第一节：单项填空 1.Every independent country has a flag that gives it _____ unique identity,_____ the values,
beliefs and cultures of the country. A a; represents B the; representing C an; representing D a; representing
2.He is such a/ an ______ person that he is always dreaming big and try to accomplish what is impossible. A ambiguous B ambitious C conscious D cautious
3.______ in the forest were a group of high school students who went camping last Sunday. A Lost B Being lost C Having lost D To be lost
4.His attention _____ on his reading, he didn’t hear me _____ the room. A having focused; enter B focused; enter C focusing; was entering D was focused;entered
5.Teachers have to update their knowledge in order to maintain their professional________. A independence B competence C intelligence D existence
6.With so many example______ the project, the government had to reconsider the plan. A objecting B opposing C objected D opposed
7.It wasn’t until almost mid-night ____ all his work was finished _____ he returned home. A that; when B when; that C when; when D that; that
8.---When choosing furniture, you focus on function while I think more about the design. ---That’s ______ we differ. A how B what C which D where
9.We have progressed a lot in our studies,______ working hard as well as learning from others. A in spite of B in case of C by means of D in time of
10.Some questions may come to you, during the interview, but you can and should make good preparations______. A at random B on occasion C in advance D by design
11.The whole family______ him to go to a key university and he will never let them down. A wait on B count on C concentrate on D catch on
12.I’m always honest and straightforward, no matter ______ I’m speaking to. A who it is that B it is who that C who is it that D it is that who
13.Between the two parts of the concert is an interval,_____ the audience can buy some ice-cream. A where B when C that D which
14._____ once every two years, whether it is a car, a bus or a lorry, is the rule that all drivers must obey in our country.
A Having been examined B Examined C Examining D Being examined
15.He expects _____ a chance to further his English abroad. A there being B there to be C there to have D there having
CARTER’S GROVE Extraordinary 400-acre VA plantation,
(approximately 1750-1755), over a mile frontage
on the James River, noted for its exquisite (精致
的) brickwork & finely crafted, paneled inside
parts. This National Historic Landmark presents a rare opportunity to acquire an American treasure. Price available upon request.
Exceptional 216-acre estate (庄园) offering
one of the most splendid views of the surrounding countryside & Blue Ridge Mtns in Albemarle Co., just two minutes from UVA & The Rotunda. Approximately 1950 brick manor home, farm
manager’s residence, tenant (客房) house & other
outbuildings. Price available upon request.
BLANDEMAR FARM ESTATES
Beautifully constructed & designed 8,800 sq. ft., English Country-style home, approximately 2007, overlooking a 6-acre pond to the Blue Ridge Mtns beyond. 42 gently rolling acres, complete privacy, breathtaking setting, all within minutes from Charlottesville! $5,350,000. OLD WOODVILLE
Being offered for sale for the first time in over 75 years, this magnificent 176-acre historic estate is nestled among other famous farms & estates in the historic Green Mountain District of southern Albemarle County. Approximately 1976 main residence, pool, guest cottage, barns, equipment storage & other outbuildings. Rich
farmland, springs, 5-acre lake. $3,985,000.
16. What is the common aspect between WINDSOR HILL & BLANDEMAR FARM ESTATES?
A. They are near the city center.
B. They both have large ponds.
C. They can provide people with countryside views.
D. They have beautifully constructed outbuildings.
17. Which of the following estates has a national-level historical significance?
A. CARTER’S GROVE.
B. WINDSOR HILL.
C. BLANDEMAR FARM ESTATES.
D. OLD WOODVILLE.
The word “conservation” has a thrifty meaning. To conserve is to save and protect, to leave
what we ourselves enjoy in such a good condition that others may also share the enjoyment. Our
forefathers had no idea that human population would increase faster than the supplies of raw
materials: most of them, even until very recently, had the foolish idea that the treasures were
“limitless” and could “last forever”. Most of the citizens of earlier generations knew little or
nothing about the complicated and delicate system that runs all through nature, and which means
that, as in a living body, an unhealthy condition of one part will sooner or later be harmful to all
Fifty years ago, nature study was not part of the school work; scientific forestry was a new
idea; wood was still cheap because it could be brought in any quantity from distant woodlands;
soil destruction and river floods were not national problems; nobody had yet studied long-term
climatic cycles in relation to proper land use; even the word “conservation” had nothing of the
meaning that it has for us today.
