陕西省西工大附中2013届高三上学期第二次适应性训练英语试题

2013 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试西工大附中第二次适应性训练





第Ⅰ 卷(两部分,共 95 分) 第一部分:英语知识运用(共四节,满分 55 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部 分读音相同的选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑 1. sympathy A. southern B. thirst C. smooth D. breathe 2.observe A. perfect B.energy C.butcher D.expert 3.singer A.jungle B.hanged C.strange D.hungry 4.various A. programme B. criteria C. pattern D. parent 5. vases A. classes B .analyses C. glasses D. houses 第二节情景对话(共 5 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 根据对话情景和内容, 从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 A: Hi. You look excited. 6 B: It is said that a singing contest will be held in our school soon. And I think it a good chance to exercise my singing talents. A: 7 B: A pocket radio will be given as a reward to the first prize winner. A: Are you going to take part in it? B: Sure. 8 A: Really? But I don’t think you’ve practiced enough. B: I’m going to. I bet I can get the first prize. A: 9 . I think you need to have a music teacher to help you. B: I don’t think it necessary. 10 A. By the way, are they giving prizes? B. People say I have a good voice. C. I don’t know what others say about it. D. You can do a lot better next time. E. It’ll turn out fine if I practice a lot. F. What’s happening? G. Don’t be so sure. 第三节:语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题
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卡上将该项涂黑。 11. —May I try on this blue coat, Miss? —___, but I think it will be too large for you. A.With pleasure B.By all means C.As you like D.Never mind 12. Some people would rather ride bikes as bike riding has _______ of the troubles of taking buses. A. nothing B. none C. some D. neither 13. _____ economic, political and cultural differences, it is difficult for China and America to fully understand each other. A.Apart from B.Regardless of C.On account of D.In terms of 14. -Who is making so much noise in the garden? - _______ the children. A. There are B. They are C. That is D. It is 15. My sister, an inexperienced rider, was found sitting on the bicycle balance it. A. having tired B. trying C. to try D. tried 16.---Would you mind my opening the window for some fresh air? - _______ to

A. Why not? B. Yes, help yourself. C. Go ahead, please. D. Yes, but you’d better not. 17. -What’s the matter with Tim? He looks upset. -Oh, his cell phone was left in a taxi accidentally, never _______ again. A. to find B. being found C. finding D. to be found 18. The child walked quietly to the bird. _______ into the forest when he was about to catch it. A. Flew it away B. Away flew it C. Flew away it D. Away it flew 19. – When shall we set off? -- We _______ start off at five o’clock if it _______ raining by then. A. will; has stopped B. are about to; stops C. are going to; will stop D. /; stops 20. The reason _______ matters most in his failing the English test is _______ he pays little attention to sentence structures. A. why, that B. that, that C. which, because D. what, because 21. Thank you for your hard work last week. I don’t think we ____ it without you. A. can manage B. could have managed
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C. could manage

D. can have managed

22. Occasions are quite rare ____ I have the time to spend a day with my kids. A. who B. which C. why D. when 23. You’d better not leave the medicine _____ kids can get at it. A. even if B. which C. where D. so that 24. Though having lived abroad for years, many Chinese still______ the traditional customs. A. perform B. possess C. observe D. support 25. You naughty boy! You _______ get what you deserve! A. should B. can C. shall D. may 第四节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最 佳选项,并在答题卡上涂黑。 On August 26, 1999, New York City experienced a terrible rainstorm. The rain caused the streets to 26 and the subway system almost came to a stop. Unfortunately, this happened during the morning rush hour. Many people who were going to work were 27 to go home. Some battled to 28 a taxi or to get on a bus. Still others faced the 29 bravely, walking miles to get to work. I 30 to be one of the people on the way to work that morning. I went from subway line to subway line only to find that most 31 had stopped. After making my way 32 crowds of people, I finally found a subway line that was 33 . Unfortunately, there were so many people waiting to 34 the subway that I could not even get down the stairs to the 35 . So I took the train going in the opposite direction, and then switch back to the downtown train. Finally, after what seemed like an forever, the train 36 my stop. Then I had to walk several blocks in the increasingly heavy rain. When I finally got to my office, I was 37 through, exhausted and 38 . My co-workers and I spent most of the day drying off. When it was 5:00 pm,I was ready to go home. I was about to turn off my computer 39 I received an email from Garth, my Director: I would like to thank all of you who made the effort and 40 reported to work. It is always reassuring(令人欣慰), at times like these, when employees so clearly show their 41 to their jobs. Thank you. Garth’s email was short, but I learned more from that 42 message than I ever did from a textbook. The email taught me that a few words of 43 can make a big difference. The rainstorm and the traffic 44 had made me tired and upset. But Garth’s words immediately 45 me and put a smile back on my face. 26. A. break B. sink C. flood D. crash
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27. A. forced 28. A. order 29. A. climate 30. A. used 31. A. practice 32. A. to 33. A. rushing 34. A. check 35. A. street 36. A. reached 37. A. wet 38. A. ashamed 39. A. when 40. A. hardly 41. A. connection 42. A. accurate 43. A. promise 44. A. troubles 45. A. corrected

