金版学案2016_2017学年高中英语Unit5Canada_“TheTrueNorth”课件_图文

Unit5

Canada—“The True North”

1.(教材原句 P34)Rather than take the aeroplane all the way,they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada. 她们不想一路乘飞机,而决定先飞到温哥华,再从 西海岸乘火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。

归纳拓展 would rather...than...宁愿??而不愿?? prefer to do...rather than do 宁 愿做 ?? 而 不愿 做?? other than 不同于;除了??以外 or rather 更确切地说

① Rather than being punished , he should be rewarded. 他该获得奖励而不应该受惩罚。 ②I'd rather play football than play basketball. 我宁愿踢足球而不愿打篮球。

③I prefer to do this rather than that. 我宁愿做这件事而不愿做那件事。 ④She has no friend other than you. 除了你之外,她就没有别的朋友了。

[考点警示] rather than 连接两个并列不定式时,rather than 之 后的不定式可省略 to。 rather than 连接两个名词或代词作主语时,谓语动 词应与 rather than 前面的名词或代词在人称和数上保持 一致。 rather than 成分可以放在句首。

⑤It is better to express your anger, rather than(to) bottle it up. 生气宁可发泄出来而不要闷在肚子里。 ⑥You rather than he are to be invited to the party. 你而不是他将被邀请参加宴会。 ⑦Rather than travel by car, I'd prefer to walk. 与其乘汽车旅行,我宁可走路。

即学即练 用上述词组填空。 ①I prefer to do shopping on the Internet _________ go to the shop. ②She is a career woman ________ a housewife. ③I went back to live with them,________,to stay with them.
答案:①rather than ②rather than ③or rather

2.(教材原句 P34)People say it is Canada's most beautiful city,surrounded by mountains and the Pacific Ocean. 人们说温哥华是加拿大最美丽的城市,被大山和太 平洋环抱。

归纳拓展 surround...with/by...以??包围?? be surrounded by/with...被??包围 surrounding adj.周围的 surroundings n.(常用 pl.)环境

① They surrounded the sick girl with/by every comfort. 他们尽力使那个生病的女孩感到舒适。 ② The film star was immediately surrounded with/by a crowd of young people. 那位电影明星立即被一群年轻人围住了。 ③The surrounding land is low and marshy. 周围的地低洼而多沼泽。

④We are living in pleasant surroundings. 我们生活在舒适的环境中。

即学即练 用上述词或词组填空。 ① ____________by a group of children, he felt happy. ② There is no such kind of modern hospital in the_________ areas. ③ She has always been___________ fashionable friends.

④ She hopes to healthy______. 答 案 :

bring

up her children in

①Surrounded ④surroundings

②surrounding

③surrounded with

3.(教材原句 P35)It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall,some measuring over 90 metres. 那里湿度很大, 所以树长得很高, 有些高达 90 多米。

归纳拓展 measure sth by sth 用??来衡量?? make sth to sb's measure 照某人的尺寸做某物 take measures/steps/action to do sth 采取措施做某事

① Education shouldn't be measured purely by examination results. 教育不应该纯粹用考试成绩来衡量。 ② Each of its ears measured approximately 11.5 inches long. 它的每个耳朵大约有 11.5 英寸长。 ③The tailor took my measure for a new suit. 裁缝量了我的尺寸准备为我做套新衣服。

即学即练 用上述词组填空。 ①The tailor made a suit________________. ②Success isn't ____________ how much money you have. ③At the same time they________________________ to protect wildlife resources.

