2011届高考英语一轮复习单元专题配套精练:必修 1 Unit 2


必修 1
Unit Two English around the world
能力演练
一、 语法填空 专题训练( 专题训练(二)巧用派生词,做好完形填空 ? 巧用派生词, 技巧点拨: 技巧点拨: 动词前后、形容词前后可有副词,这时,如果所给词为形 容词,则需将其变为副词。如果所给词为名词或动词,可先将其变为形 容词,再加后缀-ly。另外,在答题时还要考虑副词级的变化。名词前面 如果所需词为形容 一般可有形容词修饰语,连系动词后接形容词作表语。 词时,还要考虑形容词级的变化。如:? (1)The little girl is extremely (extreme)eager to know the result of the exam.? (2)Your composition is exercise


badly (bad)organized. Please do your writing

more attentively (attend)next time.? (length)river in the world??

(3)What s the longest (4)The stronger

(strength)we become, the more modest we should be.?

(5)He was very tired after doing this for a whole day, but he felt very happy since the crop did “grow” higher (height).? 常用形容词、副词后缀? 形容词+? ly—副词 名词+? ful—形容词 名词+? y—形容词 名词+? ous—形容词 careful hope luck mountain carefully hopeful lucky mountainous

名词+? al/ial—形容词 动词+? able/(s)ible ? —形容词 动词+? tive—形容词 ◆活学活用

emotion forgettable access attract

emotional forget accessile attractive

(一) 、用所给单词的适当形式填空。

?

It was a(1)_________(snow)winter Sunday. Jane sat in her (2) _________ (gloom) room, staring at the telephone


(3)________ (sad),

waiting(4)_______ (eager)for a phonecall her uncle pomised her if he could manage to find her a job. It was almost 11 o clock, but the phone still remained(5)__________(silence).She once told herself that her uncle could do nothing to help her and she thought she had

some(6)__________(predict)power about such kind of things. However, she still felt it(7)__________(bear)when she assumed her prediction came true, so she couldn,t help weeping. Just then, the telephone rang. It was her uncle, telling her the manager of his company agreed to give her a chance because he thought Jane was a(8)__________(compete)girl to do the work well. Imagine how happy Jane was at the good news.? 答案: (1)snowy (6)predictive (2)gloomy (3)sadly (4)eagerly (5)silent

(7)unbearable

(8)competitive ?

(二) 、语法填空 ? 在下文空格处填人一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,说 出第 7、8、9 题的解题思路。? (2008 年广东 年广东)Chinese proverbs are rich and they are still widely used

in Chinese people s daily life. 1 these proverbs there are often interesting stories. For example, the proverb, “plucking up a crop based on the following story.? It is said that a short ? tempered man in the Song Dynasty(960—1279)was very anxious to help 3 rice crop grow up quickly. He was thinking 2 (help)it grow” ,is



about 4 day and night. But the crop was growing much slower than he expected.? One day, he came up with an idea 5 he would pluck up all of his 6 doing

crop a few inches. He did so the next day. He was very tired

this for a whole day, but he felt very happy since the crop did “grow” 7 (high).His son heard about this and went to see the crop. (fortune)the leaves of the crop began to wither.? This proverb is saying we have to let things go in their (nature)course. Being too anxious to help an event develop often (result)in the contrary to our intention.? 1. 解析: 这些谚语背后都有有趣的故事。? 解析: 答案: 答案: Behind ? 2. 解析: 不定式做目的状语。? 解析: 答案: 答案: to help ? 3. 解析:让自己的水稻长得快。? 解析: 答案: 答案: his 4. 解析: 刚说过的事情用 this。? 解析: 答案: 答案: this 5. 解析: that 引导同位语从句。? 解析: 9 10 8

答案: 答案: that 6. 解析:劳累一整天后疲劳。? 解析: 答案: 答案: after ? 7. 解析:和拔苗之前比较更高,用比较级。? 解析: 答案: 答案: higher ? 8. 解析:不幸的是,庄稼开始枯萎。? 解析: 答案: 答案: Unfortunately ? 9. 解析:名词前应该用形容词。? 解析: 答案: 答案: natural 10. 解析: Being too anxious to help an event develop 做主语,谓语用单 解析: 数;客观真理时,谓语用一般现在时。? 答案: 答案: results ? 二、完形填空? 完形填空? 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、 C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。? After spending a weekend away with my adult son.I was so impressed by his generous heart that I sent him this letter.? Dear son,? I want to thank you for teaching me a very 1 example you who had 3 lesson in life by the great

2 .When we were eating at that cafe in Bondi and a person his hamburger didn ? t have enough money to pay for 4 ,you went over and put the 5 $ 2 into his hand.?

it,without any

When we were leaving,you also threw a five ? cent coin onto the pavement and said 6 like,“Some kid will really enjoy 7 this.”?

