2011届高考英语一轮复习单元专题配套精练:必修1 Unit 5


必修 1
Unit 5 Nelson Mandela——a modern hero
能力演练 一、语法填空? 语法填空? 专题训练( 巧用派生词, 专题训练(一) 巧用派生词,做好语法填空 ◆技巧点拨 要做好高考语法填空题中的词语派生题,关键是掌握词语搭配关系, 然后将所给单词变成该搭配所需要的形式。因此,请理解并牢记下表 内容。? 句子成分 主语 概念描述 所处语境 适用词类

什 么 人 或 什 么 句子最前面,冠 名词、代词、不 事、动作的发出 词、物主代词、 定式、动名词 者 some, any, other 等不定代词后

宾语

动作的对象、承 及 物 动 词 或 介 受者 词后,冠词、物 主代词、some, any,other 等不 定代词后

谓语

表 明 主 语 干 什 主语后 么或是什么

动词

表语

说 明 主 语 的 身 系动词后

形容词、名词、

份、特征或状态 补足语

少数副词、介词

补 充 说 明 主 语 宾 语 或 被 动 式 短语、分词 或宾语 谓语后

定语

修 饰 或 限 定 名 名 词 前 , 形容词 词或代词 something 等不 定代词后

状语

修饰动词、形容 动词前后,形容 副词 词、副词或整个 词或副词前,句 句子 首

◆活学活用? 阅读下面短文,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。? A father sat at his desk looking at and carefully studying his ? 1 (month)bill when his young son rushed in and announced,“Dad,because this is your birthday and you are 55 years old,I ? m going to give you 55 kisses,one for each year!”But the father exclaimed, “Oh,Peter,don ? t do it now.I ? m too busy!”? The boy immediately fell ? 2 (silence)as tears rolled down from his big blue eyes.? 3 (apologize)the father said,“You can finish later.” 4 (quiet)walked away, ? 5

The boy said nothing but ?

(disappont)written over his face.That evening the father said,“Come and finish the kisses now,Peter!” But the boy didn ? t respond.? 6

(fortunate),the boy had an accident and was drowned.His heartbroken father wrote,“If only I could tell him how much I regret my ? 7

(thought)words and could be assured that he knows how much my heart is aching.”? Love is a two ? way street.Any loving act must be ? (warm)accepted or it will be taken as ? scar.Nothing is more ? 10 8

9 (reject)and can leave a

(importance)than responding with love to

the cry for love from those who are near and precious to us. 二、完形填空 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的四个选项(A、 B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。? I was a single parent of four small children,working at a low ? paid job.But I didn ? t want my children to know we were poor,so when christmas was drawing near,I decided to give them some money to buy some 1 .?

They planned weeks ahead of time,asking 2 what they wanted for Christmas.Fortunately,I had saved $ 120 for 3 to share by all five of us.? The big 4 arrived.I gave each kid a twenty ? dollar bill and 5

them to look for gifts of about four dollars each.〖JP3〗Then everyone scattered(散开).We had two hours to shop;then we would 6 back at the “Santa,s Workshop”.?

Driving home,everyone was in high Christmas spirits, ? younger daughter,Ginger,who was unusually 8

7

my

.She had only one

small,flat bag with a few candies ? fifty ? cent candies!I was so angry,but I didn,t say anything 9 〖JP3〗we got home.I called her into my bedroom and closed the 〖JP2〗door,? is what she told me.? “I was looking 11 thinking of what to buy,and I 12 to read the 10 to be angry again.This

little cards on the ‘Giving Trees’.One was for a little girl,four years old,and all she 13 for Christmas was a doll(玩具娃娃).So I took the card off the tree and 14 the doll for her.We have so much and she doesn,t have anything.”? I never felt so 15 as I did that day.? 1.A.gifts C.candies 2.A.the other C.one by one 3.A.toys C.presents 4.A.day C.cheque 5.A.forced C.invited B.flowers ? D.books B.each other ? D.every other one B.clothes ? D.bills B.chance ? D.tree B.reminded ? D.begged

6.A.draw C.move 7.A.including C.except 8.A.quiet C.happy 9.A.since C.while 10.A.waiting C.hoping 11.A.out C.forward 12.A.forgot C.failed 13.A.wanted C.got 14.A.made C.bought 15.A.angry C.patient 三、阅读理解

B.stay ? D.meet B.besides ? D.regarding B.excited ? D.ashamed B.after ? D.until B.ready ? D.afraid B.over ? D.around B.stopped ? D.hated B.did ? D.played B.searched ? D.fetched B.rich ? D.bitter

专题训练(一) 阅读中的猜词技巧(5) 专题训练 一 阅读中的猜词技巧( )

