2014上海高考一模英语新题型专项训练

(A) One day I heard two girls talking about making net friends in a café . One said that she (25) ______ (meet) one of her net friends and the other told her not to because most people found their net friends (26) ______ (disappoint) in real life. We all know it is quite common now that many teenagers, especially (27) ______ from one-child families, like to make net friends and spend lots of time chatting with them because they need someone to talk with and share their sorrow and happiness. However, is it wise for them to do so? In my opinion, it is possible for you to find some real good friends with the help of new technology but you (28) ______ ______ take care. When you talk with someone unknown on the Internet, you have no idea at all what kind of person he is and (29) ______ he is telling you the truth. Besides we can‘t deny that some bad guys mask themselves very well so that they can get many nice people (30) ______ (trap). So, you‘re taking the risk of meeting your net friends (31) ______ you get any idea about him. In a word, you can never be too careful when meeting your net friends. (B) Perhaps one aspect of modern life which is most often considered ?annoying‘ is noise. According to some estimates, the amount of urban noise (32) ______ (double) in the past ten years, and with the increase in road and air traffic, noise is likely to increase too. Noise quite clearly affects the health of modern man. It is a health threat. Loud noise (33) ______ (say) to be a leading cause of deafness among many people over 65. It is also a major (34) ______ (contribute) factor in causing stress, (35) ______ itself causes a variety of illnesses. Noise is sometimes associated with lack of communication in the modern world. In many busy shops, factories and nightclubs, (36) ______ level and constancy of noise make conversation at a natural level difficult or impossible. Certain people in society, such as motorcyclists, seem to believe they have a right (37) ______ (make) as much noise as they like without being fined. Do they? We are so trained to noise in this modern world (38) ______ people growing up with little (39) ______ no experience of genuine peace and quiet have begun to associate silence with boredom. Isn‘t it time for us to start teaching young people that silence is golden and that you can do a lot of interesting things (40) ______ the accompaniment of noise?

1

(A) After the birth of my second child, I got a job at a restaurant. Having worked with _____25_____ experienced waitress for a few days, I was allowed to wait tables on my own. All went well that first week. When Saturday night came, I _____26_____ (give) the tables not far from the kitchen. However, I still felt it a little hard to carry the heavy trays(托盘). The restaurant was full of people _____27 _____I could realize that. I moved slowly, and minded every step. I remember how happy I was when I saw the tray stand near the tables; It had nice handles, _____28_____ (make) it easier to move around. I was pleased with everything and began to believe I was a natural at this job. Then, an old man came to me and said, ―Excuse me, dear, my wife and I loved watching you work. _____29_____ seems that your tray stand has been very useful to you, but we are getting ready to leave now, and my wife _____30_____ wait to take her walker back.‖ At first his message did not get across. ―What was he talking about!‖ Then, I got it. I _____31_____(set) my trays on his wife‘s orthopedic walker(助步器). My face was on fire. I wanted to get into a hole and hide. Since then, I‘ve learned that sometimes there‘s no point _____32_____ (be) too sure of myself. (B) There are a variety of techniques used to bring about success in selling. Here are the most important ones _____33_____ are often mentioned by successful salespeople.
? ? Find out _____34_____ your customers‘ real wants and needs are. Listen as they tell Know all about your product and what it can do for your customers. Product knowledge you their favours. is a ―must‖ in personal selling because it creates confidence, builds enthusiasm, and makes the situation more professional. Lay emphasis on the unique advantage of your product _____35_____ others. ? Take a confident attitude in selling your product. It is _____36_____(effective) when the salesperson says, ―May I help you?‖ than when he or she says ―You wouldn‘t like to see our model, _____37_____you?‖ ? Prepare yourself _____38_____(deal) with objections. If the customer says the price is too high, you might reply, ―Yes, the price may be a little higher than _____39_____(plan). However, actually, you will save money _____40_____ high quality of this product.‖ Don‘t disagree with your customer in any case when he or she says the price is too high. ? Use praise wisely.

