【创新方案湖北】2015届高三英语一轮复习讲义(课前基础互动探究课后知能提升):必修二Unit 3 Computers

必修二 Unit 3
经典佳句

Computers

晨背三部曲:特殊句式(省略、感叹及其他)
1.当需要时,你就是给我帮助的那个人。 You are the very person who gives me a hand when necessary. 2.这是一个多么有趣的故事啊! How interesting a story/What an interesting story it is! 3.因此,我认为你还是回来好。那么你还在等什么呢? Therefore, I think it's a good idea for you to return. So what are you waiting for? 4.总之,让我们每天都微笑吧!明天又是崭新的一天! In a word, let's greet every day with a smile. Tomorrow is another day. 5.然而,喜欢阅读科普文的学生是喜欢阅读学习方法学生的两倍。 However, the number of students who enjoy reading popular science articles doubles that of those who prefer reading articles about learning methods.

热身体验
句式仿写 1. If_given_the_chance ( 如果给予机会 ), I'll invite our guests to join in our family gettogether. 2.While_in_Beijing (在北京时), I paid a visit to the Summer Palace. 3.However, the others, 60 percent of our class, are_fond_of (喜欢) the Web Language.

Ⅰ.词海拾贝 ?基础记忆 1.anyhow adv. 无论如何;即使如此 2.goal n. 目标;目的;球门;(进球)得分 3.signal vi.& vt. 发信号 n. 信号 4.arise vi. 出现;发生 5.character n. 性格;特点 6.solve vt. 解决;解答 7.operator n.(电脑)操作员;接线员→operate v.操作;经营→operation n.操作; 经营 8.simplify vt.简化→simple adj.简单的 9.intelligence n.智力;聪明;智能→intelligent adj.智能的;聪明的 10.total adj.总的;整个的 n.总数;合计 vt.共计;总计;把??加起来→totally adv. 完全地;整个地 11. personal adj.私人的; 个人的; 亲自的→personally adv.就个人而言; 亲自→personality n.个性;人格;风云人物;名人 12.application n.应用;用途;申请→apply v.应用;涉及;申请→applicant n.申 请人;求职者 13.finance n.金融;财经→financial adj.财政的;金融的;资金的 14.explore vt.& vi.探索;探测;探究→explorer n.探险家;勘探者→exploration n. 探索 15.appearance n.外观;外貌;出现→appear vi.出现 ?语境记忆 16.—Can you say that dolphins are much more intelligent than other animals?
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—Well, they are animals of high intelligence and they can communicate.(intelligent) 17.After the president made an official announcement, she expressed her personal opinion. Personally speaking, I agreed with what she said.(personal) 18.Any applicant who would like to apply to become an assistant in our company should send us an application before December 10, 2014.(apply) ?篇章记忆 I'd like to develop my own android with artificial intelligence and human appearances.It not only thinks logically, but also can watch over my parents for me besides dealing with my personal affairs.I hope it would become a reality and with its help, life would be much more convenient. Ⅱ. 短 语 互 译 1. 整 理 ; 使 条 理 清 楚 、 有 序 put_..._in_order 2.从??时起 from_..._on 3.结果 as_a_result 4.如此??以至于?? so_..._that_..._ 5.高质量的 of_high_quality 6.时光流逝;顺便拜访 go_by 7.in a way 在某种程度上 8.make up 弥补;化妆;编造;构成 9.after all 毕竟 10.with the help of 在??的帮助下 11.deal with 处理;安排;对付 12.watch over 看守;监视 Ⅲ.句型一览 1.before“??之后才??”,引导时间状语从句 I developed very slowly and it_took_nearly_two_hundred_years_before (差不多过了两百年 才) I was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage. 2.as“随着”,引导时间状语从句 As_time_went_by (随着时间的推移), I was made smaller. 3.so ... that ...“如此??以至于??”,引导结果状语从句 Over time my memory has developed so_much_that (如此快以至于), like an elephant, I never forget anything I have been told! 4.It is+adj./n.+to do sth. 做某事是??的 I think it's_impossible_to_live (无法生活) without computers! 5.by the time ... 到??为止 By_the_time_I_was_sixteen (在我满十六岁时), my dream had come true. Ⅳ.语法自测——现在完成时的被动语态 完成句子 1.In the past few centuries, the lighthouses along North Carolina's coast_have_been_recognized_as signs of safety for travelers at sea.(recognize) 过去的几个世纪,沿着北卡罗来纳州海岸的灯塔是海上旅行者们公认的安全标志。 2.—Jeff, you look so excited today. —So I am.I have_been_offered a good job in a big company, you know.(offer) ——Jeff,你今天看起来很兴奋。 ——的确是,一家大公司给我提供了一份好工作。 3 . Festivals and celebrations of all kinds have_been_held_ everywhere since ancient times.(hold) 自古以来,到处举行各种各样的节日和庆典。 4.If you have_been_invited_to their home, remember to bring a small gift.(invite) 如果你已经被邀请去他们家的话,记住带一件小礼物。 5.Large quantities of money have_been_spent on the reconstruction of the earthstricken areas so far.(spend)
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至今为止,大量的资金用在地震灾区的重建上了。