根据生活经验常识和逻辑推理推测词义 ◆方法点拨 有时候,逻辑推理和自身的生活经验及普通常识能帮助我们确定词 义。如:? 例 1:The snake slithered through the grass.? 根据有关蛇的生活习性和知识,我们可以推出 snither 的词义为“爬 行” 。? 例 2:Fishes live in water and have fins which help them to swim.Most fishes have slimy skins covered with scales,but in fishes such as eels the scales are very small and can hardly be seen.? 凭常识我们不难猜出 fins,slimy 和 scales 的确切意思分别是 “鳍” 、 “滑 溜的”和“鳞” ,对于 eels 一词,我们只需知道是 fish 的一种(鳝鱼 类)就行了。? 例 3:Not wanting to disturb the sleeping kitten,I gingerly lifted her from the box and put her on a blanket near the heater.? 根据前半句的 Not wanting to disturb(不愿打扰) ,我们便可大致推测 出 gingerly 一词的含义: “小心翼翼地” 。? ◆活学活用? (一)根据上述技巧,猜测下列划线词的词义。? 1.The man walked briskly to keep warm on the very cold night.??? 2.The door was so low that I hit my head on the lintel. 3.When a doctor performs an operation on a patient,he usually gives an

anaesthetic to make him unconscious,because he does not want his patient to feel pain or to know what is happening to him.? 4.If you are capable of working twelve hours a day without a rest,and if you can engage in physical exercise for hours without seeming to get tired,then you are indefatigable.??? 5.Thousands of people got stuck in lifts.But no one panicked,we passed the time telling stories.??? (二)阅读下列短文,按要求完成读写任务。? (2009 年全国卷Ⅱ) I know you,re thinking:Pizza(比萨饼)?For breakfast?But the truth is that you can have last night,s leftover in the am if you want to.? I know lots of women who skip breakfast(不吃早餐),and they have a ton of different excuses for doing it.Some say they don,t have time,others think they are saving calories(卡路里),still others just don,t like breakfast food.? But the bottom line is that eating in the morning is very important when you are trying to lose weight. Eating just about anything from 300 to 400 “ calories would be better than nothing at all, ” says Katherine Brooking,R.D,who developed the super easy eating plan for this year,s SELFCHALLENGE. “And even pizza can be healthy if it ? s loaded with vegetables,and you stick to one small piece.”? Breakfast is one meal I never miss,and the same goes for most weight

loss success stories. Research shows that eating breakfast keeps you from overeating late in the day.Researchers at the University of Southern California found that breakfast skippers have a bigger chance of gaining weight than those who regularly have a morning meal.? So eat something in the morning,anything.I know plenty of friends who end up having no breakfast altogether,and have just coffee or orange juice.I say,try heating up last night ? s leftovers—it may sound crazy,but if it works for you,do it! I find if I tell myself,“You can always eat it tomorrow,” I put away the leftovers instead of eating more that night.Try it.You may save yourself some pre ? bedtime calories.And watch your body gain the fat ? burning effects!? Ⅰ.根据所读短文,写一篇 30 词左右的摘要。? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ __________________________________________ Ⅱ.根据短文,选择最佳答案。? 1.The word “leftovers” in Paragraph 1 probably means_____________. A.food remaining after a meal ? B.things left undone ? C.meals made of vegetables ? D.pizza topped with fruit ? 2.What can we infer from the passage??

A.Working women usually have breakfast in a hurry.? B.Many people have wrong ideas about breakfast.? C.There are some easy ways of cooking a meal.? D.Eating vegetables helps save energy.? 3.According to the last paragraph,it is important to _____________.? A.eat something for breakfast ? B.be careful about what you eat ? C.heat up food before eating it ? D.eat calorie ? controlled food ? 4.The text is written mainly for those_____________.? A.who go to work early ? B.who want to lose weight ? C.who stay up late ? D.who eat before sleep ? 5.What does the underlined sentence mean?? A.Skipping breakfast is helpful if you want to lose weight. B.Eating breakfast will make you fatter.? C.Eating breakfast can help lose weight.? D.You can,t lose weight without breakfast.?

