新人教版高中英语选修九 Unit 3 Learning about language教学课件_图文

Unit 3 Australia
Learning about language

Discovering useful words and expressions 1 Complete the sentences with words below. backgrounds nation citizens

tolerance Aboriginal homelands migrants respect

The majority of Australians are ___________________ citizens / migrants from many different _____________________. nations / backgrounds In fact, the only ________ citizens whose ancestors

have lived here for more than 200
aboriginal people. hundred years are __________

Most Australians believe that having people from so many different nations / backgrounds/ homelands ________________________________ tolerance and creates ________ respect and _________ makes Australia a stronger _________ nation and a more interesting place to live.

2 Read the paragraph below, paying particular attention to the underlined words, some of which may be new to you. Try to work out the definitions of these words and write them down in the second column. Then check your answer using an English-English dictionary and write the dictionary definitions in the third column.

The first migrants arrived in Australia after a long voyage on small sailing ships. Life was very tough at first because they did not have adequate equipment or food. One of the first things they did was to dig the soil and sow vegetable seeds. However, it wasn’t easy to grow enough food for everyone and in the first few years they faced starvation.

Despite all the hardships of those early years, many of the migrants succeeded in building a good life for themselves. In the early days, There were not nearly as many women migrants as there were males, so many of the men remained bachelors. Many dreamed of having a wife who would share their life

and work alongside them as they built houses and established farms. Within a reasonably short time some had established large sheep farms and began to export meat and wool back to England. We know a lot about these early years of European settlement because most Migrants corresponded with their

families at home and many of their letters still survive. These early settlers owed their survival to hard work and determination to succeed.

Word migrant adequate sow hardship bachelor correspond owe

Dictionary definition

Word migrant

Dictionary definition a person who goes from one place to live in another ( also immigrants)

adequate enough put seeds in the ground so sow they will grow

Word hardship bachelor

Dictionary definition difficult or unpleasant condition of life an unmarried male

correspond communicate by writing owe to need to pay or give sth. to sb. because they have given or lent sth to you

3 You will find it easier to learn English words in clusters. Read aloud the following words and write down as many words related to them as possible. Compare your lists with a partner. Example: rain, rainbow, rainfall, rainy, raindrop, raincoat, rainforest, rainwater

rain tax home rust time night autonomy defend tolerate celebrate nation city birth associate reserve way

tax: taxation, taxed, taxable, taxman, taxpayer home: homework, homely, homeland, homeless, homemaker, homecoming, homesick rust: rusty, rustproof

time: timely, timing, timekeeper, timer, timepiece, timesaving, timetable, timeless night: nightly, nighttime, goodnight, nightclothes, nightclub, nightfall autonomy: autonomous, autonomously defend: defense, defender, defenseless, defendant, defensive, defensible tolerate: tolerance, tolerant, toleration, tolerantly, tolerable, tolerably, tolerability

nation: national, nationality, nationalize, nationally, nationalist, nationwide city: citizen, citizenship, citywide, cityscape birth: birthplace, birthdate, birthday, birthplace, birthmark, birthright associate: association, associative, associated reserve: reservation, reserved way: pathway, roadway, waylay, wayside, wayworn

Revising useful structures
1 Read through this paragraph and underline all the predicative. A kangaroo kept getting out of his enclosure at the zoo. Knowing that he was a good jumper, the zoo authorities increased the height of the fence around him, but, the next morning, the kangaroo was out of his enclosure again.

So the keepers’ solution was to build an even higher barrier. However, the next morning, the result was disappointing-- the kangaroo was not in his enclosure. The authorities, being desperate, increased the height of the fence again and again and it was soon over forty meters high.

A camel in the next enclosure asked the kangaroo, “How high do you think they’ll go?” The kangaroo said, “ That's a good question. It seems to me, they’ll just keep going higher until somebody remembers to shut the gate at night!”

2 Underline the predicative in this conversation and then practice it with a partner. KIM: The meat seems to be shrinking! SAM: Maybe there’s too much fat in it. KIM: What can I do? SAM: It’s probably the wrong kind of meat for a barbecue. The best thing is to cook it slowly.

KIM: You know, it smells strange too. SAM: Is it rotten? Let’s smell. Hey! This isn’t steak! KIM: So, what is it? SAM: Where did you get it? KIM: It was in the bottom of the fridge. SAM: Oh, no! That’s the dog's meat! KIM: Are you sure?

