高中英语 Unit3Australia-Reading课件 新人教选修9_图文

Unit 3 Australia

Warming up
Today we are going to learn about a country. It is a country and also a continent. It is surrounded by oceans. While many other countries are having

winter, it is in summer.

In this country, you will see many plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else, such as the kangaroo, koala bear, etc. Do you

know which country it is?

Australia:
Australia is in Oceania, the smallest continent in the world. The capital is Canberra. Sydney is a famous city, which has the well-known building Sydney Opera House. In the year of 2000, the 27th Olympic Games was held in Sydney. Australia has some unique animals, such as the kangaroo, the emu and the koala.

Have you ever been there? What places do you know in Australia? (well-known cities, famous scenic spots, etc. ) Look at the pictures. What do you see in the pictures? Can you recognize them?

Great Barrier Reef

Perth
Canberra Uluru Kakadu

Sydney

Sydney: the largest city in Australia, which is the capital of the state of New South Wales and an important financial, industrial, and educational center. It’s known especially for the Sydney Harbour Bridge and for the Sydney Opera House. The Olympic Games was held in Sydney in 2000.

Perth: the capital of Western Australia, Australia’s largest city in the western part of the country

Kakadu: a national park in the Northern
Territory. It is a popular destination for

tourists interested in Australia's tropical
north and its wildlife, including crocodiles..

Canberra: The Federal Capital of Australia. Parliament House for the Commonwealth of Australia is built here.

Uluru: a very large red rock in the Northern Territory, Australia, which is the world’s largest monolith(= block of stone). It was formerly known as Ayers Rock, but the original Australian Aboriginal name for it, Uluru, is now preferred. It is another popular tourist destination.

Great Barrier Reef: a chain of coral reefs stretching about 2,000 kilometers along the coast of Queensland. This is a world heritage area, famous for its abundant tropical fish and corals.

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Pre-reading
Glance quickly at the five texts below and then answer the questions 1. What topic is common to all five texts?

The five texts are about some
aspects of Australia.

2. What does Text 1 “Glimpses of Australia” mainly tell us? A general description of the physical features and ecology of Australia and its political organization.

3. On Australia Day,________.

A. people sing and dance together
B. people enjoy Australia food C. some people from overseas were accepted as the citizens in Australia D. people can travel all over Australia

4. If you trip from Sydney to Perth, you can see ___________.

A. mountains and trees
B. mountains and plains C. mountains, plains and wildlife D. plains, trees and wildlife

5. The rock in Uluru is amazing because
_______.

A. it is very high B. it is very large
C. it is sacred D. it can change color 6. How many World Heritage is mentioned in the five texts? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 4. 14

Uluru Rock

Cradle Mountain National Park

The Blue Mountains

1. Where do most Australians live? The south-eastern costal area of Australia. 2. In what city do federal politicians work? Canberra. 3. How many people live in Australia? 20 million.

4. When is Australia Day? 26th January.
5. How far is it from Perth to Sydney? 4,352 kilometers 6. How many World Heritage Sites are there in Australia? 14.

7. Which part of Australia gets the most rainfall? A few coastal areas. 8. Why do most people choose not to climb Uluru? Most people do not climb Ayers Rock out of respect for the Aboriginal people who consider the rock to be sacred.

9. What two Worlds Heritage Sites are named in these texts? Cradle Mountain National Park &Uluru.

Reading
Now read the five texts again more
carefully and fill in the form.

Something about Australia

Official name Capital

Commonwealth of Australia Canberra

___ 20 million, approximately Population 80% live in the __________ the south_________________ eastern coastal area

Area

7,686,850 ________ square kilometers, largest country in the the sixth ___________ world

The number 6 of states Two largest Melbourne and Sydney cities Famous for its huge, open space, bright sunshine, enormous number of sheep and cattle and its unusual wildlife.

Australia On __________, 26 January many people Day who come from overseas will Australian become___________

Travel from Sydney to Perth

Blue Mountains View_______________, plains of the Nulbarbor _____________________ and_________________ a variety of wildlife

Travel from Adelaide to Darwin

the rolling hills Observe ______________, __________________________ the rusty reds of Australia’s ______ center and _____________________ the tropical splendor of ___________. Darwin

color It appears to change ___________, grey-red at sunrise to from _________________ Uluru Rock __________________. burning red at dusk It is famous for its mountain peaks _____ _________________, lakes and Cradle ____________ forests . Mountain ancient National There is a walking _______ track and Park a range of short walks _____________________.

Discussion
What do you think of Australia? Australia is a large country with multicultural, amazing scenes and unique ecology.

1. What kind of people do you think make Australia their home? People chose to settle in Australia might be: 1) want a better life than they had at home, a change of lifestyle or a challenge;

2) are attracted to the climate, the beauty of the country or the opportunity to improve the situation that they had in their original country; 3) have been forced to leave their country for some reason and must find somewhere else to live.

So we have a reason to believe that people who go to a new country to start again are likely to be courageous, curious and strong minded, and they enjoy challenges, since there might be tremendous hardships. They are probably confident of their abilities and open to new ideas and ways of doing things.

2. Each year large numbers of people become Australian citizens. Why do you think they choose to become citizens?
They choose to become Australian citizens in order to feel truly a part of their new country,

to feel secure in their new country and know they cannot be made to leave, or to gain an Australian passport and enjoy the rights of a citizen. Only Australian citizens can vote so some may take a greater part in the political life of the country.

3. When do you think travelling by train across Australia would be appropriate and when do you think travelling by plane would be most suitable?
Obliviously, if you have to get to your destination quickly, you would travel by plane.

It is also cheaper to travel by plane as these long distance trains are luxurious and therefore expensive. You might travel by train for the experience or to view the scenery on your journey. You might travel by train because you are frightened of flying.

4. In what part of Australia do you think most agriculture takes place? Give reasons. (Text 1 is most relevant for this question.) As you need water to grow things, farming is most suitable in the wetter, coastal areas of the country.

5. Why do you think the population of Australia is so small when it is such a large country?
Part of the reason is that much of the centre of Australia is uninhabitable desert.

Another reason is that the Aboriginal population was fairly stable for thousands of years and others settled in the country just over two hundred years ago. A third reason is that the government has strict quotas on how many people can immigrate to the country.

5. Choose five words or phrases to describe Australia. It’s large, developed, autonomous,

friendly and attractive.

1. What’s the writing style of the passage? Illustrating writing. 2. What’s the characteristic of the passage? As a whole, classification declaration is used with subtitles to introduce Australia, making the students have a clear idea of it. Numbers, examples and pictures are also used, making the illustration more vivid and concrete.

3. What’s the main idea of the passage? We can get some information about Australia, especially its geography and scenery 4. What’s the writing purpose of the passage? The passage not only makes us readers get a general idea of Australia but also arouses our interest in it and encourage us to pay a visit to it. I think these are the purposes of the passage

Homework Write an article about the reasons why people want to travel in Australia.


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