答案:①to my measure ③took measures

②measured by

4.(教材原句 P34)That afternoon aboard the train, the cousins settled down in their seats. 那个下午,表姐妹俩才登上火车落了座。

归纳拓展 settle down to (doing) sth 开始认真对待某事物; 定下心来做某事 settle on/upon 决定;同意 settle vt.决定;解决(问题,纠纷等);使定居 settlement n.解决;定居;协议
settler n.定居者;移民者

①He found it hard to settle down to (doing) his work. 他觉得很难定下心来工作。 ②Wait until the excitement has settled down. 等到兴奋的情绪平静下来再说。 ③The chairman tried to settle the audience down. 会议主席试图让听众安静下来。

[考点警示] settle down 意为“定居;平静下来;专心于”时, 为不及物动词短语;意为“使??平静下来”是及物动 词短语。

【点津】 settle down to 中 to 为介词。

即学即练 用上述词组填空。 ①The noise outside stopped me ________________ my work. 外面的噪音使我无法定下心来工作。 ②Have you ________________ a place to spend your vacation? 你选定度假的地方了吗?

③With a lot of problems ________________,I can't go out with you. 有许多问题要解决,我不能与你一起外出。 答案:①settling down to ②settled on ③to settle

5.(教材原句 P34)They managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle. 她们设法看到了野山羊,甚至还看到了一只大灰熊 和一只鹰。

归纳拓展 口语中 manage 常与 can, could, be able to 连用,表 示“能对付” manage it 能做到

①The soldiers managed to save/succeeded in saving the boy out of the ruins. 战士们设法把那个男孩从废墟中救了出来。 ②It's too heavy, but I can manage it. 虽然它很重,但是我能搬动它。

[易混辨析] manage to do/try to do

易混词

辨析 成功地做了某事

manage to do(=succeed
in doing)

try to do

设法去做,但不一定成功

即学即练 用上述词或词组填空。 ①He was stubborn, but we_______ to persuade him. ②He________ to swim across the river, but failed. ③He______ persuade his son to finish his homework on time, but he failed.

④Even though the work was difficult, he________ to finish it himself. 答案: ①managed ②tried ③tried to ④managed

归纳拓展 lose sight of 看不见;忽略 out of sight 看不见?? at first sight 乍一看 at the sight of 一看见?? in/within sight of 在看得见??的地方

③He was happy to catch sight of an eagle flying in the sky. 见到一只鹰在天上飞,他很高兴。 ④He was so devoted to his novel that he lost sight of the time. 他专心于写小说,竟连时间都忘了。 ⑤The piece of paper fell onto the surface of the river and floated away out of sight. 这张纸掉到了河面上,漂走看不见了。

即学即练 用上述词组填空。 ⑤ ________________his mother, the boy stopped crying. ⑥She watched the train until it went____________.

⑦ I____________________ my former teacher just now, but very soon he turned a corner and I__________ him. 答案:⑤At the sight of sight of lost sight of ⑥out of sight ⑦caught

6. (教材原句 P34)Many of them have a gift for riding wild horses and can win thousands of dollars in prizes. 他们中很多人有骑野马的天赋,他们能赢得几千美 元的奖金。

归纳拓展 gift n.天赋;天生的才能 gifted (= talented) adj.有天分的;有天赋的 a gifted man = a man of many gifts 多才多艺的人 be gifted/talented at doing sth/in sth 擅长做某事

【一言辨异】 The gifted musician is a man of many gifts, who had a gift for music when he was a child, and now he is gifted at playing many musical instruments. 这位有才华的音乐家是一个多才多艺的人,当他是 个孩子时就有音乐天赋,现在他擅长弹奏很多乐器。

即学即练 用上述词组填空。 ①He has a talent for painting and his sister is a person of________________________. ②The father wants to train his daughter to be a musician because he finds she _________________ music. 答案:①many gifts ②has a gift for

Ⅰ.句子改错 每句中有 1 处错误,找出并改正。 1.The problem the new teacher is faced with is that it always takes the class a while to settle up at the start of the lesson. _____________________________________________ 答案:up→down

2.We finally bought a house, measured about seven feet by ten. _____________________________________________ 答案:measured→measuring 3.I'm worried about the result of the exam slight. _____________________________________________ 答案:slight→slightly