B. refused B. pay B. scenery B. promised B. routine B. through B. cycling B. carry B. ground B. crossed B. weak B. discouraged B. while B. casually B. donation B. urgent B. appreciation B. signals B. refreshed

C. adjusted C. call C. burden C. happened C. process C. over C. turning C. find C. floor C. paused C. sick C. surprised C. where C. absolutely C. devotion C. brief C. advice C. rules C. amazed

D. gathered D. search D. storm D. deserved D. service D. for D. operating D. board D. platform D. parked D. hurt D. puzzled D. after D. eventually D. reaction D. humorous D. guidance D. signs D. supported

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题,每题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A How can a creature weighing over 5 tons and normally taking 150 kilograms of food and 120 liters of water per day survive in a desert environment? In the southwest African country of Namibia, and the Sahara lands of Mali further north, the desert elephant does just that. Although not regarded as a separate species from the African elephant, the desert cousin differs in many ways. Their bodies are smaller, to absorb less heat, and their feet are larger for easier walking across sandy surfaces. They are taller, to reach higher branches. They have shorter tusks(象牙) and most importantly, longer , trunks to dig for water in riverbeds. Desert elephants can travel over 70 kilometers in search for feeding grounds and waterholes, and have a larger group of families, They drink only every 3-4 days, and can store water in a “bag” at the back of their throat, which is only used when badly needed. Desert elephants are careful feeders ----- they seldom root up trees
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and break fewer branches, and thus maintain what little food sources are available. Yong elephants may even eat the dung(粪便)of the female leader of a group when facing food shortage. During drought they are unlikely to give birth to their young but with good rains the birthrate will increase greatly. Desert elephants have sand baths, sometimes adding their own urine(尿液) to make them muddy! As we continue to overheat our weak planet, it can only be hoped that other animal species will adapt as extraordinarily well to change as the desert elephant. 46.Desert elephants are called careful feeders because they A.rarely ruin trees B.drink only every 3-4 days C.search for food in large groups D.protect food sources for their young 47.The author answers the question raised in the first paragraph with A.stories and explanation B.facts and descriptions C.examples and conclusion D.evidence and argument 48.What can be inferred from the last sentence in the passage? A.Overheating the earth can be stopped. B.Not all animal species are so adaptable. C.The planet will become hotter and hotter. D.Not all animals are as smart as desert elephants. B Social networking isn’t only for the under 40s. More than 25 percent of Americans 50 years and older stay connected using sites such as Facebook, MySpace and Twitter, according to new research. “The latest data tells us that more and more social networking is becoming a part of everyday life for Americans 50 plus,” said Kevin Donnellan, the chief communications officer at AARP, which released the report. Nearly a quarter of older Americans are on Facebook and 73 percent said they use it to stay in touch with relatives, but not just their children and grandchildren. “They are using the Internet to keep up with the world and the people who are important to them,” said Jean Koppen, the author of the report. She added that older adults are also on Facebook to stay connected, not only with their family, but with their friends and those in the same age group. Almost 50 percent of older adults were introduced to the social networking sites by a family member, mainly a child or grandchild. “Just under one-fifth of adults aged 50 and older say they do not use the Internet,” according to the report. The findings are based on a telephone survey of 1,863 adults. In addition to keeping up on Facebook and Twitter older adults are aware of the latest technology. Eighty-three percent had heard about the Apple iPad and 11 percent intended to buy
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one. Despite the popularity of the Internet among the over 50s, they still mostly go to print newspapers and magazines for news. Only one percent said they followed blogs. 49. What is the main idea of the text? A. Social networking isn’t for the under 40s in the U.S.A. B. American old people’s way of life is quite fashionable. C. Social networking is becoming popular among older Americans. D. Facebook, MySpace and Twitter are the most popular websites in the US. 50. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. 85% of Americans 50 plus choose the Internet over print media. B. About 460 people in the telephone survey often use Facebook. C. About 20% of adults aged 50 plus have access to the Internet. D. Three quarters of the people surveyed got to know the Internet through their family. 