【步步高】高考英语 Unit 2 Poems配套课件 新人教版选修6_图文
Unit 2 Poems
Ⅰ.重点单词识记 1． convey 2． endless 3． branch 4． eventually 5． forever 6．championship 7． warmth /k?n′veI / vt.传达；运送 /′endlI s/ adj.无穷的；无止境的 /brɑ?nt?/ n．枝条；支流；部门 /I ′vent???lI / adv.最后；终于 /f?′rev?/ adv.永远 /′t??mpI ?n?I p/ n．冠军称号 /w??mθ/ n．暖和；温暖
8． concrete 9． pattern 10． tease 11． sorrow 12． bare 13． section 调换；交换
/′k??kri?t/ adj.具体的；实在的 /′p?tn/ n．模式；式样；图案 /ti?z/ vi.& vt.取笑；招惹；戏弄 /′s?r??/ n．悲伤；悲痛；懊悔 /be?/ adj.赤裸的；光秃的；稀少的 /′sek??n/ n．部分；节；切下的块
14．exchange /I ks′t?eI nd?/ n．交换；交流；互换；vt.& vi.
15． sponsor 16． blank 17． compass 18． load
/′sp?ns?/ n．赞助人；主办者；倡议者； /bl? ?k/ n．空白；adj.空白的；茫然的 /′k?mp?s/ n．指南针；罗盘；(pl.)圆规 /l??d/ n．负担；负荷物(尤指沉重的)；载重
19． minimum /′mI nI m?m/ n．最低限度；最少量；最小 数→ maximum (反义词) n．最大限度；最大量 20． translation /tr?nz′leI ?n/ n．翻译→
translate vi.& vt.翻译
21． transform 22． sorrow
/tr?ns′f??m/ vi.& vt.转化；转换； n．转化 /′s?r??/ n．悲伤；悲痛；懊悔→ adj.悲伤的 /?′pr??prI ?t/ adj.适当的；正当的→ (反义词)adj.不适当的 /′dɑ?knI s/ n．黑暗；漆黑→ adj.黑暗的 /′fleks?bl/ adj.灵活的；可弯曲的； n．柔软性；灵活性
sorrowful 23． appropriate inappropriate
dark 25． flexible
Ⅱ.重点短语识记 1． take it easy 2． run out of 3． be made up of 5． pay attention to 轻松；不紧张；从容 用完 由??构成
4． give sb. a strong impression 给某人一个很深的印象 注意
6． be popular with 8． in particular 9． try out 10． let out
7． take one’s advice 接受某人的建议 尤其；特别 测试；试验 发出；放走
Ⅲ.经典原句默写与背诵 1．There are various reasons why people write poetry . 人们写诗有着各种各样的理由。 2．Some rhyme (like B) while others do not (like C)．
they all were true.
而且他说虽然这有些离奇，但却真实。 4． Should the traveller return ，this stone would utter speech. 行人归来石应语。 5．With so many different forms of poetry to
choose from ，students may eventually want to write
poems of their own. 由于有这么多可供选择的诗歌类型，学生们最终也许 想自己写诗了。
1．One of the famous festivals in China is the Dragon Boat Festival，which honours the famous ancient poet (poetry) Qu Yuan. 2．This train conveys (convey) passengers every day. 3．The water in the Dead Sea is so salty (salt) that you can’t sink when you are in the water. over one thousand
4．People are now tired of the endless (end) advertisements shown on television. 5．This is a book，which I dare say，is unequaled as far as
translation (translate) practice is concerned.
6．The star was touched by the warmth (warm) of the audience there.
7．The government needs a more approach to education. 8．The audience 9．She was very
loaded (load) the champion with
angry (anger) with me when I was late.
(appropriate) toward other people.
thunderous applause. 10．Let your child know that you expect him or her to act
in this aspect从这方面来说 in all aspects从各个方面来说 from every aspect从各个角度，从各个方面 from the aspect of从??方面来看 a house with a southfacing aspect朝南的房子
Climate and weather affect every aspect of our lives. 气候和天气影响着我们生活的方方面面。 He was interested in all aspects of the work here. 他对这里工作的所有方面都感兴趣。
【夯实基础】 (1)语法填空 ①We have discussed the subject from every aspect. ② In all aspects，this idea is quite practical. (2)We should consider the plan in all aspects (从各个方面 来考虑这个计划)． (3)翻译句子 这本书旨在涵盖城市生活的各个方面。
The book aims to cover all aspects of city life.