2

(A) ―Come in, Kim. Have a seat, please,‖ said Bill Williams, the manager. This was Kim‘s first experience with an assessment. After only six months he was due for a raise (25) _____ this assessment was satisfactory. ―Kim,‖ began Bill Williams, ―I am very pleased with the quality of your work. My only concern is that you are not active enough in (26) _____ (put) forward your suggestions.‖ ―But,‖ replied Kim, ―I have always completed every assignment you (27) _____ (give) me, Mr. Williams.‖ ―I know that, Kim. And please, call me Bill. But (28) _____ I expect is for you to think independently and introduce new ideas. It is more input from you (29) _____ I need – more feedback on how things are going. I don‘t need a ?yes man‘. You just smile (30) ______ _____ everything is fine. I‘m not asking you to tell me what to do, but what you think we (31) _____ do. To make suggestions, I employed you because I respect your experience in this field.‖ ―Yes, I see. I‘m not accustomed to this, but I will try to do as you say… Bill.‖ ―Good, then, I expect (32) _____ (hear) more from you at staff meetings or at any other time you want to discuss an idea with me.‖ ―Yes, of course. Thank you, Mr. Will… Bill.‖ (B) I was the middle child of the three, but there was a gap of five years on either side, and I hardly saw my father before I was eight. For this and (33) _____ reasons I was somewhat lonely. I had the lonely child‘s habit of making up stories, and I think from the very start my literary ambitions (34) _____ (mix) up with the feeling of being isolated. I knew that I had a natural ability with words, and I felt that this created a sort of private world where I could get my own back for my failure in everyday life. However, the quantity of serious writing which I produced all (35) _____ my childhood would not add up to half a dozen pages. I wrote my first poem at the age of four or five, my mother (36) _____ (take) it down to dictation. I cannot remember anything about it except that it was about a tiger and (37) _____ tiger had ―chair-like teeth‖— a good enough expression. At eleven, when the war of 1914-18 broke out, I wrote a poem (38) _____ (print) in the local newspaper later. From time to time, when I was a bit (39) _____ (old), I wrote bad and usually unfinished ―nature poems‖. I also, about twice, attempted a short story (40) _____ was a failure. That was the total of the would-be serious work that I actually set down on paper during all those years.

3

A Every summer, Penny travels to a family reunion barbeque. Penny is never excited, and this year is no different. She is afraid of the drive. She does not like talking to her relatives. And she does not like the smell of hamburgers. (Penny is a vegetarian.) (25) ______ Penny arrives, she sees lots of familiar faces. It is July and Uncle Vernon (26) ______ (wear) a sweater. Uncle Vernon is always cold. It’s very mysterious. She sees her cousin Polly. Polly has six children. The youngest one screams. Then the oldest one screams. Polly’s children are always screaming. She sees many of her other cousins in the field (27) ______ (play) softball. They play a softball game every year, (28) ______ always ends up in a big argument. Penny wonders, again, why they never solve it. Then Penny sees an incredibly handsome man. She stares at him. He catches her staring. He smiles and walks (29) ______ to her. Penny is very nervous. She is nervous because a handsome man is walking to her and she is nervous because this handsome man might be her cousin. The man sticks out his hand, (30)_____ (say), “Hi, I’m Paul.” “Hi, I’m Penny,” Penny says. “Are we related?” Paul laughs. “No, we are not related. I am Vernon’s nurse. He is sick and needs (31) _____ (keep) me close by. But he did not want to miss this barbeque!” “Oh, thank goodness,” Penny says and then blushes. Penny always blushes when she is nervous, embarrassed, or hot, and right now she is all three. Handsome Paul laughs and says, “Would you like to go get a hamburger with me? (32) ______ smell delicious.” Penny smiles, “Sure. I love hamburgers!” B Beware first-class travelers! Passengers sitting in the rear of a plane have the best chance of survival in an event of a crash, an extraordinary and costly aviation (航空,飞行)experiment ever (33) ______ (conduct) has revealed. In a unique aviation experiment recently, the 170-seat-Boeing 727 was made (34)_____ _____ (crash) in a controlled manner in a remote part of Mexico’s Sonoran Desert. After pilot James Slocum jumped out of the plane at 2,500ft, the jet(35)______ (guide) into the ground by a pilot in a following Cessna via a remote-control device, the reporters reported. On board of the jet were three advanced crash-test dummies(假人)designed to move (36)_____ humans. They were arranged in three positions: one in the classic brace and wearing a seat-belt; one belted but not in the brace position; and one (37) ______ belted nor in the brace. After the jet hit the ground nose-first, experts found that the dummy in the brace position would have survived the impact, (38) ______ one not in the brace would have suffered serious head injuries, and the dummy not wearing a seat-belt would have “died”. Using this, experts predicted that 78 percent of passengers on board would have survived the impact,(39)______ all the first-class travelers would have died because the front of the fuselage(机身)broke apart when the plane comes down nose first. Those sitting at the back would have had the(40)______ (good) chance of survival.

