江苏省江阴市成化高级中学高中英语 Unit4 Behind beliefs Biblical idioms in English教案 牛津译林版选修9_图文
Unit 4： Behind beliefs Biblical idioms in English
【Teaching Aims】 1. To help Ss get a general idea about the text. 2. To make Ss become familiar with the detailed information about the text. 3. To help Ss master Reading Strategy. 【Teaching Important Points】 1. How to make the students understand the passage better. 2. How to help the students finish all the exercises. 3. How to help the students develop their creativ e, comprehensive and consolidating abilities. 【Teaching Difficult Points】 1. How to teach students master idioms in this text? 2. How to get students to fully participate in all activities? 【Teaching Aids】 1. The multimedia 2. The blackboard
【Teaching Procedures】 Step1: Lead-in As we all know, there are many idioms in English, a nd most of them come from the Bible. First let’s look at the following dialogues. Can you guess the meanings of the underlined words? 1. A：Oh, my God! What happened? Why are you black and blue? B：I got beaten by Peter’s brother A：That’s a bad apple! Let’s think up a way and teach him a lesson 2. A：Give the skates to me! B：You shut up! A：If you don’t know how to skate, why don’t you give the skates to me? Don’t be a dog in the manger. 1. 甲：噢，天哪！怎么啦？你身上怎么青一块紫一 块的？ 乙：彼得的弟弟把我给打了。 甲：这坏蛋，咱们来想个法来教训教训他。 2. 甲：把冰鞋给我！ 乙：你闭嘴！ 甲：你若不知道怎么滑冰，干吗不把冰鞋给我？别占着茅坑不拉屎了！ Boys and girls, from the above examples, we know that idioms play an important part in learning a language and can enrich the language we use. Now read the following sentences and guess what each idiom means. 1. A：There’s no point in losing temper on me. It’s unfair! (没理由) B：What did you do to him? A：If I did something bad, I wouldn’t blame him for getting angry with me. The point is that I did nothing wrong. B：Maybe he thought you reported him to the manager.
【Preparation for your own class】
2. A：I think it was Jason who stole my document. B：Fat chance! (微小的机会；极少的可能) A：He’s the only one who left here late. B：I know him. He’ll never do that sort of thing. 3. A：Where’s Annie? B：In the house. A：In the house? Where is she? B：Search me, I don’t know where she is now. [(非正式)不知道] Step 2: Fast reading for general ideas Go through the passage as quickly as possible and try to find answers to the three questions in part A on Page 50. Pay attention to the most important informat ion. Answers: 1. An idiom is a group of words or an expression whose meaning often can not be understood by looking at the meanings of the separate words in i t. 2. In Hebrew. 3. ‘Apple of their parents’ eye’. Step 3: Detailed reading for important information 1. Read the passage a second time and complete Part C1. 2. Read the article again and complete Part C2. Step 4:Practice: 1. Complete Part D. You may refer to the reading passage on pages 50 and 51 for some help. 2. Part E is a short passage about idioms from the bible. Read and fill in the blanks. Step 5: Post-reading activities 1. First role-play the dialogue in Part F and then forms groups of four to discuss the three questions that follow. 2. Look at the following idioms. Do you know the origin of them? Try to make sentences with the idioms. Step6 Language Points Paragraph 1 1. An idiom is a group of words or an expression whose meaning is not straightforward, because it often cannot be understood by looking at the meanings of its separate words. *习语是词义不直接的词组或者一种表达方式，因为其意义无法从孤立的单词中 获得。 *Separate here is used as an adjective with the meaning ‘each or individual (word in the group of words or the expression)’ or ‘not together’. e.g. 这对双胞胎共享一个房间，但是他们各自睡一张床。 The twins share one room, but they sleep in separate beds. Separate can also be used as a verb, which means ‘to become apart’ or ‘to be not together’. e.g. 要将两头正在争斗的公牛分开是非常困难的。
It is extremely hard to separate two fighting oxen. 2. in other words 换句话说 类似于 “That is (to say) ?” in a word 简言之，总之 have a word with sb. 与某人谈一下 have words with sb. 与某人吵架 keep on e’s word 守信，信守承诺 Word came that ? 有消息称······ 操练：Your performance in the driving test didn’t reach the required standard—__C___, you failed． A. in the end B. after all C. in other words D. at the same time 3. a number of 许多（用于修饰可数名词） the number of ? 的数目 操练：The number of the stamps __C___ limited, so a number of people _____ to have a look at them. A. are; want B. is; wants C. is; want D. are; wants Paragraph 2 1.The Bible was first written in Hebrew and then translated into Greek, both of which use many idioms. <<圣经>>最初是用希伯来文写成的，后来被译为希腊语，这两种语言都是用很多习 语。 *代词+of which/whom 引导定语从句的用法: most, both, all, neither, either, none 等代词+of whom（指人）/which（指物） 可以引导定语从句。如： She has two daughters, neither of whom lives at home. He has five dictionaries, all of which are practical. *代 词+of whom（指人）/which（指物）引导定语从句也可转换成 of whom（指人） /which（指物）+代词引导定语从句。如：I have many story books, of which all are interesting. 【考例】Last week, only two people came to look at the house, __D___ wanted to buy it. A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom (2007 安徽) 2. the connection to ? 也可以用介词 with 与······的联系 3. before long 不久以后，很快 long before 很久以前 4. be used to do 被用来做某事 used to do 过去常常做某事 be used to doing 习惯于做某事 操练：As a young man, Tom used to in the town, __C_ to find a job for a few coins. A. knocking about; waited B. knocked down; waiting C. knock about; waiting D. knocked down; waited Paragraph 3 1. A biblical idiom is often an expression that underline the moral of a story and gave audiences a picture to help them understand the story better.圣经习语就是强调某一故事寓意的一个词组，给听众或读者一个意象以
帮助他们更好地理解故事。 2. s trike/hit/pat sb. on the 部位 3. a hidden weakness 隐藏的弱点，不为人知的弱点 hidden 过去分词作定语 Paragraph 4-5 1 It comes from a story in the Bible, where a son left home to waste all of his time and money in amusing himself ? To hiring himself out to feed pigs, he realized waste/spend time (in) doing sth. 浪费/花时间做某事 hire sb out 受聘于 2. In honour of his return, his father killed and cooked a calf that had been allowed to grow fat so that they could have a feast. in honor of ? 为了纪念，为了欢迎，为了庆祝 操练：Christmas is a Christian holy day usually celebrated on December 25th _D_the birth of Jesus Christ. A. in accordance with B. in terms of C. in favor of D. in honor of Paragraph 6 1. things related to food 与食物有关的东西 be related to sb/sth 与某人或某事物有关 E.g. Wealth is seldom related to happiness. 财富鲜与幸福相关。 Paragraph 7 1. When you have a thorough understanding of English idioms and their origins, you can better understand and appreciate the history and cultures of English-speaking countries because idioms are carriers of history and culture. 透彻了解英语习语及其起源，你可以更好地理解和欣赏英语国家的历史和文化， 因为习语是历史和文化的载体。 a thorough understanding 透彻的理解