1.reality n.真实;事实;现实 face reality 面对现实 become a reality 成为现实 in reality 实际上 reality show 真人秀节目 ①After years of hard work, his dream has become a reality. 经过多年的努力工作,他的梦想已经变为现实。 ②“Judging from the voice, but not the appearance” makes the show — The Voice of China stand out from the numerous other reality shows in China. “根据声音而不是外表来判断”使得 《中国好声音》 这个节目在中国的许多其他真人秀 节目中脱颖而出。 【对点练习】 用 reality 的相关短语完成下列句子 ①她最终要做的就是面对现实。 What she had to do, finally, was face_reality. ②表面上看,她显得信心十足,而实际上她很紧张。 Outwardly, she seemed confident but in_reality she felt nervous. 2.total adj.总的;整个的 n.总数;合计 (1)a total of 总共?? in total 加起来 (2)totally adv. 完全地;整个地 ①He has been living here for a total of 30 years. 他已经在这里生活了三十年了。 ②How much do you have to pay in total if four of you go together? 如果你们四个人一起去你总共应付多少钱? 【对点练习】 句型转换 There were probably 30 people attending this conference in all. ①There were probably a total of 30 people attending this conference. ②There were probably 30 people attending this conference in total. 3.anyhow adv.(也作 anyway)无论如何;即使如此 (1)“无论如何,不管怎样”。作此意讲时, anyhow 和 anyway 一样,都用作让步状语, 一般臵于句中(其前常有连词 but)或句末。 (2)somehow 以某种方式;不知怎么地 somewhat 稍微;有些 ①I am not feeling quite well, but I will attend the meeting tomorrow anyhow. 我感到不太舒服,但即使如此我也会参加明天的会议。 ②I thought my life would be somehow better if my teeth were not gappy. 我觉得如果我的牙齿没有缺口的话,我的生活会更好。 【对点练习】 选词填空(anyhow/somehow/somewhat)
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①I was somewhat surprised when I heard the news. ②You use “somehow” to say that you do not know or cannot say how something was done or will be done. ③There is not much time left,but anyhow we must get there on time. 4.arise vi.出现;发现;呈现;由??产生;起身;起床 (1)arise 作 “ 呈 现 ; 出 现 ; 发 生 ” 之 意 时 , 主 语 多 为 抽 象 名 词 argument/problem/quarrel/question/movement 等 (2)arise from/out of ... “由??而引起;由??而产生;从??中产生” ①As more and more people travel abroad, it's natural that various problems will arise. 随着越来越多的人出国旅游,出现各种问题是很自然的。 ②Can we begin by discussing matters arising from the last meeting? 我们是不是可以从讨论上次会议所产生的问题开始? 【个性比较】 arise, arouse, rise, raise 单词 词性词义 过去式 过去分词 v.ing arise arose arisen arising (vi.)出现; 发生; 起因于 arouse aroused aroused arousing (vt.)唤醒; 激起 rise rose risen rising (vi.)升起; 起身; 增长; 上升 raise raised raised raising (vt.)举起; 唤起; 提高; 饲养

