高考英语一轮总复习 精品单元阶段测试卷(48) 新人教版
本卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。共 150 分。时间：120 分钟。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共 115 分) Ⅰ.听力理解(共两节，满分 30 分)(略) Ⅱ.多项选择(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 21．Language is a system of meaningful sounds ______ with a set of rules. A. organizing B. organized C. being organized D. having been organized 22．It was the Civil War, however, ______ made card photographs an American Practice. A. when B. that C. which D. why 23．Michael’s mother read him lost of stories about flying when he ______. A. was growing up B. grew up C. had grown up D. would grow up 24．In some countries ______ is called “equality” doesn’t really mean equal right for all people. A. which B. that C. it D. what 25．There were a ______ oranges in the bowl but you’ve eaten every single one. A. dozen B. several C. couple D. score 26．Whom would you rather ______ with Jack to buy the tickets for the concert? A. have to go B. have gone C. to have go D. have go 27．It is well known to us ______ it is great efforts ______ all the Chinese athletes have made ______ helped the Chinese Olympic Delegation get 28 gold medals in Sydney Olympic Games. A. why; that; that B. that; that; that C. in case; that; which D. how; that ；which 28．An idea has to be put to test for several times before ______ by the people. A. fully accepted B. being fully accepted C. to be fully accepted D. is fully accepted 29．—You should have thanked her before you left. —I meant ______， but when I was leaving, I couldn’t find her anywhere. A. to do B. doing C. to D. doing so 30．I will never understand at all how it ______ that you spent one hour washing your trousers. A. cared about B. thought about C. brought about D. came about [答案] 21．B。过去分词作定语，表示被动，相当于 which are organized。 22．B。It was...that...强调句型，强调主语。 23．A。when 从句这里作状语，表时间段， was growing up 表过去某段时间一直进行 的动作或存在的状态。 24．D。what 引导主语从句，介词短语 In some countries 前置很有疑惑性。 25．A。several 不与 a 连用， couple, score 要与 of 连用。 26．D。变为陈述句为：“让某人做某事”You would rather have whom go..., have sb.
do sth.。 27．B。此题是一个较为复杂的主从复合句，主干句子为 It’s＋that 引导的名词性从 句，实际上主语从句里含有强调句和定语从句，that all the Chinese athletes have made 为定语从句。 28．A。相当于状语从句 before the idea is fully accepted. 29．C。动词不定式省略。 30．D。考查动词短语辨析。How it came about？表示“这事是如何发生的？”。come about“发生”。A“在意，在乎”；B“思考”；C“带来，引起”。 Ⅲ.完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) (·江西九所重点中学联考) Declan Galbraith (born on December 19, 1991) lived with Ben, his grandfather, since he was six months old. Ben sang in a band and often took Declan along to the bars __31__ he was playing in. “I would sit there for hours watching Ben and the __32__， and listening to their music.” Says Declan. The explosive mix of Scottish and Irish musical traditions __33__ Declan and became his early musical influence. He remembers himself already singing at two. He adds, “These are some of my very __34__ memories in life—always singing.” Declan’s talent was __35__ acknowledged for the first time when at just seven he performed at the annual Rochester Dickens Festival. Little Declan, __36__ a chimney sweeper, started singing and the __37__ went wild. Soon after this he started to enter local talent __38__ and within a year he had won 16 titles and more than ￡100,000. Declan has become a well－known celebrity. Unfortunately Ben died __39__ he could see Declan’s success. __40__， Declan cites him as his strongest musical __41__. His first album Declan was out in 2002. It was a big hit and charted in the UK and Ireland. Another big success came during a nationwide __42__ of Young Voices concerts when __43__ Guinness World Record, but his mother said, “He would not __44__ the real world, and should remain a __45__ young man. We know he has an extraordinary talent and he has __46__ himself a very high goal.” Now he has made music and singing his full－time __47__. In cooperation with producer Ully Jonas, the resulting album, entitled Thank You, was __48__ in December, 2006. He knows that it is important to keep up with a ll of his __49__ and education. “One day I would also like to __50__ other skills and perhaps do some acting as well.” 31．