英语:高三一轮复习超级课件 Unit1《Women of achievement》(新人教版必修4)

? ?佳作选登 ? (2010·全国卷Ⅰ) ? [话题] 你校将举办英语演讲比赛,邀请外 籍教师Smith女士来做评委。 ? [体裁] 邀请信

? Dear Ms.Smith, ? I'm Li Hua,chairman of the Students' Union of Yucai Middle School,which is close to your university.I'm writing to invite you to be a judge at our English speech contest to be held in our school on June 15.It will start at 2∶00 pm in Room 501 and last for about three hours.Ten students will deliver their speeches on the given topic “Man and Nature”.We hope that you will accept our invitation if it is convenient for you.Please call me at 44876655 if you have any questions.

? I am looking forward to your reply. ? With best wishes.

? Li Hua

? ?经典例句 ? [亮词] 1.be close to...靠近?? ? 2.deliver one's speech发表演讲 ? 3.look forward to n./doing...盼望

? [典句] 1.I'm writing to invite you to be a judge at our English speech contest to be held in our school on June 15. ? 在6月15日我校将举行英语演讲比赛,我在此写信邀请你 做我们的评委。 ? (变式)?Would you please be a judge at our English speech contest which is to be held in our school on June 15. ? 2.We hope that you will accept our invitation if it is convenient for you. ? 如果你方便的话,我们希望你能接受我们的邀请。

? 1.(2011·湖北高考)The minister said,“We are ready for discussions with any legal parties,but we'll never ________

with criminals.”
? A.negotiate ? C.argue B.quarrel D.consult

? [解题指导] 句意:这位部长说:“我们准备与任何合法 的政党进行讨论,但我们永远不会与罪犯谈判。”考查动

词辨析。与前面的ready for discussions呼应,这里用
negotiate表示“协商;谈判”。 ? [正确答案] A

? 2.(2012·银川月考)In a way,I think we both won—I won the game but you won my ________. ? A.support B.favour ? C.respect D.impression ? [解题指导] 句意:从某种程度上说,我认 为我们都赢了。——我赢得了比赛,而你赢 得了我的尊重。本题考查名词辨义; support支持;favour友爱;恩惠;respect尊 重;尊敬;impression印象。 ? [正确答案] C

? 3.(2012·西安一模)It was foolish of him to ________ his notes during that important test, and as a result,he got punished. ? A.stick to B.refer to ? C.keep to D.point to ? [解题指导] 句意:在这么重要的考试期间 他查阅笔记,这种做法真是太愚蠢了,结 果他受到了惩罚。本题考查动词短语辨析。 stick to坚持;refer to涉及;参考;查阅; keep to坚持;point to指向。 ? [正确答案] B

? 4.(2012·黑龙江模拟)The experiment has ________ the possibility of the existence of any life on that planet,but it does not mean there is no life on other planets. ? A.found out B.pointed out ? C.ruled out D.carried out ? [解题指导] 句意:试验排除了那个星球有 生命存在的可能性,但是这并不意味着其 他星球上就没有生命存在。本题考查动词 短语。find out查明;point out指出;rule out 排除;carry out贯彻,执行。根据句意可知 答案为C项。

? 5.(2012·长沙模拟)The international agreement,______ encourage children not to smoke and help people kick the habit,was signed on February 27. ? A.intending to B.being intended to ? C.intended to D.to intend to

? [解题指导] be intended to do sth.打算做某 事,此短语是系表结构,无被动意义,故 此处用过去分词作定语,相当于which was intended to encourage children not to smoke and help people kick the habit。 ? [正确答案] C

? Ⅰ.重点单词 ? 1. achievement n.成就;成绩→ achieve vt.完成 ? 2. specialist n.专家→ specialize vt.专攻;专门 研究 ? 3. connection n.连接;关系→ connect vt.连 接 ? 4. campaign n.运动;战役 vi.作战;参加运动 ? 5. shade n.阴凉处 vt.遮住光线→ shadow n.阴影 ? 6. worthwhile adj.值得的→ worthless adj.没有 价值的