【对点练习】 Ⅰ.选词填空(arise/rise/arouse/raise) ①The problems between parents and children have arisen from lack of communication. ②After the war the standard of living was raised rapidly. ③The housing prices keep rising in spite of the government's regulations. ④The poverty the children are suffering has aroused his sympathy. Ⅱ.完成句子 ⑤ Many road accidents arise_from_careless_driving,_according to the recent reports from the police.(arise) 根据警方最近的报告,很多道路交通事故是由粗心驾驶造成的。 ⑥It's difficult to foresee the consequence that_may_arise_from_this_action.(arise) 预见这一行动可能出现的后果是不容易的。 5.as a result 结果 (1)as a result 表示一个最终的结果;可放在句首、句中,用逗号与后面的句子隔开;也 可以放在句尾 as a result of 由于,后面接表示原因的内容 (2)result from 因??而起 result in 导致??的结果 ①The weather was bad; as a result, we had to put off our hiking. 天气不好,结果我们不得不推迟徒步旅行。 ②Jenny nearly missed the flight as a result of doing too much shopping. 由于购物时间太久,詹妮差点误了航班。 【轻松识记】

【对点练习】 用 result 的相关短语填空 ①As_a_result_of the car accident, Jackson couldn't work any longer. ②We helped each other in studies and as_a_result we became good friends. ③As a matter of fact, his carelessness resulted_in his failure.
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④I think his cancer resulted_from the overfull tiredness. 6.in a way (= in one way/in some way)从某一角度;在某种程度上 ①Pets are amusing and entertaining, but we are in a way doing animals harm by making them live in a human environment. 宠物有趣且给人带来欢快, 但让它们生活在人类环境中, 在某种程度上我们是在伤害它 们。 ②In a way, he has made great progress this term. 从某方面来说,这学期他已经取得了很大的进步。 all the way 一路上;自始至终;完全 by the way 顺便说一下 in no way 一点也不;决不(位于句首时,句子应使用部分倒装) in the way 挡道;碍事 No way! [俚]别想!没门! ③He decided that he would drive all the way home instead of putting up at a hotel for the night. 他决定一路开车回家而不在旅馆里过夜。 【对点练习】 Ⅰ.用 way 的相关短语填空 ①He stayed all_the_way at home during the winter holidays. ②Don't stand in_the_way.Move aside and let me pass. Ⅱ.完成句子 ③Only in this way can_we_successfully_build an economized society.(build) 只有用这种方式我们才能成功地建立一个节约型社会。 ④In no way should_you_lose_heart when you are faced with difficulties.(lose) 面对困难时,你决不应该失去信心。 7.deal with 处理;安排;对付;论述;与??打交道,做买卖 ①In many people's opinion, that company, though relatively small, is pleasant to deal with. 在很多人看来,虽然那家公司比较小,但和它做买卖令人愉快。 ②Some people are less willing to deal with humans because they are becoming less patient. 一些人不太愿意与人打交道是因为他们变得不太有耐心。 do with sth. 处理某事 deal in sth. 做??生意;经营;买卖 make a deal 达成协议;做成交易 It's a deal. 成交;一言为定。 【语境串记】 I don't know how to deal with the man dealing in secondcars.Can you tell me what to do with my old car? 我不知道如何与那个买卖二手车的人打交道,你能告诉我如何处理我的那辆旧车吗? 【关键一点】 deal with 表示“处理”时,常与连接副词 how 连用;do with 表示“处 理”时,常与连接代词 what 连用。 【对点练习】 写出下列句中 deal with 的含义 ①We have been dealing with the firm since the early 1990s.和??做买卖 ②His article deals with many issues we are greatly concerned about.涉及 ③In the process, the children learn to deal with difficulties.处理 ④His work experience equipped him to deal with all kinds of people.与??打交道

8.calculate/from ... on/with the help of .../watch over ①calculate vt. 计算 be calculated to do sth. 打算或计划做某事
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It has been calculated that ... 据估算 calculate on 指望 ②from ... on 从??时起 from now on 从今以后 from ... to ... 从??到?? ③with the help of ... 在??的帮助下 come to sb.'s help 帮某人的忙 help sb. out 帮某人摆脱困境 help oneself to 自用;自取 ④watch over 看守;监视;守护;照管 watch out (for) 当心; 注意 keep a watch on 监视 【对点练习】 选词填空 watch over, with the help of, from now on, calculate ①It has been calculated that the trip will take two days. ②The rescuers are looking for the survivors with_the_help_of dogs. ③Please be more careful from_now_on. ④Soldiers arrived to watch_over the city and maintain peace.