A. where B. in which C. that D. what 32．A. artists B. musicians C. audience D. waiters 33．A. inspired B. encouraged C. interested D. excited 34．A. latest B. recent C. few D. first 35．A. secretly B. slowly C. publicly D. quickly 36．A. dressed in B. dressed up as C. dressed up D. dressed 37．A. crowd B. masses C. persons D. folks 38．A. performances B. clubs C. contests D. courses
39．A. until B. before C. after D. when 40．A. However B. Therefore C. Yet D. Then 41．A. effect B. affect C. effort D. influence 42．A. trip B. journ ey C. tour D. travel 43．A. breaking B. making C. setting D. creating 44．A. keep in touch with B. lose touch with C. be in touch with D. be out of 45．A. usual B. common C. regular D. normal 46．A. set B. achieved C. reached D. accomplished 47．A. business B. trade C. career D. aim 48．A. published B. released C. brought out D. come out 49．A. schoolwork B. schoolmates C. homework D. exercises 50．A. form B. train C. have D. develop [答案] 本文是一篇记叙文，讲述了 Declan Galbraith 的成名经历。 31． he was playing in 暗示先行词 the bars 是介词 in 的宾语， C。 所以应用 that/which。 A、B 为同类项，可首先排除。 32．B。Ben sang in a band，所以 Declan 应该是在注视着他爷爷和他爷爷的同事—— 音乐人。空后的 their music 也是暗示。 33．A。inspire 表示“赋予??灵感”，符合语境，照应了后面的句子“became his early musical influence”。有兴趣但不一定能出成就，故排除 C。 34．D。根据上一句的 already singing at two(两岁就会 唱歌了)和空格后面的 always singing 可知，这里指他最初的记忆，而不是“最近的”(latest, recent)记忆。 35．C。publicly“公开地，在公众场合地”，符合语境。 36．B。后面的 sweeper 暗示前面应该是 dressed up as“装扮成”。 37．A。crowd 指听歌的台下的人群，符合语境：观众变得非常狂热。而 the masses 表 示“群众，大众”，the folks“老百姓”，都不符合语境。 38．C。talent contests“才艺竞赛”。后面的 won 16 titles 也暗示了本题的答案。 39． before 在这里的意思为“还没有来得及”。 B。 遗憾的是 Ben 还没来得及看到 Declan 的成功就去世了。 40．A。用 However 表示转折，意思为“然而”。 41．D。第二段中“his early musical influence”暗示了本题的答案。 42．C。a nationwide 暗示这是全国范围内的巡回演出，所以只能用 tour，表示“巡回 演出”。 43．A。2002 年他推出了首张专辑《迪克兰》 ，唱片非常成功，登上了英国和爱尔兰排 行榜，并且在“Young Voices”的全国巡演中，打破了吉尼斯世界纪录。 44．B。由该空所在语境“他不能脱离现实世界”可知，这里应用 lose touch with， 表示“和??疏远，脱离??”。 45．D。normal 表示“正常的，平常的，普通的”，侧重人的行为、思维、长相等。干 扰项是 common，侧重没有特殊的地位、头衔等，如 a common soldier。
46．A。set a goal 为习惯用法，意思为“设定目标”。而 B、C、D 项为同类项，都可 以表示“达到，实现(目标)”。 47．C。career 表示“职业”，音乐和唱歌成了他的全部事业。 48．B。“发行专辑”用 release，“出版图书”用 publish。 49．A。schoolwork 意思为“功课”，与后面的 education 对应。此外从语言的“小环 境”看并不是赶上同学们。 50．D。用 develop 表示“开发，培养，发展”等，与 other skills 搭配，意为“培养 其他的技能”。 Ⅳ.阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) A (·江西九所重点中学联考) When did sport begin? If sport is, in nature, play, the claim might be made that sport is much older than humankind, for, as we all have observed, the beasts play. Dogs and cats wrestle and play ball games. Fishes and birds dance. The apes have simple, pleasurable games. Frolicking infants(雀跃的幼儿), school children playing tag, and adult arm wrestler are demonstrating strong, transgenerational and trans －species bonds with the universe of animals—past, present and future. Young animals, particularly, tumble, chase, run, wrestle, mock, imitate, and laugh(or so it seems) to the point of delighted exhaustion. Their play, and ours, appears to serve no other purposes than to give pleasure to the players, and apparently, to remove us temporarily from the anguish of life in earnest. Some philosophers have claimed that our play is the noblest part of our basic