山东省德州市2016届高三英语上学期期末统考试题_图文

2016 届山东省德州市高三上学期期末统考英语试题
2016.1 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。 注意事项: 1.答第 I 卷前考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2.选出每小题答案 后。用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦 干净后,再选涂其他答案标号框。 3.全部答案在答题卡上完成,答在试卷上无效。 第 I 卷(满分 l 00 分) 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到 答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 l.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A B C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并 标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每 段对话仅读一遍。 1.Where is the man’s mobile phone? A.In the drawer. B.On the floor. C.On the desk. 2.What is the man’s opinion? A.Andrew is very satisfied with his new place. B.He expects to see Andrew at the airport. C.It must be noisy to live near the airport. 3.What did the woman mean? A.The tickets of the show were expensive. B.She thought there were no tickets left. C.The man should buy a few tickets. 4.How does the woman keep in touch with her friends abroad? A.By e-mail. B.Over the phone. C.Through letters. 5.What are they talking about? A.What’s wrong with the man’s eyes? B.Is there anything in the yard? C.How should they clean the yard? 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 l.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独自前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 和第 7 小题。 6.Where are the two speakers? A.In a bank. B.In a hospital. C.In an office. 7.How much is the woman’s new bill? A.$42. B.$24.10. C.$6.10. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 小题。 8.What did the man think of the lecture?

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A.He felt it was very informative. B.He thought it was interesting. C.He didn’t like it at all. 9.What example did the man give? A.Coal. B.Gold. C.Iron. 10.What will be the new power in the future according to the man? A.Sun energy. B.Atomic power. C.Wind power. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 小题。 11.What can a visitor do inside the Museum? A.Eat or drink something. B.Take photos using flash. C.See different parts without a guide. 12.Which part is NOT open to the public today? A.The east wing. B.The sculpture and painting rooms. C.The artifact rooms. 13.Who pays the least according to the conversation? A.Adults. B.Seniors and students. C.Children. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 17 小题。 14.Why didn’t the woman enjoy herself? A.She couldn’t enter the park. B.She couldn’t see the fireworks clearly. C.She couldn’t find her friends. 15.When did the woman get to the park? A.At 8:00 P.m. B.At 8:10 P.m. C.At 7:50 P.m. 16.How did the man manage to get a good view? A.He and his friends got there early. B.H e and his friends climbed up a hill. C.He and his friends had a picnic together. 17.What did the man do for going home? A.He got on a bus as soon as he could. B.He pushed his way home at midnight. C.He waited for a while and took an extra bus. 听第 l0 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 小题。 18.What could Nicholas do at l8 months? A.Write down what he heard. B.Take telephone messages. C.Learn French by himself. 19.Why was Nicholas bored and unhappy at the two schools? A.He couldn’t get what he needed there. B.He couldn’t understand what was taught there. C.He couldn’t get along well with others there. 20.What are the parents doing about the child? A.Feeling anxious about him.

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B.Making every effort to help him. C.Showing his intelligence to the public. 第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选 项涂黑. A “At least you’ll be close to home!”That phrase dominated the weeks before my move to my college.I took comfort in knowing that home was close by if I needed it? The night before the move,I spoke with a sophomore(大学二年级)friend of mine who was moving back the next morning.I asked if he was sad to be leaving home and his response sparked in me an internal debate.“It was nice to be back but honestly。I’ve come to think of the college as my home.”Up until that moment,the move to college seemed like an extended version of summer camp.School wasn’t a home;it was a place for me to explore when I was away from home? right? As I packed my things, I really started thinking about the concept of home, and I couldn’t help but wonder?would I ever consider college my own home? The next day,once my bags were unpacked and my parents were gone,I took a moment to look around my dorm.It was absolutely nothing like my room?no bunnies,no blue curtains and no queen—sized bed.Despite the fun I was having and things I was learning in the following Welcome Week,I couldn’t bring myself to call it home.I longed for my bunnies.I even wanted my mom’s calls.“There’s no place like home.”I murmured. Last night,I went to visit my friends and we spent the next hour talking about that missing feeling we all shared-our families,our friends,our old lives—and soon the sadness turned to fondness.One by one our friends came in to say goodnight and the room was filled with girls,all laughing and shari ng our high school experiences.It wasn’t until about l:00 a.m.that I turned to my roommate,unconsciously saying,“It’s getting late?we should probably go home soon.”I was taken aback by my own words.Somehow in the few hours, my dorm room had turned into a home. 21.How did the author react to her sophomore friend’s response at first? A.She quite agreed with her friend. B.She was completely certain about it. C.She thought he was telling a lie. D.She was surprised by his response。 22.The author mentioned the bunnies twice in the passage to suggest that . A.college lacked a friendly atmosphere B.she didn’t get used to her college life then C.pet-keeping was not allowed in college dorm D.college should prepare bunnies for new students 2 3.Whv was the author taken aback by her own words at the end of the passage? A.Because she began to call her college a home. B.Because there were so many girls gathering in the dorm. C.Because she lost a good chance to forget homesickness. D.Because it was rude to say that when everyone was happy.

