高考完形填空技巧方法精讲-新东方冯欣迪


I love this game !
完形填空
冯欣迪Cindy

完形填空的背景
? 完形填空题型有着极为深远的理论背景。在19世纪物 理学重大发现“场理论”的启发下,德国心理学家柯 勒等人提出了“格式塔心理学”,强调人类认知过程

中的宏观性和整体性。1953年,美国语言学家
Wilson Taylor基于上述理论,首次提出完形填空这

种题型,旨在测试考生利用已知信息恢复不完整语言
材料的自然倾向强度,进而考查考生的语言能力。

现在我想谈谈韩磊。韩磊从前在我的印象中就是一个_1__的歌手的存在。每次

一想到韩磊,我脑子里都会自动蹦出“曝光率低”“属于上个世纪的歌手”
“没什么粉丝”一类的词。但是《我是歌手》这个节目让我__2__了对他的这一 印象。在这个舞台上,韩磊变得更有活力,更富激情,更擅于突破,更__3_。

最终他成为了___4__的总冠军。在这个充满激烈竞争的比赛中,韩磊用实力证
明了什么叫做__5____

1. A. 超级出名 2. A. 延续

B. 过了气了 B. 坚定

C. 英俊潇洒 C. 改变

D. 实力不凡 D. 深化

3. A. 墨守成规
4. A. 我是歌手

B. 迂腐守旧
B. 中国好歌曲

C. 深沉内敛
C. 非诚勿扰

D. 大胆创新
D.天天向上

5. A. 有志者事竟成

B . 出来混迟早是要还的 D. 真金不怕火炼

C. 不怕神一样的对手,就怕猪一样的队友

如何做好完形填空?

背 词汇

练 逻辑

完形填空三步走
找出文章主题词
首句 关键词

利用已知填未知 连词 重复词 尊重原文与常识 客观性

线索!

同线词

找出文章主题词

1,知道文章说啥 2,直接选出答案

找出文章主题词
? 2013-新课标卷
I went to a group activity, “Sensitivity Sunday”, which was to make us more 36 the problems faced by disabled people. We were asked to “ 37 a disability”

for several hours one Sunday. Some members, 38 ,
chose to use wheelchairs. Others wore sound-blocking earplugs(耳塞)or blindfolds(眼罩).

找出文章主题词
? Once there lived in our town a poor family. They were so poor that there was almost nothing in the house but a pot under a _______ table... A. good B. bad C. nice D. broken

◎ 答案解析: 根据首句可以推断出本文中出现的是个贫穷的家庭,利用首句可知 此空考查的是对上下文的理解,我们的已知信息是“家里几乎一无所有,除 了摆放在桌子下的一个锅”。由此可以推断“这个桌子一定很破旧”,故答 案为D。

找出文章主题词
? 2012-新课标卷
? Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all!

It speaks __36__ than words. According to specialists, our bodies
send out more __37__ than we realize. In fact, non-verbal communication(非言语交际) takes up about 50% of what we really __38__ ? ? 36. A. straighter 37. A. sands B. louder B. invitations C. harder C. feelings D. further D. messages

?

38. A. hope

B. receive

C. discover

D. mean

完形填空三步走
找出文章主题词
首句 关键词

利用已知填未知 连词 重复词 文化背景与常识 客观性

线索!

同线词

线索之“连词”
? Most children with healthy appetite are ready to

eat almost anything that is offered to them and a
child rarely dislikes food ____ it is badly cooked. ? A. if B. until C. that D. unless

线索之“连词”
2013- 山东

At first, I just wanted to get my degree and be left alone. I thought I was smarter than everyone else so I hardly ever _40_ to anyone in my classes. 40. A. talked ? B. wrote C. lied D. reported

线索之“连词”
2013-全国新课标
Michael Greenberg is a very popular New Yorker. He is not famous in sports or the arts, but people in the streets _36_ him, especially those who are poor.

