翻译-----形式主语形式宾语_图文

高考翻译

Translation

从高考中透析常考知识点
2003年高考:那些未曾去过那个小村庄的人 很难描绘出它的美丽。 (it…) It’s very hard for those who haven’t been to the small village to describe its beauty.
2003年高考:勤洗手是避免疾病传染的有效 方法之一。 (infect) Washing hands often / frequently / regularly is one of the effective ways to avoid being infected by disease(s).
2

2004年高考:这个游戏规则太复杂,三言两 语理解不清。 (too…to) The rules of the game are too complicated to explain / be explained in a few words. 2005年高考:你最好乘出租车去电影节的开 幕式,不然就要吃到了。 (or) You’d better go to the opening ceremony of the Film Festival by taxi, or you will be late.

2001年高考:我们的祖国从来没有像今天这 样强大过。 (Never…) Never before has Our country been so powerful as it is today. 2000年高考:我们利用这次长假去香港旅游 (take advantage of ) Let’s take advantage of the long vacation and make a trip to Hong Kong.

2002年高考:如果方便的话,请帮我从邮局 取回包裹。 (convenient) If (it is ) convenient, please fetch me the parcel from the post office / please go to the post office and fetch me the parcel.
2000年高考:众所周知,成功来自勤奋,不 努力则一事无成。(without) As we all know, success comes / results from hard work; without efforts nothing can be done / achieved.

中译英常设考点
? 形式主语或形式宾语it

形式主语或形式宾语it
? 那些未曾去过那个小村庄的人很难描绘出 它的美丽。( it )
– It is very hard for those who haven’t been to the small village to describe its beauty.

? 我发现很难与那些一贯固执己见的人合作。 (it )
– I find it hard/it is hard to cooperate with those who always stick to their own opinions.

常需要用形式主语来翻译的情况
1、It’s + adj. + of/for sb. to do sth. Eg. It’s so careless of you to make so many spelling mistakes in the English exam 2、It so happened that… Eg. It so happened that I didn’t have any money on me.

3、It’s reported/ believed/ estimated that… It’s estimated that about 30 passengers were killed in the bus accident.
4、在强调句it is + that 中 Eg. It’s because of his perseverance that led to his late success.

5、在含有某些形容词的句子中,如important, necessary,impossible, natural, common, strange等。 6、It’s likely that… Eg. It’s likely that John won’t come though he has promised do.

Practice:/More examples
? 约翰来拜访我时我碰巧不在家。(so happen) ? It so happened that I wasn’t at home when John come to visit me. ? 据报道,飞机失事是由引擎故障引起的。 (report) ? It is reported that the failure in the engines led to the air crash.

? 他清楚地表明在任何情况下他是不会屈服 的。(give in) ? He has made it clear that he won’t give in under any circumstances. ? 你要记住十点前你必须回家。(keep) ? Keep it in mind that you have to be back home before ten.

? 据估计,将有50多万国内外客人来参观 2010年上海世博会。(It…) ? It is estimated that more than 500,000 visitor from home and abroad will join the 2010 Shanghai Expo ? 我们已定好了规矩,开会吃到的要罚款。 (…it…) ? We have made it a rule that those who are late for the meeting will be fined.

? 我很讨厌人们满嘴食物时大声说话。 (hate) ? I hate it when a people speak loudly with their mouths full of food. ? 汤姆很有可能乘错车了,否则他应该到了。 (It…) ? It’s likely that Tom has taken the wrong bus, or he would be here by now.

? 我可以肯定是他偷走了我的钱包。 (it…that) ? I’ m sure that it is he who has stolen my wallet. ? 众所周知,中国是个发展中国家。(It…) ? It’s known to all that China is a developing country.

历届高考
1. 我们打篮球的时间到了。(It, time (08上 海) 2. 你今晚能来参加我的生日聚会吗?(It, possible) (08上海) ? 1。It is time for us to play basketball. ? 2。Is it possible for you to attend my birthday party this evening?

3. 据报道这种野生植物含有丰富的维生素。 (It …)(07上海) 4. 躺在草地上听音乐真是惬意。(It …)(06 上 海) ? 3。It is reported / said that this wild plant is rich in / contains / has a lot of vitamins. ? 4。It is pleasant lying on the grass and enjoying the music.

5. 我发现很难与那些一贯固执己见的人合作。 (… it …)(05上海) 6. 那些未曾去过那个小村庄的人很难描绘出 它的美丽。(It …)(03上海)
? 5。 I find it (is) hard to cooperate with those who always stick to their own opinions. 6。It is very hard for those who haven’t been to the small village to describe its beauty

7. 保护环境是每个公民的职责。(It …)(02上 海) 8.我没有想到汤姆会被选为学生会主席。 (occur)(02 上海)
7。I find it hard/it is hard to cooperate with those who always stick to their own opinions.
8。It never occurred / didn’t occur to me that Tom would / should be elected / made chairman of the Students’ Union.

9.如果方便的话,请帮我从邮局取回包裹。(it, convenient)(02上海) 10.就我所知,在那座小城市里购物很方便。 (as far as,it )
9。If (it is) convenient, please fetch me the parcel from the post office / please go to the post office and fetch me the parcel. 10。As far as I know, it is convenient to do shopping in that small city.

11.众所周知,吸烟会导致多种疾病。( it , cause) 12.人们发现越来越难跟上现代科学的发展。 ( it,keep up with)
11。It is known to all that smoking can cause many diseases. 12。People find it harder and harder to keep up with the development of modern science.


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