1.I think it's_impossible_to_live without computers! 我认为离开了计算机就没法生活! 【句型透视】(1)句中 it 为形式主语,动词不定式短语是真正的主语,其基本结构为 “It be+ adj./n.+(for/of sb.) to do sth.”。 It is bad manners to leave your food on the plate in some countries. 在一些国家,把你的食物剩在盘子里是不礼貌的。 (2)在上述结构中, for 前面通常是 difficult, necessary, important 等多与事物特征有关的 形容词;而 of 前面通常是 wise, kind, stupid, nice 等与人的性格特点有关的形容词。 It is hard for you to finish the job in three days. 三天内让你完成这项工作有点困难。 It is kind of you to help me with the case. 你帮我搬箱子,真是太好了。 【对点练习】 Ⅰ.介词填空 ①It was very kind of you to come to help me. ②It is difficult for a foreigner to learn Chinese. Ⅱ.翻译句子 ③收到 BBC 英语节目是很容易的。 It_is_easy_to_receive_BBC_English_programs. ④和他谈话是一件非常愉快的事。 It_is_a_great_pleasure_to_talk_with_him. 2.By_the_time I was sixteen, my dream had come true. 在我满十六岁时,我梦想成真了。 【句型透视】(1)by the time“到??为止”,后接时间状语从句。如果 by the time 后面 的从句用一般过去时,则主句用过去完成时;如果 by the time 后面的从句用一般现在时,则 主句用将来完成时。 (2)“by+表示过去的时间”作状语时,句子谓语一般用过去完成时;“by+表示将来 的时间”作状语时,句子谓语一般用将来完成时。 By the time we arrived at the station, the train had left.
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当我们到达车站时,火车已经离开了。 By the time this letter reaches you, I will have left the country. 你收到这封信时,我已离开这个国家了。 【对点练习】 用所给动词的正确形式填空 ①By the end of last term, we had_learned (learn) 30 poems. ②I will_have_finished (finish) my work by the time you come.

Ⅰ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1.Personally (personal), I don't think it's a good idea. 2.He doubted the reality (real) of what he had heard. 3.I was a student who went on alternative break trips and had my life totally (total) transformed by that experience. 4.Seeing their favourite star come in, the devoted fans arose (arise) from their seats immediately. 5.Have you filled in the application (apply) form for a new passport? 6.Many people call the age we live in the age of technology (technical). 7.It may take a long time to find a solution (solve) to the problem. 8 . People around the world should protect the present water resources and explore (exploration) potential ones. 9. It is universally (universal) believed that computers can't take the place of human beings in the future. 10.We haven't really calculated (calculate) the cost of the vacation yet. Ⅱ.选词填空 in a way, solve problems, deal with, result from, before, so ... that 1. With science and technology developing quickly, the computer can apply to so many fields that we can't go without it. 2.It is a long time since they separated, but it won't be long before they meet again. 3.People can calculate on computers to solve all kinds of problems_such as exploring the moon. 4.The good service has made up for the poor food in the hotel in_a_way. 5.On the contrary, I find her quite easy to deal_with. 6.His failure resulting_from not working hard gave him a very good lesson. Ⅲ.根据汉语提示,选用练习Ⅰ、Ⅱ中的句子,加入适当过渡词后联句成篇 1.随着科学技术的发展,计算机应用于如此多的领域,以至于我们不能没有它。 2.结果是人们指望计算机来解决各种问题,比如探索月球。 3.即便如此,人们也普遍认为在将来计算机不能替代人类。 With science and technology developing quickly, the computer can apply to so many fields that we can't go without it.As a result, people can calculate on computers to solve all kinds of problems such as exploring the moon.Anyhow, it is also universally believed that computers can't take the place of human beings in the future.