For the sake of ourselves and those who will come after us, we must now set about correcting
the mistakes of our forefathers. Conservation should be made part of everybody’s daily life. To
know about the water table in the ground is just as important to us as a knowledge of the basic math formulas. We need to know why all watersheds(上游集水区) need the protection of plant
life and why the running current of streams and rivers must be made to give their full benefit to
the soil before they finally escape to the sea. We need to be taught the duty of planting trees as
well as of cutting them. We need to know the importance of big, grown trees, because living space
for most of man’s fellow creatures on this planet is figured not only in square measure of surface but also in cubic(立方体的) volume above the earth. In a word, it should be our goal to restore as
much of the original beauty of nature as we can.
18. The author’s attitude towards the use of natural resources is _________.
19. According to the author, the greatest mistake of our forefathers was that ________.
A. they had little or no sense of environmental protection
B. they had no idea about scientific forestry
C. they had no idea of how to make good use of raw materials
D. they were not aware of the importance of nature study
20. How can you understand the underlined sentence in the last paragraph?
A. Our living space on the earth is getting smaller and smaller.
B. We must preserve good living conditions for both birds and animals.
C. We need to take some measures to protect space.
D. Our living space should be measured in cubic volume.
Oxytocin is known as the “hug hormone (荷尔蒙)”. People experience oxytocin in many
social relationships, including bonding with children or partners. What is surprising is that people
would also experience a change in this hormone when bonding with a completely different
Miho Nagasawa of Azabu University in Japan and colleagues conducted a study with 55 dogs
and their owners. People whose dogs gazed at them for two minutes or longer showed a higher
increase in oxytocin than people whose dogs gazed at them for less time. People with dogs with a
long gaze also reported being happier with their dogs than those people whose dog’s gaze was
only around one minute long.
In another study by Linda Handlin and colleagues from the University of Sk?vde in Sweden,
owners who kissed their dogs the most frequently had higher levels of oxytocin than other owners.
Handlin found that along with kissing, there were two other factors that predicted the higher levels
of oxytocin. The first was that the owners were more likely to consider their relationship with their
dogs to be pleasurable. The second was a lower frequency in giving treats, which shows that the
path to true love is not necessarily through a dog’s stomach.
In a separate study by Johannes Odendaal and colleagues from the University of Pretoria in
South Africa, owners were brought into a room that was empty except for two tables and chairs.
The owners sat on a rug on the floor with their dogs and a nurse drew their blood. For the next 30
minutes, each owner’s attention was completely focused on his or her dog. They talked softly to
their dogs, touched them gently and scratched their bodies and behind their ears. The participants’
blood was drawn again after 30 minutes.
The researchers found that participants’ blood pressure decreased, and they experienced an
increase in not only oxytocin, but also a whole other range of hormones, including the ones that
promote bonding associated with parenting behavior. When each dog owner came in and read a
book for 30 minutes, oxytocin and the other hormones did not increase as much as they did during
interactions with their dogs. What is even more amazing is that not only did humans experience a
rise in these hormones — the dogs did, too.
Humanity’s relationship with dogs is so extraordinary that it affects humans’ very
biochemistry. Scientists are only beginning to understand the mechanisms, and the implications
will keep psychologists busy for many years to come.
21. We can infer from the passage that people with higher oxytocin levels are more _____.
22. According to the passage, dog owners’ oxytocin levels can most probably be raised when
A. glancing at their dogs
B. feeding their dogs regularly
C. keeping their dogs’ company
D. kissing their dogs frequently
23. The study by Johannes Odendaal and his colleagues proves that _____.
A. drawing the owners’ blood makes them focused on their dogs
B. the owners and the dogs share the influences of their interactions
C. the bond between two different species helps reduce blood pressure
D. dogs’ company increases the owners’ other hormones except oxytocin
24. The underlined word “mechanisms” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to “_____”.
B. applications C. restrictions D. explanations
Smart devices are sometimes empowering. They put a world of information at our fingertips.