2．convey vt.表达，传递?思想、感情等?? ?communicate?；运送，输送?transport??
convey sth.to sp.运送某物到某处 convey sth.to sb.向某人表达/传递?? convey one’s feelings/meanings表达某人的感情/意思
The message conveyed here is clear：“Actions speak louder than words.” 这里传达的信息很清楚，即：行动比语言有力。 (2013· 江苏· 书面表达) When I returned home，I tried to convey the wonder of this machine to my husband. 回到家后，我竭力想把这台机器的精妙之处描述给丈夫 听。
【特别提醒】 convey后一般不能接副词back，该词多用来指传递思想、感 情、信息、观点、印象等。 【夯实基础】 (1)语法填空 ①Please convey my best wishes
②I find it hard to convey my feelings in (2)Words failed
to convey my feelings (表达我的感情)
moment I saw my longlost sister.
transform...into...把??变成?? transform...from...从??转变成/转化成?? change...into...＝turn...into...把??变成??
It was an event that would transform my life. 那是能够彻底改变我一生的一件事。 Your metabolic rate is the speed at which your body transforms food into energy. 新陈代谢率是身体把食物转换为能量的速度。
【特别提醒】 transform指在根本上改变人或物的外表、形态或性质。 【夯实基础】 (1)语法填空 ①In only 20 years the country has been transformed into an advanced industrial power. ②She was transformed pretty young woman. (2)It is high time that the old educational systems were transformed (改变)．
from a commonlooking adolescent into a
be appropriate to/for对??适合；适宜 It is appropriate that...?should? do...??是合适的。 appropriately adv.适当地
It is clearly not appropriate for a student to litter and scribble about. 很明显学生乱扔垃圾、到处乱刻画是不合适的。 (2011· 浙江· 书面表达) The teacher can then take appropriate action. 老师到时可以采取适当的行动。
【夯实基础】 (1)This dress party. (2)The local government has been accused of not responding appropriately to the needs(没有对??的要求作出适当地 回应) of the homeless in the floodstricken area.
is more appropriate for
5．exchange n.交换；互换?giving and receiving?；交 流?communication?；兑换；v.调换；交换；交流 ?communicate?；兑换?change??
exchange A for B 拿A换B exchange sth.with sb.与某人交换某物 in exchange for变换；交换 in exchange作为交换
He exchanged a quick smile with her then entered the lift. 他和她匆匆相视一笑，然后走进了电梯。 Knowledge exchange is never a oneway street. 交流知识绝不是一条单行道。
【夯实基础】 (1)语法填空 ①Where can I exchange my dollars for pounds? ②I exchanged seats with Bill. ③He gave me an apple in exchange for a piece of cake. (2)It is illegal for a public official to ask people for gifts or money in exchange for favors to them (以对他们的帮助作为 交换)．
6．load n.负担?burden?；负荷物?cargo?；v.装载；装填 ?put...onto...??
take a load off one’s mind卸下心上重负 have a load on one’s mind放心不下 loads of＝a load of许多?? load...with...用??装载?? load sth.into/onto sth.把??放在/装进?? be loaded with负载??
We loaded the car in ten minutes. 我们十分钟就装好了车。 How long will it take to load the coal onto the truck? 装这车煤需要多长时间？
【夯实基础】 (1)语法填空 ①Knowing that they had arrived safely took a load off my mind. ②He didn’t want to be loaded with any new impressions. (2)The workers
are loading the truck with (正在往卡车上
in particular made up of
1．I have been working so hard for several weeks that I decide to them.
take it easy
run out of
take it easy
for a few days.
2．Could I have a cigarette，please？I seem to run out of
3．Society is made up of people of widely differing abilities. 4．Is there anything in particular you’d like for dinner? 5．If， by chance ，you meet Mike，please tell him that
his sister asked him to write her back as soon as possible.