51. From the text, it can be concluded that______. A. many older Americans are open-minded about new developments B. Kevin Donnellan approves of this change among older Americans C. Young people should introduce their elders to new technology D. In a high tech age it is difficult to avoid social networking 52. Where does the text probably come from? A. A novel. B. A newspaper. C. A technology guide. D. A student’s research paper C When it comes to bringing up children, everybody agrees that it is not an easy task. Every parent watches eagerly the child’s acquisition (学会) of each new skill — the first spoken words, the first independent steps, or the beginning of reading and writing. It is often tempting (吸引人的) to hurry the child beyond his natural learning rate, but this can set up dangerous feelings of failure and states of worry in the child. This might happen at any stage. A baby might be forced to learn something too early. A young child might be encouraged to learn to read before he knows the meaning of the words he reads. On the other hand, though, if a child is left alone too much, or without any learning opportunities, he loses his natural enthusiasm for life and his desire to find out new things for himself. Parents vary greatly in their degree of strictness towards their children. Some may be especially strict in money matters. Others are severe over the time of coming home at night or punctuality for meals. In general, the controls represent the needs of the parents and values of the community as much as the children’s own happiness.
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As regards the development of moral standards in the growing child, consistency is very important in parental teaching. To forbid a thing one day and excuse it the next is no foundation for morality. Also, parents should realize that “example is better than precept”. If they are not sincere and do not practice what they preach (说教), their children may grow confused and emotionally insecure when they grow old enough to think for themselves, and realize they have been to some extent cheated. A sudden awareness of a marked difference between their parents’ principles and their morals can be a dangerous disappointment. 53. Eagerly watching the child’s acquisition of new skills ___________. A. is universal among parents B. should be avoided C. sets up dangerous states of worry in the child D. will make him lose interest in learning new things 54. In the process of children’s learning new skills, parents _____________. A. should encourage them to read before they know the meaning of the words they read B. should achieve a balance between pushing them too hard and leaving them on their own C. should not expect too much of them D. should create as many learning opportunities as possible 55. The underlined word “precept” in Paragraph 3 probably means __________. A. idea B. instruction C. behavior D. punishment 56. In moral matters, parents should _______________. A. consistently ensure the security of their children B. be aware of the marked difference between adults and children C. forbid things which have no foundation in morality D. obey the rules themselves D Over the last 70 years, researchers have been studying happy and unhappy people and finally found out ten factors that make a difference. Our feelings of well-being at any moment are determined to a certain degree by genes. However, of all the factors, wealth and age are the top two. Money can buy a degree of happiness. But once you can afford to feed, clothe and house yourself, each extra dollar makes less and less difference. Researchers find that, on average, wealthier people are happier. But the link between money and happiness is complex. In the past half-century, average income has sharply increased in developed countries, yet happiness levels have remained almost the same. Once your basic needs are met, money only seems to increase happiness if
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you have more than your friends, neighbors and colleagues. “Dollars buy status, and status makes people feel better,” conclude some experts, which helps explain why people who can seek status in other ways-scientists or actors, for example,may happily accept relatively poorly-paid jobs. In a research, Professor Alex Michalos found that the people whose desires, not just for money, but for friends, family, job, health,rose furthest beyond what they already had, tended to be less happy than those who felt a smaller gap. Indeed, the size of the gap predicted happiness about five times better than income alone. “The gap measures just blow away the only measures of income.”says Michalos. Another factor that has to do with happiness is age. Old age may not be so bad “Given all the problems of aging, how could the elderly be more satisfied?”asks Professor Laura Carstensen. In one survey, Carstensen interviewed 184 people between the ages of 18 and 94, and asked them to fill out an emotions questionnaire. She found that old people reported positive emotions just as often as young people, Some scientists suggest older people may expect life to be harder and learn to live with it, or they’re more realistic about their time running out, older people have learned to focus on things that make them happy and let go of those that don’t. “People realize not only what they have, but also that what they have cannot last forever,” she says. “A goodbye kiss to a husband or wife at the age of 85, for example, may bring far more complex emotional responses than a similar kiss to a boy or girl friend at the age of 20.” 57.According to the passage, the feeling of happiness . A.is determined partly by genes B.increases gradually with age C.has little to do with wealth D.is measured by desires 58.Some actors would like to accept poorly-paid jobs because the jobs . A.make them feel much better B.provide chances to make friends C.improve their social position D.satisfy their professional interests 59.Aged people are more likely to feel happy because they are more . A.optimistic B.successful C.practical D.emotional 60.Professor Alex Michalos found that people feel less happy if A.the gap between reality and desire is bigger B.they have a stronger desire for friendship C.their income is below their expectation D.the hope for good health is greater .

