【全国大纲1版】(步步高)高三英语一轮复习 Unit 17 Disabilities精品课件_图文

Unit 17
Ⅰ.重点单词思忆

Disabilities
基础落实

1.A good teacher has to be able to motivate

(激发) his students.
2.The old man dressed in rags was present at the wedding ceremony (仪式). 3.The streets were full of crowds,all celebrating an Italian victory (胜利).

4.The orchestra is conducted (指挥) by John. 5.Buchan succeeds in making a difficult subject accessible (易接近的) to the readers.

Ⅱ.考纲词汇拓展
1. gifted adj.有天赋的→ gift n.礼物;天赋
2. assist vt.援助,帮助→ assistant adj.副 的;助理的;n.助手→ assistance n.帮助; 辅助 3. encouragement n.鼓励→ encourage vt.鼓

励,激励→ encouraging adj.令人鼓舞的→
encouraged adj.感到鼓舞的

4. participate vi.参与,参加→ participation n. 参加→ participant n.参与者 5. conduct vt.主持;引导;控制→ conductor n.

管理者;售票员
6.sympathy n.同情(心)→ sympathize v.同 情;赞同→ sympathetic adj. 同情的;有同情

心的

Ⅲ.重要短语识记
1. realize one’s dream实现某人的梦想
2.make a contribution to...对??做出贡献 3.get be/used to适应于;习惯于 4.develop one’s potential 发挥某人的潜力 5.adjust to 适应于 6.get around 四处走动 7.prepare for 为??做准备 8. participate in参加 9. compete in参加??比赛 10.compete for 为得到??而竞争 11.live with 与??一起生活;忍受

12.belong to 属于

Ⅳ.经典句式再现
1.I know people are trying to help,but I
wish they wouldn’t treat me as if I were a child (希望他们不要把我看成小孩).

2.But when class is over and her classmates
get up to move around (起来四处走动), it becomes obvious (很显然)that Xiaowen’s life is different.

3.She uses a wheelchair to get around and it often takes her a little longer to do everyday things (她常常用稍微长一些的时间 做日常事情),such as getting out of bed, getting dressed and going to class.

4.We know that we can’t let physical
disabilities limit a person’s life (我们 不能让身体残疾限制一个人的生活). 5. One third of the students are blind and the rest are deaf (三分之一的学生是盲人,

其余的是聋子)or have no disability.

6.They not only learn how to assist disabled people, but also learn the importance of cooperating to reach their goals in life (而 且也学习相互协作的重要性以便实现人生的目标).

7.Maybe it is time for the rest of society to
accept me as I am and get used to the fact that while I may not be able to walk,there are many other great things I can do (虽然我 不能走路,但我能做许多其他了不起的事情). 8.Fortunately,we have now realised that there is much that can be done to help (有许多有益 的事情可做).

导练互动
重点单词

1.assist
They not only learn how to assist disabled people,...(回归课本P52) ?观察思考 She assisted her sister with her lesson.

她帮助妹妹做功课。
We will assist you in finding somewhere to live.我们将帮你找个住的地方。

归纳拓展
assist词性: vt. 意思:帮助,援助 with sth. (1)assist sb. to do sth. in (doing) sth. (2)assistance n.帮助;辅助 come to one’s assistance帮助某人 with the assistance of在??的帮助/协助之下 帮助某人做某事

(3)assistant n.助理,助手;adj.助理的;副的

能力转化 (1)售货员经常帮助顾客找他们所寻找的东西。

Salesmen always assist customers with
what they are looking for. (2)她请求我们帮她实施那个计划。

She asked us to assist her in carrying
out that plan. (3)李先生是这个公司的副经理。 Mr.Lee is an assistant manager in the company.

2.adjust
I have learnt to live with my body as it

is and
?观察思考

adjusted my way of life.
(回归课本P52)

He adjusted (himself) very quickly to the
heat of the country. 他很快就适应了这个国家炎热的气候。 Check and adjust the brakes regularly. 定期检查和调节刹车装置。

归纳拓展
adjust词性: vt. & vi. 意思: 调整;调节;适应 (1)adjust oneself to...使自己适应?? adjust to适应 adapt sth.to/for...使某物适应或适合??

adapt oneself to...使自己适应或适合??
(2)adjustment n.调整,修正 adjustable adj.可调节的;可调整的

能力转化
(1)如果你到了一个新地方,你必须尽快调整自 己,适应新的环境。 If you go to a new place,you must adjust yourself to the new surroundings quickly.

