定语从句练习

寒假作业 1-Exercises (attributive clause I) I. Translate the following sentencese into English. 1.我昨天买了一本书,该书的作者是一位盲人。

2.我的办公室在这栋大楼的二层,它很小。

3.你上个星期借给我的那本书很有趣。

4.那位老师教我英文,他是加拿大人。

5.和我一起工作的那个女孩已经有男朋友了。

6.告诉我今天早晨你迟到的原因。

7.他们到的时候天正在下雨。

8.他是一个值得信赖的人。

9.你住的那家酒店叫什么名字?

10.接电话的那个男的告诉我你不在。

II. Choices. 1. The professor and her achievement______you told me about are admired by us all. a. who b. which c. that d. whom

2. I don’t suppose anything happens______he doesn’t foresee. a. that b.which c. what d. as

3. They shouted with the loudest voice______they could. a. when b. that c. which d. what

4. This is the book______on the subject. a. which there is b. that there is c. which is d. what is

5. He has written a book______name I have completely forgotten. a. whose b. which c. of which d. that

6. The meeting was postponed, ______was exatly what I wanted. a. that b. which it c. and that d. this

7. Mr.Jones, ______Jone was working, was very generous about overtime payment. a. for which b. for who c. whom d. for that

8. There is not much______can be done now. a. that b. which c. who d. what

9. He showed me a book, _______I could tell that it was pretty old. a. which cover b. of which cover c. the cover which d. from the cover of which

10.This kind of solar cooker can be used only in the daytime______the sun is shining. a. when b. as c. while d. since

11.Solomon was diligent, responsible and hardworking, ______he was promoted from a clerk to a manager.

a. for which

b. which

c. for

d. that

12.What is______ordered the English book? a. the lady’s address in Beijing who c. the address of the lady in Beijing who b. the lady’s address in Beijing which d. the address of the lady in Beijing which

13.There comes a time in every man’s life______. a. then he has to think c. when he has to think b. which he needs d. threfore he has to work hard

14.No sample______we have received is satifactory. a. which b. what c. that d. who

15.Obviously there was little certainty______the chairman would agree to this proposal. a. which b. why c. what d. that

16.There can’t be any life on Venus, ______the temperature is as high as 90F. a. which b. when c. where d. there

17.The reason______he died was lack of medical care. a. which b. for that c. as d. why

18.This is the shop______I often buy foodstuff. a. where b. which c. of which d. to which

19.The reason______he gave for his being late was unacceptable. a. why b. that c. who d. for which

20.The shop_______I told you about before has closed down. a. where b. in which c. at which d. which

21.Those guilty of a serious crime______refuse to reform must bu severely punished.

a. which

b. whom

c. when

d. who

22.Yet no film evidence had come to light______the men arrested were actually responsible. a. which b.as c. what d. that

23.Another food crop raised by Indians_______strange to the European was called Indian corn. a. who were b. that were c. that was d.who was

24.They helped us time and again, ______very kind of them. a. who were b. which was c. that was d. which were

25.”Do you like the book your father gave you?” “Very much. It’s exactly______I wanted.” a. one which b. that c.one what d. the one

26.When reports came into London Zoo______a wild puma had been spotted 45miles south of London, they were not taken seriously. a. what b. as c. which d. that

27.Many birds have feathers______with their surroundings. a. colors blend c. whose colors blend b. that colors blend d. of which the colors that blend

28.Civil rights are the freedoms and rights______as a member of a community, state, or nation. a. may have a person c. a person may have b. a person who may have d. and a person may have

29.In the early 20th century, the “Model T”automaobile was mass-produced and sold at a price______could afford. a. the average person who c. and the average person b. that the average person who d. the average person