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24.What made the author begin to take college as a home? A.Decorating her dorm like a home. B.Her previous family lives. C.Friends’ shared feelings. D.Comforts from other girls. B Step into an American preschool classroom today and you are likely to fall into a so-called print-rich environment,every surface colorfully decorated with instructional posters,classroom rules,chedules,and mottos,few of which a 4-year-old can understand in fact. Besides the confusing things on classroom walls,teaching methods and curriculums have changed recently,by which more time is spent on what’s called “seat work”一 workbooks and worksheets—but less time devoted to music and art . School—readiness skills are essential for the youngest learners to move on to a subsequent stage. As a result, expectations that may arguably have been reasonable for 5-and 6-year-olds, such as bemg able to sit at a desk and using pencil and paper,are now directed at even younger children, who lack the motor skills and attention span to be successful. However,parents of preschoolers tend to be on board with these cha nges,because they fear that the old—fashioned pleasures of unhurried learning have no place in today’s highly competitive world.The stress is obvious:Pick the “wrong” preschool and your child might not go to college.She might not be employable. She might not even be allowed to start first grade! As preschoolers are learning so much academic knowledge at earlier ages,they seem somehow less curious and less engaged.Some teachers say that more children today seem to lack the language skills . The real focus in the preschool years should not be just on vocabularv and reading, but on talking and listening. By talking with adults, and one another, they pick up information,learn how things work and solve puzzles that trouble them.For our littlest learners,what could be more important than that? 25.Which of the statements does the author proba bly agree with? A.Younger children can fully understand the instructional things in classrooms. B.3-and 4-year-olds shouldn’t be expected too much in school readiness skills. C.More time should be spent on“seat work’’instead of music and art. D.Even 5-and 6-year-olds have good motor skills and attention span. 26.The underlined phrase “be on board with” in the third paragraph most probably means “ ”. A.accept B.reject C.doubt D.worry 27.Why are parents so picky when choosing a preschool for their kids? A.Because some preschools are too old fashioned. B.Because a wrong preschool might ruin kids’ future. C.Because the competitions between kindergartens are fierce. D.Because it is easy for them to choose a right preschool. 28.What’s the best title of the passage? A.New Preschool Breaking down the Kids. B.The Early Bird Gets the Worm. C.Preschool,the Gatekeeper to Elementary School? D.Seat work,a Better Choice for the Youngest Kids?

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C I saw a dear friend a few days ago and stopped by to ask her how she was doing.She looked up,voice lowered,just complaining:“I'm so busy?have so much going on.’’ Almost immediately after,I ran into another friend and asked him how he was.Again, the same tone,the same response:“I'm just so busy?got so much to do.” Their responses knocked me down.How did we create a world in which we have more and more to do with less time for leisure,less time for reflection,less time for community? When did we forget that we are human beings,not human doings? What happened to a world in which we can sit with the people we love so much and have slow conversations with meaningful pauses and silences that we are in no rush to fill? This disease of being “busy” is spiritually destructive to our health and well-being.It weakens our ability to be fully present with those we love the most in our families, and keeps us from forming the kind of community that we all so desperately tong for. I don’t have any magical solutions.All I know is that we are losing the ability to live a truly human life.I am always a prisoner of hope, but I wonder if we are willing to make a change to our so-called busyness of life.Somehow we need a different model of organizing our lives,our societies,and our families. I want us to have a kind of existence where we can pause,look each other in the eye, touch one another,and ask ourselves:Here is how my heart is doing,I am taking the time to reflect on my own existence,and I know how to express the state of my heart. 29.What’s the result of the busy lifestyle? A.People will become forgetful in their everyday life. B.People are beginning to find some time for leisure. C.People may lose the ability of enjoying their life. D.People will further understand the importance of community. 30.How can we live a relaxed and balanced life according to the author? A.By seeking help from local families. B.By improving our working ability. C.By reconstructing the model of our lives. D.By creating a smarter open community. 31.Calling himself a prisone r of hope,the author means that . A.he thinks people won’t change B.he actually has magical solutions C.it is harmful to have many hopes D.he is always optimistic about life 32.What is the purpose of the author writing the article? A.To express concerns about people’s complaints. B.To criticize and reflect on the people’s present lifestyle. C.To voice his opinions on how to live a simple life. D.To question whether it is possible to live a slow life. D