参考答案

一、? 1.monthly ? 2.silent ? 3.Apologetically ? 4.quietly ? 5.disappointment ? 6.Unfortunately ? 7.thoughtless ? 8.warmly ? 9.rejection ? 10.important ? 二、? 1.解析:母亲打算给孩子们买些圣诞礼物。? 答案:A 2.解析:由“I had saved $120 for presents to share by all five of us.”可 知,孩子们彼此询问对方需要什么样的礼物,故选 B。? 答案:B 3.解析:由上下文信息可知,这 120 美元是用来买“礼物”的,故 C 正确。? 答案:C 4.解析:根据语境可知“购物的那一天终于到了” ,故选 A。? 答案:A

5.解析:force sb.to do sth.“迫使某人做某事” ;remind sb.to do sth.“提 醒某人做某事” invite sb.to do sth. ; “邀请某人做某事” beg sb.to do sth. ; “乞求某人做某事” 。根据语境可知, “我”提醒孩子们留意大约 4 美 元一份的礼物,故选 B。? 答案:B 6.解析:draw back “收回” stay back;move back 返回来; ;无 meet 相遇, 遇见。由语境可知,我们有两个小时的购物时间,然后我们回来在 “Santa ? s Workshop”见面。? 答案:D 7. 解 析 :A.including 包 括 … … 在 内 ; B.besides 作 介 词 时 等 同 于 including;C.except 除……以外(不包括在内)等同于 but;D.regarding 关于。根据文意:开车回家时,除了我的小女儿 Ginger 以外,每个 人都处于一种高度兴奋的状态,Ginger 是非比寻常的安静。? 答案:C 8.解析:A.quiet 安静的; B.excited 兴奋的; C.happy 高兴的; D.ashamed 羞耻的。根据此整句意思可知选 A。? 答案:A 9.解析:not...until...直到……才,据句意可知:我很生气,但是直到到 家我才开始说话。? 答案:D 10.解析:根据语境可知:我把她叫到我的卧室,关上房门,准备要发 火。 ready to do 准备好做某事。 waiting to do 等着做某事; hoping be be

to do 希望做某事;be afraid to do 不敢做某事。? 答案:B 11.解析:look out 小心;look over 俯瞰;look forward to 盼望;look around 四下观看。根据语意,故选 D。? 答案:D 12.解析:forgot to do 忘记要做某事; to do 停下来去做某事; to stop fail do 做某事失败;hate to do 不喜欢做某事。根据语意可知:我正在四 下观望想着买什么,而且我停下来去读“许愿树”上的小卡片,故选 B。? 答案:B 13.解析:圣诞节她想要的是一个玩具娃娃。all she wanted 她想要的, 主语从句。根据语意可知选 A。? 答案:A 14.解析:根据语境,因此我从树上取下卡片,给她买了玩具娃娃。可 知,buy sth.for sb.或 buy sb.sth.给某人买某物。? 答案:C 15.解析:首尾呼应。根据文章开篇我们得知“我”家境贫寒,但是通 过此事, “我”从来也没感觉像那天那么富有。A.生气的;B.富有的; C.耐心的;D.苦味的,辛酸的。? 答案:B 三、? (一)?

1.解析:这个句子的时间状语为一个寒冷的夜晚,所做的动作为走动 (walked),目的是保暖(to keep warm),因此凭借我们平时的生活经验 得知,人只有在快步走时才会暖和。因此即使推测不出单词 briskly 的确切意思,也可以知道它有“快速活动”的意思。? 答案:快速地 2.解析:本句前半句的意思是门太矮了。根据生活经验,不小心会很 容易被上面的门框撞到,因此推测 lintel 为“门框”之意。 答案:门框 3.解析:根据直接或间接的经验,一般具有一点医学常识的人都知道 医生在给病人动手术之前,为了减轻病人的痛苦,往往给病人注射麻 醉剂使病人失去知觉后再动手术。根据这一常识,通过上下文就能比 较准确地确定“anaesthetic”一词的意思应该是“麻醉剂” 。? 答案:麻醉剂 4.解析:根据上下文分析,如果一个人能连续工作 12 个小时,能进 行体育锻炼数小时而不知疲倦,那么,我们就可以作出符合逻辑的推 断,这个人一定是一个“不知疲倦的”人。将这个词义代入原句中, 很合乎逻辑,那么这种推理很可能是正确的。? 答案:不知疲倦的 5.解析:被困在电梯里,一般都会觉得“恐慌、害怕” 。? 答案:恐慌,害怕 (二)? Ⅰ.?

Many people skip breakfast in order to lose weight,but they may overeat late in the day.So eating breakfast is important.? Ⅱ.? 1.解析:根据生活常识可知此处指吃“前一天晚上的剩饭” 。? 答案:A 2.解析:第二段分析人们不吃早餐的理由。? 答案:B 3.解析:第三段第一句和最后一段都告诉人们吃早餐很重要。? 答案:A 4.解析:本文指出不吃早餐不仅不能减肥,反而会增加体重,由此 可知本文 对不吃早餐的减肥者提出警示和忠告。? 答案:B 5.C ?


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