江苏省 2014 届高三下学期 4 月第三次大联考英语试题
本试卷分五部分。满分 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
第Ⅰ卷（共 85 分）
第一部分： 听力 (共两节，满分 20 分) 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. Where are they talking? A. At a meeting. 2. Whose car was stolen? A. Karen‘s. A. Go to dinner. 4. why was the woman late? A. She was ill. A. Teacher and student. B. She had a traffic accident. B. Mother and son. C. The traffic was too heavy. C. Friends. 5. What is the most probable relationship between the speakers? 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅 读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独 白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What happens to the woman? A. She wants to break up with Jane. C. She doesn‘t believe Jane‘s words. 7. What is the reason for the woman's problem?
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B. On the phone. B. The man‘s B. Visit her sister.
C. In the street. C. The woman‘s C. Go to the airport.
3. What is the woman going to do this evening?
B. She doesn‘t like Jane‘s gifts.
A. Jane has a different custom from hers. C. Jane doesn‘t value their friendship. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. Who is new in the neighborhood? A. Joseph. A. Three. B. The Williams. B. Four.
B. Jane doesn‘t attend her birthday party.
C. Jill Chen.. C. Five.
9. How many people are there in Mr. Williams‘ family? 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Why does the woman only have a few minutes to have a talk? A. Because she will have a class. C. Because she will have a test. 11. What are the two speakers talking about? A. Learning how to draw. B. Attending the drawing course. C. Taking an exam. 12. Why does the man come to see the woman? A. .To give his drawings to the woman B. To ask for the woman‘s permission to attend the course. C. To ask how to prepare for the exam. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Who is the woman? A. A reporter. A. A spy. A. People in real life. A. Murder. B. A book seller. B. A murderer.. B. People in Florida B. Detective. C. A policewoman. C. A policeman. C. People in fictions. C. Humorous. 14. Who is the main character of the man‘s latest book? 15. What does the man usually base his characters on? 16. What kind of stories is the man writing now? 听第 l0 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17 Where was Charles K. Kaoborn? A. Shanghai. A. One. B. Hong Kong. B. Two. C. New York. C. Three. 18. How many scientists got the 2009 Noble Prize in Physics together? 19. what can be learned from the voice? A. Kao‘s work makes the Internet information transmit faster around the world.. B. Kao is still working in the Chinese University of Hong Kong now. C. Willard Boyle and George Smith are both scientists.. 20. How do the Chinese people feel at the news that Kao got the Noble Prize?
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B. Because she will attend a meeting.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. During the long course of history, the Chinese people have, working with diligence, bravery and wisdom, created _________ beautiful homeland where all ethnic groups live in harmony, and developed _______ great culture. A. a, a B. /, the C. /, a D. a, the
22.— Mary had an accident on her way to home yesterday． — ? She is always careful． B．Why not C．So what D．What for
23. Can‘t it be in the drawer ______ you put your credit card? A. where B. in which C. there D. that
24. The young man came _______ to the airport hurriedly only_______his girl friend had already gone. A. driving; to find B. to drive; to find C. and drove; found D. driving; finding
25. — Thank God! The accident was avoided after all. —That was lucky, but ten inches nearer the two cars _________? A. was destroyed C. would have been destroyed B. would be destroyed D. had been destroyed
26. It is reported that a storm is on its way, but the weather today is ______ warm and sunny. A. frustratingly B. fortunately C. surprisingly D. hardly
27. — Can I borrow your tape-recorder? —No. The last time you borrowed it, you _______ it for a month. A.kept B. had kept C. are keeping D. have kept
28. .—How many practical plans has your colleague made this month? — A. None . All have turned out disappointing. B. Nothing C. Nobody D. No they might have been
29. Fortunately , the adventurers brought the GPS with themselves,
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lost in the desert. A. of which A. finished B. without which B. had finished C. in which D. about which D. finishing
30. Daisy ______ all the housework, she dropped herself into the sofa, sighing with relief. C. having finished
31. — Do you think Li Hua has passed the English examination? — No, If so, he ______ us yesterday. A. would tell B. told C. would have told D. had told
32. Every man has his faults. We should, therefore, learn to be ______ of others. A. ignorant B. responsible C. reliable D. tolerant
33. —Who bought you the fresh flower? —It‘s from my girlfriend, if you ______ know. A. have to B. must C. will D. might
34. I have no idea ______ measures the government will take to stop the air from being further polluted. A. which B. what C. that D. whose
35. Across the Yangtze River _____ more than one bridge, the Nanjing Changjiang Bridge being the first one. A. lay B. lie C. lies D. laid