4.He has a gift of language, while his sister is a gifted pianist. _____________________________________________ 答案:of→for 5. The government must take measure to prevent the water of the river being polluted. _____________________________________________ 答案:measure→measures

6.The question has been raised at the meeting what each member country should share the expenses of the committee. _____________________________________________ 答案:what→whether

7.—What happened to the heroes at the end of the book? — All of them managed escape from the enemy prison and began their new life. _____________________________________________ 答案:escape→to escape

8.There was a hole in the door, through which I catch sight of Mr Brown sitting in a chair. _____________________________________________ 答案:catch→caught
9.A dog was knocked down by a car while running across the road, his owner chatted with others without noticing it. _____________________________________________ 答案:chatted→chatting

10 . It's the protection for the trees which really matters, rather than how many trees are planted each year. _____________________________________________ 答案:which→that

Ⅱ.语法填空 在句中空白处填上适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单 词的正确形式。 1 . As we all know, an island is a piece of land ________(surround) by water. 答案:surrounded

2.Do you think that bridge ________(measure) 2, 000 metres long? It doesn't appear that long. 答案:measures 3.—Does Martin play ________ violin well? —Yes.Actually,he has ________ gift for that. 答案:the a

4.Susan managed________ (climb) out of the car, apparently unhurt. 答案:to climb 5.A bus accident happened yesterday.Luckily,only a few passengers aboard were ________(slight) injured in the traffic accident. 答案:slightly

6.It was the way he spoke rather________ what he said that made his dad angry. 答案:than 7.It's getting dark.We'd better find a hotel and settle________. 答案:down

8. The question seemed easy ________ first sight, but when the students tried to answer it, they discovered how difficult it was. 答案:at 9.—What is your sister doing now? —She is on the phone, ________(chat) with one of her schoolmates. 答案:chatting

10.The young man was happy to sense that his dream was ________ reach. 答案:within

Ⅲ.选词填空 continent; slight; border; surround; within; rather; extreme;settle down;across;gift Li Daiyu and her cousin Liu Qian were on a trip to Canada to visit their cousins on the Atlantic coast.1.________than take the aeroplane all the way, they took the train from west to east 2.________Canada.The thought that they could cross the whole 3.________was exciting.

Canada is the second biggest country in the world.People say Vancouver is Canada's most beautiful city 4.________by mountains and the Pacific Ocean.On the coast north of Vancouver, it is so wet there that the trees are 5.________tall.

That afternoon aboard the train, the cousins 6.________in their seats.They know cowboys from all over the world compete in the Stampede.

Many cowboys have a 7.________for riding wild horses.They also learned that most Canadians live 8.________a few hundred kilometres of the USA 9.________and the population is only 10.________over thirty million. 答 案 : 1.Rather 4.surrounded 5.extremely 9.border 6.settled down 7.gift 8.within 2.across 3.continent

10.slightly

名词性从句:同位语从句 【例句观察】 观察并研究下列句子,写出是何种从句。 ① The thought that they could cross the whole continent was exciting.( )

② Some people have the idea that you can cross Canada in less than five days, but they forget the fact that Canada is 5 , 500 kilometres from coast to coast.( )

③The girls were surprised at the fact that ocean ships can sail up the Great Lakes.( 答案: ①同位语从句 ) ③同位语从句

②同位语从句

【归纳用法】 一、同位语从句的定义 1.在主从复合句中,在句中作某一名词尤其是抽象 名词的同位语,一般位于该名词之后,说明该名词的具 体内容的从句叫同位语从句。

2.能跟同位语从句的名词一般是 fact,news,idea, truth,hope,problem,information,wish,promise, answer , evidence , report , explanation , suggestion , conclusion 等抽象名词。

①The news that we won the game is exciting. 我们赢得这场比赛的消息令人激动。 ②I have no idea what he is doing now. 我不知道他现在在干什么。

二、同位语从句的引导词

类别 从属连词

例词

说明

二者均在从句中不作成 that,whether 分;that无实义, whether意为“是否” who,what等 有实义,在从句中作主 语、宾语、表语、定语 等成分