4

( A ) Mother Teresa was born in Yugoslavia, on August 27, 1910. She attended the government school near her home until she was eighteen. At that time, some doctors and nurses from Yugoslavia were working in India, and they often (25)_______(write) to the school about their work. She decided to join them one day. When she left school, she first went to Britain. Then a year later she went to India, where she began(26)_______(train)to be a teacher. After training, she was sent to Calcutta, (27)_______she taught geography at a school and soon after became headmistress. However, (28)_______she loved teaching, in 1946 Mother Teresa left the school and went to work in the poor parts of Calcutta. Later she was trained to become a nurse in Patna, and then began her work helping the poor and comforting the dying in the streets of the city. Slowly, (29)_______ came to help her, and her work spread to other parts of India. Mother Teresa is now a well-known person. Many photos (30)_______ (take) of her, (31)_______ she travels around the world to open new schools and hospitals in poor countries. In 1979, she was given the Nobel Prize for the lifetime of love and service she has given to the poor. ( B ) On any collecting trip, obtaining the animals is, as a rule, the simplest part of the job. As soon as the local people discover that you are willing to buy live wild creatures, the stuff comes (32)_______ (pour) in; ninety percent is, of course, the more common types, but they do bring (33)_______occasional rarity. If you want the really rare stuff, you generally have to go out and find it yourself. The chief difficulty you have when you have got a newly (34)______ (catch) animal is not so much the shock it might be suffering, but the fact (35)_______being caught forces it to exist close to a creature it regards as an enemy of the (36)_______ (bad) possible sort: yourself. On many occasions an animal may take beautifully to being in a cage but (37)_______ (get) used to the idea of living with people is another matter. This is the difficulty you (38)_______only deal with by patience and kindness. For month after month an animal may try to bite you every time you approach its cage, (39)_______you despair of ever making a favorable impression on it. Then, one day, sometimes without any preliminary warning, it will trot forward and take food from your hand, or allow you to tickle it behind the ears. (40)_______ such moments you feel that all the waiting in the world was worthwhile.

5

(A) Like many of my generation, I have a weakness for hero worship. At some point, however, we all begin to question our heroes and our need for them. This leads us to ask: What is a hero? (25)______ immense differences in cultures, heroes around the world generally share a number of characteristics that instruct and inspire people. A hero does something worth (26) ______ (talk) about. A hero has a story of adventure to tell and a community who will listen. But a hero goes beyond mere fame. Heroes serve powers or principles larger than themselves. Like high-voltage (高电压) transformers, heroes take the energy of higher powers and step it down (27) ______ ______ it can be used by ordinary people. The hero lives a life worthy of imitation. Those who imitate a genuine hero (28) ______ (experience) life with new depth, enthusiasm, and meaning. A sure test for would-be heroes is what or whom do they serve? What are they willing to live and die for? (29) ______ the answer or evidence suggests they serve only their own fame, they may be famous persons but not heroes. Madonna and Michael Jackson are famous, (30) ______ who would claim that their fans find life more abundant? Heroes are catalysts (催化剂 ) for change. They have a vision from the mountaintop. They have the skill and the charm to move the masses. They create new possibilities. Without Gandhi, India (31) ______ still be part of the British Empire. (32) ______ may be possible for large-scale change to occur without leaders with magnetic personalities, but the pace of change would be slow, the vision uncertain, and the committee meetings endless. (B) When young people get their real jobs, they may face a lot of new, confusing situation. They may find that everything is different from the way things (33) ______ (be) at school. It is also possible that they will feel uncomfortable in both professional and social situations. Eventually, they realize that university classes can’t be the only preparation for all of the different situations (34) ______ appear in the working world. Perhaps the best way (35) ______ (learn) how to behave in the working world is to identify a worker you admire and observe his behavior. In doing s o, you’ll be able to see what it is (36) ______ you admire in this person. For example, you will observe how he acts when he is in trouble. Perhaps even (37) ______ (important), you will be able to see what his approach to everyday situations (38) ______ (be). While you are observing your colleague, you should be asking yourself whether his behavior is like (39) ______ and how you can learn from his response to different situations. By (40) ______ (learn) from a model, you will probably begin to identify and learn good working habits.