第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 My oldest child, Emma, just returned to campus after a long holiday break to finish up her last period of ___36___. These days, friends and family have begun __37___ me with one question What is she going to do after __38___? The job market is, after all, awfully ___39___. Just this month the Federal Reserve Bank ___40__ a study showing that ―recent graduates are ___41___ working in low-paid jobs or working part-time.‖ The ___42___ spot, according to the study, is for students who majored(主修) in STEM — science, technology, engineering and ___43___— areas in which recent graduates ―have__44____ to do relatively well‖. But Emma is a student of the humanities(人文) at a small college. She‘s an American Studies
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major with a （an） ___45___ on the politics and culture of food. For quite a while, I think her field of study is so fashionable right now that I‘m not the least bit ___46___ she will find a good job. Yet the more I‘ve thought about it, the more I‘ve decided to be honest. ―I‘m not sure what Emma is going to do,‖ I now say. ―But she‘s gotten a great education and has really found her ___47___. — and I know those things will serve her well over the ___48___ of her life.‖ Nowadays, more and more universities and colleges are being __49____ by the salaries of their recent graduates. In this climate, ___50___ your kid to study the humanities, seems, at best, unwise or, at worst, unconcerned with ___51___ a living. But a college is not a vocational(职业) school. And promoting STEM subjects should not be society‘s only answer to helping the next generation grow in a competitive world. From the beginning, we never urged Emma to __52____ a college or a major with an eye on its expected return on money, ___53___ more and more families are doing. To Emma, what really __54____ will be something that we may not be able to measure for quite a long time Emma‘s ___55___ to the world and how happy she is in it. 36.A.work 37.A.filling 38.A.class 39.A.tough 40.A.wrote B.college B.covering B.school B.fair B.published C.training C.flooding C.lunch C.exciting C.came out C.jokingly C.bright C. philosophy C.decided C.focus C.pleased C.wish C.course C.depended C.reminded C.providing D.project D.meeting D.graduation D.mild D.printed D.increasingly D.weak D. humanities D.pretended D.point D.touched D.interest D.way D.attracted D.encouraging D.achieving
41.A.surprisingly B.doubtfully 42.A.dark B.useful
43.A.mathematics B.literature 44.A.intended 45.A.interest 46.A.worried 47.A.skill 48.A.program 49.A.decided B.tended B.attitude B.astonished B.potential B.chance B.measured
50.A.discouraging B.forcing 51.A.earning B.raising
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52.A.search 53.A.while 54.A.works
B.consider B.though B.matters
C.get C.as C.attaches C.desperation
D.pick D.when D.fixes D.creativity
55.A.contribution B. enthusiasm
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Eight in 10 Americans eat fast food at least once a month and half eat it every week according, to a Gallup Poll. Yet most people who eat fast food know it‘s bad for them. So why do they keep eating it? The answer is simple the benefits of eating fast food outweigh the long-term implications for most people. However, once you read these reasons why all those trips to the drive through may be slowly killing you, you may just want to stop eating fast food after all. 1. Fast food makes you fat. A 15-year study of over 3,000 people found that eating fast food is linked to weight gain and insulin resistance. In others words, fast food makes you fat and increases your risk of type 2 diabetes. You probably know this already. But here‘s something you may not know. 2. Fast food is addictive. The more you eat fast food, the more you crave it. One study found that fast food is ―a potentially addictive substance that is most likely to create dependence in vulnerable populations.‖ If you eat fast food once a week or more, you may be addicted to it. 3. Fast food is affecting your kids. According to the CDC, childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and tripled in adolescents in the past 30 years. Kids have an amazing ability to recall ads they‘ve seen. Fast food marketers know this, and design ads accordingly. Research shows strong associations between increases in advertising for non-nutritious foods and rates of childhood obesity. 4. Fast food “burgers” don’t have much burger in them. One study found that most fast food burgers are composed of about 50 percent water and the actual meat content is only 2.1 to 14.8 percent. So what makes up the rest of it, you ask? Chemical
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fillers and preservatives, mostly. That‘s why we see read horror stories about burgers that don‘t go bad. 5. Even “healthy” fast food isn’t that healthy. Fast food restaurants are catering to consumer demands to produce healthier options. The problem is, their definition of ―healthy‖ is quite lax. One of the healthiest dishes at Burger King, the Garden Fresh Salad Chicken Caesar with TENDERGRILL Chicken and dressing, still has almost 500 calories and 28 grams of fat, and nearly a day‘s worth of sodium. 6. Fast food is inhumane to animals. Okay, this one may not be a reason why fast is killing you, but it‘s still a compelling reason to stop eating fast food. 9 billion animals were slaughtered in the US alone in 2012 and much of that meat is for your fast food burgers and chicken sandwiches. Large factory farms resemble more of a ―business‖ than a ―farm.‖ Animals suffer in crowded spaces where they rarely have access to the outdoors or sunlight. They are pumped full of antibiotics to combat disease, which runs rampant in these conditions. Livestock is one of the biggest sources of pollution and environmental negligence, according to the UN. 7. Fast food sodas are loaded with sugar. High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is the cheap sweetener most fast food restaurants use in their sodas, desserts, and many other products. Princeton University researchers linked HFCS consumption to obesity in an animal study. Rats given HFCS gained more weight and body fat than those given table sugar. 56. How many factors are mentioned which can account for the reason why fast food is slowly killing you? A. Seven. B. Three. C. Four. D. Five.