(2)我的眼睛还没有适应黑暗。
My eyes haven’t adjusted to the dark yet. (3)这辆自行车车座的高度是可以调节的。

The height of the bicycle seat is
adjustable .

3.participate
By preparing for and participating in the

Special Olympics,...(回归课本P55)
?观察思考 After class they often participate in

sports activities.
课后他们常常参加体育活动。 A true friend should participate with sufferings. 真朋友应当共患难。

归纳拓展 participate词性: vi. 意思:参加,参与

(1)participate in sth.参加某事
participate with sb.与某人一起分担(分享) participate in=take part in,但participate

in更正式
(2)participant n.参加者,参与者 participation n.参与,参加 注意:participate in,take part in,happen, occur,come about,run out,come true,break

out等都不能用于被动语态。

能力转化

(1)希望全班同学都参加这些讨论。
Everyone in the class is expected to participate in these discussions. (2)我们想更多地参与决策。 We want more participation in the

decision?making.

4.conduct
One way you can help is by conducting a survey of the public places where you live.(回归课本P56) ?观察思考

The guide conducted us around the ruins
of the ancient city. 导游引导我们游览了古城废墟。

He conducted himself far better than
expected.他表现得比预料的要好得多。 The sport has a strict code of conduct.

体育运动有严格的行为规范。

归纳拓展 conduct词性: vt. & n. 意思: 实施;指挥;带 领;举止,表现;行为 (1)conduct sb....带领某人?? conduct oneself表现 (2)under the conduct of在??指导/管理下 good/bad conduct好/坏品行 (3)conductor n.指挥;售票员;管理者

能力转化 (1)他言行不一。

His conduct disagrees with his words.
(2)他引领观众到他们的座位上。 He conducted the audience to their seats.

重点短语与句型 5.get around
She uses a wheelchair to
get around and it often takes her a little longer to do everyday things,...(回归课本P51) ?观察思考 He was ill last week,but he’s getting around/about now. 他上周病了,但现在他正四处行走。 The child can get around.

这孩子会走了。

归纳拓展 get around=get about 四处走动/活动;(消息等)

传开;逃避
get across度过;使(某事物)被人了解 get along/on进行;过活;相处

get away from避免;摆脱;离开
get away with避开责备、惩罚或灾难而顺利行事; 偷走 get back回来;收回;找回 get down记下来;打下来

get down to开始;着手

get hold of拿到;找到;抓住

get over回复;克服;复习
get rid of消灭;摆脱;除掉 get through做完;结束;通过;用完

get together聚会;联欢
get up起床;站起来;举办;打扮 get sth.in收割;购买

能力转化 用get的相关短语填空 (1)He didn’t even offer to help us,but I’m sure we can get along/on quite well without him. (2)The thieves got away with all our money. (3)It’s hard to get down to working hard at our lessons after a long holiday. (4)It’s harvest time now.The peasants are getting the crops in . (5)The news that they had got through the bill got around (=spread) quickly.

6.I have learnt to live with my body as it is ...我已经学会了接受我的身体现状??
?典例体验 We were hoping to finish it by next week—

as it is ,it may be the week after. 我们本希望在下周完成——看样子要下下周才行。
Teachers must put the brakes on, as it were , when they notice students looking puzzled. 当老师们发现学生神色茫然时,就应该在一定程 度 上放慢速度。

归纳拓展 as it is 照现状看,看样子;已经

as it were 可以说;在一定程度上
as for至于;关于 as a result结果

as a result of由于??的结果
as usual照例;照常;像往常一样 as to至于;根据,依照 as with和??一样

?能力转化
(1)他们希望星期五把厨房建完,但事实上,他 们很可能下周还得回来。 They hoped to finish the kitchen by Friday,but as it is ,they’ll probably

have to come back next week.
(2)纺织品按规格和颜色排列。 The fabrics were arranged as to size and colour .

(3)尼克可以留下来,至于你,你可以从我眼前 消失。 Nick can stay,but as for you ,you can get out of my sight. (4)由于他犯的一次大错,他丢了工作。 As a result of the big mistake he made, he lost his job. (5)尽管她有困难,她照样继续工作。 Despite her problems,she carried on working as usual .

