Commissioning Process Plant Section 1 Introduction_图文

1.0 INTRODUCTION Seán Moran

SIMPLE?
? ? ? ? ?

?

Commissioning is a complex issue requiring: Planning Leadership Teamwork Training Communications

PROBLEMS
? ? ? ?

?

Prime course objectives to raise awareness of these issues on a general level, as to: WHAT problems will occur WHY they occur WHEN they occur HOW they can be managed and reduced to an acceptable level

FACTORS
? ? ? ? ?

Plant size Process type (continuous or batch) Client infrastructure Contractual arrangements Level of automation or control

ROOT CAUSES
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Poor Planning Ineffective Leadership Rushed Installation Poor Quality Work Too Few Resources Inexperienced Resources Inadequate training Poor design Sabotage

DIFFERING OBJECTIVES 1
Construction personnel: Objectives
?

to finish plant construction and to leave site as soon as possible

DIFFERING OBJECTIVES 2
Commissioning personnel: Objectives ? to learn the plant ? to learn the process ? to ensure the as-built plant will work as intended ? to test the installed equipment ? to fully commission the plant

COURSE OBJECTIVES
? ? ?

PROVIDE EXPOSURE…to the unique problems
associated with the start up of process plants.

STIMULATE THINKING…orientation to the start up
aspects of any type of plant in any industry.

ESTABLISH A FRAMEWORK…for anticipating
and avoiding financial, technical, operational and organisational problems associated with a start up.

?

GENERATE CONFIDENCE…in planning for and
executing a successful plant start up regardless of your organisational position.

TERMINOLOGY 1
?

PRECOMMISSIONING…Precommissioning activities
are the non-operating work responsibilities such as adjustments, cold alignment checks, etc. performed by the contractor prior to ready for commissioning or mechanical completion.

?

READY FOR COMMISSIONING…Occurs when
the plant or any part of the plant has been erected in accordance with drawings and specifications and the precommissioning activities have been completed to the extent necessary to permit commissioning activities to begin.

TERMINOLOGY 2
?

MECHANICAL COMPLETION…
Occurs when the plant or any part of the plant has been erected in accordance with drawings, specifications and applicable codes and the precommissioning activities have been completed to the extent necessary to permit the client to accept the plant and begin commissioning activities. The terms ready for commissioning and mechanical completion are often synonymous.

TERMINOLOGY 3
?

COMPLETION OF WORK…Means that the
contractor has erected the plant in accordance with drawings and specifications completed his specified precommissioning work and completed his final cleanup, painting and thermal insulation work.

?

COMMISSIONING…Commissioning activities are
associated with preparing or operating the plant or any part of the plant prior to the initial start up and are usually the owner’s work responsibilities.

TERMINOLOGY 4
?

WATER TRIALS…are commissioning activities
conducted to allow run-in and operational testing of the equipment as well as provide operator training and familiarisation.

?

INITIAL START UP…occurs when feedstocks are
introduced to the plant for the express purpose of producing a product for the first time.

?

INITIAL OPERATIONS…used to describe the entire
process of precommissioning, commissioning, initial start up, steady production and performance testing of a plant.

HOW THE TERMS RELATE: DIAGRAM

PROJECT DEFINITION AND SCOPE
? ? ? ?

SERVICES PROCESSES BUDGETS SCHEDULES

PROJECT ORGANISATION
? ? ? ?

MANPOWER EXPERIENCE STANDARDS PROCEDURES

PROJECT CONTROL
? ? ?

COSTS SCHEDULES QUALITY CONTROL

PROJECT MANAGER’S ROLE
? ? ? ?

ENGINEERING ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT PLANT START UP

PROJECT EXECUTION DIAGRAM

SUCCESSFUL STARTUP REQUIREMENTS 1
?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

OWNER ORGANISATION
Adequate overall planning Detailed long-term preparation Supportive organisation Detailed operating and emergency procedures Established standard and working practices Effective resource planning Competent personnel Trained personnel

SUCCESSFUL STARTUP REQUIREMENTS 2
?
? ? ? ? ? ?

PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Thorough mechanical completion inspection Closely monitored commissioning procedures Water trials Adequate stores and spare part availability Prepared laboratory Responsive maintenance support

SUCCESSFUL STARTUP REQUIREMENTS 3
?
? ? ? ? ? ?

WHAT IS AT STAKE
Company profitability Company reputation Project success Plant effectiveness Personal reputations Your takehome pay


相关文档

Introduction to Process Plant Start-up & Commissioning
Chemical and Process Plant Commissioning 试运作业指导
Process Plant Start Up and Commissioning
painting process introduction-1
PCB Process Introduction--PART2-1
Lecture_01_Introduction to Process Control_v1.1
Torts-2010-Section-6A-Class-1-Tort-Law-and-the-Litigation-Process1
WEPP Installation Manual - Section 6 Commissioning - Rev 1(调试规范)
Plant tissue paraffin section of the production process and demonstration
1. Introduction Technology Transfer of Computational Intelligence for Manufacturing Process
学霸百科
新词新语
电脑版 | 学霸百科