1．take it easy轻松?relax?；别紧张；从容?指心理上?? ?not to be worried??
take things easy别紧张，慢慢来 take one’s time不匆忙；别着急 take...seriously认真对待某事 take one’s chance碰运气
They did bad work because they wanted to take it easy and still get paid. 他们的工作完成得不好，因为他们既想轻松又想得到报 酬。 Just take it easy and tell us exactly what happened. 别紧张，原原本本地告诉我们发生了什么事。
【夯实基础】 (1)She was excited，but her husband told her to take it
(2) Take your time (别着急)—it’s just a short distance from here to the restaurant.
2．run out of?人?用完?use up?；从??中流出/跑出
run out结束；用完?主语为物，无被动语态? give out用完；放出?热、光等?；公布?不及物， 一般不用于进行时态? use up用完?及物??
So many places of interest does Beijing offer that most visitors simply ran out of time before seeing it all. 北京提供了如此多的有趣景点以致于大多数游客用光了 所有时间也没有看完。 Our food will soon run out. 我们的食物不久就要吃光了。
【夯实基础】 (1)Food supplies in the floodstricken area are running out (快用完了)．We must act immediately before there’s none left. (2)同义句改写 He ran out of his ink. ① His ink was run out of. (改为被动句) ② His ink ran out. (用run out改写句子)
3．be made up of由??组成?构成??
make up组成；编造；化妆；补上；凑数；和好；占?? make up for弥补；补偿 be made of/from由??制成 be made into把??制成 be made out of由??制成 make it获得成功；约定时间 make out看清；分清；辨认清楚
Women officers make up 13 percent of the police force. 女警占警力的13%。 Insects are made up of tens of thousands of proteins. 昆虫由数万种蛋白质构成。
【夯实基础】 (1)写出下列句子中make up的汉语意思 ①North Africans make up the largest and poorest immigrant group in the country. about him. ③She spent too much time making herself up.
②I think it’s very unkind of you to make up stories
④Can I leave early this afternoon and make up the time tomorrow？ ⑤Have you made up with Patty yet？ 5%) of the U．S.population.
(2)American Indians make up about five percent (大约占
hold back阻挡；抑制；克制；控制 hold on to抓住；保留 hold out伸出；维持 hold up举起；支撑；耽搁；抢劫
The moment you think about giving up，think of the reason why you hold on so long. 每当你想放弃的时候，想一想是什么支撑你一路坚持。 What else held back stocks yesterday? 还有哪些因素抑制了昨日股市的表现？
【夯实基础】 用hold短语的适当形式填空 (1)Emily Galvin，his lawyer， held back tears as Mr.South embraced his sons，aged 19 and 12. (2)We were (3)She (4)He
by a traffic jam.
held out her gloved hand to shake mine. held on to a branch until we came to his rescue.
try out for...参加??选拔?或试演? try sth.on试穿?衣物? try one’s best尽力 try one’s luck试试运气
She knew I wanted to try the boat out at the weekend. 她知道我周末想开船出去试一下。 London Transport hopes to try out the system in September. 伦敦交通系统有望在 9月份对该系统进行试运营。
【夯实基础】 用try on，try out的适当形式填空 (1)I’m
a new computer. various colors and
(2)When buying clothes， try on
prints and see which ones make you look best. (3)A lot of teams wanted me to positions and I told them no.
6．let out发出?give a cry，etc.?；放走，释放；?把衬 衣、外套等?放大，放长，加宽?make...looser larger?；说出秘密，泄密?give away??
let alone不打扰；不惊动 let sb./sth.be听任；不打扰 let down使失望；辜负 let go ?of?放开；释放；忽略 let me see让我想想)
Meer let out his breath in a long sigh. 米尔长叹了一口气。 Someone let out the news. 有人把消息泄露了。
【夯实基础】 (1)写出下列句子中let out的汉语意思 ①Throwing their hats into the air，the fans of the winning team let out loud shouts of victory. ②It lets sunlight in but doesn’t let heat out. ③He didn’t let out anything important. ④We can let out the waist a little bit.