考题回扣 【例1】Frank put the medicine in a top
drawer to make sure it would not be to the kids.(江西高考) A.accessible C.acceptable B.relative D.sensitive A

解析

句意为:弗兰克把药放到最上面的抽屉

里,确保它不被孩子们够到。accessible意为 “易接近的”;relative意为“相对的;比较 的”;acceptable意为“合意的,受欢迎的, 可接受的”;sensitive意为“敏感的”。根 据句意应该选A。

课文原文 Visit other public buildings and find out whether they are accessible or not.

【例2】Dogs have a very good

A of smell and are often used to search for survivors in an earthquake.(浙江高考)
A.sense C.means B.view D.idea

解析

a sense of smell嗅觉。句意为:狗嗅觉

灵敏,经常被用来搜寻地震中的幸存者。 课文原文 ...,but there is also a strong sense of unity and friendship.

【例3】The system has been designed to give students quick and easy A to the (浙江高考) A.access B.passage

digital resources of the library.

C.way
解析

D.approach
句意为:这个系统的目的在于让学生们

方便快捷地使用图书馆的数字资源。access to为固定用法,意为“可以利用,可以达到”。 词用复数,且句子的时态用了过去时,所以

D项正确。

课文原文 We must make sure that all of us have equal

access to all areas and facilities.

【例4】

I really don’t like art,I D find his work impressive.(山东高考) A.As 解析 B.Since C.If D.While while在此意为“尽管”,相当于

although。句意为:尽管我不是真正地喜欢艺

术,但我觉得他的作品确实能打动人。
课文原文 Maybe it’s time for the rest of society

to accept me as I am and get used to the
fact that while I may not be able to walk,there are many other great things I

can do.

技能提升
高考书面表达中常见的错误分析(一)
1.关系不一致
英语语法要求意义一致。所谓意义一致,不 仅指谓语要与主语在人称和数上保持一致,还指

谓语要与主语所表达的实际意义一致。
2.词性混淆 词汇对于写作相当重要,词汇量越大越有利 于写作。但是,有的学生平时在记单词时,只记 拼写、读音和词义而忽略词性,这是不对的。因 为英语句子的各个成分都是由一定词性的词来充 当的。

3.用词累赘 “累赘”现象普遍存在于习作之中,要避免这

一现象的发生,必须加强语言基本功训练,学习
中要勤思多练。 4.无连接词错误

汉语句子是重“意合”,句子前后连接主要
通过上下文的逻辑意义来实现,连接词的使用远 少于英语;而英语句子的特点之一是重“形合”, 句子的各个部分要由各种连词、关系代词等连接 起来,由于这一特点,很多学生在写作时往往忘

了使用连接词,造成诸多病句。

5.非完整句错误 一个句子至少包括主语和谓语两部分(祈使句

除外),如果将句子的某一部分当作一个完整的句
子,就会导致非完整句错误。写作中,很多学生 会犯此错误,对此应特别注意。

6.选词或搭配不当
对英语词汇的理解,不能只停留在了解其表 面意义上,而应掌握内在含义,同时要熟悉它们 的习惯搭配。平时学习词汇时,要勤于思考,勤 查词典,尤其要多记英语解释,弄清它们的确切

意思和用法,以免造成错误。

自主检测
Ⅰ.品句填词
1.The new graduates receive their degrees
at a special ceremony (典礼). 2.The documentary aroused public sympathy (同情) for victims of the disaster. 3.The agency offers practical guidance (指

导)to people starting their own business.
4. Disability (残疾) is a physical or mental injury or illness that prevents someone from living a normal life.

5.Despite his cries,no one came to his

assistance (帮助). 6.All children should be encouraged to
realize their full potential (潜力). 7.Her designs have a good visual (视觉的)

appeal.
8.He is really an extraordinary 天赋的) biochemist. 9.Our victory(胜利)is well worth celebrating. 10.The island is accessible (能进入的) only gifted (有

by boat.

Ⅱ.用所给词的适当形式填空
1.It is time that the rest of society

should accept/accepted (accept) me as
I am and get used to the fact. 2.Creative thinking is one of the most

highly valued (value) skills in society. 3.Every new thought or idea has to be
connected (connect) to what we already know.

4.A computer
its memory.

keeps (keep) information in

5.By preparing for and participating (participate) in the Special Olympics, mentally disabled children and adults can

develop their ability to move and gain
their self?confidence.

Ⅲ.翻译句子
1.这本书的大部分我都读过了,其余的部分比较 难。(the rest) I have read a large part of the book;the rest is more difficult .

2.我已经逐渐习惯了这里的气候和饮食。(get
used to) I have got used to the climate and food

here .

