阅读理解 专题7 社会生活型阅读理解_图文

专题七

社会生活型阅读理解

专题七

社会生活型阅读理解

专题七 │专题导读
专题导读 社会生活型阅读文章在高考中的出现频率较高。它涉及 人们衣、食、住、行等方面的社会万象、生活经历、饮食与 健康、休闲与娱乐、生态旅游等内容。这类文章同学们读起 来感觉轻松,试题做起来也比较得心应手。在高考阅读理解 题中,这类文章属搭配类材料,所以,它的命题多数属于中 低等难度的送分题,如事实细节题、计算题、识图题等。此 类文章的命题多以事实细节题为主。做题时,要先从题干中 找到关键性词语,然后快速在文章中寻找相关细节,细心比 较所给选项与文中细节的区别,在准确理解了细节的前提下, 最终确定最佳答案。

专题七 │真题典例
真题典例 【2011· 广东卷】ln the animal kingdom, weakness can bring about aggression in other animals.This sometimes happens with humans also.But I have found that my weakness brings out the kindness in people.I see it every day when people hold doors for me, pour cream into my coffee, or help me to put on my coat.And I have discovered that it makes them happy. From my wheelchair experience, I see the best in people, but sometimes I feel sad because those who appear independent miss the kindness I see daily.They don’t get to see this soft side of others.Often, we try every way

专题七 │真题典例
possible to avoid showing our weakness, which includes a lot of pretending.But only when we stop pretending we’re brave or strong do we allow people to show the kindness that’s in them. Last month, when I was driving home on a busy highway, I began to feel unwell and drove more slowly than usual.People behind me began to get impatient and angry, with some speeding up alongside me, horning (按喇叭) or even shouting at me.At that moment,I decided to do something I had never done in twentyfour years of driving.I put on the car flashlights and drove on at a really low speed.

专题七 │真题典例
No more angry shouts and no more horns! When I put on my flashlights, I was saying to the other drivers, “I have a problem here.I am weak and doing the best I can.” And everyone understood.Several times, I saw drivers who wanted to pass.They couldn’t get around me because of the stream of passing traffic.But instead of getting impatient and angry, they waited, knowing the driver in front of them was in some way weak. Sometimes situations call for us to act strong and brave even when we don’t feel that way.But those are few and far between.More often, it would be better if we don’t pretend we feel strong when we feel weak or pretend that we’re brave when we’re scared.

专题七 │真题典例
( )1.The author has discovered that people will feel happy when ________. A.they offer their help B.they receive others’ help C.they feel others’ kindness D.they show their weakness ( )2.The author feels sad sometimes because ________. A.he has a soft heart B.he relies much on others C.some people pretend to be kind D.some people fail to see the kindness in others

专题七 │真题典例

( )3.What did the other drivers do when they saw the flashlights? A.They speeded up to pass. B.They waited with patience. C.They tried their best to help. D.They put on their flashlights too. ( )4.In this passage, the author advises us to ________. A.handle problems by ourselves B.accept help from others C.admit our weakness D.show our bravery

专题七 │真题典例

( )5.Which of the following is the best title of this passage? A.A Wheelchair Experience. B.Weakness and Kindness. C.Weakness and Strength. D.A Driving Experience.

专题七 │真题典例

【解析】本文是一篇议论文。在动物王国弱势会被侵略, 在人类社会有时也是如此。但作者认为弱势能显现出人们的 善良,并使提供帮助和被帮助的人都感到幸福。作者以自己 的经历向人们阐述了弱势与善良的关系。 1.A 细节理解题。根据第一段中的“I have found that my weakness brings out the kindness in people.” 可知我的弱势显现出人们的善良,又由“I have discovered that it makes them happy”可知帮助别人能使 他们感到幸福。故选A。 2.D 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“sometimes I feel sad because those who appear independent miss the kindness I see daily. They don’t get to see this soft side of others.”可知选D。

专题七 │真题典例

3.B 细节理解题。根据第五段中的“When I put on my flashlights...But instead of getting impatient and angry, they waited, knowing the driver in front of them was in some way weak.”可知选B。 4.C 主旨要义题。作者以自己的亲身经历向人们阐述 了:有时承认自己的弱势会给人们带来好处,承认弱势能改 善人们之间的关系,使自己得到更多的帮助,让人们看到人 性的善良。故选C。 5.B 标题归纳题。由第一段“my weakness brings out the kindness in people”及文章大意可知。

专题七 │ 新题预测
新题预测 For all the dinner table, a glass of milk seems to be a constant, at least it was when I was growing up.It was widely believed that milk was integral in building strong bones and teeth.There’s no doubt that dairy products(乳 制品), and milk in particular, are high in protein and calcium, and most milk products are supplemented with Vitamin D and A. While it’s well known that our bones need calcium, some studies suggest that high calcium intake doesn’t necessarily lower a person’s risk for fractures(骨折).A Harvard study found that people who drank two or more glasses of milk had no greater protection from breaking a bone than those who drank a glass or less a week.

专题七 │ 新题预测
There’s no doubt that we need calcium. Some anti?dairy supporters claim that dairy can lead to heart disease.Much of this claim is based on high fat and high dairy products, like cheeses and creams, which may indeed contribute to cardiovascular problems.Some studies have linked high milk intakes with a risk of prostate cancer; this seems to be caused by highfat dairy products, not dairy in general. Although milk was always regarded as one of the most important things we need for our bones, yet least promoted, factors involved in strengthening bones.Perhaps we should think of dairy as less like a nutrient and more like a food.If you like it, eat it.If not, find

专题七 │ 新题预测
some_others.Because some claims may not be completely true. When I eat a cream, I’m not thinking about calcium, protein, or any such thing.I’m thinking delicious. ( )1.Which of the following is TRUE on the milk? A.The more milk you drink, the more risk for fractures you might be. B.The more milk you drink, the less risk for fractures you might be. C.The less milk you drink, the less risk for fractures you might be. D.There is no link between them.

专题七 │ 新题预测
( )2.Some antidairy supporters claim that dairy can lead to except________. A.cardiovascular problems B.heart disease C.prostate cancer D.stomach cancer

专题七 │ 新题预测
( )3.The underlined words “some others” in the last paragraph refer to________. A.dairy products B.milk C.food D.cream ( )4.What’s the author’s attitude towards milk? A.He doesn’t like milk any more. B.He used to drink milk as a child. C.He regards milk as a nutrient. D.He always cares about calcium, protein when he eats something. ( )5.We can learn from the text that________. A.all the claims are not completely true B.high milk intakes can lead to cancer C.it’s necessary for you to reduce milk intakes D.give up milk for your health

专题七 │ 新题预测

【解析】1.D 细节理解题。根据第二段的“A Harvard study found that people who drank two or more glasses of milk had no greater protection from breaking a bone than those who drank a glass or less a week.”可以推断出 牛奶的饮用量和骨折之间没有必然的联系。 2.D 细节理解题。根据第三段的有关信息可以得知文 中没有涉及胃病的问题。 3.C 推理判断题。根据最后一段“Perhaps we should think of dairy as less like a nutrient and more like a food. If you like it, eat it. If not,find some others.”可知 作者的观点是如果喜欢就用,不喜欢就换其他的食品(物)。

专题七 │ 新题预测

4.B 推理判断题。根据第一段的“...at least it was when I was growing up”可以推断出作者在小时候是常常喝 牛奶的。 5.A 推理判断题。由“Because some claims may not be completely true”可以得知并不是所有的声明都是完全 正确的。由此可知选A。


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