高考英语第二轮专题复习课件_图文

近几年广东高考完形填空的主要特点:
?主题大都有积极教育意义,常给人以启 迪、感悟。

?突出语篇领悟,注重语义、语境、常识、 逻辑和搭配,不单纯考语法。

?选项以考查实词(名、动、形、副 词)为主。

近三年广东省高考完形填空词性分布
序 试卷名称 动词 名词 形容词 副词 介词 连词 其它 号

1
2 3 4

2004年
2005年 2006年 2007年

6
8 4 2

7
8 4 5

3
2 3 2

1
0 3 1

0
0 2 0

1
2 1 0

2
0 3 0

(07年起,完形填空由以前15空改为10空, 每题2分。)

Do’s and Don’ts while doing Cloze Test.

Do’s
1.Grasp the main idea of the whole passage. 2. Pay special attention to the first sentence. 3. Analyze the structure(结构) of the passage or sentences.
4.Try to get hints(暗示) from the context(上下文).

Discussion:
What kinds of hints(暗示) can we use while doing cloze test?

04北京卷:My coach said that I had lots of potential, and I became captain of my 36 …At first, everyone on the team got equal playing time. …he told me I needed to relax because I looked nervous After I 55 down, I played nervous. better. 36. A. class B. club C. team D. board 55. A fell B. stepped C. slowed D. calmed

Tip One:Get hints
from the repetition of the same words, words with similar meaning, or relevant words. (词汇重复)

Ex.(2004广东卷):A man who has not had an opportunity to go swimming for years can 55 swim as well as ever when he gets back in the water. He can get on a bicycle after several decades and still 56 away … In childhood, we usually continue to practise such skills as swimming, bicycle riding long after we have learned them … 55. A. only B. hardly C. still D. even 56. A. move B. drive C. travel D. ride

1) … and the officers then began to eat their meal , saying that the mushrooms had a very strange 38 quite pleasant taste. 38. A. besides B. but C. and D. or 2)Though she has published 10 books, Tracy has remained 52 by her fame.

48. A. unchanged C. determined

B. excited D. unmoved

Tip two: Get hints
From

the logic
of the sentences or the context

(逻辑推理:并列/转折/递进/因果/----)

3)2005全国卷:The man had a newspaper open in front of him, which he was 39 to read, but I could 40 that he was keeping an eye on me. 39. A. hoping B. thinking C. pretending D. continuing 40. A. see B. find C. guess D. learn

1)、 …, because the earth is divided into 41 time zones, one hour apart. 41.A. twenty-two B. twenty-three C. twenty-four D. twenty- five 2)…,she was always waiting at the bus stop around 8:00. On 39 days, she wore heavy clothes and a pair of woolen gloves. 39. A.sunny B.rainy C.cloudy D.snowy

Tip Three: Get hints
From

the common sense (常识判断)

1) Soon I heard a 41 like that of a door burst in, and then a climb of feet. 41. A. sound B. cry C.voice D. shout 2) So I tried hard with my writing and went to college . My first novel 45 while I was at college. 45. A. came on B. came in C. came out D. came back

Tip Four: Get hints
From words differentiation
and set phrases (词语辨析, 固定短语)

How to find hints
1、From repetition of words. 2. From the logic of the context.

3、From the common sense.
4、From words differentiation and set phrases.

Don’ts
What are the mistakes we often make while doing cloze test?

Mistakes often made while doing cloze test. (常犯的错误)
1.不看文章首句。首句往往是主题句,不设空提 供时间、地点、人物、事件等多方面信息。
2.将完形填空当作语法或单项填空来做。有时从语法 角度看四个选项都正确,关键要看全文主旨大意 和上下文语境。 3.先入为主,一气呵成。有的同学在没有看懂 全文的情况下一遍便把所有空格填完,结果出现 连锁错误。要反复读文章,做题中常回头。

These are the taboos(禁忌) of doing cloze test.

三、应对篇章的正确答题步骤:
总则:在把握整体的基础上对 句子内部的情况进行分析

跳过空格,通读全文, 把握大意
结合选项,综合考虑,初定答案

瞻前顾后,先易后难, 个个击破 再读全文,反复检查

It is a common saying that we do not fully value a thing until we lose it . We often _21_ the love and worth of a friend when he has been taken from us by death rather than when he was alive ; it is only when we have _22_ school or college that we understand the greatness of our opportunity of _23_ ; and it is the sick and the ailing (长期病弱的) who realize the value of good health . When we are young and strong , we cannot imagine what it is to be weak and ailing . We’re so _24_ vigorous health that we take it for granted. But when any of the organs of our body gets upset and gives us pain and sickness , we learn by _25_ experience what an unspeakable blessing it is to be well .

Practice

It is therefore wise and necessary to learn in time , _26_ we have lost our health , that it can be kept only by knowing and observing the _27_ of health . We must be moderate in eating and drinking , and wise in the choice of simple _28_ . Gluttony has killed thousands . We must get plenty of sleep , and not try to burn the candle at both ends . We must live as much as possible in the open air and keep our rooms _29_ ventilated (通风) . We must get sufficient and regular physical exercise . And we must avoid bad habits and keep our _30_ clean and our body pure . Our ideal must be the sound mind in the sound body .

21. A. respect
22. A. entered

B. expect
B. left

C. miss
C. seen

D. value
D. reached

23. A. experiment B. vocation C. education D. communication 24. A. used to B. fond of C. anxious about D. upset about 25. A. happy B. bitter C. rich D. great

26. A. before
27. A. loss 28. A. way 29. A. well 30. A. clothes

B. after
B. bill B. fruit B. fast B. room

C. when
C. laws C. life C. early C. thoughts

D. until
D. damage D. food D. least D. hands

Practice makes perfect.


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