牛津高中英语 M3U2 reading_图文

English and its history
Reading(1) Unit 2 Module 3

William Shakespear
a brilliant English poet and playwright during the Renaissance

Sonnet 18
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date.
我能否将你比作夏天? 你比夏天更美丽温婉。 狂风将五月的蓓蕾凋残,

夏日的勾留何其短暂?

Sonnet 18
you Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? You are Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease has hath all too short a date. 我能否将你比作夏天? 你比夏天更美丽温婉。 狂风将五月的蓓蕾凋残,

夏日的勾留何其短暂?

English and its history

Please go through the Reading strategy and tell me how to read a history article.

Reading a history article

1. Notice the dates and years
2. Make a time chart, listing important information such as times, places and events, etc.

1.Listen to the tape and underline all the dates and years. 2.Make a time chart.

Time chart
events
occupied by the two Germanic groups
the Vikings began to move became to official Britain language

Spoke Celtic

before 5th then

end of 9th 10th

language

Old English

Time chart
events
Normans defeated and took control Henry Ⅳ had come became into King widespread and use used

appeared during the Renaissance

keep on changing 16th

1066

by the latter half of 14th

1399

language

Middle English

Modern English

spoke Celtic

occupied the Normans by the Vikings defeated two Germanic moved and took to control groups 5th then 9th 10th 1066

became official language

had come into widespread Henry Ⅳ use became King French and didn’t used replace

appeared during the Renaissance

keep on changing 16th

Old English

1316 latter 1399 half of Middle 14th English

Modern English

The Development of English
Kinds Time Before the middle of the 5th century Events

People in Britain all spoke a language called Celtic.

Two Germanic groups occupied Britain. At the end of the The Vikings moved to Britain and 9th century brought their languages. By the 10th Old English became the official century language of England. The Normans defeated England and In 1066 took control of the country. Middle By the latter half English came into widespread use English of the 14th century among all classes in England. Henry IV became King of England and In 1399 used English for all official events.
Old English
Modern English During the Renaissance in the 16th century

Then

Modern English appeared.

Careful-reading
Read the passage again and try to find out how the English language developed.

How did the language develop?
Periods
Old English

Features
a mixture

Evidence

mixed with …

? ? ?

Middle English

influenced by 1. similar meanings 2. animals and meat French
3. plurals 1. vocabulary 2. pronunciation 3. inventing

Modern English

changing

How did the language develop?
Period Old English Feature a mixture Evidences

mixed with …
1. similar meanings 2. animals and meat 3. plurals

? ? ?

influenced by Middle English French

Modern English

changing

1. vocabulary 2. pronunciation 3. inventing

the 5th century

the 9th century

Old English
Languages of the Angles and Saxons

Celtic

Languages of the Vikings

Middle English
French’s influence on English:
1. More words with similar meanings 2. Words for meat and animals 3. French ways of making plurals

More words with similar meanings.
the same meaning (回答)

reply
Old French

answer
Old English

Examples

Words for English animals

French beef

Words for their meat

ox/cow
sheep pig

mutton
pork/bacon

Making plurals
Examples Germanic way house housen shoe man child shoen men French way

houses
shoes

children

Consolidation
Task-based reading

English and its history spokenin Old In the middle of the 5th century, the language 1.________ English Britain was Celtic. Then Britain was 2.________ occupiedby the Angles and the Saxons, who brought their language into Old English. At the end of the 9th century, the Vikings created Old English, 3._______ mixingtheir languages with Anglo-Saxon. By the 10th century, Old English, had become the 4.________ official language of English. Middle In 1066, England was defeated 5._______ by the Normans, but English French didn’t take the 6._____ place of English as the first language. By the latter half of the 14th century, English had been widely 7.________used among all classes in England. 8._____ Vocabulary and pronunciation also went 9._________ through great Modern ___ changes during the Renaissance. It is 10.________ certainthat English English will continue developing in the future.

Chinese characters are always changing!

Discussion
group-work: how did chinese characters developed?

Homework: 1.Write a short summary of English and its history. 2.Finish Part E on page 25.


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