【模块复习 师说】2015高考(人教版)英语全程复习构想课件:选修七 Unit 4 Sharing_图文

选修七

Unit 4 Sharing

说基础
SHUO JI CHU

课前预习读教材
基/础/梳/理

一、重点单词 1.muddy 2.relevant relevance adj.泥泞的;泥土般的 adj.有关的;切题的 mud n.泥;泥浆 adv.有关地

relevantly

n.关联;贴切 adj.遥远地;偏僻的 remotely adv.遥远地,间

3.remote 接地 4.adjust 的 adjustment 5.sniff

vi. & vt.调整;(使)适合 n.调整;调节;校正

adjustable

adj.可调整

vt. & vi.嗅;闻;用鼻子吸

6.participate 参加;分享 7.otherwise 8.privilege 的;特许的 9.arrangement 整理 10.toast 包;干杯

vi.参与;参加;

participation

n.参与;

conj.否则;不然

adv.用别的方法;其他方面 privileged adj.有特权

n.特权;特别优待

n.安排;排列

arrange

vt. & vi.安排,

vt.烤(面包等);敬酒

n.烤面包(片);吐司面

11.donate n.捐赠物;捐款 12.voluntary n.志愿者

vt.捐赠

donator

n.捐赠者

donation

adj.自愿的;志愿的;无偿的 adv.自愿地;志愿地

volunteer

voluntarily

13.purchase 14.distribute 发;分布状态 15.operate 作;运转;手术

vt. & n.买;购买 vt.分配;分发 distribution n.分配;分

vi.工作;运转 operator

vt.操作

operation

n.操

n.操作人员

二、必备短语 1.hear from 接到??的信

2.the other day 不久前的一天 3.dry up 4.adapt to (指河流、井等)干涸 适应 诚实地说 通过

5.to be honest 6.get through

7.(be) dying to 极想;渴望 8.dry out 9.in need 10.stick out (使浸水等之物)完全变干;干透 在困难中;在危急中 伸出

三、经典句式 1.But last weekend another teacher, Jenny, and I visit a village that was the home of one of the boys, Tombe. 但是上个周末,我和另一个老师,珍妮,确实拜访了一个村 庄,其中一个男孩汤贝的家就在那里。 2.To be honest,I doubt whether I'm difference to these boys' lives at all. 说实在的,我真的不知道我教的课是否让这些孩子的生活有 所改变。 making any did

3.The boys who had never come across anything like this before started jumping out of the windows.那些从未见过这

种情况的男孩子们吓得都往窗外跳去。 4.I know you're dying to hear all about my life here...

我知道你急于了解我在这里的生活情况?? 5.Tombe's father, Mukap, led us to his house, a low bamboo hut sticking out of the roof—this shows it's man's house.

汤贝的父亲莫卡普领着我们到了他的房子,那是一间低矮的 屋顶上长满草的小竹屋,这表明它是一个男人的房子。

说考点

拓展延伸串知识

SHUO KAO DIAN知/识/整/合

第一讲 重点单据

1.adjust v.调节;调整;使适合 ?用法归纳 adjust to?doing?sth.适应/习惯?做?某事 adjust...to...使??适应于?? make adjustments作调整 adapt sth. to...使某物适合?? adapt?oneself?to使某人自己适应

?特别提示 以上短语中 to 为介词,后接名词、代词、动名词作宾语而不 能接动词不定式。

即境活用 用adjust的适当形式填空 (1)When I woke up, it was already midnight and it took a few seconds for my eyes ________ the darkness. (2)He made an ________ to the new environment. (3)She ________ her clothes and hair before going out. (4)It took her quite a long time ________ to living alone after the divorce.

答案 adjust

(1)to

adjust

to

(2)adjustment

(3)adjusted

(4)to

2.distribute vt.分发;分配 This species of butterfly is widely distributed over our country. 这种蝴蝶在我国分布很广。 ?用法归纳 distribute v.分发=give out spread散布 distribution n.分发;分配;分布状态

They studied the geographical distribution of the disease. 他们研究了该疾病的地理分布情况。 Ross supervised the distribution of food and clothing to the flood victims. 红十字会监督分配食物和衣物给水灾受害者。

?易混辨析 assign, distribute 和 divide 这些动词均含“分配,分发”之意。 (1)assign 指按照某种原则进行的硬性分配, 也不一定是很公平 的。 (2)distribute 通常指以整体或定量分为若干份来分配。 (3)divide 普通用词,侧重将某物分成若干份分配给他人,当某 物一分为二时,含平均分配之意。

即境活用 翻译句子 (1)这些衣服和毛毯将会在地震灾民中发放。 ________________________________________ (2)这笔款项要分配到各学校。 __________________________________________________
答案 (1)The clothes and blankets will be distributed among (2)The money was distributed to the

the earthquake victims. schools.

