陕西省西工大附中 2014 届高考第七次适应性训练 英语试题及答案
第一部分： 英语知识运用（共四节，满分 55 分） 第一节 语音知识（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1．country A．house B．group C．enough D．cough 2．complex A．stove B．occur C．possible D．position 3．fever A．media B．return C．pretty D．refuse 4．biscuit A．recent B．casual C．musician D．concert 5．technique A．machine B．chemistry C．kitchen D．merchant 第二节 情景对话（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 根据对话情景和内容， 从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 并在答题 卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Mark: I’m so glad a Taco Bells is going to open at the corner of the street next week. Dora: 6 Mark: What? I really cannot believe this! Don’t you know Taco Bells? It is said to be the most visited drive-in fast food restaurant in the world. Dora: I don’t go to fast food restaurants. I cook. 7 Mark: The French fries. Dora: 8 I never eat fries. Mark: I love French fries. And I think many people around the world love French fries. Dora: 9 Mark: Because there are hundreds of Taco Bells fast food restaurants all over the world in more than 20 different countries. Dora: 10 A. Is it a toy store? B. Why do you say so? C. Fries make people overweight. D. I prefer Chinese food to French food. E. So what is this restaurant most famous for? F. People are aware of the harm of fast food. G. Anyway, I think people should eat less fast food. 第三节 语法和词汇知识（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。并 在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 11. ---Li Ping often watches _______ English TV news in her spare time. ---No wonder she has _______ command of English. A. /; a B. an; the C. the; / D. an; a 12. It’s the third time that Li Ming has been to Xi’an , _______? A. isn’t he B. hasn’t he C. isn’t it D. hasn’t it 13. Don’t call me up at this time tomorrow, for I _______ an important test. A. will take B. am taking C. have been taking D. will be taking 14. Sheldon could have defeated Howard in the match, but he _______ too careless at the last minute. A. is B. was C. has been D. had been 15. _______ I went to the South Lake in Hanzhong, I was deeply impressed with its beautiful
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scenery. A. For the first time B. The first time C. At first D. It was the first time 16. _______ in the computer game, Peter didn’t notice his father approaching. A. Being lost B. Lost C. Losing D. To lose 17. When the young man was shown the evidence, he _______ and told everything he had done to the police. A. broke up B. broke away C. broke off D. broke down 18. ---How did you find out it is my birthday today? ---_______. A. I mean it B. A little bird told me C. It’s a deal D. Great minds think alike 19. Ms Liu saw a fashion dress in a shop which set her heart racing. However, its price was far beyond her _______. A. range B. certainty C. reach D. contact 20. In spite of his disappointment, he _______ a weak smile. A. confirmed B. persuaded C. cancelled D. managed 21. _______, Sharon couldn’t find her lost wallet. A. As she might try B. Might she as try C. She might as try D. Try as she might 22. Knowing what colors look good _______ your skin is of great importance when you buy clothes. A. beyond B. within C. against D. over 23. This hotel is the highest building in the city, from _______ top you can enjoy a good view of our city. A. which B. its C. that D. whose 24. ---Do you think you can finish the project by five o’clock this afternoon? ---_______. I’ll be busy with my term paper all day. A. Not a little B. Not a chance C. Not a bit D. Not to mention it 25. It’s crazy of you to spend more time playing computer games than you _______ studying. A. are B. have C. do D. will 第四节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出适合填入 对应空白处的最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 I sat with my friend in a well-known coffee shop in a neighboring town of Venice. As we 26 our coffee, a man came in and sat at a(n) 27 table beside us. He called the waiter and placed his 28 saying, “Two cups of coffee, one of them there on the wall”. We 29 this order with rather interest and observed that he was 30 with one cup of coffee but he paid for two. As soon as he left, the waiter 31 a piece of paper on the wall saying “A Cup of Coffee”. While we were still there, two other men 32 and ordered three cups of coffee, two on the table and one on the wall. They had two cups of coffee but 33 for three and left. This time also, the 34 did the same; he put up a piece of paper on the wall saying, “A cup of coffee.” It seemed that this gesture was a 35 at this place. 36 , it was something unique and puzzling for us. Since we had 37 to do with the matter, we 38 our coffee, paid the bill and left. After a few days, we again had a(n) 39 to go to this coffee shop. While we were enjoying our coffee, a man walked in. The way this man was dressed did not 40 the standard nor the atmosphere of this coffee shop. Poverty was 41 from the looks on his face. 42 he seated
