河南省洛阳高中2014届高三英语备考中原名校联考试题新人教版

2013-2014 学年高三英语备考中原名校联考英语试题
本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题) 。考试结束,将本试卷和答题卡一并 交回。 第I卷 注意事项: 1、答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2、选出每小题的答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用 橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) (略) 第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Having a husband means an extra seven hours of housework each week for women, according to a new study. For men, getting married saves an hour of housework a week. “It’s a well-known pattern,” said lead researcher Frank Stafford at University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research. “Men usually work more outside the home, while women take on more of the housework.” He points out that differences among households (家庭) exist. But in general, marriage means more housework for women and less for men. “And the situation gets worse for women when they have children.” Stafford said. Overall, times are changing in the American home. In 1976, women busied themselves with 26 weekly hours of sweeping-and-dusting work, compared with 17 hours in 2005. Men are taking on more housework, more than doubling their housework hours from six in 1976 to 13 in 2005. Single women in their 20s and 30s did the least housework, about 12 weekly hours, while married women in their 60s and 70s did the most – about 21 hours a week. Men showed a somewhat different pattern, with older men picking up the broom more often than younger men. Single men worked the hardest around the house, more than that of all other age groups of married men. Having children increases housework even further. With more than three, for example, wives took on more of the extra work, clocking about 28 hours a week compared with husbands’ 10 hours. 21. According to the “well-known pattern” in Paragraph 1, a married man ________. A. takes on heavier work C. is the main breadwinner A. About 28 B. About 26 B. does more housework D. is the master of the house C. About 13 D. About 6

22. How many hours of housework did men do every week in the 1970s? 23. What kind of man is doing most housework according to the text?

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A. An unmarried man. C. A younger married man. A. Marriage gives men more freedom.

B. An older married man. D. A married man with children.

24. What can we conclude from Stafford’s research? B. Marriage has effects on job choices. C. Housework sharing changes over time. D. Having children means doubled housework. B GUATEMALA CITY(Reuters)--- A fish that lives in mangrove swamps(红树沼泽)across the Americas can live out of water for months at a time, similar to how animals adapted (适应)to land millions of years ago, a new study shows. The Mangrove Rivulus, a type of small killifish, lives in small pools of water in a certain type of empty nut or even old beer cans in the mangrove swamps of Belize, the United States and Brazil. When their living place dries up, they live on the land in logs(圆木), said Scott Taylor, a researcher at the Brevard Endangered Lands Program in Florida. The fish, whose scientific name is Rivulus marmoratus, can grow as large as three inches. They group together in logs and breathe air through their skin until they can find water again. The new scientific discovery came after a trip to Belize. “We kicked over a log and the fish just came crowding out,” Taylor told Reuters in neighboring Guatemala by telephone. He said he will make his study on the fish known to the public in an American magazine early next year. In lab tests, Taylor said he found the fish can live up to 66 days out of water without eating. Some other fish can live out of water for a short period of time. The walking catfish found in Southeast Asia can stay on land for hours at a time, while lungfish found in Australia, Africa and South America can live out of water, but only in an inactive state. But no other known fish can be out of water as long as the Mangrove Rivulus and remain active, according to Patricia Wright, a biologist at Canada’s University of Guelph. Further studies of the fish may tell how animals changed over time. “These animals live in conditions similar to those that existed millions of years ago, when animals began making the transition(过渡)form water onto land, ” Wright said. 25. The Mangrove Rivulus is a type of fish that ________. A. likes eating nuts B. prefers living in dry places C. is the longest living fish on earth D. can stay alive for two months out of water 26. According to the text, lungfish can _______.
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A. breathe through its skin C. remain alive out of water A. It was made quite by accident.

B. move freely on dry land D. be as active on land as in water

27. What can we say about the discovery of Mangrove Rivulus? B. It was based on a lab test of sea life. C. It was supported by an American magazine. D. It was helped by Patricia Wright. C The American newspaper has been around for about three hundred years. In 1721, the printer James Franklin, Benjamin’s older brother, started the New England

