定语从句讲课课件_图文

找出句子中的定语
1.Do you know the man teacher? 2.I like the red coat. 3.The sleeping girl is my sister. 4.There isn’t a swimming pool in my school. 5.Would you like something to eat? 6.Six beautiful birds are in the tree. 7.The girl in the hat is my good friend.

定语从句: 在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从 句叫做定语从句。

Do you know the woman teacher who is standing in front of the window ?
在定语从句中,被修饰的这一名词或代词叫做

先行词

在定语从句中的引导词叫做
关系词又分

关系词

关系代词 和 关系副词

组成特点
? 关系词+其他语句必须成分, 为定语从句。 ? 定语从句必然会在关系词前 有一个所要修饰的称为先行 词的名词或者代词。
注:定语从句最重要的就是:先行词 和关系词。

关系词
Whom Whose Who Which

? 关系代词

That As

? 关系副词

When Where Why

关系代词在定语从句的作用
主语 Who Whose As 宾语 定语 主语 Which Whom That

主语
宾语 宾语 主语 宾语

宾语 表语

关系代词修饰先行词的特性
先行词
名词 (有生 代词 命的) 名词 代词 The same such
也可是被这两项 所修饰的名词 有生命 的

关系代词

先行词
名词 (无生 代词 命的) 名词 代词

无生命 的

关系代词

Who
有无生 命均可

有生命 的

Which
Whom

Whose
As

名词 代词

有无生 命均可

That

关系副词
关系副词在定语从句中只能做状语。 先行词
时间名词

When Where

地点名词

reason

Why

小总结关系词
关系词 在定语从句中做的成分 先行词

that which who whom whose as when where why

主、宾 主、宾 主、宾 宾 定 主、宾、表 状 状 状

人、物 物 人 人 人、物 the same ,such the time the place reason

Where is the man (that/whom) I saw this morning? We like the student (who/whom) others like. This is the pen (which/that) he bought yesterday. We like the coat (whose) color is green.

Do you know the reason ( why )he didn’t go to school yesterday? I never forget these days ( when) we stayed together in the willage. Great changes have taken place in the city (where ) I was born.

This is the factory ( B ) my mother works. This is the factory ( D ) we visited last week. A.who B.where C.when D.that

选用关系词的原则
? 1、先看定语从句中所缺的成份。如果所 缺的是主语、宾语、定语,那么用关系 代词,如果所缺的成份是状语,那么用 关系副词。

? 2、再看先行词。

Answers to questions
1.This is the bag _____ my mother bought yesterday. A. that A B. who C. whom D. this 2.The man _____ lives next to us is my English teacher. C. who C A.whom B. which D. / 3.Please show me the book _____ you bought yesterday. B. whom C. whose D. this A. which A

Answers to questions
4.The factory _____ Mr. Li used to work was closed last week. A.when B C. that D. which B. where
5.Do you still remember the day_____ we first met? B when A. that C. what D. on that 6.Is this the museum _____they visited last month? B. when C. where D. the one A.that A

Answers to questions
7.I lost a book, _____ I can’t remember now. B. its title A. whose title A C. the title of it D. the title of that 8.He is not such a man_____would leave his work half done. A. that B. which C. who D. as

Answers to questions
9.I don’t know the reason _____Tom didn’t go to school yesterday. C A. for B. which . why D. when 10.I can’t remember that day _____we met for the first time. A A. when B. where C. that D. as

Answers the question

总结及作业
? ? ? ? ? ? ? 总结 1.定语从句含义 2.定语从句结构 3.定语从句关系词用法 4.选用关系词原则 作业 复习巩固定语从句及书面作业


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