57.According to the text, we know that_____. A. many people keep eating fast food because they know nothing about the harm which fast food will bring them B. fast food plays a key role in children‘s growth C. eating fast food is connected to weight gain and insulin resistance. D. many fast food restaurants are can offer a good and healthy meal to consumer 58.What is the purpose of the passage?
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A. To help us make right decisions C. To tell us how to keep fit
B. To advise us to stop eating fast food D. To encourage us to be humane to animals B
People say, you can not change the environment, but can change their own; you can not change the facts, but can change attitudes; you can not change the past, but can be changed now; you can not control other people, but can be masters of our own; you can not do everything well, but can be conscientious in everything; you can not about the weather, but you can change the mood; you can not choose looks, but it can show a smile. Indeed, one key to the success lies in his (her) mind. The difference between successful people and the losers are winners will be setbacks and difficulties due to personal ability, experience, imperfect, to emphasize the inherent, they are willing to continuously improve and develop the right direction; and the losers will blame on the opportunity, and the environment injustice, emphasizing external and uncontrollable factors that created the position of their life, they always complain, wait and give up! In many cases, is a humble person who is looked down upon his own. Person's appearance, his family, and so a priori condition that can not be changed, but at least inner state, the spirit of the will is entirely their own control. Mentality, the final decision of life high. There is no absolute bad thing, only the mentality of the absolute poor people. If even the state of mind will not adjust, how they deal with things more complicated than the mentality of it! No matter what the situation, a person's attitude is very important. Passion put to work, and numbness sluggish to work completely different. Emerson said "A move toward their goals is always people who gave him the whole world to give way." On the contrary, failure is not because we do not have the strength, but because we are susceptible to all around us, used to go along with the lack of assertive, attitude unstable, easily frustrated reason. As long as we believe that the strength of mind, change their attitude and courage to face a number of disappointments in life, do not despair, brave go on. I believe the power of mind, mind you're in the height of the final decision. 59.The underlined word ―humble‖ in Paragraph 3 probably means _____. A. ignoble C. lucky B. optimistic D. stubborn
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60. Where can you probably find the text? A. In a popular magazine C. In a physics textbook B. In a tourist guidebook D. In an official report
61. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. You can change nothing. B. The Power of Mind. C. The secret of success. D. The difference between successful people and the losers 62. Which best describes the writer‘s tone in the passage? A. Approving. B. Concerned. C Three-point-four billion riders on New York City subways and buses a year. This amazing number equals one-third of all mass transit trips in the United States. Ridership is at its highest in almost 60 years in almost every American city. A commuter advocacy group, ―Straphangers Campaign,‖ attributes it to younger Americans, said Gene Russianoff. ―Millenials（千禧一代）, those people born around the turn of the past century are much less car-oriented," he said. "They are urban. They like not owning cars, they like less responsibility and there are a lot of them." In addition to millenials, many people believe public transit is economical and eco-friendly. In 2012 across America, people took 10.7 billion trips. ―When we talk about insurance rates going up, price of automobiles going up, then people are waking up and realizing wait, here‘s this huge asset(优点)that has been underutilized," said Richard Rudolph, chairman of the Rail Users Network. "Why not take advantage of this particular opportunity. It certainly makes more sense to get people out of automobiles into subways and into commuter and passenger railroads.‖ New York is not standing still -- as passenger demand requires several major expansion projects. A new $4.5 billion subway line on New York‘s Second Avenue -- which was recently excavated underneath businesses and apartment houses -- will take an overload of passengers off of other subway lines. Its first phase completion is scheduled in 2016.