? 7. outspoken adj.直言的;坦诚 ? 8. entertainment n.款待;娱乐→entertain vt.招待 ? 9. inspire vt.鼓舞;激发→ inspiration n.灵感;鼓舞 ? 10. support vt./n.支持;拥护→ supporter 支持者 ? 11. refer vi.谈到;查阅;参考→ reference n.参考;查阅→ referred 过去式

emerge ? 12. emergency n.紧急情况→ vi.出现; 浮出 ? 13. generation n.一代;一辈→generate ? vt. 产生/发电 ? 14.considerate adj.考虑周到的→ consideration n.考虑;体谅→ consideration adj.相当大的→ considering prep.考虑到 ? 15. behave vt. & vi.举动;表现→ behaviour n.行为 ? 16. observe vt.观察;观测;遵守→ observation n.观察;

? 17. respect vt. & n.尊敬→ respectable adj. 值得尊敬的 argue ? 18. vt. & vi.争论;辩论→ argument n.争论 ? 19. intend vt.计划;打算→ intention n.目的;意图 ? 20. deliver vt.递送;生;发表→ delivery n.送交;分娩

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Ⅱ.重点短语 1. lead a...life过着??的生活 upon/on 2.look down 蔑视;瞧不起 3.refer to 查阅;参考;提及 by 4. chance碰巧;凑巧 across 5.come 偶然遇见 on 6.carry 继续坚持 to 7.devote one's life ...将生命献给??

? ? ? ? ? ?

8.put sb. to death将??处理 for 9.be intended 专门为??做准备 10. do some research做研究 11. catch one's eye吸引 12.care for 照顾;喜欢 sure 13.make 确保;确信

? Ⅲ.重点句型 ? 1. Once I stop,it all comes crowding in and I remember the chimps in laboratories. ? 我一旦停下来,所有的一切都会涌上心头, 我就会想起实验室里的黑猩猩。 ? 2. Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months to was she allowed begin her project. ? 她母亲头几个月来帮她的忙,这才使她得 以开始自己的计划。

? 3.Suddenly it hit me how difficult it was for a woman to get medical training at that time. ? 突然我想起在那个年代,一个女子去学医 是多么困难啊。 ? 4.It was still not too late for me to improve my studies,prepare for the university entrance examinations,and... ? 提高我的学习、准备高考等对我来说依然 还不算太晚,并且……

? 1.behave vt. & vi.举出;(举止或行为)表现

? ①The boy behaved very well to/towards everyone last night. ? 昨天晚上那个男孩对大家表现都很好。 ? ②Did you behave yourself at the party? ? 你在聚会上举止得体吗? ? ③I want you both to be on your best behavior at grandpa's. ? 我希望你们俩在爷爷家尽可能地守规矩。

? 2.respect vt. & n.尊敬;尊重;敬意;方 面 ? respect sb.for sth.因某事而尊重某人? ? respect oneself自尊;自重? ? show respect for...尊重……? ? in respect of=with respect to就……而言;关 于;至于? ? give/send one's respect to sb.向某人表示敬意

? ①I deeply respect him for his courage. ? 我深深敬佩他的勇气。 ? ②I have great/the greatest respect for his ideas, although I don't agree with them. ? 我非常尊重他的观点,尽管我不赞成。 ? ③In many respects the new version is less good than the old one.从许多方面来看,新的 版本并不比旧的强。

? 3.argue vt. & vi.讨论;辩论;争论

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

①I'm too tired to argue the point with you. 我太累了,不想与你讨论这个问题了。 ②He argued for/against the proposed tax cuts. 我据理力争/反对提议中的减税。 ③She argued him into/out of leaving his job. 她极力劝他(不要)辞职。 ④We're always arguing with each other about/over/on money. ? 我们总是为钱互相争执。

? 4.intend vt.意欲;打算;计划

? ①We intend to go to Australia next year. ? 我们打算明年去澳大利亚。 ? ②I didn't intend her to see the painting until it was finished. ? 我原本不想在画没有完成前就让她看。 ? ③I had intended to do it,but I'm afraid I forgot. ? 我本打算去做的,但很遗憾,我忘记了。 ? ④The chair was intended for you,but she took it away. ? 那椅子原来是给你准备的,可是给她拿走了。

