或“去办公室”。 但上班的方式也有步行的、骑车的或坐地铁的,也有自己开车去的。 人们上班有去农场的、煤矿的,还有去工厂车间的,不一定去办公 室。1题只有A. jobs才是最合乎逻辑的选项,人们起床后,各自奔 向自己的工作岗位。而这 种情况是天天发生,是平平常常的, 因此2题答案是D. ordinary

例2:(NMET1998)Every morning she would give him breakfast 29 bed and bring him the papers to 30 . 29.A. to B. at C. in D. by 30.A. check B. read C. keep D. sign
分析:29题的答案是C,bed的前面应当用介词in。至于30题,就 要用到相应的文化背景知识:外国人有早上读报的习惯,句中 papers即报纸(newspapers)。这是理解文章细节的关键。有了 这些文化背景知识,便可迅速推断出最佳选项B. read。因为生活 中过分溺爱孩子的母亲,让儿子“在床上”吃早饭,“读”早报是 很自然的事情。

【例】 A young man, wet from__42__to toe, explained that he had__43__out of petrol about 30 km up the road. (07湖北卷) 42. A. finger B. shoulder C. head D. hand 43. A. driven B. used C. come D. run 【例】 Java began to enjoy one of the year’s greatest event: “the Night of the Full Moon”, a festival(节日)that is especially popular__44__young people.(07安徽卷) 44. A. forB. toC. withD. in

五。注意习惯搭配

【技巧小试】
1.He tried to__31__a telephone call, but was unable to__32__. (07浙江卷) 31. A. make B. fix C. use D. pick 32. A. get on B. get up C. get through D. get in 2.He got good grades in the school, especially__43__biology and chemistry, which was a great comfort.(07重庆卷) 43. A. in B. about C. Of D. for

3。(08山东)I was about to turn off my computer_14__I received an email from Garth, my Director. A. while B. when C. where D. after

完型填空训练的目的:
两个提高 1)提高阅读理解能力; 2)提高词语运用能力。 两个培养 1)培养良好的解题习惯; 2)培养语言逻辑思维能力。 两个忠告 1)不求语言知识增长,只求解题能力提高; 2)不求100%的理解和正确率,只求训练过程 和良好解题习惯的养成。

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