1. 表语 Predicative

表语是由系动词引导的主语补足语, 补充说明主语。

表语的位置: 表语位于系动词之后,与之构成所谓 的系表结构。 什么是系动词: 系动词是表示不完全谓语关系的动词, 常与后面的表语一起构成系表结构充 当谓语。

1. be 动词是最常见的系动词,可以有多 种表语。 2. 表示结果 become成为,当… 3. 表示状况,样子等: seem, appear, look 看起来,看上去 4. 表示变化: go, get, turn, fall, run, grow 变得,变成

5. 感官系动词表示感觉: feel摸起来,感觉; smell闻起来; taste尝起来; sound听起来; look看起来 6. 表示状态:prove证明是;remain保持, 仍然; stay保持,停留;keep保持; stand位于; lie位于

副词、代词、数词、介词短语、词 组、不定式、-ing 形式、过去分


1. 名词,代词,数词用作表语: He finally became a successful pianist. My father used to be a football player.

She is very tired and looks it.
We are seven.


He become a doctor.
Boys are boys.

He’s not the right man for the job.
She seemed an ideal wife for him.

2. 形容词用作表语:
形容词作表语,用来修饰说明主语。 Time is precious to everybody. In time of danger, he remains calm. The dream will come true. The price sounds reasonable. The man is said to have gone mad. They stood still, saying nothing.

形容词只能作表语,不能作定语,如: afraid asleep ready unable alive aware glad sorry well alone sure 可以说 “She felt glad.” 但不能说 “a glad woman”.

3. 副词用作表语: 1 Are you there? 2 The manager is out to dinner with the customers. 3 He has been away from his hometown for many years.

4. 介词(短语)用作表语: 1 Are you on duty today? 2 Everything is in good order. 3 She is in good health.

4 They appear out of breath.

5. 分词用作表语:
1 It’s surprising that you haven’t met. 2 I’m so much surprised at it. 3 They seemed disappointed at the news. 4 Are you well prepared?

6. 不定式用作表语: 1 All I could do was to wait. 2 His job is to feed the animals. 3 Our aim is to hold the 2008 Olympic Games in China successful. 4 He seemed to be very tired.

7. 从句用作表语: that 引导表语从句(在从句中不作句 子成分,没有意义)

The reason why he failed the exam is that he played too much.
whether是否(在从句中有意义, 常和or not 连用,不可用if)

The question is whether he will come or not. 疑问代词和疑问副词(在从句中作句 子成分,有意义) The problem is how many people will take part in the game. This is where my parents used to work. It looks as if a storm is coming.

Choose a suitable answer for each sentence. 1. The cotton fells ______ . ( A. soft B. softly ) 2. I felt ______ sorry at his words. ( A. terrible B. terribly ) 3. The little hero looked ______ at the enemy. ( A. angry B. angrily )

4. Tasting ______, the food was soon sold out. ( A. good B. well ) bad of you to act ______ badly . 5. It is ______ ( A. B.) 6. Traveling is __________, interesting and I am __________ interested in it. ( A. interesting B. interested )

7. After ten years’ hard work ,he ______ writer. ( A. became B. turned ) 8. He felt a little ______ lonely when he was ______. alone ( A. alone B. lonely )

Tick the sentence if its under lined part is the predicative. 1. Australia is made up of six states and two territories. ( ) 2. Australia is a young nation on an ancient continent. (√ ) 3. After the Second World War, Australia’s economy grew rapidly. ( )

4. Before baby kangaroos grow strong enough, they feed on their mother’s milk. ( √) 5. When it turns cold in Northern China, the hot summer in Australia has just begun. ( √) 6. If you go near Koala bear, it will get very upset. (√)

7. Australia keeps about one sixth of the
world’s sheep. in the world. ( ( ) ) 8. Australia has got the biggest iron mines 9. The milk has been kept for too long; it

has gone sour.

( ) √

Read the facts about Australia and write an “S-V-P” sentence to describe each subject. 1) As a nation, Australia has a history of only one hundred years. It __________________. is a young nation 2) Australia produces metals, precious stones, coal and iron. is rich in natural resources It ________________________.

3) Australia has an area as large as the USA is almost as large as the USA It ___________________________. 4) Australians mostly use English as their national language. English______________________ is the first language in

__________. Australia

5) You may find many differences between Australian English and British English. is different from Australian English _______________ _______________. British English 6) The Koala bear has large ears, small eyes and a big nose. It _______________________________. looks very funny / is a lovely animal

7) You may often see Australians drinking beers or lemonade together. Australians____________________ are fond of drinking ____________________________. beers and lemonade together 8) Most Australians love outings. Outings _______________________. are popular in Australia

1. It isn’t socially ___________for parents to leave children unattended at that age.
A.accessible B.adorable



2. —Do you need any help, Lucy? —Yes, The job is I could do

A. less than

B. more than
C. no more than

D. not more than

3. This magazine is very with young people, who like its content and style. A. familiar B. popular C. similar D. particular

4. The traditional view is ______ we sleep because our brain is “programmed” to make us do so.
A. when B. why

C. whether

D. that

Write a short article to introduce
an object or an experience, using

as many predicatives as possible
in the article.


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