连接代词

有实义,在从句中作时 when,where, 连接副词 间、地点、方式状语等 how等 成分

①We are not looking into the question whether he is worth trusting. 他是否值得信赖的问题不是我们正在调查的。 ②The fact that the transport of the goods cost too much was not discussed. 运费太高这一事实没有讨论。

三、同位语从句应注意的几个问题 1.分隔式同位语从句:有时同位语从句与其所说明 的名词会被其他成分隔开,从而形成分隔式同位语从句, 这样做主要是为了保持句子结构平衡,避免头重脚轻。 News came from the school office that Wang Lin had been admitted to Beijing University. 从学校办公室传来消息,王林被北京大学录取了。

2.名词 suggestion,order,demand,command, request,desire,proposal 等后的同位语从句要使用虚拟 语气,即从句谓语用“should+do”,should 可省略。 We'd better accept his suggestion that

we(should)start right now. 我们最好接受他的建议,立刻动身。

3. 名词 doubt(怀疑)后可跟同位语从句, 若用于肯定 句中时用 whether 引导;若用于否定句中时则用 that 引 导。 ①There is some doubt whether they will come to help us. 他们是否能来帮助我们还不确定。 ②I have no doubt that he will win the game. 我坚信他会赢得这场比赛。

四、同位语从句与定语从句的区别 1 .同位语从句对先行词作进一步的解释或补充说 明;而定语从句对先行词起修饰或限制的作用。 ①The foreigner expressed the hope that he would come to China again.(同位语从句) ② I'll remember the hope that the foreigner expressed to me.(定语从句)

2.同位语从句的先行词通常是抽象名词,而定语从 句的先行词无此限制。 ①The possibility that scientists can clone a man may come true.(同位语从句) ②This is the horse that the scientist cloned.(定语从 句)

3.that 引导同位语从句在句中不作成分,通常不能 省略,只起连接作用。that 引导定语从句时为关系代词, 它除了起连接作用外,在从句中还要充当某一成分(如主 语、宾语等),作宾语时可以省略。 ①He made a promise that if anyone set him free he would make him very rich.(同位语从句) ②I still remember the promise(that)he made.(定语 从句)

Ⅰ.用适当的连词完成句子 1.The news ________his health is failing makes us sad. 答案:that 2.I have no idea ________they are spending their holidays.Maybe they will spend the holidays in Africa. 答案:where

3.He told us the truth ________he had been abroad before. 答案:that 4.The question is ________he will come back in three days. 答案:whether

5.The government gave the order________ all these houses (should) be pulled down in three weeks. 答案:that 6 . They expressed the hope ________they would come over to China soon. 答案:that

7.The fact ________he didn't see Tom this morning is true. 答案:that 8.Word has come ________some American guests will come to our college for a visit next week. 答案:that

9.He can't answer the question ________he got the money from his home yesterday. 答案:how 10.Do you have any idea ________is actually going on in the classroom? 答案:what

Ⅱ.单句改错 每句中有 1 处错误,找出并改正。 1.The fact what a planet exists outside our solar system encourages the hope that other solar systems exist. _____________________________________________ 答案:what→that

2.We hadn't settled the problem which would be sent to take charge of that chain shop. _____________________________________________ 答案:which→who
3.Recently he has been always having an idea how he will use the pocket money to buy flowers for his mother's birthday. _____________________________________________ 答案:how→that

4.We all agree to his suggestion what we organize a football club. _____________________________________________ 答案:what→that 5.They all are now upset because they have no idea at all that he has gone. _____________________________________________ 答案:that→where

6 . Although the family is very poor now, the members of it all hold the belief which their living conditions will improve. _____________________________________________ 答案:which→that

7.She has some doubt that her advice is of great value to us. _____________________________________________ 答案:that→whether