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himself, he looked at the wall and said, “One cup of coffee from the 43 .” The waiter served coffee to this man with 44 and dignity. The man had his coffee and left without paying. We were amazed to watch all this when the waiter 45 a piece of paper from the wall and threw it into the dustbin. 26. A. enjoyed B. prepared C. practiced D. bought 27. A. crowded B. open C. empty D. beautiful 28. A. food B. goods C. table D. order 29. A. heard B. found C. glared D. watched 30. A. satisfied B. served C. treated D. awarded 31. A. stuck out B. hid away C. put up D. took out 32. A. dashed B. moved C. fled D. entered 33. A. paid B. looked C. waited D. asked 34. A. customer B. waiter C. stranger D. passenger 35. A. demand B. signal C. custom D. duty 36. A. Instead B. Therefore C. Moreover D. However 37. A. nothing B. something C. anything D. everything 38. A. wasted B. finished C. missed D. donated 39. A. invitation B. time C. reward D. chance 40. A. equal B. change C. match D. reach 41. A. obvious B. slight C. serious D. strong 42. A. So B. As C. Unless D. Since 43. A. window B. floor C. wall D. door 44. A. carelessness B. wisdom C. interest D. respect 45. A. brought down B. took off C. kept away D. cut off 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列四篇短文，从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。并 在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A It was Thanksgiving morning. I was busy preparing the traditional Thanksgiving turkey when the doorbell rang. I opened the front door and saw two small children in rags huddling together on the top step. “Any old papers, lady?” asked one of them. I was busy. I wanted to say “no” until I looked down at their feet. They were wearing thin little sandals （凉鞋）, wet with heavy snow. “Come in and I’ll make you a cup of hot cocoa.” They walked over and sat down at the table. Their wet sandals left marks upon the floor. I saved them cocoa and bread to fight against the cold outside. Then I went back to the kitchen and started cooking. The silence in the front room struck me. I looked in. The girl held the empty cup in her hands, looking at it. The boy asked in a flat voice, “Lady, are you rich?” “Am I rich? Pity, no!” I looked at my worn-out slipcovers （椅套）. The girl put her cup back in its saucer （茶碟） carefully and said, “Your cups match your saucers.” They left after that, holding their papers
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against the wind. They had reminded me that I had so much for which to be grateful. Plain blue china cups and saucers were only worth five pence. But they matched. I tasted the potatoes and stirred the meat soup. Potatoes and brown meat soup, a roof over our heads, my man with a regular job, these matched, too. I moved the chairs back from the fire and cleaned the living room. The muddy marks of little sandals were still wet upon my floor. Let them be for a while, I thought, just in case I should begin to forget how rich I am. 46. The writer let the two children come in and served them well because ______. A. she wanted to sell old papers to them B. she wanted to give them some presents C. she showed great pity and care on them D. she wanted to show her thanks to them 47. The writer left the muddy marks of little sandals on the floor for a while to _______. A. show that she was a kind-hearted lady B. remind her she shouldn’t forget how rich she was C. leave room for readers to think about what being rich is D. call up her memories of the good old days 48. It can be inferred from the text that whether you are rich depends on _______. A. how much money you have made B. what attitude you have had toward life C. the way you help others D. your social relationship B A team of British surgeons has carried out Gaza’s（加沙）first organ transplants for a long-term plan to train local medical staff to perform the operations. Two patients underwent kidney（肾脏）transplants at the Shifa, Gaza’s biggest public hospital. The operations were conducted a fortnight ago by a volunteer medical team from the Royal Liverpool hospital. Ziad Matouk, 42, was born with one kidney and was diagnosed with renal failure（肾衰竭） several years ago. Matouk, whose wife donated one of her kidneys, hopes to return to his job within six months. The couple had sought a transplant in Cairo, but were rejected as unsuitable at a state hospital and could not afford the fee at a private hospital. “We were desperate,” said Matouk. The UK-Gaza link-up began about a year ago after Abdelkader Hammad, a doctor at the