高中英语人教版微课课件:_图文

it用于强调句式

太和中学:袁晓娟

1.it强调结构的概述
?it用在强调结构中,为了强调句子的

某一成分(通常为强调主语、宾语和状 语 )。 其结构为:“It is/was+被强调部分+
?

that+句子的其余部分”。

2.it在强调句中的应用
?(1)强调主语 ?eg:

I met Tom in the street last week. ? →It was I that met Tom in the street ? last week. ?正是我上周在大街上遇到了汤姆。

(2)强调宾语 eg:I met Tom in the street last week.
→It was Tom that I met in the street last week. 我上周在街道上见到的是汤姆。

(3)强调状语 eg:I met Tom in the street last week. →It was in the street that I met him last week. 我上周是在街道上见到他的。

(3)强调状语
eg:I met Tom in the street last week. →It was last week that I met him in the street . 我是上周在街道上见到他的。

3.如何判断强调句式
→It was I that met Tom in the street last week. →It was in the street that I met him last week.
注:去掉it is/was与that,剩余部分结构完整、句 意明确,则为强调句型,否则不是。 →It was obvious that he was right. 注:这句话就不能称为强调句式,因为去掉it is/was与that,剩余部分结构并不完整。

4.it强调句结构中的疑问句
?(1)强调句的一般疑问句:只需is/was ?提前。
? ?、Was ? ?、Is

it you that broke the window?

it Professor Wang that teaches you ? English?

?(2)强调句的特殊疑问句:只需在一

?般疑问句前加上疑问词就可。
?Who

was it that broke the window?

?When

was it that you called me yesterday?

5.用这一强调句型时,还要注意以下几点:
? (1)强调时间、地点、原因或方式状语时, ? 要用that,不能用when,where,why或how。 ? →It ? last ? →It

was in the street that I met him week. was last week that I met him in the

? street

.

5.用这一强调句型时,还要注意以下几点:
? (2)强调句型一般只用that,但被强调的是

人时,且做主语,可用who取代that;被强 调的是人且作宾语时,也可用whom代替 that/who。
? →It

was I that/who met Tom in the street last week.

? →It

was Tom that/who/whom I met in the street last week.

6.用这一强调句型时,还要注意以下几点:

? (3)如果强调的是主语时,that或who之后

的谓语的人称和数要与被强调的主语保持 一致。 ? It is only I who/that am willing to go to the ? cinema. ? It is he who/that is to blame.

6.用这一强调句型时,还要注意以下几点:
? (4)强调句型中的it不能更换为其他代词;

is/was数的形式不受被强调部分单复数的 影响。
? It ? It

is jazz that I like most.
is his novels that I like most.

6.用这一强调句型时,还要注意以下几点:
? (5)使用这一强调句型时,需注意否定转移

Money can’t buy everything. ? →It is not everything that money can buy. ? 钱不能买到一切。 ? He didn’t go to bed until ten o’clock last night. ? →It was not until ten o’clock last night that he ? went to bed.昨晚他12点才去睡觉。
? ? 注:由于not已经前移,that

后只能用肯定形式。

6。用这一强调句型时,还要注意以下几点:
? (6)强调句型的时态要依原句的时态而定,即原

句为过去的某种时态,强调句中就用 was ;原 句为现在或将来的某种时态,强调句中就用 is。

I met Tom in the street last week. →It was I that met Tom in the street last week. He is to blame. →It is he who/that is to blame.

? Ⅰ.句型转换

?I

am enthusiastic about playing football now.

? 1. ? 2.
? 3.

It is I who/ that_____ am enthusiastic about playing football now. (am/ is are /was) It is playing football _____ that I am enthusiastic about now. (that /who/whom)
is It _____now I am enthusiastic about playing football. (is/was)

Ⅱ.对画线部分进行强调
? 1.

I first met him in Beijing. in Beijing that I first met him.

? 【答案】It was

2.Only when I reread his poems recently,I began to appreciate their beauty. 【答案】It was only when I reread his poems recently that I began to appreciate their beauty.

?3.Because

he was seriously ill, he didn’t come to school yesterday. ?【答案】It was because he was ?seriously ill that he didn’t come to school yesterday.

Ⅲ.根据提示翻译句子
?1.正在打电话的是张教授。(强调

主语) ?【答案】It is Professor Zhang who is ? talking on the phone. ?2.病人需要的是更好的食物和更多 的阳光。(强调宾语) ?【答案】It is better food and more ?sunshine that the patient needs.

? 3.奥林匹克竞赛是从什么时候开始的?

(强调时间状语) ? 【答案】When was it that the Olympic ? competition started? ? 4.第二十九届奥运会在中国举行。(强 ? 调地点状语) ? 【答案】It is in China that the 29th ? Olympic Games are held.

Thank you!


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