2015年高考冲刺阶段 英语解题策略讲解 《阅读理解-推理判断题》ppt课件_图文

走向高考 · 英语 人教版(课标卷地区) · 高考总复习 路漫漫其修远兮 吾将上下而求索 第一部分 基础知识聚焦 第一部分 解题策略(十四) 阅读理解之推理判断题 ? 推理判断题是阅读理解中层次较高、难度较 大的题目。在一篇阅读理解中一般有1-3道 该类题目,2014年各考区考查推理判断的题 目约占阅读理解题目总数的20%。该类题要 求考生在理解表面文字的基础上根据文章提 供的事实和线索通过语篇逻辑关系,研究细 节的暗示,推敲作者的态度,理解文章的寓 意等,从而得出文章中隐含的深层意思,也 就是通过文章中的文字信息、上下文逻辑关 系等已知信息,推断出作者没有提到的或者 没有明说的事实或情感,或者可能发生的事。 做推理判断题要以文中的信息为依据,既不 (一)领悟隐含意义的判断题 ? “既理解字面意思,也理解深层含义”是高 考对考生阅读理解能力测试的一项重要内容。 ? 由于某种原因,有的文章作者没有明显地表 达自己的观点,而将其隐含在字里行间,流 露于修辞手法之中。读懂这种“言外之意, 弦外之音”,要求考生具有“锣鼓听音”的 敏锐感觉,合理推断的思维品质。这是阅读 理解中较难的题型,对考生的能力要求较高, 需要认真训练。 ? [典例1](2014·新课标全国Ⅱ·B篇) ? ... ? But what began as nothing important in public affairs has grown into a social movement. Business people, political leaders, university professors, and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement. “The understanding has increased many, many times,” says Gaylord Nelson, the former governor from Wisconsin, who thought up the first Earth ? According to US government reports, emissions (排放) from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 million tons. The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9. Although serious problems still remain and need to be dealt with, the world is a safer and healthier place. A kind of “green thinking” has become part of practices. ? ... ? 27.What have Americans achieved in environmental protection? ? A.They have cut car emissions to the lowest. ? B.They have settled their environmental problems. ? C.They have lowered their CO levels in forty cities. ? D.They have reduced pollution through effective measures. ? ? 答案:D 根据第二段中的“Business people, political leaders, university professors, and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement”和第三段中的“ According to US government reports, emissions (排 放)from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 million tons.The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9”可推断出,美国政府多管齐下,污染 (二)考查逻辑思维的推理题 ? 这类题旨在测试考生在理解基础上的逻辑推 理能力,要求考生根据文章所述事件的逻辑 关系,对未说明的趋势或结局作出合理的推 断,或根据作者所阐述的观点或理论,对文 章未涉及的现象或事例给以解释。 ? 考生首先要仔细阅读短文,充分了解信息, 才能准确把握作者的观点。 ? 在作出推理判断时,考生一定要依据短文内 容或作者观点,切忌主观臆断,切忌以自己 的观点取代作者的原意。 ? [典例2](2014·山东·A卷) ? ... ? Peter drove to Ann's house to pick up his dog, and saw Thomas and Jack crying in the window. After a few moments Peter said, “Maybe Odie was supposed to find you, maybe you should keep it.” ? 45.What can we infer about the dog from the last paragraph? ? A.

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