Royal Liverpool hospital, was contacted by an anaesthetist（麻醉师）at the Shifa, who outlined the difficulties the Gaza hospital was facing with dialysis（透析）. The Shifa is forced to rely on generators because of power cuts; spare parts for its ageing dialysis machines have been difficult to import; and supplies of consumables are often scarce. After an exploratory trip last April, Hammad---whose family is Palestinian---and three colleagues from Liverpool arrived in Gaza via Egypt last month, bringing specialist equipment. Two patients were selected for surgery. The first, Mohammed Duhair, 42, received a kidney donated by his younger brother in a six-hour operation. Two days later, Matouk received a transplant after his wife, Nadia, 36, was found to be a good match. The surgeon was carried out by the British team, assisted by doctors and nurses from the Shifa. “We are very satisfied with the results,” said Sobbi Skaik, head of surgery at the Gaza
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hospital. Skaik hopes that Gaza medical teams will eventually carry out kidney transplants independently, and that other organ transplants may follow. The Shifa is working with the Gaza ministry of health on a plan to train its doctors, surgeons, nursing staff and laboratory technicians in transplant surgery at the Royal Liverpool. “Funding is a problem,” said Hammad. “In the meantime we’ll go back as volunteers to Gaza for the next couple of years to do more transplants.” The Liverpool team’s next visit is scheduled for May. 49. What effect does Gaza’s first organ transplants hopes to get? A. Helping poor Gaza people to regain health to make more money. B. Releasing Gaza hospitals’ pressure of lack of professional doctors. C. Assisting the Royal Liverpool hospital in perfecting their operations. D. Calling for international attention at Gaza’s poor medical service. 50. Why did the state hospital refuse to practice surgeon for Ziad Matouk? A. Because he couldn’t afford the fee at a public hospital. B. Because the hospital didn’t accept dangerous patients. C. Because they couldn’t find a matched organ. D. Because his condition was untreatable. 51. What is the beginning of the cooperation between the Royal Liverpool hospital and Gaza? A. A UK doctor contacted Gaza hospital. B. The Shifa imported medical machines from UK. C. Ziad Matouk’s condition seemed to get worse. D. A Shifa doctor turned to Royal Liverpool hospital for help. 52. What did Dr. Hammad and his team do recently? A. They had an exploratory trip in Egypt last April. B. They carried out surgeries to test Gaza’s medical equipment. C. They carried out two transplant surgeries in Gaza. D. They sought assistance from the hospital of the Shifa. C Last week I talked with some of my students about what they wanted to do after they graduated, and what kind of job prospects they thought they had. Given that I teach students who are training to be doctors, I was surprised to find that most thought that they would not be able to get the jobs they wanted without “outside help”. “What kind of help is that?” I asked, expecting them to tell me that they would need a relative or family friend to help them out. “Surgery(外科手术)”, one replied. I was pretty alarmed by that response. It seems that the graduates of today are increasingly willing to go under the knife to get ahead of others when it comes to getting a job. One girl told me that she was considering surgery to increase her height. “They break your legs, put in special extending screws, and slowly expand the gap between the two ends of the bone as it re-grows, you can get at least 5 cm taller!” At that point, I was shocked. I am short, I can’t deny that, but I don’t think I would put myself through months of agony(痛苦) just to be a few centimeters taller. I don’t even bother to wear shoes with thick soles, as I’m not trying to hide the fact that I am just not tall! It seems to me that there is a trend toward wanting “perfection”, and that is an ideal that just
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does not exist in reality. No one is born perfect, yet magazines, TV shows and movies present images of thin, tall, beautiful people as being the norm. Advertisements for slimming aids, beauty treatments and cosmetic surgery clinics fill the pages of newspapers, further creating an idea that “perfection” is a requirement, and that it must be purchased, no matter what the cost. In my opinion, skills, rather than appearance, should determine how successful a person is in his chosen career. 