6

(A)

Alan and Linda always dreamed of living “the good life”. Both from poor working-class families, they married young and set out to fulfil their mutual goal of becoming wealthy. They both worked very hard for years. ____25____ (earn) enough money, they finally could move from their two-bedroom home to a seven-bedroom home in a rich neighbourhood. They focused their energies on trying to have ____26____ they considered important for a good life: membership in the local country club, luxury cars, designer clothing, and high-class society friends. ____27____ much they earned, it never seemed to be enough. They were unable to remove the financial insecurity that ____28____ (acquire) in childhood. Then the stock market crashed in 1987, and Alan and Linda lost a considerable amount of money. Alan also suffered from heart attack, ____29____ cost the family much. One thing led to ____30____, and they found themselves in a financial disaster. Their house needed to be sold, and eventually they lost the country club membership and the cars. It was several years ____31____ Alan and Linda managed to land on their feet, and though they now live a life far from wealthy, they have learned a valuable lesson from their lives and felt quite blessed. Only now, as they think of what ____32____ (remain) — a solid, loving marriage, a dependable income, and good friends — do they realize that true abundance comes not from gathering fortunes, but rather from appreciating.
(B)

We all hope to enjoy harmonious relationships with our parents. In real life, however, this is not always possible. The poem “Those Winter Sundays” by Robert Hayden expresses the speaker’s regret over the way the speaker, when he was young, ____33____ (treat) his father. It is only when he looks back on how he has grown up ____34____ he begins to understand his father’s unselfish love. In remembering the small things his father did ____35____ him and his family, such as lighting a fire in the morning and polishing his shoes, the speaker begins to understand an aspect of parental love that escaped ____36____ notice in the past. As he recalls how his father warmed the house, the speaker’s coldness toward his father starts to melt away. In its place is love and gratitude. It dawns on him that love is not just hugging and kissing, or always warm and affectionate, but ____37____ well be cold and stern in appearance. In fact, mature love often requires self-discipline and self-sacrifice. During our stressful teen years, we may find that our parents, especially our fathers, have difficulty____38____ (show) their love for us verbally — sometimes when we need it most. This is certainly very discouraging. However, if we remember ____39____ (be) grateful or not so self-centered, we will see that their love has always been there, only ____40____ (express) in ways different from what we may have expected.

7

(A) Last August Susan and forty-two other students got wet and dirty while removing six tons of garbage (25)_____ the river running across their city. (26)_____ cleaned up the river as part of a weeklong environmental camp. Like one in three American rivers, this river is so polluted that it’s unsafe for swimming or fishing. Still, Susan, (27)_____ has just completed her third summer camp on the river cleanup, sees a change in this river. “Since we started three years ago, the river is getting a lot (28)_____(clean),” she says. Environmental scientists praise the teenagers for removing garbage (29)_____ can harm wild life. Water birds, for example, can die of plastic bottle rings and get cut by tiny metals. Three years ago, when the cleanup started, garbage was everywhere. But this year the teenagers can row their boats fast. By the end of the six-hour cleanup, they (30)_____(remove) enough garbage to fill more than two large trucks. “(31)_____(see) all that garbage in the river makes people begin to care about environmental issues,” Susan says. She hopes that when others read that, she and her peers care enough (32)_____(clean) it up, maybe they would think twice before they throw garbage into the river.