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Anybody who’s noticed so many sweaty Sunday-morning ph otos on the Internet must think that marathons have recently regained popularity.According to Running USA,an organization that tracks the sport’s growth,52 percent of runners today track themselves with some sort of GPS-enabled device, like a smartphone or a fitness tracker. This statistic has likely played a role in running’s growing appeal--the easily available tracking information has attracted people to the sport,and kept them going,for it’s possible for anyone to see in real time how it’s affecting their bodias. Today,free smartphone apps can give runners information on things like the number and length of their steps,their heart rate,even the estimated volume of oxygen they consume per minute.All this information can act as a reward and a motivator for the runner.“It’s one thing to hear encouragement from a coach.”Bryan Boyle,editor of Runner’s World magazine, explains. “It’s quite another, however, to appreciate-at a glance-progress made during weeks and mont hs of running.’’ But run—tracking technology doesn’t just help runners train harder. It also gives them the power to train more intelligently.Recreational runners today no longer have to guess how far or how fast they’ve run,or what their body is doing.If they can monitor their heart rate,they can make sure they’re hitting the most strategic pace on each run, which can significantly increase their chances of having a positive experience on the course during race day. No matter how much technology can promote the experience of running, though, many runn ers argue that the biggest benefit of the sport remains the chance to get outdoors,away from the computer,for an hour.“There’s so much more to experience,” adds Boyle.“fresh air,travel,shoot,just overall feeling better.There’s no app for that.” 33.We can infer from the first paragraph that . A.people enjoy posting sports pictures on the Internet B.Running USA plays a key role in the growth of running C.tracking technology is drawing more people on the road D.run—tracking devices help people run faster than before 34.Which of the following questions are the second and third paragraphs intended to answer? A.What information can run—tracking devices provide for the runners? B.How is the run—tracking technology popularizing running? C.In what way is run—tracking technology developed? D.Why do people have to rely on wearable devices in modern society? 35.As for the experienced runners,what attracts them most is . A.the exciting experience technology brings them B.a chance to enjoy nature outdoors C.becoming popular on social media D.being cool with a new wearable device on the road 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 l0 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 You know that you have everything to be thankful for:a loving family,a pretty good job,and a healthy working body.Still,you keep feeling that what you have just isn’t enough.Sure,you can be happier by making some life changes. 36 It will make you more

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likely to start enjoying that sunshine instead of complaining about sunburn. Live in the present. The people who are the happiest with their lives are able to enjoy and embrace the present moment. 37 Focus on what the day will bring you instead of what happened yesterday or what you’ll be able to change about tomorrow. 38 Though your life may not be perfect in the moment,there are surely some things that you can be very grateful for,whether it’s your loving family,your amazing friends, your health,your cool new job,or your amazing home.You probably don’t have all of these things but surely there are a few things you can remind yourself to be grateful for every single day. Stop comparing yourself to others. Stop thinking about how big your neighbor’s house is,how great your friend Jack’s job is,or how perfect your best friend’s relationship is.You’ll never get anywhere if you compare yourself to others. 39 Hang out with people who are content with their lives. Surround yourself with people who are good influences.They will show you that there are a variety of ways to be happy,and will maybe even give you some tips for how to approach difficult situations.40 They are more likely to come up with some reasons to be unhappy. A.Be grateful for what you have. B.What if there is a major obstacle standing in your way? C.Take some time to enjoy exactly what you’re doing right now. D.The easiest way to be content with your life is to adj ust yourself positively. E.Avoid people looking for reasons to be upset with their life. F.But if you drop comparing completely,you’ll only be doing yourself a favour. G.Get regular exercise with friends every day. 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 l.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Starting from my early young age,I was a happy child.However,at age twelve,my life had a huge 41 .I developed obsessive compulsive disorder(OCD).I started to wash my hands ten times an hour to 42 germs and I frequently checked my kitchen oven to make sure that it was 43 .This way of life continued for four 44 years,and by then,my OCD had led to 45.I was no longer the happy little girl I had been.I told my mother that I was suffering from depression.So mum took me for a 46 .The medicine didn’t help me very much.I was still 47 sad,believing that my life no longer 48. One autumn evening two years ago,I 49 rock bottom.I even thought suicide(自杀)was the only 50 to my depression problem,so I wrote a suicide 51 to my family.As I was folding the note,my 52 fell on a photograph. It was a picture of a lovely little girl with dark—blue eyes 53 of adventure and curiosity.It took me a few minutes to 54 that the smiling girl in the photo was me.The photo had been taken at one weekend at my uncle’s house when I was seven.Suddenly I felt a 55 and it was like my younger self had sent me a message.Once I had been a 56 little girl,and I had to become strong like that again.