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People who work in New York‘s financial district will soon be using a new transit subway transfer center. Almost all lines converge in lower Manhattan and the new center will give riders an easier way to get around the city and into New Jersey. And, probably the most controversial and costly project is a $7 billion tunnel connection from Long Island into Manhattan‘s Grand Central Terminal. Trains from there will have access to New York‘s midtown business district. Andrew Albert, a board member of the Metropolitan Transit Authority, said there were many other reasons the public was riding in increasing numbers. ―The system has gotten a lot more dependable. We have new cars. We have countdown clocks to tell you when the next train is coming. We have expanded facilities in places," he said. New York‘s 24-hour, 7-day-a-week, transit system costs a $1.5 billion a year to maintain. It is one of the world‘s oldest, with its first subway line having opened in 1904. 63.Who is more likely to use public transmit? A.People living in suburb B.People living in the countryside B.American young people D.American old people.
64.What does the underlined word in the 5th paragragh ―underutilized‖ mean? A.Not be put forward C.not be made full use of B.not be noticed D.not be thought of
65.What does the underlined sentence in the 6th paragragh ―New York is not standing still‖ mean? A.New York is taking action to expand public transmit. B.New York will encourage more people to use public transmit. C.New York will make public transmit faster. D.New York is waking up and realizing the importance of public transmit. 66.Which is Not the reason why the public is riding subways and buses in increasing numbers. A.Public transport facilities are better than before. B.Many people believe public transit is economical and eco-friendly. C.The system has gotten a lot more dependable. D.It is more convenient to ride city subways and buses. D If your dog looks pleased to see you – it is probably because it loves the particular way you
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smell. The odour of a familiar human apparently lingers like perfume in the animal‘s brain – where it triggers an instinctive emotional response, research published yesterday reveals. Our scent acts on a part of the canine brain associated with reward and the strongest reactions are produced by humans that pets know best, say scientists in America. Gregory Berns, of Emory University in Atlanta, said ?While we might expect that dogs should be highly tuned to the smell of other dogs, it seems that the ―reward response‖ is reserved for their humans. 'When humans smell the perfume or cologne of someone they love, they may have an immediate, emotional reaction that's not necessarily cognitive. 'Our experiment may be showing the same process in dogs. But since dogs are so much more olfactory(嗅觉的) than humans, their responses would likely be even more powerful than the ones we might have. 'It's one thing when you come home and your dog sees you and jumps on you and licks you and knows that good things are about to happen. 'In our experiment, however, the scent donors were not physically present. Why do animals avoid pylons? Because they emit terrifying flashes of light that are INVISIBLE to humans. Dolphins use sponges to protect their sensitive noses while foraging for food on the sea floor 'That means the canine brain responses were being triggered by something distant in space and time. It shows that dogs' brains have these mental representations of us that persist when we're not there.' The university‘s experiment - the first of its type - involved 12 dogs of various breeds who underwent brain scans while five different scents were placed in front of them. The scent samples came from the subject itself, a dog the subject had never met, a dog that lived in the subject's household, a human the dog had never met, and a human that lived in the subject's household. The familiar human scent samples were taken from someone else from the house other than the handlers during the experiment, so that none of the scent donors were physically present. The results showed that all five scents elicited a similar response in parts of the dogs' brains