(B) Dave Fuss lost his job (33)_____(drive) a truck for a small company in west Michigan. His wife, Gerrie, was still working in the local school cafeteria, and the price of everything was rising. The Fusses were at risk of joining the millions of Americans who have lost their homes in recent years. Then Dave and Gerrie received a timely gift---$7,000,a legacy (遗产) from their neighbors Ish and Arlene Hatch, who died in (34)_____ accident. “It really made a difference (35)_____ we were going under financially.” says Dave. But the Fusses weren’t the only folks in Alto and the neighboring town of Lowell to receive unexpected legacy from the Hatches. Dozens of other families (36)_____(touch) by the Hatches’ generosity. In some cases, it was a few thousand dollars; in others, it was more than $100,000. It surprised nearly everyone that the Hatches had so much money, more than $ 3million—they were an elderly couple who lived in an old house on (37)_____ was left of the family farm. (38)_____ _____ the financial crisis, Ish and Arlene developed the habit of saving. They were fond of comparison shopping and would routinely go from store to store, (39)_____(check) prices before making a new purchase. Through the years, the Hatches paid for local children to attend summer camp when their parents (40)_____ not afford it. “Ish and Arlene never asked whether you needed anything,” says their friend Sand Van Weelden, “They could see the things they could do to make you happier, and they would do them.”

8

(A) English is (25) ________ (widely) used language in the history of our planet. One in every seven human beings (26) ________ speak it. More than half of the world’s books and three quarters of international mail are in English. Of all languages, English has the largest vocabulary — perhaps as many as two million words. However, let’s face it: English is a crazy language. There is no egg in (27) ________ eggplant, neither pine nor apple in a pineapple and no ham in a hamburger. Sweet-meats are candy, while sweetbreads, (28) ________ aren’t sweet, are meat. We take English (29) _______ granted. But when we explore its paradoxes (矛 盾), we find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square, public bathrooms have no baths in them. And why is it (30) ________ a writer writes, but fingers don’t fing, grocers don’t groce, and hammers don’t ham? If the plural of tooth is teeth, shouldn’t the plural of booth be beeth? How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same, while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites? How can overlook and oversee be opposites, while quite a lot and quite a few are alike? How can the weather be hot as hell one day and cold as hell the next? So far English, (31) ________ (invent) by people not computers, (32) ________ (reflect) the creativity of human beings. (B) The (33) ________ (ring) bell indicated the end of the last class on Friday afternoon. Students swarmed out of the classrooms and headed back to their dormitories. Only Xiao Di headed to another classroom. “Go ahead and have dinner. Don’t wait for me,” the 20-year-old told her friends. “I have to get to a good seat for my minor subject.” Like Xiao, many students are signing up for minor subjects in their spare time. (34) ________ the reasons are different, they all believe that taking a minor subject is a rewarding experience. Li Keren, 22, is a senior who (35) ________ (involve) in finance at Tianjin University of Finance & Economics now. He enrolled in international finance as his minor subject and managed to stay on top in (36) ________ of his major and minor subjects. “Different from most students, I pay equal attention to my major and minor subject,” he says. He thinks that students have signed up for minor subjects (37) ________ they have the energy and time to do so. The disadvantage of (38) ________ (pay) less attention to a minor subject, according to Li, is (39) ________ students may not get a comprehensive understanding of the subject. Therefore, what students should do is (40) ________ (devote) the same energy and time to their major subject as before, while sacrificing their spare time to work on their minor subject. “Considering your future, it’s a worthwhile effort,” he says.
9

(A) The problem with much mobile technology is that it‘s not really designed to be used while you‘re actually mobile. The human brain can only pay attention to about three things at a time – and concentrate effectively on just one of them. Even though the consequences of smartphone distraction(注意力分散)are sometimes (25) _____ (amuse), they can also be serious. The number of children (26) _____ (admit) to hospitals after accidents in public playgrounds (27) _____ (climb) by about a third in five years, according to NHS data. Experts in both Britain and the US, (28) _____ a similar rise has occurred suggest some of the increase may be a result of parents being too distracted by their phones (29) _____ (take) care of their children properly. And now comes evidence showing that 11-year-old children are three times more likely to be hurt or seriously injured on the way to and from school than 10-year-olds, since 11 is the average age at which children receive their first mobile phone, six times more likely (30) _____ (send) a text when it happens. (31) _____ quarter of children surveyed admitted that they had been distracted by personal technology while crossing the road. ―There is,‖ the report concluded, ―a clear connection (32) _____ the use of technology and the time of serious accidents with children.‖

