2011届高考英语一轮复习单元专题配套精练:选修8 unit1


选修 8
Unit 1 A land of diversity 能力演练
一、语法填空 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格 处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。? Boys and girls:? Welcome to our village.I ? d like to tell you flood last year.Last summer there was too 2 1 we fought against the

rain and a serious flood

hit our village,flooding the fields and roads,? 3 away many of our houses 4 even bringing danger to the people ? s safety.? ? 5 the help of the PLA,we would not have beenableto overcome the

difficulties,win the battle 6 the terrible flood,and get 7 fairly good harvest last autumn.What moved us most is 8 the village head,Zhang Deming,let the flood flow into his fish ? pond,preventing 9 going into the village.? We all thought 10 (high)of his devoted spirit in the interests of the from

whole village.We should learn from him.? 二、完形填空 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的四个选项(A、 B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。? My daughter had signed an organ donor card(器官捐献卡), but my

husband and I did not know it. We learned about our daughter ? s decision after she was ? 1 injured in a car crash. Doctors ? 2 on her for 20 hours and couldn ? t save her life. Finally, the doctor ? 3 told us our daughter was brain dead, and asked if we wanted to go on with the organ donation.? I was already in shock. The ? 4 of donating my daughter ? s organs was another shock and I was ? 5 about my 15 ? year ? old twin grandsons. They had just lost their mother and we had lost our daughter. The doctor ? 6 the organ harvesting procedure, but I did not want to hear it.? We ? 7 to the organ donation and signed the legal papers. The twins

said their last goodbye to their mother and the images of their sorrow are ? 8 in my mind until now. Two days later we received a call from the

organ donor organization. Our daughter ? s organs had ? 9 three lives. Thanks to her generosity, two strangers now see.? Weeks later, we received a certificate from the organ donor organization in ? 10 of our daughter. The twins received individual certificates and hardly ? 11 at them. I fully understood their ? 12 . They did

not want any certificates. They wanted their mother back and we wanted our daughter back.? The sadness associated with organ donation is a ? 13 thing. First, it makes the ending of death all too clear. Second, I find a measure of

comfort in the ?

14

that my daughter was an organ donor. My

daughter cared about others and this caring ? 15 after her death.? Organ donation did not give me a sense of control, but it did give me a sense of giving. Nothing is more caring than signing an organ donor card. 1.A.partly C.severely 2.A.insisted C.waited 3.A.in need C.in trouble 4.A.knock C.response 5.A.certain C.worried 6.A.described C.praised 7.A.admitted C.referred 8.A.cloudy C.dark 9.A.created C.saved B.slightly ? D.hardly B.turned ? D.operated B.in charge ? D.in danger B.difficulty ? D.thought B.pleased ? D.excited B.learned ? D.regretted B.agreed ? D.objected B.unknown ? D.clear B.lost ? D.taken ?

10.A.danger C.search 11.A.laughed C.wondered 12.A.reaction C.decision 13.A.possible C.popular 14.A.promise C.cause 15.A.continues C.decreases 三、阅读理解

B.recognition ? D.case B.pointed ? D.glanced B.trick ? D.suggestion B.strange ? D.different ? B.reason ? D.fact ? B.finishes ? D.begins

专题训练( 专题训练(九) 议论文的阅读 ◆方法点拨 议论文通常用来讨论一个观点或现象,其内容主要有三部分组成:论 点、论据与结论。论点就是作者要论述的观点,是文章的主旨;而论 据是用来证明论点的材料,也就是支撑论点的理由和事实。它可以是 事例,理论,数据等等,结论则是论证后所得出的总结性观点。? 写作方法通常是:提出论点,分析或举例论证,得出结论。? 阅读议论文的方法:? 读者应该先搞清楚其结构。 首先通过寻找短文的主题句来确定文章主