Courant, and that was what we might recognize today as a real newspaper. He filled
his paper with stories of adventure, articles on art, on famous people, and on all sorts of political subjects. Three centuries after the appearance of Franklin’s Courant, few believe that newspapers in their present printed form will remain alive for long. Newspaper companies are losing advertisers(广告商),readers, market value, and in some cases, their sense of purpose at a speed that would not have been imaginable just several years ago. The chief editor(主编) of the Times said recently, “At places where they gather, editors ask one another, ‘How are you?’, as if they have just come out of the hospital or a lost law case.” An article about the newspaper appeared on the website of the Guardian, under the headline “NOT DEAD YET.” Perhaps not, but the rise of the Internet, which has made the daily newspaper look slow and out of step with the world, has brought about a real sense of death. Some American newspapers have lost 42% of their market value in the past three years. The New York Times Company has seen its stock (股票) drop by 54% since the end of 2004, with much of the loss coming in the past year. A manager at Deutsche Bank suggested that stock-holders sell off their Times stock. The Washington Post Company has prevented the trouble only by changing part of its business to education; its testing and test-preparation service now brings in at least half the company’s income. 28. What can we learn about the New England Courant? A. It is mainly about the stock market. B. It marks the beginning of the American newspaper. C. It remains a successful newspaper in America. D. It carries articles by political leaders. 29. What can we infer about the newspaper editors? A. They often accept readers’ suggestions. B. They care a lot about each other’s health. C. They stop doing business with advertisers. D. They face great difficulties in their business. 30. Which of the following found a new way for its development?
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A. The Washington Post. B. The Guardian. C. The New York Times. D. New England Courant. 31. How does the author seem to feel about the future of newspapers? A. Satisfied. Surprised. D How Room Designs Affect Our Work and Feelings Architects have long had the feeling that the places we live in can affect our thoughts, feelings and behaviors. But now scientists are giving this feeling an empirical (经验的,实证的) basis. They are discovering how to design spaces that promote creativity, keep people focused and lead to relaxation. Researches show that aspects of the physical environment can influence creativity. In 2007, Joan Meyers-Levy at the University of Minnesota, reported that the height of a room's ceiling affects how people think. Her research indicates that higher ceilings encourage people to think more freely, which may lead them to make more abstract connections. Low ceilings, on the other hand, may inspire a more detailed outlook. In additions to ceiling height, the view afforded by a building may influence an occupant's ability to concentrate. Nancy Wells and her colleagues at Cornell University found in their study that kids who experienced the greatest increase in greenness as a result of a family move made the most gains on a standard test of attention. Using nature to improve focus of attention ought to pay off academically, and it seems to, according to a study led by C. Kenneth Tanner, head of the School Design & Planning Laboratory at the University of Georgia. Tanner and his team found that students in classrooms with unblocked views of at least 50 feet outside the window had higher scores on tests of vocabulary, language arts and maths than did students whose classrooms primarily overlooked roads and parking lots. Recent study on room lighting design suggests than dim (暗淡的) light helps people to loosen up. If that is true generally, keeping the light low during dinner or at parties could increase relaxation. Researchers of Harvard Medical School also discovered that furniture with rounded edges could help visitors relax. So far scientists have focused mainly on public buildings. "We have a very limited number of studies, so we're almost looking at the problem through a straw (吸管)," architect David Allison says. "How do you take answers to very specific questions and make broad, generalized use of them? That's what we're all struggling with." 32. What does Joan Meyers-Levy focus on in her research? A. Light. B. Ceilings. C. Windows. D.
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B. Hopeful.

C. Worried.

D.

Furniture. 33. The passage tells us that ______. A. the shape of furniture may affect people's feelings B. lower ceilings may help improve students' creativity C. children in a dim classroom may improve their grades D students in rooms with unblocked views may feel relaxed 34. The underlined sentence in the last paragraph probably means that ______. A. the problem is not approached step by step B. the researches so far have faults in themselves C. the problem is too difficult for researchers to detect D research in this area is not enough to make generalized patterns 35. Which of the following shows the organization of the passage?

CP: Central Point

P: Point

SP: Sub-point(次要点)

C: Conclusion

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Three Critical Truths We Forget All Too Soon So much happens in our lives every day that we often forget what we have learned. In effect, the only thing faster than the speed of our thoughts is the speed of our forgetfulness. 36 1. Small steps get you to big places. The greatest of all mistakes is to do nothing simply because you can only do a little. In fact, it is far more productive to take many small steps in the right direction than to make a giant leap. 2. 38 Two people can be affected by the same circumstance but respond in completely different ways. The reason is that it just depends on their attitudes. When you expect life to be unkind, it will always live up to your expectations. On the other hand,
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Figure out where you want to go, take

a step, and keep on stepping. Diligence and persistence will get you there.

when you consider yourself to be in a fortunate situation, you will find yourself in many more. 39 3. You can only change yourself. Don't wait for someone who hurt you to make it up to you; this kind of thinking only keeps your old wounds from healing. 40 You have no control over them, and they may never change. Inner peace is found by changing your thinking, not the people who hurt you. So forgive those who have hurt you in the past, and even more importantly, forgive yourself for allowing them to hurt you. Then smile like you've never cried re-open your heart and mind like you've never been hurt, and live the rest of your life like you're running out of time. A. Fear always exists. B. Attitude makes all the difference. C. Waiting for them to change is not the answer. D. Here are some important reminders to jog your memory. E. The path to every goal requires a hundred small steps-one after the other. F. In the end, we learn even more from our failures than we do from our successes. G. It’s important to remember that there is value in every situation and circumstance. 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It’s fourteen years since I left the Philippines to live with my family in the USA. A month ago, while on summer vacation back in my motherland, I learned a lesson from mosquito (蚊子) bites. Right before grandma 42 me. She said, “There's an old saying — the the sweeter your blood Well, less than a week a 48 45 47 41 44 Kennedy Airport in New York, my 43 like you stay away from the motherland, 46 it, I replied, me of the behavior of the native mosquitoes around the to the mosquitoes.” Not