They free people to work from home instead of squeezing onto a train with smelly strangers. That
is a huge benefit for parents seeking flexible working hours. Smart phones and tablets can also
promote efficiency by allowing people to get things done in spare moments that would otherwise be wasted, such as while queuing for coffee. They can even help slackers create the false idea that they are working around the clock, by programming their e-mail to be sent at 1 am.
But for most people the servant has become the master. Not long ago only doctors were on call all the time. Now everybody is. Bosses think nothing of invading their employees’ free time. Work invades the home far more than domestic work invade the office. People check their smartphones obsessively, even during pre-dinner drinks, and send e-mails first thing in the morning and last thing at night.
This is partly because smartphones are addictive: when Martin Lindstrom, a branding master, tried to identify the ten sounds that affect people most powerfully, he found that a shaking phone came third, after the Intel ringing sound and a giggling (咯咯笑的) baby. BlackBerrys and iPhones provide stimuli (鼓励之物) mixed with rewards. Whenever you check the glowing rectangle, there is a fair chance you will see a message from a client, a mail from your boss or at least an e-mail from a Nigerian gentleman offering you $1m if you share your bank details with him. Smartphones are the best excuse yet created for procrastination (拖延). How many people can honestly say that they have never removed their e-mails to put off dealing with more demanding tasks?
Smartphones make it easier for managers to change their minds at the last moment: for example, to e-mail an employee at 11 pm to tell him he must fly to Pittsburgh tomorrow. The annoyed devices also make it easier for managers in one time zone to spoil the evenings of managers in another.
Employees find it ever harder to distinguish between “on-time” and “off-time” — and indeed between real work and make-work. Executives are burdened with two overlapping (重叠的) workdays: a formal one full of meetings and an informal one spent trying to keep up with the countless e-mails and messages.
None of this is good for business people’s marriages or mental health. It may be bad for business, too. When bosses change their minds at the last minute, it is hard to plan for the future. And several studies have shown what ought to be common sense: that people think more deeply if they are constantly concentrated.
What can be done to keep smartphones in their place? How can we reap the benefits of connectivity without becoming its slaves? One solution is digital dieting. Just as the abundance of junk food means that people have to be more disciplined about their eating habits, so the abundance of junk information means they have to be more disciplined about their browsing habits. Banning browsing before breakfast can reintroduce a small amount of civilization. Banning texting at weekends or, say, on Thursdays, can really show the iPhone who is the boss.
The faster smartphones become and the more attractive the apps that are devised for them, the stronger the addiction will grow. Spouses (配偶) can help by throwing the annoyed devices out of a window or into a bucket of water. But in the end it is up to companies to outsmart the smartphones by insisting that everyone turn them off from time to time. 25. The slacker may be someone who _____.
A. has discovered something important B. is lazy and does less work than he should C. finds an answer to a difficult situation D. spends a lot of time using smart devices 26. The fact that most people have become the servant of smart devices lies in all the following EXCEPT that people _____. A. are on call all the time B. check their smartphones frequently C. keep delaying something that must be done
D. take advantage of free time to carry out their work
27. The branding master Martin Lindstrom is mentioned in Paragraph 3 to _____.
A. show his research finding
B. promote BlackBerry and iPhone
C. prove smartphones affect people seriously
D. argue that checking emails is not necessary
28. According to Paragraph 5, make-work refers to the work that _____.
A. needs creative man to finish
B. makes people work together
C. is used to kill time by people
D. causes more disadvantages
29. How is the last but one paragraph mainly developed?
A. By giving examples.
B. By making comparisons.
30. Which of the following shows the structure of the passage?
1-15 DBABB BBDCC BABDB
16-30 CA BAB CDBAB