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I tore up my suicide note and swore that l would have to 57 the depression with my mind, too. I could make myself happy again. It has been two years 58 I “rediscovered” myself. I am OCD-and depr ession-free.I am prepared for whatever 59 life may bring.My hero is a seven-year-old girl, 60 back at me from a photo on my desk. 41.A.request B.breakdown C.outcome D.drawback 42.A.avoid B.breed C.carry D.examine 43.A.down B.hot C.off D.clear 44.A.boring B.careful C.timid D.painful 45.A.impression B.pressure C.motivat ion D.depression 46.A.doctor B.stranger C.teacher D.schoolmaster 47.A.generally B.suddenly C.occasionally D.constantly 48.A.changed B.mattered C.succeeded D.failed 49.A.lost B.hit C.found D.broke 50.A.situation B.method C.solution D.relation 51.A.essay B.notice C.note D.poster 52.A.hands B.heart C.head D.eyes 53.A.full B.free C.proud D.fond 54.A. imagine B.realize C.predict D.guess 55.A.rest B.fright C.wonder D.chill 56.A.strong B.beautiful C.young D.curious 57.A.accept B.fight C.relieve D.distract 58.A.when B.after C.before D.since 59.A.concerns B.demands C.challenges D.chances 60.A.crying B.shouting C.smiling D.going 第Ⅱ卷(满分 50 分) 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节。满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 l.5 分。满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在题后空白处填入适当的内容(每空一词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 It is becoming increasingly hard to avoid watching reality television in China,such as the Voice of China,China’s Got Talent,or Super Boy.In America,Big Brother 61 (broadcast)five days a week.Survivor Finale appears on the front page of the New York Post after gaining ratings(收视率)that are much 62 (high)than NBA.Americans seem addicted to reality television programs 63 ordinary peopl e compete in weeks—long contests while being filmed 24 hours a day.But why? One of the most commonly repeated “64 (true)”about reality TV viewers is that they watch in order to talk with friends about the show,but the explanation is quite 65 (correct). In fact fans of the shows have 66 much stronger desire for status.They are much more likely to agree with statements such as “Reputation is important to me”.It represents a means to get attention.And more attention increases one’s sense of 67 (important).We think we are important if others pay attention to us and unimportant if 68 (ignore). Ordinary people can watch the shows,see people 1ike 69 (them)and imagine that they also could become famous by being on television. 70 is the reality TV show that gives them a sense of being a star in crowd.

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第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题:每小题 l 分。满分 l0 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Barbara, How are you? Today I’ve got a wonderful news to tell you.I have admitted to Berkely school in California.More than 3000 students took exams for it,but only a few was chosen and I was one of them.Therefore,my parents are not happy about it.They are strong against me going there.They say it is too far away that they will not see me for a whole year and they are afraid of I will feel homesick.They can’t imagine so young a girl like me live alone.They advise me to choose a university near my home instead.Then I would be able to continue living with them.How can I persuade them to accept the fact what I have grown up? Yours Faithfully Jane Blair 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 请你从下列两幅漫画中任选一幅,通过电子邮件推荐给学校英文校刊,说明漫画主题,根据个 人经历,论述推荐理由。

A B 注意:1.词数 100 字左右; 2.可适当增加细节,使行文连贯、完整。 Dear Editor, I'd like to recommend an interesting cartoon.

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