3.她必须使自己能适应新的环境。(adjust) She will have to adjust herself to new conditions . 4.是我妹妹该下定决心努力学习的时候了。 (It’s time...) It’s time that my sister made up her

mind to work hard .
5.心理上的疾病比身体上的疾病更难治愈。 (more than) Mental diseases are more difficult to cure than physical ones .

Ⅳ.单句改错
1.Skiing is one of my most favorite sports. 去掉most 2.How much time will it spend you to finish spend→take your report? 3.He came here aiming to getting his lost watch back. getting→get 4.Don’t you think it shame that you missed shame前加a the concert? 5.How many athletes participated the 2004 Athens Summer Olympics? participated后加in

6.Never to rely on him to get something new about the murder. 去掉第一个to 7.Do you think he will bring you that you that→what want this time? 8.The recent studies has shown that heart

attack is usually linked with eating too
much fat. has→have 9.After a long period of trial and errors,

they made the new machine more efficient.
errors→error 10.I preferred to getting the article typed

rather than copy it myself. getting→get

Ⅴ.单项填空
1.Every four years,many athletes from

different countries
Games. A.play a part in

C

the Olympic

B.join
C.participate in D.attend to 解析 “参加奥运会”用participate in或 take part in或join in。

2.I don’t think there is much sense them advice.They won’t take it.

D

A.to give
C.in give 解析

B.to giving
D.in giving

there is no sense in doing sth. 是固

定句式,意思是“做某事没有意义”。

3.I learned how to ski A.under

A B.over D.for

his guidance.

C.at
解析

句意为:我在他的指导下学习滑雪。

under one’s guidance在某人的指导下。

4.He has

B for them in their suffering. A.no sympathies B.no sympathy C.not a sympathy D.not any sympathies

解析

sympathy是不可数名词。

5.I have been having violin lessons week from next month.

A two weeks,but I think I’ll make it every

A.every
C.another 解析

B.each
D.a

“every+基数词+复数名词”译为:每

隔??。

6.—Did you make sense of what the man said

just now?
—No,his meaning didn’t explain it for me? C .Would you

A.get through
C.get across 解析

B.get off
D.get out

get across传达;使某人明白意义。

7.We had a very

meeting—I felt we D sorted out a lot of problems.

A.proper
C.promising 解析

B.principal
D.productive

productive富有成效的。 by a world? B.performed D.recognized

8.Last Saturday evening we went to a
concert that was famous conductor. A.conducted C.appreciated A

解析

conduct主持。

9.I hit him

C

on

nose.

A.fair;his
B.fairly;the C.fair;the

D.fairly;his
解析 fair可作副词,意为“直接地,正好”, 而fairly作副词时意为“颇为,相当地”。根 据句意“我正好打中他的鼻子”可推知C为正确 选项。

10.Liu Xiang has become young people’s idol be. A.as it is C.as well as B.as it were D.as if B ,the man they all want to

解析

as it is侧重于“照现状看,是某人/

某物本身的形式”,as it were侧重于“一定 程度上”,相当于to some degree。句意为:在 一定程度上刘翔已经成了年轻人的偶像,一个 他们都想成为的人。as it were为正确选项。

11.It’s high time I

A.fetch
C.fetched 解析

my daughter. C B.to fetch D.will fetch

It’s time that...中,that从句中的

谓语动词用过去式或者“should+动词原形”。

12.Half of the class The rest A.have done;is B.has done;are C.has done;is

A most of the work. really difficult.

D.have done;are
解析 从句意看,此句中的class指全班人, 谓语用复数。the rest作主语时,谓语形式的 单复数取决于rest所指代的内容,此句中的 rest指前句中的work,故谓语用单数。

13.People believe that we

a special D ability to learn language and that our

brain

itself to the language we

heard around us. A.are prepared for;adjusts

B.are equipped for;adapts
C.are armed with;fits D.are equipped with;adjusts 解析 句意为:人们相信我们具有学习语言的 能力,而且我们的大脑能够根据我们听到的语

言调整它自己。根据句意知D正确。

14.She had to go abroad for further education, for universities in her country were not to women at that time. B.beneficial

A

A.accessible

C.independent
解析

D.remarkable

accessible adj.可接近的;可进入的;

可使用的,常用于短语be accessible to sb.。 beneficial有益的;independent独立的; remarkable明显的。

15.My granny

C live in the country by herself,but now she has been used to together with us in the city. A.used to;live B.got used to;living C.used to;living

D.was used to;live
解析 used to do过去常常;be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事,根据句意选C。

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