53. We can know from the passage that the author works as ________. A. a doctor B. a model C. a teacher D. a reporter 54. Many graduates today turn to cosmetic surgery to ________. A. marry a better man\woman B. become a model C. get an advantage over others in job-hunt D. attract more admirers 55. According to the passage, the author believes that ________. A. everyone should purchase perfection, whatever the cost B. it’s right for graduates to ask for others to help them out in hunting for jobs C. it is one’s appearance instead of skills that really matters in one’s career D. media are to blame for misleading young people in their seeking for surgery 56. The best title for the passage should be “________”. A. Young Graduates Have Higher Expectation B. Young Graduates Look to Surgery for Better Jobs C. Young Graduates’ Opinion About Cosmetic Surgery D. Young Graduates Face a Different Situation in Job-hunt D To Friend or Not To Friend We all love our parents and turn to them when we’re in need, but would you like them to hear the conversations you have with your friends on the school playground or lunch queue? Social networking sites have become extensions of the school hallways, so would you add your parents as “friends” and allow them to view your online activities and conversations with friends? In the past the generation gap included a technology gap, where children were up to date with latest technology and parents were left behind, content to continue their day to day lives as they always had because they had no need to know more about technology. However, more and more parents are beginning to realize just how important social networks are in their lives. This realization has given many parents the motivation to education themselves about social networking sites. These days many people are attracted to social networking sites because they can choose who they have around them; there’s also a certain amount of control over privacy that we don’t get in real life. Sometimes we feel that privacy is violated when we must accept a “friend” request from a parent or family member. It’s a difficult choice whether or not to allow a parent to become a part of our online lives. On the one hand we don’t want to “reject” their request because that might hurt their feelings or make them feel you have something to hide. On the other hand if you do accept, then you could have a sense of being watched and no longer feel free to comment or communicate the way you did before. A recent survey suggested that parents shouldn’t take it personally if their child ignores their
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request, “When a teen ignores a parent’s friend request, it doesn’t necessarily mean that they are hiding something, but it could mean that this is one part of their life where they want to be independent.” Perhaps talking with parents and giving explanations would help soften the blow if you do choose not to add them to your friends list. 57. From Paragraph 2, we learn that _______. A. parents feel secure about their privacy online B. social networks successfully fill the generation gap C. parents have realized the importance of social networks D. social networks offer a platform for parents to communicate 58. Teenagers may refuse a parent’s friend request because _______. A. they hide something from their parents B. they are unwilling to be watched by parents C. their parents tend to fall behind in technology D. their parents make negative comments on them 59. The passage is mainly about _______. A. privacy online B. social networks C. the generation gap D. parents’ friend requests 60. The passage is written mainly for _______. A. parents B. teenagers C. teachers D. researchers 第二节（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。选项中有一项为多余选项。 A. Travel as often as possible B. Provide great value to the world C. Work hard and face great challenges D. Make the very best of every situation E. Spend time with friends who improve you F. Work on something every day that moves you Everyone hopes to live a long life. But how can you make your long life happy and meaningful? You can read on to find answers. 61. Go traveling wherever you want and go to see one part of the world you’ve never seen before. You will not regret it. Traveling has less to do with seeing things, as it does with experiencing them. It has less to do with discovering something, as it does with discovering yourself. You run into all the good things and bad things about yourself on a daily basis if you travel to new places, and you are provided with the opportunity to grow far beyond your years. 62. You can go through life and make new friends anytime, but no one can take the place of those persons who truly improve you. They are the most important people you will ever meet because they tear down the invisible walls you have built in your mind. In other words, they come into your life and help you develop your potential that you would never have been aware of without them.