nature. In their generous conceptions, playing harmlessly and experimentally permits us to put our creative forces, fantasy, and imagination into action. Play is released from the tedious battles against scarcity and decline which are the incessant( 永 不 间 断 ) and inevitable tragedies of life. This is a grand conception that excites and encourages people. The holders of this view claim that the origins of our highest accomplishments—liturgy(宗教典礼), literature, and law can be_traced_to a play impulse(冲动) which we see most purely enjoyed by young beasts and children. Our sports, in this rather happy, no fatalistic view of human nature, are more splendid creations of the no datab le, trans－species play impulse. 51．The best title for this passage is probably “______”． A. What’s the Purpose of Sports B. Sports Mean Playing C. The Origin of Sports D. Sports Give Us Pleasure 52．The underlined phrase “be traced to” means “______”． A. go back to B. be marked out C. be discovered D. be placed 53．Which of the following is WRONG according to the passage? A. Play is released from the boring battles against scarcity and decline. B. Human beings play, so do animals. C. Playing allows us to put our imagination into action. D. Everybody purely enjoys a play impulse. 54．How do people feel when they go in for sports? A. They feel healthy. B. They feel pleased. C. They feel exhausted. D. They feel set free. [答案] 本文主要讲述了运动的由来。 51．C。标题归纳题。文章的第一句“When did sport begin？”引出话题，下文都围 绕其展开。后面的内容尤其是 be traced 等也都暗示了本题的答案。
52．A。词义猜测题。be traced to 意思为“追溯到”，与 go back to 的意义一致。 53．D。细节判断题。D 项与文章倒数第二句“...we see most purely enjoyed by young beasts and children.”内容不吻合。 54．B。推理判断题。根据文章中间部分的“Their play, and ours, appears to serve no other purposes than to give pleasure to the players, and apparently, to remove us temporarily from the anguish of life in earnest.”可以得出本题答案。 B (·广州高三调研测试) Given Australia’s size and the fact that early settlements were far apart, Australian society is remarkably homogeneous( 同 种 类 的 ). Its citizens are fundamentally prosperous and the way of life in the major cities and towns is much the same however many miles divide them. It_takes_a_sharp_ear_to_identify_regional_accents. However, there is some difference in lifestyle between city dwellers and the country people. Almost 90 percent of the population lives in the fast－paced cities along the coast and has little more than a passing familiarity with the desert. The major cities preserve pockets of colonial heritage, but the overall impression is modern, with new buildings reflecting the country’s youth. In contrast, the rural communities tend to be slow－moving and conservative. For many years, Australia was said to have “ridden on the sheep’s back” ， a reference to wool being the country’s main money earner. However, the wool industry is no longer dominant. Much of Australia’s relatively sound economy is now achieved from natural coal and wheat, and by being the largest diamond producer in the world. Newer industries such as tourism and wine making are also increasingly important. Australians are generally friendly and relaxed, with a self－deprecating sense of humour. On the whole, Australia is a society without hierarchies(等级制度), an attitude generally held to stem from its prisoner beginnings. Yet, contrary to widespread belief, very few Australians have true prisoner origins. Within only one generation of the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788, Australia had become a nation of immigrants. Originally coming almost entirely from the British Isles, today one in three Australians comes from elsewhere. Australia’s liberal postwar immigration policies led to an influx of survivors from war－torn Europe, most notably Greeks, Italians, Poles and Germans. The emphasis has shifted in recent years and today the majority of new immigrants are from Southeast Asia. Today Australia is a “blend of nations” and although some racism exists, it has generally been a successful experiment and the country is justifiably proud to have one of the most harmonious multicultural communities in the world. 