3.otherwise adv.用别的方法;在其他方面 conj.否则,不然 Do as you are told,otherwise,you'll be in trouble. 叫你怎么做就怎么做,否则就有麻烦。 ?用法归纳 ①otherwise 用作副词,译作“要不然,否则,另外,别样; 在其他方面;除此之外” ②otherwise conj.(并列连词,同 or else)否则,不然(常与虚拟 语气连用)

③otherwise adj.另外的,别样的;其他方面的 ④短语or otherwise“或相反的” He is noisy,but otherwise a nice boy. 他爱吵闹,但在其他方面却是个好孩子。 He reminded me of what I should otherwise have forgotten. 他提醒了我,要不然我就会把这件事给忘了。 The model is old,but otherwise the car is satisfactory. 这辆车除了车型老旧以外,别的都还令人满意。

Do come earlier next time,otherwise you'll be punished. 下次一定早点来,否则就惩罚你。 Some are wise, while some are otherwise. 有些人贤明,有些人则不然。 We welcome any comments from you,favorable or otherwise. 我们欢迎你们的任何评论,赞成或不赞成的。

?特别提示 otherwise 常用在虚拟语气中,替代非真实条件句;另外与其 他副词、短语介词的区别也是高考的重点。

即境活用 完成句子 (1)You'd 车了). (2)My parents lent me the money. _______________________ (否则,我可付不起这次旅费). (3)Student loans are supposed to provide support for the students who _____________ (否则,他们就不能上大学了). better go now; ______________ (要不然就赶不上火

(4)Make sure the gas is turned off after a bath, _________ (否 则会引发危险).

答案

(1)otherwise, you'll miss the train

(2)Otherwise, I

couldn't have afforded the trip go to college

(3)would otherwise not be able to

(4)which would otherwise cause danger

4.participate vi.参与;参加;分享 ?用法归纳 participate in 参加;参与 participate with sb. in sth.与某人分担某事 participate in(doing)sth. with sb.同某人一起参与(做)某事 participation n.参加

Everyone in the class is expected to participate in these discussions. 希望全班同学都参加这些讨论。 A back injury prevented him active participation in any sports for a while. 背伤曾一度妨碍他积极参加任何体育活动。

attend也是正式用语,作及物动词,指参加会议或仪式、婚 礼、葬礼、典礼、上课、上学、听报告等。 join为通用词,指加入某个组织或团体,成为其成员,如参 军、入团、入党等。 take part in指参加正式的、有组织的活动,重在说明主语参 加该项活动并在活动中发挥作用。可与participate in换用。 join in指参加比赛或活动等,常用于日常口语。如果要表示 sb. in

“加入到他人的行到一起从事某项活动”,则要用join sth./doing sth.。

即境活用 同义句改写 (1)She actively participated in local politics.(用part改写句子) _________________________________________________ (2)翻译句子 他们希望他参加典礼。 _________________________________________________
答案 (1)She took an active part in local politics.

(2)They expected him to participate in the ceremony.

5.operate vi.工作,运转;给??动手术;vt.操作 ?用法归纳 operate on/upon sb.给某人动手术 come/go into operation开始工作/运转;生效 put/bring...into operation实施;施行 be in operation在运转中;在行动中;在实施中 operate a business经营一家企业 do/perform/carry out an operation实施行动

The Act will come into operation later this year. 这项法令将于今年晚些时候实施。 Do you know how to operate the heating system? 你知道怎么操作这套加热系统吗? She is in the hospital and will be operated on tomorrow. 她目前在医院里,明天要给她做手术。 This company has been in operation here for five years. 这家公司在此经营已五年了。

即境活用 (1)用operate的适当形式填空 ①Do you think the new machine very easy ________? ②In the good care of the nurses, the boy is gradually recovering from his heart ________. (2)The doctor said that the patient ______________ (不得不立 即做手术), which made us all worried.
答案 on at once (1)①to operate ②operation (2)had to be operated

6.donate vt.捐赠;赠送 ?用法归纳 donate sth. to sb./sth.向某人/某事捐献某物 give/make/present a donation to...向??捐赠 collect donations?for??为???募捐 receive donations接受捐赠 She had donated blood the night before. 前天晚上她献过血。 Last year he donated $1,000 to cancer research. 去年他捐了 1 000 美元支持癌症研究。 All donations will be gratefully received. 我们将十分感激地接受所有的捐赠。

?易混辨析 gift 指赋予某人某种才能,通常用被动语态。 present 是正式地颁给某人,通常附有仪式,着重强调赠者和 接受方的关系。 donate 所赠的对象一般是慈善事业或者机构。

即境活用 (1)用 donate 的适当形式填空 ①We are collecting ________ for the relief fund. ②All ________ blood is tested for HIV and other infections. (2)—______________________________ ( 她真的捐献了 ) one of her kidneys to the advanced teacher? —That's true.
答案 (1)①donations ②donated (2)Has she really donated

7.purchase vt. & n.买,购买;购买的物品 Please ensure that you purchase your ticket in advance. 请您 务必提前购票。

?用法归纳 purchase a new house买一栋新房子 purchase price买价 make a purchase采购 proof of purchase购物凭证 purchase sth.?from sb.?向??采购 purchasing n.购买,采购 purchasing power购买力 purchaser n.购买人,采购人员,买主 on special purchase特价购买 purchase and sale买卖