Ⅰ.多项选择 1. Because of H7N9 bird flu, all the chicken markets in Shanghai have been closed and won't open until further ________. A.sign B.symbol C.signal D.notice 解析:选 D 考查名词词义辨析。句意:因为 H7N9 禽流感,上海所有的活禽市场都被 关闭直到另行通知才能开放。sign“迹象; 手势”;symbol“象征;符号”;signal“信号”;
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notice“通知”。根据句意可知,应选 D 项。 2.The loss has not yet been ________ accurately, but it is believed to be well beyond a hundred million dollars. A.calculated B.considered C.completed D.controlled 解析:选 A 句意:虽然还没有精确计算损失,但是人们认为很可能会超过一亿美元。 calculate“计算;估算”,符合句意。consider“考虑;认为”;complete“完成;竣工”; control“控制”。 3.—What did you think of the concert for the 120th anniversary of Guo Moruo? —Wonderful!I enjoyed the last three songs by Liu Huan ________. A.in total B.in general C.in particular D.in common 解析:选 C 答句意为:太精彩了!我尤其喜欢最后刘欢唱的三首歌。in total“总共; 总计”;in general“通常”;in particular“尤其;特别”;in common“共同”。根据句意 选 C。 4.Though in fact he got ________, there was no doubt that he had meant to offer help. A.in a way B.in the way C.on the way D.by the way 解析:选 B 考查介词短语辨析。句意:尽管事实上他帮了倒忙,但是毫无疑问他本来 打算提供帮助的。in the way“妨碍;挡道”,符合句意。in a way“在某种程度上”;on the way“在路上”;by the way“顺便说”。 5.In this lecture, I can only give you a purely ________ view of how we can live life to the full and make some suggestions about the future. A.private B.personal C.unique D.different 解析:选 B 考查形容词词义辨析。根据句意可以看出说话人想表达的是“个人的”观 点,而不是 A 项“私人的”; C 项“独特的”和 D 项“不同的”。 6.These instructions should be made more ________, so that the primary school students can understand it. A.magical B.universal C.simplified D.complicated 解析:选 C 句意 :这些说明应该更加简化,这样小学生才能看懂。simplified“简化 的”, 符合句意。 magical “魔术的”; universal“通用的; 普遍的”; complicated“复杂的”。 7.In some countries poisonous snakes can be used to ________ the jewels in shops at night. A.watch over B.watch out C.look out D.take over 解析: 选 A 句意: 在一些国家, 毒蛇可以用来在夜晚守护商店里的珠宝。 watch over“守 护;看守”,符合句意。watch out“当心;小心”;look out“当心;小心;向外看”;take over“接管”。 8.To ________ the attendants' awareness of service, the two companies launched a program for their attendants to exchange experience on Nov.1, 2014. A.arise B.raise C.rise D.attract 解析:选 B 考查动词辨析。句意:为了提高参与者的服务意识,两个公司决定于 2014 年 11 月 1 日发起一项参与者相互交流经验的活动。 arise“出现”, 为不及物动词; raise“养; 举起;筹集;提高”,为及物动词;rise“升起”,为不及物动词;attract“吸引”。根据句 意可知,答案选 B。 9.I can't tell you the exact time when I'll get there, maybe at 8 or 9 or later. ________, I'll be there as early as I can. A.Thus B.However C.Anyhow D.Therefore
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解析:选 C 句意:我不能告诉你我到那儿的确切时间,也许八点、九点或更晚。不管 怎样,我会尽早到那儿。 anyhow“无论如何;不管怎样”,符合句意。 thus“因此”; however“但是;然而”;therefore“因此”。 10.Tom is considering buying a new computer, but he hasn't decided how to ________ the old one. A.begin with B.go over C.watch over D.deal with 解析: 选 D 考查动词短语辨析。根据前一分句 “Tom is considering buying a new computer”可知,在此应用 deal with 表示他还没有决定如何“处理”那台旧电脑。 Ⅱ.完成句子 1.He has not actually left the party; nor has_he_been_asked/has_anyone_asked_him to do so.(ask) 事实上,他没有离开这个政党;也没有人要求他这么做。 2. The factory was fined for piping waste water into the river without being_dealt_with.(deal) 这家工厂因为未将废水进行处理就直接排入河里而被罚款。 3.John thinks it_won't_be_long_before he is ready for his new job.(before) 约翰认为他不久就会为新工作做好准备了。 4.He brought up a practical plan in the meeting, bringing_down/which_brought_down the cost of production.(bring) 他在会议上提出了一个切实可行的方案,这个方案降低了生产成本。 5.So quickly did_the_car_speed_by that I didn't make out what the driver's face was like.(speed) 车速太快,以至于我没看清司机的长相。 6.As_children_get_older,_they become more and more interested in the things around them.(as) 随着年龄的增长,孩子对周围的事情越来越感兴趣。 7.Comparing_with_what_they_have_achieved in the past five years, we still have a long way to go.(compare) 与他们过去五年所取得的成就相比,我们仍然有很长一段路要走。 8.I had_just_stepped_out_of the bathroom when I heard the steps.(step) 我刚刚走出浴室,这时我听到了脚步声。 9. The government gave the order that all the buildings there (should)_be_torn_down in three weeks.(tear) 政府下达了命令,那儿的所有建筑要在三周内拆毁。 10.I like these songs which_have_been_broadcast many times on the radio.(broadcast) 我喜欢这些歌曲,它们已经在收音机里播过多次。