30.I ’ m taking about friends______care deeply about other, ______support each other, ______make life worth living. a. who who who III. Fill in the blanks. Part one A story tells of two friends______were walking through the desert. At a specific point of the journey, they had an argument, and one friend slapped the other one in the face. The one______got slapped was hurt, but without saying anything, he wrote in the sand, “Today my best friend slapped me in the face.” They kept on walking until they found an oasis, ______they decided to take a bath. The one______got slapped and hurt started drowning, and the other friend saved him. When he recovered from the fright, he wrote on a stone, “Today my best friend saved my life.” The friend______had saved and slapped his best friend asked him, “why, after I hurt you, you wrote in the sand and now your write on a stone?” The other friend, smiling, replied, “When a friend hurts us, we should write it down in the sand, ______the winds of forgiveness can erase it away, and when someone does something good for us, we should engrave it in the stone of the memory of the heart, ______no wind can ever erase it.” Let’s learn to write your hurts in the sand and to carve your blessings in stones. Part two Chicken Soup For The Soul Rose Real love lies not in______(what/which/that) is done and known, but in ______(what/which/that) is done but not known Red rose were her favorites; her name was also Rose. And every year her husband sent them, tied with pretty bows.The year he died, the roses were delivered to her door. The card said, “Be my Valentine,” like all the years before. Each year he sent her roses, and the note would always say, “I love you even more this year than year on this day.” “My love for you will always grow with every passing year.” She b. who that that c. that who who d. who which wich

knew_______ (what/which/that) this was the last time that the rose would appear. She thought______(what/which/*) he ordered roses in adance before this day. Her loving husband did not know______(what/which/that) he would pass away. He always liked to do things early before the time. Then, if he got too busy, everything would work out fine. She trimmed the stems and placed them in a very special vase and then put the vase beside the portrait of his smiling face. She would sit for hours in her husband’s favorite chair, while staring at his picture, and the roses sitting there. A year went by, and it was hard to live without her mate. With loneliness and solitude______(what/which/that) had become her fate. Then the very hour as on Valentines before, the doorbell rang, and there were roses, sitting by her door. She brought the roses in, and then just looked at them in shock. Then went to get the telephone to call the florist shop.The owner answered and she asked him if he would explain______(what/which/that/why) someone would do this to her, causing her such pain. “I know______(what/which/*) your husband passed away more than a year ago,” The owner said, “I knew you’ call, and your would want to know.” d “The flowers______(what/which/that) you received today were paid for in advance.” “Your husband always planned ahead, he left nothing to chance.” “There is a standing order_______(whtat/which/that) I have on file down here.. And he has paid well in advance, you’ get them every year. There also is another thing______(what/which/that) I ll think you should know, he wrote a special little card?he did this years ago.” “ Then should ever I find out______(what/which/that) he ’ s no longer here, it ’ s the card______(what/which/that) should be sent to you the following year.” She thanked him and hung up the phone, her tears now flowing hard. Her fingers were shaking, as she slowly reached to get the card. Inside the card, she saw______(whtat/which/that) he had written her a note. Then as she stared in total silence, this is______(what/which/that) he wrote? “Hello my love, I know it’ been a year since I’ been gone, I hope it hasn’ been too hard for s ve t you to overcome.” “ I know it must be lonely, and the pain is very real. For if it was the other way, I know______(what/which/that/how) I would feel. The love______(what/which/that) we shared made everything so beautiful in life. I loved you more than words can say, you were the perfect wife.”

“You were my friend and lover, you fulfilled my every need. I know it’s only been a year, but please try not to grieve. I want you to be happy, even when you shed your tears. That is______(what/which/how/why) the roses will be sent to you for years.” “When you get these roses, think of all the happiness, _______(what/which/that) we had together, and how both of us were blessed. I have always loved you and I know I always will. But, my love, you must go on, you have some living still.” “Please?.try to find happiness, while living out your days. I know it is not easy, but I hope______(what/which/that) you find some ways. The roses will come every year, and they will only stop, when your door’s not answered, when the florist stops knocking.” “He will come five times that day, in case you have gone out. But after his last visit, he will know without a doubt, to take the roses to the place where I’ instruced him, And place the roses ve where we are together once again.”