?特别提示 purchase 可作动词,指“购买,努力取得,换得”;也可作名 词,指“购买;购得物”。purchase 比 buy 正式。

即境活用 完成句子 他给儿子一些钱让他买书。 He gave his son some money for the school books.
答案 purchase

________

of his

第二讲 必备短语

1.be dying to do sth./for sth.渴望或极想做某事;渴望某事物 ?用法归纳 ①be eager to do sth./for sth. ? ?表示“渴望, ②long to do sth./for sth./for sb. to do sth.?想要”的动词 ? ③be anxious to do sth./for sth. ?或形容词及 ? ④be thirsty for sth. ?其搭配

We're dying to get started. 我们迫不及待地想开始。 Clara was eager to tell her side of the story. 克莱拉急于讲述她对于那件事的说法。 Is that a world you long to see? 那是一个你渴望已久的世界吗?

即境活用 完成句子 (1)I'm ________ (很想喝) a cup of coffee at the moment. (2)He has realized the danger of smoking and ____________ (很想戒掉它) now.
答案 (1)dying for (2)is dying to give it up

2.in need 在困难中,在危急中 We are collecting money for families in need. 我们正在为有困 难的家庭募捐。 He is not in need of money. 他不需要钱。 ?用法归纳 need doing?=need to be done ?需要?被??? There's no need for sb. to do sth.没必要做某事 be/stand in need of有??的需要 at need紧急时,必要时 have need of需要 have need?to do something?需要/务必?做某事?

There is no need for you to get up early tomorrow. 明天你不必早起。 The flower needs watering. 这花需要浇水。

即境活用 完成句子 ________________________ (没有必要) for you to come if you don't want to.
答案 There is no need

第三讲 经典句式

1.The gift you give is not something your loved one keeps but a contribution toward the lives of people who really need it. 你送的礼物不是给你所爱的人留念的,而是给那些确有需要 的人一项捐助。

I'm not a student but a teacher. 我不是学生而是老师。 He does not work but play all day. 他整天不学习只是玩耍。

Not he but you are wanted on the telephone. 电话找的是你不是他。

即境活用 Not the teacher but the students watching football games.
答案
解析

________ (be) fond of

are
not...but连接主语时,谓语动词要用就近原则,be

fond of喜欢。

2.The other day I was showing the boys the weekly chemistry experiment when, before I knew it, the mixture was bubbling over everywhere! 有一天,我正在给男生做每周一次的化学实验的演示,我还 没来得及察觉,混合剂便开始冒泡,溢得四处都是。 before的多种语义 before的用法和译法很多也很灵活,请注意before引导时间状 语从句时

对它的不同理解。 (1)表示“在??之前就??”。 Mary had finished her homework before her mother returned. 在她妈妈回来之前玛丽就已经完成了作业。

(2)表示“过了多久后才??;动作进行到什么程度 才??”。 The man almost knocked me down before he saw me. 那个男人差点把我撞倒才看见我。 They worked day and night about three days before everything returned to normal. 他们日夜工作了大约三天,一切才恢复正常。

(3)表示“刚一??就”。 I had hardly sat down before the bell rang. 我刚坐下铃就响了。 We hadn't run a mile before we felt tired. 我们刚跑了一英里的路就觉得累了。 (4)表示“还没来得及??就??;不知不觉就??”。(结 构:before sb. could...) Before I could get in a word, he had measured me. 我还没来得及插话,他就已经给我量好了尺寸。 She left the company before I could say a word with her. 我还没来得及和她打声招呼,她就已经离开了公司。

(5)表示“趁还没??赶紧做”。(结构:before sb.+一般现在 时) Before you forget it, write it down. 趁你还没忘记赶快把它记下。 Do it now before you forget. 现在就做,免得忘了。 (6)用于句型“It was+时间段+before...”,表示“过了多久 才??”。 It was three days before he came back. 三天后他才回来。

(7)用于句型“It 就??”。

was

not

long

before...”,意为“不久

It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position. 不久他就意识到了处境的危险。 (8)用于句型“It will be(not)+时间段+before...”,表示“要 过多久/不久才??”。 It will be half a year before you graduate from this school. 半年后你才能从这所学校毕业。

It is/has been+一段时间+since从句 It is/has been a long time since I met you last. 很久没有见到你了。 It was+时间点+when从句 It was 11 p.m. when he came back last night. 昨晚他回来时已是晚上十一点钟了。 It is/was+介词+时间点+that强调句型 It was at 11 p.m. that he came back last night. 他昨天晚上是十一点钟回来的。(强调时间状语at 11 p.m.)

即境活用 (1)He was told that it would be at least three more months __________________________________(他才能够康复) and return to work.(recover) (2)__________________________(在我做决定之前) I should know more about your corporation.(decision) (3)—Why didn't you tell him about the meeting? —He rushed out of the room _______________________(我还 没来得及说话).(cut)

(4)John thinks it won't be long his new job. 答案 decision

________ he is ready for

(1)before he could recover (3)before I could cut in (a word)

(2)Before I make a (4)before

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