2016-2017年新人教版高中英语必修一Unit_5_Nelson_Mandela-a_modern_hero_Language_points课件

Unit 5 Nelson Mandela 语言知识点与运用 1. quality n. 品质(用于人) 例:Modesty is one of his good qualities. 谦虚是他的美德之一. We should keep the fine qualities of the working people. 我们应该保持劳动人民的优良品质。 2. mean adj. 1. 吝啬的,小气的[(+about/over/with)] Her husband is very mean about money. 她的丈夫在金钱上很吝啬。 2. 卑鄙的,心地不好的[(+to)] That was a mean trick! 那是一个卑劣的诡计! 3. active adj. 1. 活跃的;活泼的 Mrs. Brown is over 80 and not very active now. 布朗太太已八十多岁,现在不大活动了。 2. 积极的;勤奋的 He became an active social reformer. 他成了一位积极的社会改革家。 3. 在活动中的;在进展中的 Mount Vesuvius is an active volcano. 维苏威是一座活火山。 4. generous adj. ①. 慷慨的,大方的[(+with/in/to)] She is generous in giving help. 她乐于助人。 He was generous to everybody with money. 他在金钱上对每个人都很大方。 ②.宽宏大量的,宽厚的[(+to/towards)] He is generous towards his subordinates. 他待部属很宽厚。 ③.大量的;丰富的;丰盛的 She gave me a generous lunch. 她请我吃了一顿丰盛的午餐。 5. selfish adj. 自私的,利己主义的;只顾自己的 She is a selfish girl. 她是个自私自利的女孩。 6. devoted adj. 1. 献身的;虔诚的;专心致志的 He was still devoted to the study of chemistry. 他仍 专心研究化学。 2. 忠实的;挚爱的 Mrs. Jones had a very devoted husband. 琼斯太太有一位忠实的丈夫。 7. die for 为某种事业或目的而死 die for one’s country/ the people/ the cause. die of 死于内因 die from 死于外因 die from a car accident. 由于车祸而死 die by 死于暴力, 刀或剑等凶器 die by the sword/hanging. be dying for 极想得到... She is dying for a cup of water. through carelessness 因过失而死 die…down 凋落, 消失 die away 消失(渐渐远去) The sound died away. 声音渐渐远去。 die out 绝种 This kind of animal is dying out. die 8. found vt. 1. 建立;建造 The pilgrims founded a colony in Plymouth. 清教徒们在普利茅斯创建了一个殖民地。 2. 创立,创办 They founded a college. 他们创办了一所大学。 9. believe in 1. 信仰 Christians believe in Jesus. 基督徒信仰耶稣。 2. 信任 We believe in him. 我们信任他。 3. 相信...的效用 Jim believes in fresh air and morning exercises. 吉姆坚信新鲜空气及早操有益处。 10. give up + n./ pron/ v-ing He won’t give up the experiment even if he has failed many times. His father has given up smoking. This is a good idea. You shouldn’t give it up. She gave up her job to look after her mother. 只能接动名词作宾语的动词 avoid, consider, dislike, enjoy, excuse, finish, imagine, mind, miss, suggest, stop, feel like, give up, can’t help, can’t stand 11. in a peaceful way 以和平的方式 Do not talk (in) that way. 那样 (In) this way, you can remember the spelling. Don’t stand in the /my way. 这样 He is better in some way (s). 碍事 He picked a pen on the way to school. 在某些方面 在往…的路上 12. fight against/for/with The soldiers fought bravely _______ the enemy against ___ the liberation for ____ their comrades.with 13. be…away有…远(指距离、时间) 1) 我家离这里只有两条街。 My

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