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
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根据短文内容,从下框的 A-F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有一项为多余选项。 注意:请把二卷答案写在答题卡指定位置 A. The factors of the emigration stated by Chinese emigrants. B. What the report indicates. C. The contributions of Chinese emigrations. D. Chinese government should take measures to balance the wave of emigration, E. The advantages of human migration. F. Chinese emigration does more harm than good to the nation. China must become more livable to retain top talent 61. China has to transform from an “economic power” to a “livable power” in order to keep its wealth, talent and confidence. The “2011 China Private Wealth Report” released recently by China Merchants Bank, shows that nearly 60 percent of the respondents(调查对象) whose investment exceed(超越) 10 million yuan have plans to emigrate by investing. 62. Human migration is not a new phenomenon. From the Euro-Asian Silk Road to Columbus’s Discovery of the New World, migrants have brought about cultural communications and economic exchanges across the world. Migration has become an important driving force for social progress. 63. Nowadays, economic globalization has considerably improved the freedom and increased the attractiveness of migration from one country to another. A certain degree of Chinese emigration can not only offer more opportunities in personal life, employment and investment but also boost(促进) the exchange and cooperation between China and other countries. 64. However, the factors of emigration wave should also be figured out. The topic of emigration seems serious because this new wave has to some extent reflected some “unlivable” factors in China. The reasons provided by Chinese emigrants include helping their children to avoid domestic exam-oriented education, obtaining a healthy living environment and sound social security, seeking a sounder investment environment and getting rid of the “anti-rich” atmosphere arising from the inequality in wealth. 65. In order to curb(控制) the wave of emigration, China should further deepen
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social and economic reforms, improve its educational system to guarantee children’s health and happiness, as well as strengthen the protection of private wealth through legislation(立法). Furthermore, China should also improve the social security system to increase people’s happiness, crack down on corruption and promote social justice and equity so as to uphold the dignity of ordinary citizens. Only in this way can China retain its wealth, talent and confidence and curb the overheated immigration wave. 第Ⅱ 卷(共 55 分) 第三部分 写作(共三节,满分 55 分) 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词, 在答题卡指定区域的横线上写 出对应单词的正确形式,每空只写一词。 66. It is accepted that most typical ________(德国人) are reliable. 67. We are particularly ________(感激的) to him for his timely help.. 68. But it was ________(实际上) the automobile that made petrol so useful. 69. New time ________(时刻表) have already been posted. 70. ________(祝贺) on winning the race! 71. Though he owned a car, he hardly used it, _____(更喜欢) always to go on foot . 72. The small boats had to take _______(避难) in the bay until the storm died down 73. He got a fine fame for being ________(慷慨的) with his money to help others.. 74. The farmer' s toil was ________(回报) with good crops. 75. I ________(认出) him by his raucous, penetrating laugh. 第二节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(^) ,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词 下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 One night, Mr. Green went to a store to buy the shirt. The salesgirl showed him several shirts to choose. He had no idea which one would suit him. At last, he had made up his minds to buy an expensive shirt, thinking that it might go well with his new trousers. On his way home, he was very exciting. However, when he got up the next day, tried the shirt and looked at it this way and that, his excitement was gone away. He found it was not so nice to look at home than it is in the store .Knowing that
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he couldn’t possible change it, he thought he had better put it away and use it in the future. 第三节 书面表达(满分 30 分) 《二十一世纪英语报》 ) (21st Century) 组织了一个题为“报考本市大学还是外 地大学?”的讨论。下面是你班同学的一些观点。请根据下面提示写一篇报道你 班讨论情况的短文。词数 100-120 左右。 (文章开头已给出) 赞成报考外地大学的理由: 1.锻炼独立生活能力 2.交友机会多 3.可为将来的工作获取更多经验 赞成报考本地大学的理由: 1.离父母近,可互相照顾 2.环境好,利于学习 3.节约开支 Go to university near or far? Different classmates have different opinions about going to a university outside or inside their city.