8.Evidence has been found through years of study when children's early sleeping problems are likely to continue when they grow up. _____________________________________________ 答案:第一个 when→that

9.The notice came around two in the afternoon how the meeting would be postponed. _____________________________________________ 答案:how→that

10.Modern science has given clear evidence what smoking can lead to many diseases. _____________________________________________ 答案:what→that

Ⅲ.语法填空 在句中空白处填上适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单 词的正确形式。 News came 1.________ two trains bumped against each other on July 23,2011.It's said 2.________many people were killed in the terrible accident.Experts were looking into 3.________ the accident happened.It rained heavily,

4.________ many local people were on the spot to do 5.________ they could to help the people 6.________ were trapped.The government speaker said 7.________ the best medical team had been 8.________(send) to rescue the victim.The disaster was 9.__________(mercy), but the people 10.__________(is) sure to overcome the difficulty. 答案: 1.that 7.that 2.that 3.why 4.but 5.what 6.who

8.sent

9.merciless

10.were

Ⅰ.阅读 P38 课文,判断正(T)误(F) 1.Lin Fei was a Chinese who had moved to Canada many years ago.(T) 2.They arrived in Montreal late that night.(F) 3.Toronto is the wealthiest city in Canada.(T)

Ⅱ.阅读 P38 课文,选择最佳答案 1.What is the main idea of this part? A.The whole travel in Canada of the cousins. B.What they have done and seen during the trip in Toronto and Montreal. C.The cousins' feelings about Canada.

D. The delicious food and beautiful sights in Toronto and Montreal. 答案:B

2.Which city is the wealthiest one in Canada? A.Toronto. C.Vancouver. 答案:A B.Montreal. D.Calgary.

3.What did the cousins not see in Toronto? A.The tall CN Tower. B.The misty cloud that rose from the great Niagara Falls. C.The covered stadium. D.The broad St Lawrence River. 答案:D

4.If you want to enjoy Cantonese food, which city will you prefer? A.Toronto. C.Vancouver. 答案:A B.Montreal. D.Calgary.

Ⅲ.领会句子所用的句型并翻译成汉语 1. In the distance, they could see the misty cloud that rose from the great Niagara Falls,which is on the south side of the lake. _____________________________________________ 答案: 在远处, 她们可以看到在湖的南边尼亚加拉大 瀑布上方升腾着的雾霭。

2.They saw the covered stadium,home_of several famous basketball_teams. _____________________________________________ 答案: 她们看到了加顶的大型运动场, 那是几支著名 的篮球队的驻地。

3.As they sat in a buffet restaurant_looking_over the broad St Lawrence River, a young man sat down with them. _____________________________________________ 答案: 当她们坐在一家自助餐厅里眺望广阔的圣劳伦 斯河时,一个年轻人坐到了她们身边。

1.(教材原句 P37)The families who lived in Canada for a long time are usually all mixed up. 生活在加拿大很长时间的家庭通常是混血家庭。

归纳拓展 mix vt.& vi.混合;调配 mixture n.[U,C] 混合(物);混合状态 mix A and/with B 把 A 与 B 拌和起来 mix sth up 把某物拌和;混淆某物 mix sth in/into 把某物掺进去

be/get mixed up with sth/sb 与某事有关; 与某人混在 一起

①The chemist mixed (up) some medicine for me. 药剂师给我配了些药。 ②Oil and water don't mix. 油和水不能混合。 ③Oil won't mix with water. 油不能和水混合。

④Her parents disapproved of the people she was mixed up with. 她的父母不喜欢与她交往的那些人。

即学即练 用上述词组填空。 ①Don't try to________ business________ pleasure. ②________ the eggs________ the flour. ③I don't want to________________ in the affair. 答案:①mix with ②Mix into ③be mixed up

2.(教材原句 P38)There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in Canada. 地面上覆盖了一层薄霜,表明秋天已经来到了加拿 大。