寒假作业 2——Exercises (attributive clause II) I.Choices 1.Water enters into a great variety of chemical reactions, ______have been mentioned in previous pages. a. a few of what b. a few of which c. a few of that d. a few of them

2. ______shrewd people______he described in his novel are to be found everywhere. a. such/like b. such/as c. so/like d.so/as

3. The Great Wall is the place______almost all tourist would like to visit when they come to Beijing. a. where b.which c. of which d. in which

4. He didn’t have a good command of spoken English, ______made it difficult for him to get a good job. a. that b. which c. what d.this

5. Collin’s struggle to make a place for herself in ballet is the kind of life story______a

fascinating novel might be written. a.of that b. about which c. by whom d. for whom

6. The quality of teaching should be measured by the degree-______the students’ potentiality is developed. a. of that b. with which c. in which d. to which

7. Basic research provides the capital fund of scientific knowledge______which the applied researchers draw to give society a rich rate of interest. a. on b. out c. up d. back

8. Hiram Revels, the first Black member of the United States Senate, served as senator from Mississippi, an office______he was elected in 1870. a. which b. to which c. and which d. at which

9. They will move into the new house next Friday, ______it will be completely furnished. a. by the time b. by which time c. by that time d. by this time

10.The tall rectangular buildings may well give way to a more complex and exciting shape providing areas______which the individual can fully identify himself. a. to b. for c. with d. by

11.We can separate oil into the chemical compounds_______it is composed. a. of which b. with which c. in which d. from which

12.We have found a useful compound_______we can separate some important elements. a. of which b. with which c. in which d. from which

13.Noise in a room may be reduced by carpeting, draperies, and upholstered furniture, _______absorb sound. a. which they all b. of them all c. all of which d.of all which

14.After the First World War, the author Anais Nin became interested in the art movemnt kown as Surrealism and in psychoanalysis, both______her novels and short stories.

a. in which the influence c. to have influence

b. of which influenced d. its influence in

15.I don’t think the number of people______this happens is very large. a. when b. to whom c. that d. of which

16.Anthony Jason, ______Louis succeeded in the experiment, was a friend of mine. a. with the help from whom b. with whose help c. with the help of his d. with his help

17.He’s written a book______the name I’ve completely forgotten. a. whose b. which c. of which d. that

18.Watercolor provides a brilliant transparency and freshness, ______it allows extraordinarily free brushwork. a. that b. during c. which d. and

19. Mahalia Jackson, ______combined powerful vitality with great dignity, was one of the best-known gospel singer in the United States. a. it was her singing b. which songs c. who sang d. whose singing

20.Mr.Jones, ______John was working, was very generous about overtime payment. a. for whom b. for who c. whom d. for that

21.Arthur Miller’s play Death fo a Salesman is the tragic story of a man destroyed by his own hollow values and those of the society______. a. he lives in which b. in which he lives c. which in he lives d. in that he lives

22.In the United States, a primary elecion is a method______voters selec the nominees for public office. a. in that b. by which c. by those d. is that

23.Emily Dickison’s garden was a place______great inspiration for her person. a. that she drew b. by drawing her

c. from which she draw

d. drawn from which

24.We moved to the new house in the suburbs so that the kids would have a garden______. a. in which to play b. to play with c. to play d. where to play

25.He showed me a book, ______I could tell that it was pretty old. a. which cover c. the cover which b. of which cover d. from the cover of which

26.Solomon was diligent, responsible and hardworking, ______he was promoted from a clerk to a manager. a. for which b. which c. for d. that

27. “Did the audience participate in the party?” “Yes, the actors______to involve the audience were successful.” a . whom it was the function c. whose function it was b. of which the function was d. whose were the function

28.The doctors all blamed the irresponsible boy_______to protect the little girl. a. it was he that was c. it was whose duty b. whose duty was it d. whose duty it was

29.The project requires more labor than______because it is extremely different. a. has been put in b. have been put in c. being put in d. to be put in

30.He often sat in a small bar drinking considerably more than______. a. he was in good health c. his health was good b. his good health was d. was good for his health

31.The costs of distribution and sales make up a large part of prices that______. a. all products are paid for b. are paid for all products

c. for all products paid

d. for which all products paid

32.Without facts we can ’ t form a worthwhile opinion for we need to have factual knowledge______our thinking. a. upon which to base c. which to be based on b. which to base upon d. to which to be based

33.His great grandmother was among the last to settle in______is now the famous mountain resort. a. that b. where c. which d. what

34.More middle-aged persons suffer from heart trouble than______. a. it generally is realized c. generally it is realized b. is generally realized d. generally is realized.