? 5.refer to提到;说到;参考;参阅;指的 是

? ①You should refer this matter to our teacher for a decision. ? 你应该把这件事交给我 们的老师做决定。 ? ②Don?t refer to the matter again.不要再提 这件事了。

? ③Refer to the dictionary when you don't know how to spell a word. ? 当你不知道怎么拼写一个词时,查阅一下 词典。 ? ④She did not make reference to her marriage. ? 她未提及有关她结婚的事。

? 6.carry on继续;坚持
? carry away带走?

? ? ? ?

carry out实行;执行;完成? carry through使渡过难关? carry back将……送回? carry off运走;带走;获得(奖项)

? ①Despite all the noise,he carried on studying. ? 尽管很吵,他还在继续学习。 ? ②The plan has not been carried out completely. ? 这项计划并未彻底执行。 ? ③Her strong determination carried her through his illness. ? 她坚强的意志使她渡过了(生病的)难关。

? 1.(2012·唐山模拟)If you do not know how to ________ yourself at table in a foreign country,you should copy the host. ? A.dress B.tell ? C.show D.behave ? 解析:behave oneself举止很好。 ? 答案:D

? 2.She was young and pretty,and she loved children.My pupils,Donnie included,all ________ her very much. ? A.respected B.suspected ? C.inspected D.expected ? 解析:respect sb.尊敬某人;suspect猜疑; inspect视察;expect期望;预料。 ? 答案:A

? 3.(2012·银川模拟)He argued ________ smoking,and insisted that it was ________ argument that smoking was harmful to health. ? A.for;beyond B.against;over ? C.for;over D.against;beyond ? 解析:argue against反对??;beyond argument无可争辩的。 ? 答案:D

? 4.—My son is learning English.What dictionary shall I buy for him? ? —What about this one?It is ________ for beginners. ? A.intended B.operating ? C.operated D.intending ? 解析:be intended for为??设计。 ? 答案:A

? 5.The president spoke at the business meeting for nearly an hour without ________ his notes. ? A.bringing up B.referring to ? C.looking for D.trying on ? 解析:refer to参考;查阅。 ? 答案:B

? 6.(2012·会宁模拟)Though having lived abroad for years,many Chinese still ________ the traditional customs. ? A.perform B.possess ? C.observe D.support ? 解析:observe遵守。 ? 答案:C

? 1.Suddenly it hit me how difficult it was for a woman to get medical training at that time.

? 我突然想起在那个年代,一个女子去学医 是多么难。 ? 句中it作形式主语,代指how引导的从句。 同时“It hits/ hit sb.+从句”表示“某人突 然想起”。

? ①It hit me suddenly that I had forgotten his birthday. ? 我突然想起,我把他的生日忘了。 ? ②It hit me that I should call him back. ? 我突然想起该给他回电话了。

? 2.Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project. ? 她母亲头几个月来帮她的忙,这才使得她 得以开始自己的计划。 ? 这是一个倒装句。有时因为语气上的需要, 为了强调状语,把状语提到句首,这时后 面的句子采用倒装句。 ? only引导的副词、介词短语和状语从句置于 句首时,句子要采用倒装语序。

? only在句首修饰句子的主语时,不用倒装语 序。如:? ? Only Mary and Tom failed in the exam.? ? 只有玛丽和汤姆考试不及格。

? ①Only in this way can you learn English well. ? 只有用这种办法,你才能学好英语。 ? ②Only when one loses freedom does he/she know its value. ? 只有一个人失去自由时,他/她才懂得自由 的价值。

? 1.(2012·武汉模拟)Only when I left my parents for Italy ________ how much I loved them. ? A.I realized B.I had realized ? C.had I realized D.did I realize ? 解析:Only修饰状语时,主句要用部分倒 装语序。 ? 答案:D

? 2.It never ________ me that he might be in trouble. ? A.happened to B.adjusted to ? C.belonged to D.occurred to ? 解析:occur to使某人突然想起。 ? 答案:D


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