(B)
Self care is necessary for our physical and mental health, yet often it‘s the first thing we drop when we find ourselves (33) _____ (stretch) for time. While we‘re on the subject of time, let‘s talk about priorities. When we feel like we don‘t have time to do something important, it is (34) _____ because we‘re not making time or because our priorities are not what we actually need. Everything we do with our time is a choice. It (35) _____ feel like we ―have to‖ do certain things, but, in reality, we have complete control over (36) _____ we spend our time. (37) _____ _____ _____ busy you are, you can fit self care into your schedule. Whether this means making it the first thing you do each morning, giving up TV or Facebook time, saying ―no‖ to certain commitments, or potentially displeasing (38) _____, you can fit self care into your weekly routine (39) _____ _____ _____ you prioritize(优先考虑). Self care doesn‘t have to involve a lot of money, nor does it require a lot of time. If you (40)_____ (struggle) to fit self care into your routine, start small, prioritize, and listen to your heart.

10

1 25. would meet/ was going to meet 26. disappointing 27. those 29. whether/ if 30. trapped 31. before/ unless 33. is said 34. contributing 35. which 37. to make 38. that 39. or

2 25. an 26. was given 27. before 28. making 29. It 30. can‘t 31. had set 32. being 33. that 34. what 35. over 36. more effective 37. would 38. to deal 39. planned 40. because of 3 25. if 26. putting 27. have given / gave / give 28. what 29. that 30. as though / as if 31. can / must / should / could 32. to hear 33.other 34. were mixed 35. through 36. taking 37. the 38. printed 39. older 40. which / that 4 25. When 26. is wearing 27. playing 28. which 29. over/up 30. saying 31. to keep 32. They 33. conducted 34. to crash 35. was guided 36.like 37. neither 38. the 39. but 40. best 5

28. have to/ ought to 32. has doubled 36. the 40. without

25. wrote 26. to be trained 27. where 28. although/though 29. others 30. have been taken 31. as/when 32. pouring 33. an 34. caught 35. that 36. worst 37, getting 38. can 39. until 40. At

6 25. Despite 29. If 33. were 37. more important

26.talking 27. so that 28. experience 30. but 31. might / would 32. It 34. that / which 35. to learn 36.that 38.is / will be 39. yours 40. learning

7 8 25. from 26. They 27. who 28. cleaner 29. that/ which 30. had removed 31. Seeing 32. to clean 33. driving 34. an 35. when 36. were touched 37. what 38. Because of/ Owing to/ Due to 39. checking 40. could 9 25. the most widely 29.for 30. that 33. ringing 37. because 10
25. amusing 29. to take 33. stretched 37. No matter how 26. admitted 30. to be sending 34. either 38. others 27. has climbed 31. A 35. might 39. as long as 28. where 32. between 36. how 40. are struggling

26. can 31. invented 34. Though 38. paying

(B) 35. is involved 39. that

27. an 28. which 32. has reflected/has been reflecting 36. both 40. to devote

11


相关文档

2014年上海高考英语一模语法新题型汇编(整理版),
2014年高考英语学科新课标卷新题型专项训练
上海市2014届高三英语一模新题型汇编
2014年上海市各区一模英语卷新题型汇编
2014届上海市各区高三英语一模——语法汇编(新题型)
2014年英语科高考改革新题型语篇型填空专项训练
2014届上海英语高考新题型 十二月一模模拟卷 (2014届上海英语区县学校同步练习试卷集4 学生版 对外版)
上海市2014届各区县一模英语语法新题型汇编
2014年上海高三英语一模语法新题型及答案汇编
2013--2014学年高三英语一模题型汇编---完形填空专项训练
学霸百科
电脑版 | 学霸百科