unit16 stories Lesson 1stories from history_图文

Volcanic eruption

Pompeii

On August 21nd, 79 AD, Pompeii looked like any other busy, prosperous city. People were moving about, trading goods, news, and friendly talking.

Three days later, on August 24th, all of these sounds had fallen silent, and the place itself had vanished. Almost nothing was seen in Pompeii for more than 1500 years. Now, more than 1900 years later, we are learning more and more about the last days of Pompeii.

1. Once, there was a thriving city. But one day, it suddenly disappeared. Use your imagination, and see how this tragedy happened.

2. Do you know any city that disappeared within a minute? 3. Read the title, can you guess from the title what the article is about?

First-reading
Read the whole passage quickly, and try to find out what happened to Pompeii.

It was destroyed and covered by a volcanic eruption and discovered again by some archaeologists 1,600 years later.

Second-reading
Write down the things in connection with the following numbers.

August, 24th, 79 AD: The eruption had occurred and destroyed the whole city.

1,600: More than 1,600 years later, some scientists found the lost towns that had been buried under the ashes.

1748: By 1748, scientists had found an awesome historical site. 250: More than 250 years after scientists found the city,

thousands of tourists and hundreds of scientists visit Pompeii every year to learn more about the ancient world.

Third-reading: Note-taking
Go through the whole passage, and find out what the following people did.

Pliny: People in Pompeii: scientists:

Pliny: a Roman writer wrote about a terrible volcanic eruption described a cloud coming down the mountain, blocking out the sun and burying everything in its path, including whole villages and towns.

Those sad events left a deep impression on Pliny.

People in Pompeii: disappeared under the ashes were gradually forgotten by the world

People gathered together for protection in their last hours of life.

One person, sitting alone, looks like he is praying.

Another man, lying on his side, looks as if he is trying to get up.

Those scientists: found the lost towns found an awesome historical site and started to dig out the ancient city of Pompeii hundreds of scientists visit Pompeii every year to learn more about the ancient world

Post-reading
Read the article and answer the questions 1. What is the article about? It is about a city called Pompeii. It was buried by a volcanic eruption in 79 AD but scientists found it again 1,600 years later.

2. Why does the article describe Pompeii as a “time capsule”? Because the volcanic eruption preserved buildings, objects and even impressions of people from the time. 3. Who wrote about the eruption of Vesuvius? A Roman writer called Pliny.

4. What had Pompeii been like before the eruption? Before the eruption, Pompeii had been a booming Roman city with temples, markets, restaurants, and theatres.

5. What can you see if you walk in the streets of Pompeii today? Now as you walk along the streets of the city, you can admire the ancient architecture, statues, decorated walls and authentic objects characteristic of the time.

Paraphrase
1. He had witnessed as a young man … v. see something by oneself 2. The eruption had occurred on August 24th, 79AD. take place, happen (vi.)

3. The earth began to tremble and a volcano … shake 4. He described a cloud coming down the mountain, blocking out the sun and burying everything in its path.

hide the sun from being seen/ bury everything when it was passing 5. Time rewinds. v. go back to ancient times

6. You can admire the ancient architecture, statues, decorated walls and authentic objects characteristics of the time. typical of that time 7. One person, sitting alone, looks like he is praying.

alone is an adverb(副词) 8. The city lives on nearly 2,000 years after its loss. keep alive

9. Time capsule a container used to store for children a selection of objects thought to be representative of life at a particular time. Time capsules are interesting to people of all ages.

Write to yourself an e-mail, and receive it 20 years later. What will the feeling be? The Forbes provides an interesting service, kinda TIME CAPSULE. But the ‘capsule’ would be an e-mail.

you may send emails to yourself, and decide the mails to be received 1 or 3 or 5 or 10 or even 20 years later! The mails will be kept and sent by yahoo.

Changes of Pompeii City: A thriving Roman city with temples, markets, restaurants and theatres, works of art on walls;

destroyed and covered by a terrible volcanic eruption; people disappeared and forgotten by the world; the locations of the buried towns and villages were lost.

discovered by some scientists; visited by tourists and scientists every year.

Past Perfect tense
1. Pliny wrote about a terrible volcanic eruption that he had witnessed as a young man.

2. However, more than 1, 600 years later, some scientists found the lost towns that had been buried under the ashes. 3. Before the eruption occurred, it had been a booming Roman city.

4. The bodies of people who had died in Pompeii left impressions in the ash ...

What is past perfect tense?
It shows an event that happened earlier, before the other past event in the story.

Past Perfect

过去完成时

had + past participle(动词的过去分词)

助动词(无人称变化) regular verbs
规则动词

irregular verbs
不规则动词

过去分词的构成:
1. 规则动词的变化: a) 一般情况下在动词后面加 ed work — worked use — used play — played refuse — refused b) 以 e 结尾的动词直接加 d

c) 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的动词,把 y 改 i 再加 ed
carry — carried study — studied d) 以重读闭音节结尾的,前面有单个 元音字母时,双写辅音字母,再加 ed stop — stopped drop — dropped

2. 不规则动词的变化

light
hold buy eat lose

lighted/lit held bought eaten lost

China ________ had held the 29th Olympic Games. (hold)

Hong Kong ____________ had returned to China before Macao came back to China. (return)

Oral Exercise
Henry, from London, married Anna from Poland. He once told a reporter that he had never been in love until he met Anna.

Suppose you were Henry, what else would you like to say to the reporter? Visit Poland … fall in love with a girl … eat Polish food … want children … spend all his time on one person … talk so openly …

Finish 4 -7 on Page 7.


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