“Grandma, that's just an old wives' tale!” my arrival in Manila, I was already carpeted with 49 , of mosquito bites. I took many measures to keep myself from being 50 in my cousin's home, I couldn't bear the 52 53 51

but they all proved useless. Late one of the bites. Hoping to find some comfort, I my cousin, who was sleeping peacefully in the she said, “There is nothing you can do. 54 her on her face. However, the mosquitoes would 57 as

bed next to mine. Unhappy for being sleep, I hoped a big mosquito would 55 (惊奇的), I ran to others' 56

Go back to sleep.” With a few turns, she slept again. Enviously (妒嫉地)

just lightly dance around her forehead and fly away quickly, never biting her. Amazed , only to find they were all sleeping 58 the same thing occurred again and again. From those bites, I came to my grandma's silly tale. From then on, I've
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always tried to keep a(n) 41. A. leaving 42. A. persuaded 43. A. students visitors 44. A. earlier 45. A. grows 46. A. expecting believing 47. A. after 48. A. shade 49. A. touched discovered 50. A. morning 51. A. noise 52. A. woke up on 53. A. blamed frightened 54. A. having 55. A. land 56. A. houses 57. A. joyfully worriedly 58. A. tell 59. A. open 60. A. and

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mind about those strange old wives' tales C. visiting C. warned C. passengers C. sooner C. flows C. recognizing C. when C. cloud C. defeated C. evening C. pain C. looked for C. moved C. making C. fall C. rooms C. soundlessly C. remember C. clear C. because 第 II 卷 D. finding

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they do have some truth to them. B. passing B. reminded B. foreigners B. longer B. goes B. understanding B. before B. pile B. bitten B. afternoon B. hit B. shouted at B. interrupted B. watching B. fly B. flats B. anxiously B. know B. active B. so D. informed D. D. later D. remains D. D. as D. blanket D. D. night D. effect D. D. D. helping D. wait D. homes D. D. accept D. honest D. until dropped

注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Tom: Have you heard the local newspaper The Times is closing down in three months' time? Mary: Then that's good news. That newspaper is terrible. I won't miss it. Tom: 61 do you mean? The Times is the best newspaper in the city. If that 63 64 62 ( close) down, we'll only have The Pioneer and the City Journal, which is too bad. Mary: You only like The Times than 5 pages every day it takes up to 20 pages every day with sports. baseball results.
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The City Journal is a great paper. And you don't like it because it devotes less

Tom: This is a baseball city. We've got a great team. Why shouldn't we read about it? Where are we going to get the results now? Mary: I think a newspaper needs to meet all the just that of those 66 like sports. 67 65 ( need) of its readers, not

Tom: Then what about the Job Section in The Times? That was one of the most get someone economy. 68

(use) parts of it. Every business, every store in the city knows if they want to (work) for them, they have to put some ads in The Times. How are 69 (absolute) destroy the local all these people going to get work now? This will

Mary: Destroy the local economy, will it? I admit the Job Section was pretty good in The Times, 70 either one of the other two newspapers will just get the ads instead. That's how things work. 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的一篇作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不记分。 There are lots of experience in our life. The most unforgettable one for me is the speech competition holding last year. I’m interested in English. When my English teacher told me that I had chosen to take part in the speech competition, I devoted me to the preparation. I was determined to win the first prize. I was such nervous when I stood on the stage that I forgot everything. Not until I caught a sight of my teacher did I calm down. Finally, I do a good job. When I heard I got the first prize, my heart was filled in joy and tears rolled down. Through this speech competition, I understand that it is confidence which makes people successfully. 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 假设你是李平,刚被美国 Brown University 录取,你的笔友 Peter 来信祝贺,请你用 英文给他写一封回信, 告诉他你将于 2014 年 4 月 19 日到达美国, 希望他能到机场接你并帮 你找一住所。住所需包含以下信息: ※骑车大约 30 分钟可到达学校; ※房间宽敞,明亮;设施齐全; ※允许自己做饭; ※房东能讲地道的英语,健谈,好客。 注意:1、词数 100 左右 2、可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Peter,
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Thank you for your congratulations on my admission to Brown University! ***************************************************************************** Yours, Li Ping

2013-2014 学年高三英语备考中原名校联考英语试题 2014-04-23 选择题: CDACD CABDA CBADC DEBGC ACDBA DADBD CABBA CCDAC 语法填空: What; closes/is closed; because; to; needs; who; useful; to work; absolutely; but. 短文改错: experience 改为 experiences;hold 改为 held;had 后加 been;me 改为 myself;such 改 为 so; 去掉 a; do 改为 did; in 改为 with; which 改为 that; successfully 改为 successful。 书面表达: Dear Peter, Thank you for your congratulations on my admission to Brown University! I'll arrive in America on April 19th, and I'm wondering whether you can help find an apartment for me. Preferably, the location is near the campus, which makes it possible for me to go to the university by bike within thirty minutes. What’s more, I would like one apartment well furnished, spacious and bright, with a kitchen attached. If possible, I can cook myself. It will be better if the host can speak fluent English. Please let me know as soon as you find a suitable one. Besides, if it is convenient to you, would you please pick me up when I get to the station? Thanks! Yours, Li Ping

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