题,也就是论点。主题句在文章中的位置通常有三种情况:开头、中 间、结尾(含在开头结尾同时出现、首尾呼应的主题句) 。因此仔细 阅读这类文章或段落的首尾句是关键。 在浏览时, 一般不需逐句浏览, 只需选读文章的首段、尾段,或每段的首句和末句。但注意,有些文 章的主题句或者说“文眼”出现在文章的最后,此类文章往往以列举 事实开头,通过论证,最后阐述核心观点,或者引用某个人的话印证 自己的观点,以此归纳文章的主旨大意。找出文章的主论点后,还需 进一步找出每段落的分论点,以免分论点与主论点混淆。? ◆活学活用 阅读下列文章,按要求完成读写任务。? It,s natural that children are curious about the worldaroundthem.For example,they want to know how their hearts beat.They want to know why the ocean water tastes salty.? As children grow up,they become curious about different kinds of things.When they are babies,they are interested in the parts of their bodies and in the smiles of the others.Then they become interested in the physical worldaroundthem:the plants,the animals,and the sky.Later they become interested in the things that people have made: wheels bicycles, cars,etc. And when they are adults,their curiosity continues.Sometimes this curiosity leads to a career(生涯)in science.? Scientists spend their lives trying to find out about the world.Those who work with the earth sciences study the earth,the oceans,and the

skies.Other scientists who study living things work with the biological science.A third group of scientists study the physical science,e.g.physics and chemistry.? These scientists have already discovered a lot about our world.For example,they tell us why your heart beats fast when you run.They say that when you are quiet,your heart normally beats sixty ? five or seventy ? five times a minute.Your heart is a pump that pumps blood to all parts of the body.The blood carries oxygen and nutrition.When you run,your muscles work very hard and use the nutrition that the brain carries to them.The muscles need oxygen,too.So your brain sends a signal to the heart.The signal means that the muscles need more nutrition and oxygen.Then the heart beats fast and sends blood quickly to the muscles.It may beat 90 to 140 times a minute.? Of course,scientists cannot answer all of our questions.If we ask,“Why does the ocean water taste salty”,scientists will say that the salt comes from rocks.When a rock gets very hot or very cold,it cracks.Rain falls into the cracks.The rain then carries the salt into the earth and into the rivers.The rivers carry the salt into the oceans.But when then we ask “What happens to the salt in the ocean?The ocean does not get saltier every year.” Scientists are not sure about the answer to this question.? We know a lot about our world,but there are still many answers that we don,t have and we are curious.?

Ⅰ.根据短文,写一篇 30 词左右的摘要。? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ Ⅱ.根据所读短文,选择最佳选项。? 1.According to the passage,which of the following statements is true? ____________.? A.People are curious in the same way.? B.People in different countries are interested in different things.? C.Men and women are curious about different things.? D.People of different ages are interested in different things.? 2.Scientists who work with the biological sciences study_________.? A.the earth,the oceans and the sky ? B.man made things ? C.plants and animals ? D.ocean water ? 3.When you run,your muscles need ___________.? A.more nutrition and oxygen ? B.more signals ? C.more salt ? D.water ? 4.People are always curious because___________.?

A.they cannot explain many things ? B.they know nothing about the world ? C.they know little about the world ? D.they want to be scientists ? 5.The passage mainly shows us that ___________.? A.Scientists find out many things because they are curious about everything around them ? B.what the people are curious about ? C.everyone has curiosity which makes the science develop quickly ? D.Sometimes scientists cannot answer all of our questions ?

参考答案
一、? 1.how ? 2.much ? 3.解析: 三个现在分词短语 flooding...washing away...bringing 并列在一 起,表伴随情况或结果。? 答案:washing 4.and ? 5.解析:根据此段意思,可知村民在解放军的帮助下,战胜了洪水。此 处用介词 without 表示含蓄的虚拟条件。 ? 答案:Without 6.against ? 7.a ?

8.解析:that 引导的表语从句。? 答案:that 9.解析:it 指代前文的 flood。? 答案:it 10.解析:think highly of 是固定词组,意为:“对……评价很高” 。? 答案:highly

二、? 1.C 11.D 三、? Ⅰ.? This passage tells us that everyone,either children or adults are curious about the world around them,which sometimes 〖JP3〗 leads to a career in science and thus makes science develop by showing some JP〗 examples. 〖 ? 2.D 12.A 3.B 13.B 4.D 14.D 5.C 6.A 7.B 8.D 9.C 10.B

15.A ?

Ⅱ. 1.解析:根据第二段可知。? 答案:D 2.解析:根据第三段“Other scientists who study living things work with

the biological science.”? 答案:C 3.解析:根据第四段“The blood carries oxygen and nutrition.When you run,your muscles work very hard and use the nutrition that the brain carries to them.The muscles need oxygen.The signal means that the muscles need more nutrition and oxygen.”? 答案:A 4.解析:推理题,正因为不能解释,才会产生好奇。? 答案:A 5.解析:中心概括题。本文通过事例论述人们对事物的好奇推进科学 的发展。? 答案:C


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