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involved in detecting smells. Responses were significantly stronger for the scents of familiar humans, followed by that of familiar dogs. The findings, which were published in the journal Behavioural Processes, showed that dogs reacted strongest to the scent of a familiar human even when they were not there. Pets trained as help or therapy dogs showed greater brain activity than the other dogs in the test. Researchers say the findings could improve the way animals who assist wounded veterans or disabled people are selected. 67. Why does your dog look pleased to see you ? A. because your dog wants to play with you B. because your dog is hungry C. because your dog wants to attract your attention D. because your dog loves the particular way you smell. 68. What‘s the purpose of Emory university‘s experiment ? A. To study dog‘s reaction while five different scents were placed in front of them. B. To learn how to get along well with dogs C. To know how to tell the difference between dogs D. To improve the way animals who assist wounded veterans or disabled people are selected. 69. According to the passage, a dog will be most interested in____. A. familiar dogs B. a human the dog had never met C. a dog the dog had never met D. familiar humans 70. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The dog‘s olfactory responses would likely be even more powerful than the ones we might have. B. In our experiment, the scent donors were physically present. C. Dogs reacted strongest to the scent of a familiar human even when they were there. D. Dog‘s brain responses were not being triggered(引发) by something distant in space and time.
第Ⅱ卷（共 35 分）
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第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只写一个单词。 Country-dwellers(农村居民) often say the constant noise, heavy traffic and crowds of the city would drive them mad. Well, they might be right, according to the latest research. City residents are more likely to develop mental illnesses than those who live in villages, a study has found. Researchers from Cardiff university examined the lifestyles of more than 200,000 people in Sweden and found that those who lived in urban areas were more at risk from mental illnesses than people who lived in villages. The experts don‘t know exactly why this is but they suggest that town and city residents are more likely to be ostracized(排挤) by those around them. They are more likely to experience discrimination(歧视) if they do not fit in, which can lead to them feeling anxious and even developing mental illnesses. Dr Stanley Zammit, who led the research said that people living in towns and cities are more likely to develop other mental illnesses that result in personality changes — a condition known as non-affective psychosis(非情感性精神病). Earlier this year an official report found that village-dwellers live an average of two years longer than those living in towns and cities. According to figures from the Office of National Statistics in the UK, men who live in villages are likely to live for between 78 and 79 years, while those in towns and cities can expect to survive to an age of 76. Women on average survive to their 81st birthday in towns and cities, but live to between 82 and 83 in villages. The small marked town of Wimborne Minster in rural Dorset was named the healthiest place to live in. City residents are more likely to develop illnesses ____71_____ than those living in villages, The way researchers do the research Examine the ways of _____72____ of more than 200,000 people in Sweden ____73_____ of expert 1.Town and city residents are more likely to be ostracized(排挤) by those around them. 2.They are more likely to go_____74_____ discrimination( 歧 视 )____75____ they fit in, which can lead to their ____76_____ and even mental illnesses.
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Finding of the research
People living in towns and cities are more likely to develop other mental illnesses that _____77____ personality changes — a
condition known as non-affective psychosis(非 情感性精神病). ____78_____ from the Office of National Statistics in the UK 1.Village-dwellers live an average of two years longer than those living in towns and cities. 2.Men who live in villages are likely to live _____79____ than those in towns and cities。 3.The _____80____ age of Women in towns and cities is 81. 第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分） 根据下面的图画写一篇短文，文章需要包括以下几点： 1. 描述图画所反映的事件； 2. 对图中现象加以分析； 3. 针对这个现象提出建议。
1. 考生可适当发挥，使文章内容充实、连贯； 2. 词数 120 词左右
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3. 词汇：filial piety 孝心
1—5BACCC 21-25 AADAC 41-45 DCABC 61-65 BDBCA 6---10ACCBB 11---15BBACA 16---20BACAC 26-30 CAABC 31-35 CDBBC 36-40 BCDAB 46-50 ADCBD 51-55 ADCBA 56-60 ACBAA 66-70 DDADA
we need togive our parents a call and tell them we are fine. Only with the sense our filial piety can our parents lead a really happy life.
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