36 A. know about

B. learn from

C. cheer for

D. look after

线索之“连词”
2013-北京卷 She likes the determination it takes to do the sport. Her biggest _44_ is the balance beam. Because she has double vision, she often sees two beams.
44. A. doubt B. advantage C. challenge D. program

完形填空三步走
找出文章主题词
首句 关键词

利用已知填未知 连词 重复词 文化背景与常识 客观性 同线词

四种重复词
原词 变形词

近义词
反义词 概括词

重复词----概括词
I was determined to be assessed as a musician, not

as a deaf musician, and I applied to the famous
Royal Academy of Music in London…No other deaf

student had ____ this before and some teachers
opposed my admission. A done B accepted C advised D admitted

重复词-----变形词
? 2007·江苏南京

As soon as he finished his homework, Eric jumped onto his bicycle and rode off the direction of the beach. While he was _________ along, he thought about the whales(鲸鱼).
A. riding B. running C. getting D. walking

重复词-----变形词
? 2013--- 新课标2

They don’t realize that he just wants to make them ______. ………… Michael’s father always helped the poor as he believed it made everyone happier.
A. smart B. rich C. special D. happy

重复词----原词
? 2013-新课标
And misunderstandings occur as a result of it. For example, ………… And when parties are from different cultures, there is a strong possibility of __53__ . 53. A. curiosity C. misunderstanding B. excitement D. nervousness

重复词-----近义词
? 2011--- 山东

I can’t recall any of the songs that the band
played. I just_____that I really enjoyed the show and

didn’t want it to finish
A. realize C. believe B. understand D. remember

重复词-----近义词
? 2013--- 湖北

Still nobody come. ………… This farmhouse had been ____ too long. A . shabby B. noisy C. messy D. empty

重复词-----反义词
? 2013--- 湖北

While the little ones played and ran around,I prepared bread and butter for the children, and hot chocolate for the _________.
A. drivers B. guests C. customers D. adults

重复词-----反义词
Forcing yourself to recall almost never helps

because it doesn't ____ your memory; it only
tightens it. A. loosen B. weaken C. decrease D. reduce

完形填空三步走
找出文章主题词
首句 关键词

利用已知填未知 连词 重复词 文化背景与常识 客观性 同线词

线索之“同线词”

选项前后出现与选项

词性相同、意思倾向相同
的并列词

线索之“同线词”
雷霆队在缺兵少将的情况下,凭借当家球星杜兰特一己之 力,顽强的将场上比分扳平。只见他 连跑带蹦,先是抢 下后场篮板,然后快速将球运过半场,无视防守队员,站 在三分线外干拔起跳,刷!!! 球______! 雷霆队将比

分反超! A. 被断了 B. 进了 C. 漏气了 D. 飞到场外了

线索之“同线词”
? 2013—辽宁

So ____ and heart-broken, she didn’t go any further.
A. anxious B. angry C. serious D. sad

线索之“同线词”
? 2010- 课程标准卷
I asked if she would be worried if he was a bit late. He replied
that she no longer knew who he was, that she had not been able to __47__ him for five years now. A. recognize B. answer C. believe D. expect

完形填空三步走
找出文章主题词
首句 关键词

利用已知填未知 连词 重复词 文化背景与常识 客观性 同线词

尊重原文与常识
? 2013 --- 湖北 ? Farmer Mike’s house had been a great place for the little mouse until the farmer married a wife who had a cat. Zigfried ___ when he thought of it. A. leapt B. sniffed C. trembled D. withdrew

尊重原文与常识
? 2010 – 课程标准卷
? Now I _51_ that in marriages, true love is _52_ of all that is. The

happiest people don’t _53_ have the best of everything; they just
_54_ the best of everything they have. _55_ isn’t about how to live through the storm, but how to dance in the rain. ? ? ? ? ? 51. A. 52. A. 53. A. 54. A. 55. A. realize agreement necessarily learn Adventure B. suggest B. expression B. completely B. make B. Beauty C. hope C. acceptance C. naturally C. favor C. Trust D. prove D. exhibition D. frequently D. try D. Life


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