放走 泄露 放大
(2)He was in a highsecurity jail and would probably never be
let out (永远不被放出来).
1．With so much work to do (有那么多工作要做)，we can’t play outside any longer. 2．I saw a house bow to (哈腰) a squire. 3．We would have won if Jack had scored that goal (如果杰 克踢进了那个球)．
4．We won because we trained could. 5．This makes them
as much as
easy to learn and recite (易学易背)．
1．There are various reasons why people write poetry.人 们写诗的原因是多种多样的。
reason常用句式： ?for sth./doing sth.is/was that... ? the reason?why/for which...is/was that... ? ?that/which＋定语从句＋is/was that... the reason后是用why或for which还是用that或which，取 决于其在从句中所承担的句子成分。缺少主语、宾语、 表语用that 或which，缺少状语用why或for which。
The reason why he didn’t come was that he was ill. 他没来的原因是他病了。 That’s the reason why she spoke. 这就是她讲话的原因。
【夯实基础】 语法填空 (1)The only reason why I came was that I wanted to meet your friends. (2)The reason for the party is that it’s Sue’s birthday. (3)Is this the reason that/which he explained at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? (4)One reason for her preference for city life is that she can have easy access to places like shops and restaurants.
2．Should the traveller return，this stone would utter speech.行人归来石应语。
本句为表示与将来事实相反的虚拟语气，其中should the traveller return为省略了从属连词if的虚拟条件 句，完整形式为：If the traveller should return...。 若虚拟条件从句的谓语部分中有were，had或should 时，可把if省略，同时把were，had或should提到从句 主语前，构成倒装句式。
Had you come earlier，you would have caught the bus. 如果你来得早一点的话，你就会赶上公共汽车了。 Were I at school again，I would study harder. 如果我再有机会上学的话，我就会更加努力学习。
【夯实基础】 (1)Had they known what was coming next, they might
have had second thoughts (可能改变主意)．
(2) Had I devoted myself to my study (要是我过去学习用 心的话)，I would be sitting in a comfortable office now. (3) Should it be fine tomorrow (如果明天天气好的话)，I would go on a trip.
用所给词的适当形式填空 (1)If you had come here earlier，the work would have
(2)My suggestion is that we (should) go (go) there at once. (3)What do you think of his proposal that we (should) put (put) on a play at the English evening?
(4)He didn’t come (not，come) yesterday，otherwise you would have seen him. (5)If you had worked (work) hard then，you would be in the university now.
Ⅰ.教材活用——根据课文内容完成下面的短文 When you treat people and things 1. in a kind， considerate，and polite way,you are 2. respectful (respect)． Respect is very important at home，at school，and everywhere you go.When you show respect，you show that you care for other people’s 3. feelings (feel) or that you care for belongings，buildings，streets and nature.
To show how 4. much respect you have for people and things，you can try writing a fun respect poem.5. The easiest way to do this is to make a simple list of 6.what it means to be respectful at school.
First，start by making a 7. quick (quickly) list of how you can show respect at school.List poems seem to work best when they 8. are written (write) with a parallel structure；that is，when 9.each line begins the same way and follows the same pattern. Next，take the best lines and put 10.them together in a poem.Remember to keep the parallel structure by following the same sentence pattern.
Ⅱ.课外拓展——阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容 (不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式 Sometimes I think my father loves his dog more than he loves us.1. For a few days，I observed everything I could about him and the dog.The dog never receives direct orders.What he hears are 2. suggestions (suggest)， “Would you like to go to the shop with me，Pluto？Would you like me 3. to feed (feed) you now？Shall we go for a walk？”
What’s amazing is，Pluto 4. does/can
understand near to
everything Dad says.Their communication is 5. as being perfect as possible.And it’s not just Pluto
6. that/who understands；it’s Dad，too.Each seems to know what the 7. other 8. have voices. needs at any time.Never once
I heard anyone shout at Pluto or even raise their
And then there is the fact that they are always together.Dogs love to play and need to get lots of exercise.I have noticed that Dad reserves some special walks just for him and Pluto.This is 9. what 10. when he calls his ‘alone time’—that time of the day no human being can disturb his thinking.It works!