55． What does the writer mean by saying “It takes a sharp ear to identify regional accents.” in the first paragraph? A. Australians speak standard English with no local accents whatsoever. B. You have to practice a lot to learn to understand the different accents. C. The Australian regional accents are very difficult to understand indeed. D. There is not much difference between the accents in different areas of Australia. 56．Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. Most Australians have ancestors who were prisoners. B. The Australian economy is dependent on sheep exports. C. The majority of people living in Australia come from Europe. D. The pace of life is different in the city and in the country. 57．The underlined pronoun “it” in the final paragraph refers to “______”．
A. community B. racism C. blend of nations D. Southeast Asia 58．We can infer from the passage that ______. A. there are no signs of Australia’s colonial past in its modern cities B. Australia’s recent immigration policy encourages immigrants from Southeast Asia C. immigrants from Southeast Asia have brought racial problems D. “riding on sheep’s back” resulted in slow development in rural communities 59．This passage mainly focuses on Australia’s ______. A. society B. economy C. racial problems D. history [答案] 这是一篇介绍澳大利亚的文章。 55．D。句意理解题。从文章第一段前两句可以看出，在澳大利亚，不管是城市还是乡 镇， 人们的生活方式并没有很大的差异， 如果要辩认地方口音的话， 需要有很好的耳朵才行， 所以选 D。 56．D。正误判断题。从文章第二段的前四句话可以看出 D 项正确。 57．C。词义推断题。从最后一段第二句中的“Today Australia is a ‘blend of nations’ and although some racism exists...”可以看出这里的“it”表示的是多国家 的融合，所以选 C。 58．B。推理判断题。从文章最后一段可以看出，现在有越来越多的东南亚人移民去澳 大利亚，可推知选 B。 59．A。主旨大意题。从整篇文章我们不难发现，这是一篇主要讲述澳大利亚社会的文 章，所以选 A。 C (2008·北京卷) Twenty years ago, I drove a taxi for a living. One night I went to pick up a passenger at 2：30 AM. When I arrived to collect, I found the building was dark except for a single light in a ground floor window. I walked to the door and knocked, “Just a minute，” answered a weak, elderly voice. After a long pause, the door opened. A small woman in her eighties stood before me. By her side was a small suitcase. I took the suitcase to the car, and then returned to help the woman. She took my arm and we walked slowly toward the car. She kept thanking me for my kindness. “It’s nothing，” I told her. “I just try to treat my passengers the way I would want my mother treated.” “Oh, you’re such a good man.” she said. When we got into the taxi, she gave me an address, and then asked, “Could you drive through downtown？” “It’s not the shortest way，” I answered quickly. “Oh, I’m in no hurry，” she said. “I’m on my way to a hospice(临终医院). I don’t have any family left. The doctor says I don’t have very long.” I quietly reached over and shut off the meter(计价器)． For the next two hours, we drove through the city. She showed me the building where she had once worked, the neighborhood where she had lived, and the furniture shop that had once been a ballroom where she had gone dancing as a girl. Sometimes she’d ask me to slow down in front of a particular building and would sit staring into the darkness, saying nothing. At dawn, she suddenly said, “I’m tired. Let’s go now.” We drove in silence to the address she had given me. “How much do I owe you？” she asked.
