必修 4 Unit 1 A STUDENT OF AFRICAN WILDLIFE Jane has helped people understand how much they behave like humans. Everybody sits and waits in the shade of the trees while the family begins to wake up and move off. Jane warns us that our group is going to be very tired and dirty by the afternoon and she is right. However, the evening makes it all worthwhile. We see them go to sleep together in their nest for the night. We realize that the bond between members of a chimp family is as strong as in a human family. Nobody before Jane fully understood chimp behaviour. She spent years observing and recording their daily activities. Since her childhood she had wanted to work with animals in their own environment. For forty years Jane Goodall has been outspoken about making the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals. She has argued that wild animals should be left in the wild and not used for entertainment or advertisements. She is leading a busy life "Once I stop, it all comes crowding in and I remember the chimps in laboratories. She inspires those who want to cheer the achievements of women. WHY NOT CARRY ON HER GOOD WORK? By chance I came across an article about a doctor called Lin Qiaozhi, a specialist in women's diseases. t was a small book explaining how to cut the death rate from having and caring for babies. The book was intended for women in the countryside. Perhaps if they had an emergency they could not reach a doctor. Suddenly it hit me how difficult it was for a woman to get medical training at that time. That was a generation when girls' education was always placed second to boys'. it was hard work and determination as well as her gentle nature that got her into medical school. What made her succeed later on was the kindness and consideration she showed to all her patients. Lin Qiaozhi, tired after a day's work, went late at night to deliver a baby for a poor family Why not study at medical college like Lin Qiaozhi and carry on her good work? 必修 4 Unit 2 A PIONEER FOR ALL PEOPLE Indeed, his sunburnt face and arms and his slim, strong body are just like those of millions of Chinese farmers, for whom he has struggled for the past five decades. Dr Yuan Longping grows what is called super hybrid rice. In 1974, he grow rice that has a high output. This special strain of rice makes it possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same fields. At that time, hunger was a disturbing problem in many parts of the countryside. Dr Yuan searched for a way to increase rice harvests without expanding the area of the fields. Dr Yuan is now circulating his knowledge in India, Vietnam 。Thanks to his research, the UN has more tools in the battle to rid the world of hunger. Dr Yuan is quite satisfied with his life. being famous. He feels being famous gives him less freedom to do his research. He would much rather keep time for his hobbies.. He therefore gives millions of yuan to equip others for their research Dr Yuan has another dream: to export his rice so that it can be grown around the globe.
CHEMICAL OR ORGANIC FARMING? using chemical fertilizers has become very common in farming. Many farmers welcomed them as a great way to stop crop disease and increase production. long-term use of these fertilizers can cause damage to the land 。First, they damage the land by killing the helpful bacteria and pests as well as the harmful ones. These chemicals in the food supply build up in people's bodies over time. fruit, vegetables and other food grown with chemical fertilizers usually grow too fast to be full of much nutrition.There is usually more water than vitamins and minerals. With these discoveries, They focus on keeping their soil rich and free of disease. A healthy soil reduces disease and helps crops grow strong and healthy. Organic farmers, therefore, often prefer using natural waste from animals as fertilizer. This also keeps the air, soil, water and crops free from chemicals. 必修 4 Unit 3 A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR up to now nobody has been able to do this better than Charlie Chaplin. He made people laugh at a time when they felt depressed, so they could feel more content with their lives. His parents were both poor music hall performers. You may find it astonishing that Charlie was taught to sing as soon as he could speak。Unfortunately his father died, leaving the family even worse off, He could mime and act the fool doing ordinary everyday tasks. No one was ever bored watching him -his subtle acting made everything entertaining. He grew more and more popular as his charming character, the little tramp, became known throughout the world. The tramp, a poor, homeless man with a moustache, wore large trousers, worn-out shoes and a small round black hat. He walked around stilly carrying a walking stick. This character was a social failure but was loved for his optimism and determination to overcome all difficulties. the little tramp and his friend have rushed there in search of gold, Charlie first picks out the laces and eats them as if they were spaghetti. Then he cuts off the leather top of the shoe as if it were the finest steak. Finally he tries cutting and chewing the bottom of the shoe. The acting is so convincing that it makes you believe that it is one of the best meals he has ever tasted! Charlie Chaplin wrote, directed and produced the films he starred in. In 1972 he was given a special Oscar for his outstanding work in films. He is a great actor who could inspire people with great confidence. Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson went camping in a mountainous area. They were lying in the open air under the stars. Sherlock Holmes looked up at the stars and whispered, how vast the sky is."必修 4 Unit 4 COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM? I, representing our university's student association, went to the Capital International Airport to meet this year's international students.. We would take them first to their dormitories and then to the student canteen. After half an hour of waiting for their flight to arrive, I saw several young people enter the waiting area looking around curiously. Tony approached Julia, touched her shoulder and kissed her on the cheek! She stepped back appearing surprised and put up her hands, as if in defence. there was probably a major misunderstanding. When Darlene Coulon from France came dashing through the door, In general, though, studying international
customs can certainly help avoid difficulties in today's world of cultural crossroads! SHOWING OUR FEELINGS It is possible to "read" others around us, even if they do not intend for us to catch their unspoken communication. The most universal facial expression is, of course, the smile – its function is to show happiness and put people at ease. Smiles around the world can be false, hiding other feelings like anger, Making a fist and shaking it almost always means that someone is angry and threatening another person. Being respectful to people is subjective, based on each culture, it is probably not a good idea to give a hug to a boss or teacher. In almost every culture, it is not usually good to stand too close to someone of a higher rank. 必修 4 Unit 5 THEME PARKS — FUN AND MORE THAN FUN There are various kinds of theme parks, culture, science, cartoons, movies or history. Some parks are famous for having the biggest or longest roller coasters, It will bring you into a magical world and make your dreams come true, whether traveling through space, visiting a pirate ship or meeting your favourite fairy tale or Disney cartoon character. As you wander around the fantasy amusement park, you may see Snow White or Mickey Mouse in a parade or on the street. Of course Disneyland also has many exciting rides, from giant swinging ships to terrifying free-fall drops. With all these attractions, no wonder tourism is increasing Dollywood is one of the most unique theme parks in the world. People come from all over America to see carpenters and other craftsmen make wood, glass and iron objects in the old-fashioned way. or take a ride on the only steam- engine train You can even see beautiful bald eagles in the world's largest bald eagle preserve. If you want to experience the ancient days and great deeds of English knights and ladies, princes and queens, then England's Camelot Park is the place for you. Every area of the park is modelled after life in the days of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. In one place, you can watch magic shows with Merlin the Wizard. FUTUROSCOP —EXCITEMENT AND LEARNING Then I took a trip to Brazil and experienced surviving an airplane crash in the jungle. I see strange blind creatures that have never seen sunlight. For a break, I took part in some car racing and then skied down some of the most difficult mountains in the world. This science and technology-based theme park in France uses the most advanced technology. Its 3-D cinemas and giant movie screens provide brand new experiences of the earth and beyond. Visitors can get close to parts of the world they have never experienced, flying through the jungle or visiting the edges of the solar system. The amazing, up-to-date information together with many opportunities for hands-on learning makes the world come to life in a completely new way for visitors. tickets are also available online. Futuroscope is also the perfect mix of fun and learning for class outings. Classes Futuroscope provide a shuttle service to the park. If driving, Futuroscope is within easy reach of the freeway. Futuroscope has so many shows, activities and great souvenir shops 。Be sure to wear some comfortable sneakers or other walking shoes!