高三英语 2012—2013 学年度第二次模拟考试

答题卡
第Ⅱ 卷(共 55 分) 第三部分 写作(共三节,满分 55 分) 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 66. It is accepted that most typical ________(德国人) are reliable. 67. We are particularly ________(感激的) to him for his timely help.. 68. But it was ________(实际上) the automobile that made petrol so useful. 69. New time ________(时刻表) have already been posted. 70. ________(祝贺) on winning the race! 71. Though he owned a car, he hardly used it, _____(更喜欢) always to go on foot . 72. The small boats had to take _______(避难) in the bay until the storm died down 73. He got a fine fame for being ________(慷慨的) with his money to help others.. 74. The farmer' s toil was ________(回报) with good crops. 75. I ________(认出) him by his raucous, penetrating laugh. 66. 67. 68.
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69.

70.

71.

72.

73.

74. 75. 第二节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) One night, Mr. Green went to a store to buy the shirt. The salesgirl showed him several shirts to choose. He had no idea which one would suit him. At last, he had made up his minds to buy an expensive shirt, thinking that it might go well with his new trousers. On his way home, he was very exciting. However, when he got up the next day, tried the shirt and looked at it this way and that, his excitement was gone away. He found it was not so nice to look at home than it is in the store .Knowing that he couldn’t possible change it, he thought he had better put it away and use it in the future. 第三节 书面表达(满分 30 分) Go to university near or far? Different classmates have different opinions about going to a university outside or inside their city.

_______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________________
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_______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________________ ___________________________________

高三英语第二次模拟考试参考答案
第一节:语音知识(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 第二节:补全对话 (共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 6--10: FAEGB 21----25 BDCCC 36-40 AABAD 41-45 CCBAB 61--65: BECAD 70. Congratulations 75. recognized 第三节:语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 11---15 BBCDB 16---20 CDDAB 完形填空 26-30 CACDC 阅读理解 46---48 ABB 49-52 CBAB 53---56 ABBD 57---60 ACCA 第一节:单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 66. Germans 67. grateful/thankful 68. actually 69. schedules 71. preferring 1 the ----- a 4 minds---- mind 7 gone away ----- gone 10 possible -----possibly 第三节 书面表达(满分 30 分) One possible version: Go to university near or far? Different classmates have different opinions about going to a university outside 72. shelter 73. generous 74. rewarded 第二节:短文改错(满分 15 分) 2 choose ------ choose from 5 exciting ----- excited 8 than ----- as 3 had made up ----made up 6 in ------ on 9 is ------ was 31-35 DBDDD 1--5 : BABDD

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or inside their city.Some think they would like to study at a university far away from their homes so that they can lead a different life on their own. Besides, there are more chances for them to make new friends, more fun and challenges for them to experience in the university. Above all, they can gain more working experience for their future jobs. But others think they should choose a university in their local city, for they and their parents can take good care of each other, and they don’t have to spend much money on transportation because of short distance. What’s more, they can take great advantage of home living conditions for their studies.

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