“Nothing.” I said. “You have to make a living， she answered. “Oh, there are other passengers， ” ” I answered. Almost without thinking, I bent and gave her a hug. She held onto me tightly. Our hug ended with her remark, “You gave an old woman a little moment of joy.” 60．The old woman chose to ride through the city in order to ______. A. show she was familiar with the city B. see some places for the last time C. let the driver earn more money D. reach the destination on time 61．The taxi driver did not charge the old woman because he ______. A. wanted to do her a favor B. shut off the meter by mistake C. had received her payment in advance D. was in a hurry to take other passengers 62．What can we learn from the story? A. Giving is always a pleasure. B. People should respect each other. C. An act of kindness can bring people great joy. D. People should learn to appreciate others’ concern. [答案] 作者回顾了 20 年前的一段往事：一天凌晨两点半，他去接一位乘客，一个马上要被送 到临终医院的 80 多岁的老太太。应老人的要求，他缓慢地开车陪同老太太在市区驶过她熟 悉的工作和生活过的地方。天亮了，他把老太太送到了目的地，却执意分文不收。 60．B。考查推理判断。从文章的叙述看，老太太说她马上要被送到临终医院，剩下的 日子不多，并指引我在市区缓慢行驶，走过她学习、工作和生活过的地方。从这些信息看， 她这样做的目的是 B，即为了最后看一眼这些有着她的回忆的地方。 61．A。考查推理判断。作者在开车陪同老太太几个小时后，执意不收取一分钱的车费， 并拥抱老太太和她告别。从文章的叙述可知，作者不收钱的原因是 A，为了让老太太在到临 终医院之前充分享受人间的温暖。 62．C。考查推理判断。本文介绍作者开出租时的一次载客经历。从文章的叙述，我们 看见作者诚实和助人为乐的善良之心：他将老太太搀扶到车上，再帮她拿行李，善解人意的 他缓慢地带着老太太行驶在街头。老太太说，“你给了一个老太太快乐的时刻”。 D (·广东) Lisa was running late. Lisa, 25, had a lot to do at work, plus visitors on the way: her parents were coming in for Thanksgiving from her hometown. But as she hurried down the subway stairs, she started to feel uncomfortably warm. By the time she got to the platform, Lisa felt weak and tired—maybe it hadn’t been a good idea to give blood the night before, she thought. She rested herself against a post close to the tracks. Several yards away, Frank, 43, and his girlfriend, Jennifer, found a spot close to where the front of the train woul d stop. They were deep in discussion about a house they were thinking of buying. But when he heard the scream, followed by someone yelling, “Oh, my God, she fell in！” Frank didn’t hesitate. He jumped down to the tracks and ran some 40 feet toward the body lying on the rails. “No! Not you！” his girlfriend screamed after him. She was right to be alarmed. By the time Frank reached Lisa, he could feel the tracks shaking and see the light coming. The train was about 20 seconds from the station.
It was hard to lift her. She was just out. But he managed to raise her four feet to the platform so that bystanders could hold her by the arms and drag her away from the edge. That was where Lisa briefly regained consciousness, felt herself being pulled along the ground, and saw someone else holding her purse. Lisa thought she’d been robbed. A woman held her hand and a man gave his shirt to help stop the blood pouring from her head. And she tried to talk but she couldn’t, and that was when she realized how much pain she was in. Police and fire officials soon arrived, and Frank told the story to an officer. Jennifer said her boyfriend was calm on their 40－minute train ride downtown—just as he had been seconds after the rescue, which made her think about her reaction at the time. “I saw the train coming and I was thinking he was going to die，” she explained. 63．What was the most probably cause for Lisa’s weakness? A. She had run a long way. B. She felt hot in the subway. C. She had done a lot of work. D. She had donated blood the night before. 64．Why did Jennifer try to stop her boyfriend? A. Because they would miss their train. B. Because he didn’t see the train coming. C. Because she was sure Lisa was hard to lift. D. Because she was afraid the train would kill him. 65．