归纳拓展 confirm+sth/that 从句/wh 从句(尤指通过提供更多 证据)证实 It has been confirmed that ...已确定?? confirm sb in sth 使某人确信某事 confirmation n.证实;确定;批准;确认

①His words confirmed that the election would take place on June 20th. 他的话证实选举将在 6 月 20 日举行。 ②I am confirmed in my opinions by what you said. 你的话使我的看法更为坚定了。 ③It has been confirmed that it is the most effective treatment. 已证实这是最有效的治疗方法。

即学即练 用上述词或词组填空。 ①The latest developments_____ me _____my belief. ②When asked, Tom ___________that he was going to retire. ③ It_____________________ he has become the capital of the rest of the season.
答案:①confirmed confirmed that in ②confirmed ③has been

3.(教材原句 P38)In the distance, they could see the misty cloud that rose from the great Niagara Falls, which is on the south side of the lake. 在远处,她们可以看到在湖的南边尼亚加拉大瀑布 上方升腾着雾霭。

归纳拓展 in the distance 在远处 within walking distance 在步行可到达的地方;几步 之遥 from a distance 从远处 at a distance 隔一段距离;在稍远处

keep sb at a distance (=keep one's distance from sb) 与某人保持一段距离;对某人冷淡、疏远

①The boy who is standing in the distance has a gift for writing. 站在远处的那个男孩很有写作天赋。 ②One can see the ancient ruins at a distance of 20 miles. 人们从 20 英里之外就能看到这个古老废墟。

③Because of his drinking, I kept my distance from him on social occasions. 由于他嗜酒,我在社交场合中都同他保持距离。

【助记】

即学即练 用上述词组填空。 ①The two other rich men saw this ____________. ② Her father advised her to __________________ from that fellow. ③It was difficult to get to know her because she always kept everyone __________________.

答案: ①from a distance a distance

②keep her distance

③at

Ⅰ.句子改错 每句中有 1~2 处错误,找出并改正。 1.Many people were all terrifying by the terrified scene caused by the car accident. _____________________________________________ 答案:terrifying→terrified terrified→terrifying

2. The salesgirls always give customers pleased smile and the customers are very pleasant. _____________________________________________ 答案:pleased→pleasant pleasant→pleased

3. At the airport, the father stood there with a mix of desire and excitement waiting for his son, who he hadn't seen for a long time. _____________________________________________ 答案:mix→mixture

4.Take your time—it's just the short distance from here to the restaurant. _____________________________________________ 答案:the→a 5.You'd better keep your distant from that dog, because it is too fierce. _____________________________________________ 答案:distant→distance

6.In order to save money, the poor man got up in dawn and walked to the station to catch the early train. _____________________________________________ 答案:第二个 in→at
7 . Understand your own needs and styles of communication is as important as learning to convey your affection and emotions. _____________________________________________ 答案:Understand→Understanding

8 . He said his sister had passed the entrance examination of college and she would go to college in about 20 days. _____________________________________________ 答案:and she 中间加 that

Ⅱ.语法填空 在句中空白处填上适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单 词的正确形式 1 . — We're very ________(please) with your cooking.It looks nice and smells delicious. —Mm, it does have a ________(please) smell. 答案:pleased pleasant

2.—How much farther shall we have to go? —Another five miles until we reach the mountain ________the distance. 答案:in 3.Seeing the ________(terrify) sight, the little boy was nearly ________(terrify) to death. 答案:terrifying terrified

4.—What is mother doing now? — She ________(mix) flour, eggs, sugar and milk together to make a cake. 答案:is mixing 5.The unique beauty of nature in Guilin has made an excellent ________(impress) upon the tourists all over the world. 答案:impression

6. “ Who can give up a seat to the old woman ________(stand) nearby?” asked the conductor. 答案:standing 7.________ than wander with you without any aim, I will stay at home to have a good rest during the holiday. 答案:Rather

8.It is estimated that ________(approximate) 300 factories in this province closed down during the economic crisis. 答案:approximately


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