35.Poverty is also threatening the company’s most valuable resource, its staff, ______. a. who are increasingly being lured c. lured increasingly b. which is increasingly being lured d. to be increasingly lured

36.So quickly are science and technology advancing______is a possibility today may be a reality tomorrow. a. which b. what c. that which d. that what

37.______is known to all, gases expand and contract with the increase and decrease of temperature. a. which b.as c. that d. it

38. “Do you like the book your father gave you?” “Very much. It’s exactly______I wanted.” a. one which b.that c. one what d. the one

39.He never sells such books______are considered harmful to the readers.

a. that

b. as

c. which

d. what

40.Physics is the present-day equivalent of______used to be called natural philosophy, ______which most of present-day science arose. a. what/from b. that/from c. which/of d. what/with

41.Many birds have feathers______with their surroundings. a. colors blend c. whose colors blend b.that colors blend d. of which the colors that blend

42.Civil rights are the freedoms and rights______as a member of a community, state, or nation. a. may have a person c.a person may have b. a person who may have d. and a person may have

43.The computer has dramatically affected______photographic lenses are constructed. a. is the way b. that the way c. which way do d. the way

44.Despite its wide range of styles and instrumentation, country music has certain common features______its own special character. a. give it that b. that give it c. that give d. that gives it to

45.Mango trees, ______densely covered with glossy leaves and bear small fragrant flowers, grow rapidly and can attain heights of up to 90 feet. a. whose b.which are c. are when d. which

46.The computer has brought about surprising technological changes_______we organize and produce information. a. in a way b. in the way c. in that way d. in no way

47.In the early 20th century, the “Model T” automobile was mass-produced and sold at a price______could afford. a. the average person who b. that the average person who

c. and the average person

d. the average person

48.There are many copper mines in the state of Arizona, ______contributes significantly to the state’s economy. a. a fact b. which fact c. whose fact d.that

49.______, dolphins have no sense of smell. a. as known as far c.it is known as far b. known thus far as d. as far as is known

50.Giant pandas resemble bears in shape and in______. a. it is a slow, clumsy way to waik c.they walk in a slow, clumsy way II.Correction 1. Members of a nation’s foreign service represent that country’s interess abroad and report on the b. the slow, clumsy way that they walk d. their slow walk is clumsy

conditions, trends, and policies of the country which they are stationed.

2. Traditionally, ethnographers and linguists have paid little attention to cultural interpretations

given to silence, or to the types of social contexts in which tends to occur.

3. Light rays what enter the eye must be focused onto a point on the retina in order for a clear

visual image to form.

4. Carson McCullers was only 23 when she published her first novel, The Heart Is a Lonely

Hunter for what she received much acclaim.

5. A mirage is an atmospheric optical illusion in what an observer sees a nonexistent body of water

or an image of some object.

6. Humus, a substance found in soil, is soft and spongy and enables plant roots to send out tiny

hairs through that they absorb water and food.

7. They pointed out the damage which they supposed that had been done by last night’s storm.

8. There are many valuable services which the public are willing to pay for, but which does not

bring a return in money to the community.

9. Vaccines for some rare diseases are given only to persons which risk exposure to the disease.

10.This is the most important respect which civilized man can be distinguished from primitive

communities.

11.Doppler radar can be used to determine the direction which the particles of a cloud are moving.

12.By 1860 the railroad of the United States had 3,000 miles of track, three-quarters of which it

was east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River.

13.Eleanor Roosevelt set the standard which the wives of all United States Presidents since have

been evaluated.

14.Ripe fruit is often stored in a place where contains much carbon dioxide so that the fruit will

not decay too rapidly.

15.When television was first introduced, the extent to what it would affect society could not have

been foreseen.

16.Public demonstrations are an effective means which the people can bring social inequalities to

the attention of government officials.

17.The speed at what an animal lives is determined by measuring the rate at which it usese

oxygen.

18.Americans regard education as the means which the inequalities among individuals are to be

erased and by which every desirable end is to be achieved.

19.A frequent criticism of most online companies has been the snail’s pace to which they deliver

their products.

20.For each enzyme reaction there is an optimum temperature which maximum efficiency is

achieved.


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