How did Frank save Lisa? A. By lifting her to the platform. B. By helping her rise to her f eet. C. By pulling her along the ground. D. By dragging her away from the edge. 66．When did Lisa become conscious again? A. When the train was leaving. B. After she was back on the platform. C. After the police and fire officials came. D. When a man was cleaning the blood from her head. 67．The passage is intended to ______. A. warn us of the danger in the subway B. show us how to save people in the subway C. tell us about a subway rescue D. report a traffic accident [答案] Lisa 因工作过度劳累加上献血，在等车的时候晕倒在地铁的铁轨上，但及时地被正在 站台旁边等车的人们救起，幸运地躲过了一劫。 63．D。事实细节题。文中第一段倒数第二句提到“...maybe it hadn’t been a good idea to give blood the night before”可知 Lisa 认为她的这次眩晕与献血有关，故 D 项为答案。 64． 推理判断题。 D。 Frank 跳下去救 Lisa 时， 车马上就要来了， 由文章最后一段 Jennifer 所说的“I saw the train coming and I was thinking he was going to die”可知 Jennifer 极力阻拦她男朋友下去救人是怕他会被撞死，故 D 项正确。 65．A。事实细节题。从文章第五段第二句中的“he managed to raise her four feet to the platform”可知答案。该题也可以通过排除法来做。 66． 事实细节题。 B。 文中第五段最后一句提到“That was where Lisa briefly regained consciousness”，此处 that 代指前面 的 platform。由此可知 B 项正确。 67．C。主旨大意题。通读全文可知文章主要讲述了 Lisa 在地铁站被路人救起的故事。
E (2008·皖南八校二联) Engineer—Highway / Roadway Wanted Company: Synerfac Technical Staffing Description Work directly for a large, prominent(卓越的)and growing Northern New Jersey area Engineering Firm. Requirements A Bachelor Degree in Civil Engineering is required and a related Masters is a plus. Familiarity with AASHTO and ITE design standards is highly desirable. Knowledge of AutoCAD, LDD and Civil Design, Microstation and SoftDesk civil software are a plus. Candidates will possess strong communication skills. 2～4 years working experience. Job type: Full－Time Employee Pay: $50k～$60k/ year(k＝One thousand dollars)． Contact us by dialling telephone 67522289/67523342 or applying online. Software Salesmen Wanted Company: Judge Group, Inc. Description A fast growing ( 646% in the last 3 years ) endpoint security solution provider is seeking highly talented sales candidate to fulfill a desirable outside sales role. This is an expansion position and was added due to overflow of business in the NYC market. This position requires a hunter mentality and only proven sales candidates should apply. Pay: Base salary ranges from $75k to 85k a year and at plan candidates should expect a total pay of $ 250k a year. Requirements Job type: Full－Time Employee, 3～5 years of enterprise sales at decision maker level. Must live within city limits of NYC. Contact us by dialling mobile phone 12567903338 or sending e － mails to email@example.com. Registered Nurse Wanted Company: Genesis HealthCare Description Welcome to Genesis HealthCare! We’re setting the standard for clinical(临床 的 )excellence and responsiveness( 敏 感 度 )in meeting the unique needs of every resident and patient in our care. We’re focused on becoming the recognized leader in clinical quality and customer satisfaction in every market we serve. Requirements Job type: Full－Time Employee Pay: $78k to 85k/year Apply online today, if you are a graduate of an approved School of Nursing with a current state Registered Nurse license in desired state of interest. Contact us by dialling phone 34286679/34286630 or sending e－mails to office firstname.lastname@example.org. 68．Those who work for Judge Group, Inc. as software salesmen can be paid at most ______ a year. A. $ 85k B. $ 250k C. $ 75k D. $ 325k 69．Which of the jobs wanted above particularly requires strong communication skills?