Last week,a young man 8 9

me in the line at a petrol station didn ? t have

money to pay for his petrol.I asked the money collector, “How much 10

is he?” told me he had meant to put $ 15 of petrol in his car but he had She been looking at the wrong gauge(计量表) and had put in 15 litres,which came to just over 11 .That is an easy mistake as both gauges run fast.? Something made me think of you and Bondi.I handed the man $ 6.He was so 13 and said,“But why would you do this for me?”I 12 you did that night at the cafe in

just smiled as I thought of you. Thank you,son,for teaching me that “it ? s 14 to give than receive.” Now when I see a five ? cent coin on the 15 and want to pick it up,I

think of you and leave it there,just in case some kid will get a kick out of finding it.? Love always,? Mum ? 1.A.humorous 2.A.followed 3.A.ordered 4.A.hesitation 5.A.other 6.A.nothing 7.A.finding 8.A.behind 9.A.much B.private ? B.gave ? B.booked ? B.doubt ? B.last ? B.everything B.accepting ? B.beyond ? B.some ? C.reasonable C.set C.offered C.permission C.extra C.anything C.looking for C.ahead of C.any D.valuable D.took D.bought D.difficulty D.rest D.something D.pointing at D.next to D.enough

10.A.far 11.A.$ 15 12.A.what 13.A.excited 14.A.easier 15.A.corner

B.long ? B.$ 20 ? B.which ? B.surprised B.better ? B.way ?

C.short C.$ 25 C.whatever C.interested C.faster C.ground

D.high D.$ 30 D.whichever D.encouraged D.worse D.carpet

1.解析:valuable 有价值的;humorous 幽默的;private 私人的;reasonable 合理的。 儿子的举动给母亲上了一堂有价值的一课。 其他三项不合文意。 答案:D 2.解析:set sb.a great example 给某人树立好榜样。? 答案:C 3.解析:order 在此意为“点(菜饭等)。book 预订,offer 提供,buy 购 ” 买,均不合文意。? 答案:A 4.解析:儿子看到有人有困难,毫不犹豫地伸手相助,而不是毫不怀疑 (doubt) ,未经允许(permission) ,毫不费劲(difficulty) 。? 答案:A 5.解析:此处应理解为:顾客点的汉堡包的价格超出了顾客身上的钱。所 以儿子走过去,把另外 2 美元放在他手里。extra“额外的,外加的”符 合文意。? 答案:C 6.解析:儿子一边扔硬币,一边嘴里说一些诸如……之类的话。something like 意为“诸如……的” 。? 答案:D

7.解析:高兴地发现地上有钱。下文有提示。? 答案:A 8.解析:在加油站加油时, 排在我前面的小伙子身上的钱不够。 behind 后 面的;beyond 那边的;next to 隔壁的,均不合常理。? 答案:C 9.解析:表示钱不够, 不是不多或分文没有, much 和 any 不合文意。 some 在此不用于否定句。? 答案:D 。short 在此做 10.解析:句意:他少多少钱?词组 be short of 意为“短缺” 后置定语。? 答案:C 11.解析:15 升汽油的价格是 20 美元,根据上文 15 美元和下文作者递给 年轻人 6 美元可知。? 答案:B 12.解析:母亲这时想起了儿子和儿子当时所说的话,语境中没有选择关 系和“无论”的含义。which,whichever,whatever 不能当选。? 答案:A 13.解析:根据下面年轻人的问话可知他感到惊讶。? 答案:B 14.解析:原句可改写为 To give is better than to receive.? 答案:B 15.解析:ground“地上”与上文的 pavement 人行道呼应。? 答案:C

三、 阅读理解 专题训练( 专题训练(一) 阅读中的猜词技巧( ) 阅读中的猜词技巧(2) ? 对比法 ? 方法点拨: 方法点拨: 有的文章作者为了增强表达效果,会用一对反义词揭示事 物的不同点,形成鲜明的对比,这时只要把握其中的一词,就不难推出 另一词的含义;有的根据上下句之间表示转折或对比关系的连接词, 就可 以看到前后句在意义上的差别,从而依据某一句的含义来确定另一句的 含义。这种句子多半有 unlike, although, but, yet, while, on the contrary, on the other hand, instead of, rather than 等信息词。另外,分号也可以表示转 折、对比的意义。如:? (1)Is he intelligent or stupid??

(2)Unlike his brother, who is truly a handsome person, Hogertty is quite homely .?

1.解析: 根据 stupid 可推断出 intelligent 的意思为“聪明的” 解析: 。? 解析 答案: 答案 聪明的?