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 “When your mother scolds you, you can look elsewhere and think about other things. Just ignore her words. But remember: such a tough attitude cannot be used often.” These words are from a series of cartoons which outline skills for children to fight against their mothers. The images have created heated debate among Chinese netizens. Regarded as “a book for children aged 6 to 12 who are always scolded by their parents”, the cartoons, drawn by two 10yearold Beijing girls, list over 20 skills which children can use to deal with their mothers' anger such as crying, pretending to be ashamed, fleeing into the toilet and pleasing her afterwards. Each skill is described with vivid pictures and humorous notes. The creativity of the young girls has amazed netizens, the Yangtse Evening Post reported on Thursday. According to one of the girls' mothers, her daughter once received a poor mark in an exam, and the mother blamed her and compared her performance with another classmate's. The daughter's feelings led to her creating the cartoons. The girl's father, who first posted the pictures on his Sohu Microblog on Monday, said he hopes parents pay close attention to the pictures, allow children to feel free to develop their own characteristics and try not to criticize them so often.
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The father said the cartoons aren't finished yet; his daughter will continue with them when she has time. “The cartoons, although an individual case, reflect a modern phenomenon and some of the problems within Chinese family education,” said Yu Qinfang, an expert on family education. According to a survey of 104 children and their parents, Yu discovered that as many as 51.9 percent of primary school students hate being urged to do things by their mothers. “Not giving children enough time and hurrying them to do things seems to be a very tiny detail within family life, but it is potentially a huge problem which can easily be ignored by parents. A mother's blame may lead to negative feelings within her child's heart”, Yu said, “parents should learn to blame less and be more patient.” 1.What amazed Chinese netizens according to the text? A.The girls' poor marks. B.The girls' skills against their mothers. C.The girls' creativity. D.The girls' tough attitude to their mothers. 解析:选 C 细节理解题。根据第四段中的“The creativity of the young girls has amazed netizens”可知,是这两个小女孩的创造力让网民吃惊。故答案为 C。 2.By posting the cartoons on his microblog, the father wanted to ________. A.show off his daughter's cleverness B.blame his daughter for drawing these cartoons C.encourage his daughter to make greater progress D.get other parents to draw a lesson from the cartoons 解析:选 D 推理判断题。根据第六段中的“he hopes parents pay close attention to the pictures, allow children to feel free to develop their own characteristics and try not to criticize them so often”可推知, 女孩的父亲把这些图片放在微博上的目的是让别的父母从这些图片中 吸取教训。故答案为 D。 3.According to a survey, Yu Qinfang found that primary school pupils ________. A.dislike being forced to do things B.like drawing cartoons in class C.seldom do well in exams D.enjoy being compared with others 解析:选 A 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段中的“that as many as 51.9 percent of primary school students hate being urged to do things by their mothers”可知,很多孩子不喜欢被强迫做 事情。故答案为 A。 4.We can conclude from the text that ________. A.parents often ignore their children's hobbies B.parents often speak highly of their children C.how to develop children's gifts puzzles parents D.how to blame children needs parents' wisdom 解析:选 D 推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“parents should learn to blame less and be more patient”可推知,怎样去惩罚孩子需要父母的智慧。故选 D。 Ⅳ.短文写作 Since we were young, we have known very well the lines “Do you know the food on the plate, each grain is hardearned” from the Sympathy for the Peasants. However, food wasting is on the rise recently. 请根据以上提示,写一篇如何杜绝食物浪费的英语短文。 要求如下: 1.根据你的所见所闻,简要介绍食物浪费的现状; 2.至少提出三条遏制食物浪费的措施; 3.开头已给出,无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语; 4.词数不少于 120。 At the end of year of 2013, many media reported serious food wasting in China.
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参考范文: At the end of the year 2013, many media reported serious food wasting in China. According to a survey, Chinese people waste food worth 20 billion yuan in a year, which can feed 20 million people! To prevent this phenomenon, the first step, I think, is to change our consumption concept. Ordering too many dishes in a restaurant can not save face. On the contrary, it's a waste of food and shameful. Next, I urge more people to join in the “clear your plate” campaign. Whoever can not finish the food that has been ordered, he should take the leftovers home or pay extra money. Last, the government's paying the dinner bill should be forbidden. If so, much food and money will be saved. Let's make every effort to put an end to this bad and harmful habit!

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