A. Registered Nurse. B. Software Salesperson. C. Engineer—Highway/Roadway. D. Registered Nurse & Software Salesperson. 70．If you are a university graduate, you must contact the company you apply to by ______. A. calling 12567903338 B. dialling telephone 67522289 C. sending e－mails to email@example.com D. sending e－mails to office firstname.lastname@example.org [答案] 本文介绍了三则有关招聘公路工程师、软件销售员以及注册护士的广告的具体内容。 68．B。细节理解题。由第二则广告中“Pay: Base salary ranges from $75k to $85k a year and at plan candidates should expect a total pay of $250k a year.”一句可 得出答案。 69． 细节理解题。 C。 由第一则广告中“Candidates will possess strong communication skills. 2～4 years working experience.”可得出答案。 70．D。细节判断题。第一则广告要求应聘者有 2～4 年的工作经历；第二则广告要求应 聘者有 3～5 年的工作经历；只有第三则广告对应聘者工作经历没有提出要求，只提到 “Apply online today, if you are a graduate of an approved School of Nursing with a current state Registered Nurse license in desired state of interest.”故选 D。 Ⅴ.完成句子(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下列各小题，根据括号内的汉语提示，用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子。 71 ． Your composition is excellent ______( 除 ?? 之 外 ) a few spelling mistakes.(except) 72．The ______(大多数) of the students believe that playing computer games is bad for their studies.(major) 73 ． My cousin and I always ______( 交 换 ) Christmas cards and gifts every year.(change) 74．She is considered ______(热心肠)．(heart) 75．______(我一上船) I always feel sick.(board) 76．______(这条船很好操纵), even in rough weather.(handle) 7 7 ． I ______( 经 历 了 很 大 的 困 难 ) in getting a visa to leave the country.(experience) 78．The restaurant and the bar in this establishment are under ______(各自经 营)．(separate) 79．In those days you would be easily cheated ______(你要是不提防)．(watch) 80．We had to have some instruments. There was ______(没有是不行的)．(get) [答案] 71．except for 72.majority 73.exchange 74．to be warm－hearted 75．As soon as I am on board 76．The boat can be easily handled 77．experienced great difficulty 78．separate management 79．if you didn’t watch out 80．no getting away from that Ⅵ.短文写作(共 1 题；满分 25 分) (2008·湖南) 请从下列人物中选择你最喜欢的一位， 用英语写一篇 120 词左右的短文， 要求根据所给 信息作适当发挥，且须包括以下三部分内容：
1．对该人物的简单介绍； 2．喜欢该人物的理由； 3．从该人物身上得到的启示。
Thomas Edison Helen Keller William Shakespeare inventor； ordinary but great woman； writer； creative; diligent； disabled; optimistic； talented; imaginative； full of wisdom eager to learn man of all ages “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety－ “...if I had the power of “Life is a stage...” nine sight for three days.” percent perspiration.” “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety－ “...if I had the power of “Life is a stage...” nine sight for three days.” percent perspiration.” ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ [参考答案] Sample 1： Thomas Edison Born in America, Thomas Edison was a great scientist and inventor. He was once thought to be a boy who was not worth educating. In fact, he was a man full of imagination. I admire Edison a lot because of his great contribution to the world. He had more than 1,000 inventions. In his life time, he was always eager to know how things worked, which helped him to earn the nickname “the Wizard of Melo Park”. He was also so diligent that he worked day and night. And this explained why he had so many great inventions. What impresses me most is his famous saying, “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety－nine percent perspiration.” Probably I cannot be an Edison myself, but I can be a hardworking learner. From him, I realize the secret to success is not when or where you were born, but what you are doing and how you do it in your life. Sample 2： Helen Keller Every time I read “...if I had the power of sight for three days”， I cannot help being moved by its author Helen Keller, an ordinary but great American woman. I admire Helen because she is optimistic abo ut life. She became deaf and blind when she was 19 months old. Since then she lived in a world of darkness and silence,
and communication seemed only a dream for her. But she never gave up and struggled to lead an active life. Under the guidance of her teacher, Ms. Sulliven, Helen learned to r ead and write and became a famous writer. For a disabled person like her, this was really a wonder! Helen has set an excellent example to all of us. Her story tells us that we should value what we have, and try our best to overcome any difficulty in life. Sample 3： William Shakespeare Do you know Hamlet? Have you read The Merchant of Venice? These two great works are both written by William Shakespeare, my favorite English writer and the man of all ages! Shakespeare, a son from a poor family, a man of little education, wrote plays and poems that are read all over the world. I like him because his comedies and tragedies bring me into a fantastic world; I love him because his poems let me enjoy the beauty of the English language; I admire him because his keen sights set me thinking and teach me how to lead a meaningful life! Since “Life is a stage”， we are actually all actors and actresses. On this stage, everyone has his own role to play, and I will try my best to play my role well.