梅2011复习系列课件短文改错特点与解题技巧_图文

把握命题热点

做好短文改错

一、NMET短文改错试题研究
近年来短文改错题的题材内容均是与学 生的学习和生活相关的话题,其文字浅易, 句子结构简单。短文通常为120个词左右, 每篇10-20行(通常是10行排列),共10个 小题10分。一般来说,其中一道正确,其 余9道小题中,每题有一处错误,错误的形 式分别为多一词、缺一词和错一词。其中 比例大致为2:1:6。

二、近5年NMET短文改错考点分布统计表
测试 点

年度 2006全国2 2007全国1 2008全国1

谓语 名 连 形 副词 代 冠词 介词 动词 词 词 容 词 词
2 1 4 0 1 1 1 2 1 2 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 2 1 2

2009全国1
2010全国2 合 计

4
4 15

0
1 3

1
0 5

1
0 3

0
1 3

1
1 4

1
1 4

1
1 7

改错口决 (一)
动词形,名词数. ? 还要注意形和副. ? 代词格,细领悟. ? 介词短语须关注. ? 习惯用法要记住. ? 冠词连词常光顾
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(一)、动词常见错误
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1) 动词时态。

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2) And 前后动词时态不一致。 3) 主谓不一致。 4) 缺少谓语动词(尤其缺be动词)。 5) 主动和被动语态错用 6)非谓语动词形式的误用

1、I remembered her words and calm down.(2000,93) calmed 2、The time passes quickly.(2002,82)passed 3、I followed her advice and should put down 100 words or so each day.(2003,80) 4、She liked it very much and reads it to the class.(2003,84) read

5、They will do all they can make sure that I ^ get a good education.(2001) to 6 、 As we climbed the mountains,we fed monkeys,visiting temples and told stories.(2002) visited 7 、 Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper.(2003) talking

(二)、名词常见错误
A.名词主要考查单数名词和复数名词的错用; B.形容词错作名词 C.名词或用错近义词等。

1)、They don’t want me to do any work at family.(2001) home 3)、They want me to devote all my time to my studies so that I will get good marks in my subject.(2001,81) subjects 4)、On the way up I was busy taking picture pictures since the scenery was so beautiful .(2002,81) 5)、Their word were a great encouragement to me.(2003,85) words

(三)、 还要注意形和副
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1.修饰名词,be动词,系动词后要用形容词

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2.用副词修饰动词,形容词,过去分词,整个句子 3.比较级和最高级的使用 1、Unfortunate,there are too many people in my family.(1999)

Unfortunately

into the water to make the balloon light. It started to rise. lighter

2、 The two men threw all their equipment

(四)、 代词格,细领悟
(1) 主要是代词的格与数的错用, (2)人称代词的偷换错误、 (3)缺少人称代词的错误 、 (4)代词的不一致 (5)反身代词.不定代词的运用 (6)固定搭配中是否多用或漏用。

1、The day before the speech contest English teacher ^ talked to me.(2000,86) my 2、 1)The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.(NMET96) their 3、…and tried to translate anything into English.(2003,78) everything 4、…as I was learning to express me in simple English.(2003,82). myself 5、One day I wrote a little story and showed to my ^ teacher.(2003,83)

it

(五)、 冠词
冠词考查分两个方面, 一、是否使用冠词, 二、冠词the,a,an(不定冠词和定冠词)之间 的相互误用。

1.As everyone knows it’s^ famous a mountain with all kinds of plant -----(2002) 2.My teacher advised me to keep my diary.(2003) a 3.Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.(2001)

(六)、连词

1.

“and,so,or ,but ” 之间的误用 , 2. 连词引导从句,“ while ”与“when”, “however”与“therefore”,which,as,that

等词之间的误用

1、The food was expensive and the service was good.(2002) but 2 、as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.(2001) or
3、I came into the living room and saw one of them just go through the kitchen door but turn on the light. and 2006全国卷Ⅰ81题)

4、…but it didn’t matter that I would win or not.(2000,88) whether 5、I felt so nervous as I shook like a leaf.(2000,90). that 6、It was about noon we arrived at the foot of ^ the mountain.(2002,78) when

(八)、 介词
主要涉及到是否多用介词和固定短语 搭配中的介词 1.I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow.(2002)
2.The main problem was in that I always thought in Chinese.(2003)

三、解题四步骤

1.浏览全文,掌握大意 ? 2.分句阅读,逐行找错 ? 3.先易后难,缩小范围 ? 4.检查核对,攻克难点
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四、解题原则
一、错误以改动最少为原则(即:最多每行 只改1个) 二、虚词(如冠、代、连词等)以添加或删 除为原则 三、实词(如动、名、形词等)以改变形式 为原则 四、原意以坚持不变为原则 五、找错时,首先考虑有无固定短语搭配上 的错误。

五、短文改错中应注意

①标点符号不改. ? ②大小写不改. ? ③词序错误不改. ? ④生词(带汉语注释的词)不改
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短文改错口决 (二)
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见到谓语找主语,主谓一致找状语 见到名词想多数,可不可数要记牢 见到平行看结构,形式功能要对称 见到代词找指代,指代通常不合理 谓语句中就一个,其余动词非谓语, 非谓形式有三种, -ing ,-ed 和to do, 现在分词表主动 ,过去分词表被动, 目的要用不定式 ,改错要想拿高分 语法平时重积累,实在不懂就打“ ”

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NMET2001 Passage correcting

Like most of my schoolmates, I have neither brothers nor 76_______ any sisters---in any other words,I am an only child . My parents77_____ love me clearly of course and will do all they can make sure 78________ to that I got a good education. They did not want me to do 79_____ do any work at family .They want me to devote all my time to 80 ______ home my studies so that I’ll get good marks in all my subject. We81________ subjects may be one family and live under a same roof, but we do 82_______ the not seem to get much time to talk about together. It looks 83_______ about as if my parents treat me as a visit and a guest .Do they 84______ or really understand their own daughter ? What things are in 85________ How other homes ,I wonder.


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