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63. The road to greatness is far from easy. You can be absolutely certain that when you feel you are getting weaker from struggle, you are in fact growing stronger than you ever have been before. The more difficulties you meet and solve on your lifelong journey, the more meaningful your life story will be. 64. One of the great secrets of happiness is freedom, and the secret of freedom is doing the best you can with what it done to you. It’s all about how you choose to respond to different situations. This simple choice makes a world of difference. If you find your situations tolerable, by all means tolerate them; if you find them intolerable, break through them. Eventually you are free because you alone are responsible for your thoughts and how you use them to improve your growth. 65. The best way to get ahead in this world is not to complete with others, but to serve them. If you want to get a promotion at work, be good to your boss. If you want to build a successful business, be of service to your potential customers. Provide unmistakable value. Value is what makes relationships, businesses, and personal efforts grow. At any age, in any situation, for every possible life path, there is value you can provide. Success and happiness will come when you choose to work for the world.
第三部分 写作（共三节，满分55分） 第一节 单词拼写（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词， 在答题卡指定区域的横线上写出对应单词 的正确形式，每空只写一词。 66. My English teacher told me that my handwriting needed _______.（提高） 67. Many _______ （科学家）from Beijing visited our school last Monday. 68. It is _______ （宣布）that new Paris fashions will be introduced into Xi’an. 69. Mrs. Smith led the lonely boy into the _______ （温暖）of the house. 70. Are you _______（乐观的）if you are facing the life of future? 71. The cut on my arm _______（流血）a lot when I was hurt yesterday. 72. We have a mild _______（气候）in Vancouver. 73. The _______（顶）of the cars were broken in the accident. 74. Walking in the hot weather, I was _______（流汗）heavily. 75. Mr. Jones is sitting _______（舒服地）in the sofa, watching TV. 66.___________ 67. __________ 68. __________ 69. __________ 70. __________ 71.___________ 72. __________ 73. __________ 74. __________ 75. __________ 第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） I am angry about the behavior of dishonest in exams. I’m not saying that I’m a good student and that I’ve never cheated. I once write the answers on my hand for a history test but, unluckily, caught by my teacher. Because she was one of my most favorites, there were no words to describe how sorry I felt at once. I thought cheat would help me keep my straight A’s. Little I know that I was hurting not only herself but also my teacher. From this lesson I know our teachers want their students to succeed by learning with their own and do the best they can, not by cheating.
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第三节 书面表达（满分 30 分） 假如你是李华，你的美国笔友 Mike 想了解你校开设的新课程《通用技术》的情况，你向 他作如下的介绍： 1、 这门课旨在提高学生的实际运用能力； 2、 通过这门课的学习，你已经学会了修理、设计和制作一些物品； 3、 你的感受。 注意：1、词数不少于 100；2、开头和结尾已经给出，不计入总词数； 3、 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯；4、通用技术--- General Technology Dear Mike, Thank you for your letter asking about the General Technology, a new course that _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua
英语答案 第一、二部分： 1-5. CCABB 6-10. AECBG 11-15. ACDBB 16-20. BDBCD 21-25. DCDBC 21-30. ACDAB 31-35.CDABC 36-40. DABDC 41-45. ABCDB 46-48. CBB 49-52. BCDC 53-56. CCDB 57-60. CBDB 61-65. AECDB 第三部分： 66. improving 67. scientists 68. announced 69.warmth 70.optimistic 71. bled 72. climate 73.roofs 74.sweating 75.comfortably 短文改错： 1. dishonest---dishonesty/being dishonest 2. and that---or that 3. write---wrote 4. caught---was caught 5. Drop most 6. cheat would---cheating would 7. Little---Little did 8. herself---myself 9. with their own---on their own 10. do the best---doing the best 书面表达： Dear Mike,
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Thank you for your letter asking about the General Technology, a new course that we are taking at school. Here is something about it. The new course aims to teach us students basic technical skills and improve our designing ability. From the course, I have learned to use various types of common tools safely. I can even repair some things that are broken in my house and community. What’s more, I can design and make an item that is useful in our daily life. We also have to attend a written test for the course before graduation. In my opinion, we will benefit from such a practical course and we will acquire more knowledge in an interesting way. We enjoy it mainly because the course is closely related to our everyday life.
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