2.解析: 此句中的 unlike 一词暗示了 Hogertty 和他的兄弟的长相不同, 解析: 解析 他的兄弟是个 handsome(英俊的)人, 所以 Hogertty 一定是一个 homely(不 英俊)的人。? 答案: 答案: 不英俊的 ◆活学活用 (一)利用上述猜测词义方法,猜出下列各句划线部分的意思。? 1.Unlike the United States where many different nationalities make up the population, Japan s population is quite homogeneous


.?

2.Any fool can make soap, but it takes a genius to sell it.? 3.Andrew is one of the most supercilious man I know. His brother, in

contrast, is quite humble and modest.? 4.A good supervisor can recognize instantly the adept unskilled ones.? 5.Mother was tall,fat and middle-aged. The principal of the school was an older woman,almost as plump as mother,and much shorter.? A. healthy C. slim B. thin ? D. fat ? workers from the

解析: 。? 1.解析:与 many different nationalities 相反,故为“单一民族的” 解析 答案: 答案: 单一民族的?

2.解析: 由 but 可知 genius 是与 fool(蠢才)相对的,由此推测其意为 解析: 解析 “有才能的人”“天才” 、 。? 答案: 答案: 有才能的人,天才?

3.解析: in contrast 提醒我们 supercilious 与 humble and modest 是对比 解析: 解析 关系,由此可以猜出其意义。? 答案: 答案: 目空一切,傲慢的?

4.解析: 通读全句不难看出, 说话者是把熟练工人与非熟练工人进行对 比,由此可知 adept 的词义是“熟练的” 。? 答案: 答案: 熟练的?

5.解析: 作者把学校的校长和他的母亲相比,其中 older 对应 middle ? 解析: 解析 aged,shorter 对应 tall,所以 plump 对应 fat。? 答案: 答案: D ? (二)阅读下列短文,按要求完成读写任务。?

(2009 年重庆高考)? How to Be a Winner ? Sir Steven Redgrave ? Winner of 5 Olympic Gold Medals ? “In 1997 I was found to have developed diabetes(糖尿病).Believing my career(职业生涯)was over, I felt extremely low. Then one of the specialists said there was no reason why I should stop training and competing. That was it—the encouragement I needed. I could still be a winner if I believed in myself. I am not saying that it isn , t difficult sometimes. But I wanted to prove to myself that I wasn,t finished yet. Nothing is to stand in my way.” ? Karen Pickering ? Swimming World Champion ? “I swim 4 hours a day,6 days a week. I manage that sort of workload by putting it on top of my diary. This is the key to success...you can t follow a career in any field without being well-organized. List what you believe you can achieve. Trust yourself, write down your goals for the day, however small they are, and you,ll be a step closer to achieving them.” ? Kirsten Best ? Poet&Writer ? “When things are getting hard, a voice inside my head tells me that I can , t achieve something. Then, there are other distractions , such as family or hobbies. The key is to concentrate. When I feel tense, it helps a lot to repeat words such as ‘calm’,‘peace’ or ‘focus’,either out loud or


silently in my mind. It makes me feel more in control and increases my confiednce. This is a habit that can become second nature quite easily and is a powerful psychological(心理的)tool.” ? Ⅰ、根据短文,写一篇 30 词左右的摘要。? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 答案: 答案 The author shows us the successful stories of three persons, telling

us that the key to success is self-confidence, strong determination, well ? organized work, diligence and devotion to what you are doing.? Ⅱ、 根据所读短文,选择正确答案? 1. What does Sir Steven Redgrave mainly talk about?? A. Difficulties influenced his career.? B. Specialists offered him medical advice.? C. Training helped him defeat his disease.? D. He overcame the shadow of illness to win.? 2. What does Karen Pickering put on top of her diary?? A. Her training schedule.? B. Her daily happenings.? C. Her achievements.? D. Her sports career.? 3.What does the underlined word “distractions” probably refer to?? A. Ways that help one to focus.? B. Words that help one to feel less tense.?

C. Activities that turn one ? s attention away.? D. Habits that make it hard for one to relax.? 4. According to the passage, what do the three people have in common?? A. Courage.? B. Devotion.? C. Hard work.? D. Self-confiednce.? 5. The author writes the passage to __________.? A. tell us some interesting stories ? B. tell us how he became successful ? C. introduce some practical ways to help succeed ? D. persuade us to make ourselves known by others.? 解析: 解析: ? 1.第一部分写到 Sir Steven 患了糖尿病,但他克服病痛,获得金牌,D 最合题 意。? 2.第二段第一句中 it 指代前面内容,即她的训练计划。? 3.从 there are other distractions, such as family or hobbies. The key is to concentrate 可知 distraction 与 concenrtate 表示相反意义,故 distraction 意为“分散注意力的活动” 。 答案: 答案 1-5 DACDC


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