模块八:数词

模块八:数词
(一)概说: 英语的数词可分为基数词和序数词两大类。 基数词表示的是人或事物的个数, 而序 数词表示的是这些数目的顺序。 1.基数词:表示数目的词称为基数词,下面是最常用的基数词: 1 one 2 two 3 three 4 four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 eight 9 nine 10 ten 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen 17 seventeen 18 eighteen 19 nineteen 20 twenty 30 thirty 40 forty 50 fifty 60 sixty 70 seventy 80 eighty 90 ninety 100 one(a) hundred 百 1 000 one(a) thousand 千 10 000 ten thousand 万 100 000 one(a) hundred thousand 十万 1 000 000 one(a) million 百万

2.序数词:序数词表示事物的顺序,往往与定冠词 the 连用。常用的序数词如下: 序数词 first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth eleventh twelfth 缩写 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 序数词 twentieth twenty-first thirtieth thirty-fifth fortieth fiftieth sixtieth seventieth eightieth ninetieth hundredth 缩写 20th 21st 30th 35th 40th 50th 60th 70th 80th 90th 100th

基数词变序数词口诀: 基变序很容易,结尾加上 th ,一二三特殊记,结尾各是 t. d d ,( first second third ) 八去 t ,九去 e, f 来把 ve 替,y 改 ie 结尾仍有 th ,若是遇到几十几,只变个位就可以, (二)数词的某些用法: 1、表示计量:表示事物的计量,即事物的长度、宽度、深度和高度,应采用基数词。 如:It is 50 metres/kilometers/miles long (wide, deep, high).它有 50 米/千米/英里长(宽、 深、高) 。 2、表示编号:编号的数字如果过小,可用序数词或基数词表示;如果数字较大,通常 用基数词表示。 如:The tenth lesson=Lesson Ten 第 10 课 Room 405 第 405 号房

Page 215 第 215 页 No.14 Middle School 第 14 中学 Telephone NO.5855806 电话: 5855806 【重点】 3、表示不确切的数字:基数词后面直接加上复数名词表示精确的数字,而基数词复数 形式加上“of” 表示不确切的数字。 如: five hundred students 500 名学生 two thousand people 2000 人 5 打铅笔 hundreds of students 几百名学生 millions of workers 成千上万的工人 4、表示年龄和岁数 1)表示年龄的主要句式如下: He is a boy of 10 yeas old. 他是个 10 岁的男孩子。 He is 10 yeas old. 他 10 岁。 At the age of ten, he began to learn English. 他 10 岁开始学英语。 He is 10(years of age). 他 10 岁。 He is a ten-year-old boy. 他是个 10 岁的男孩子。 2) 介词 in+ one’s twenties (thirties…) 表示 “在某人 20 多岁(30 多岁……)”。 如:My father is in his fifties. 我爸爸 50 多岁。 When he was in his forties, he began to learn English. 当他 40 多岁时,他开始学 英语。 【难点】 5、表示年代:表示什么世纪,什么年代时,通常在数词后加 s 或’s,并在年代前加定 冠词 the ,如 1980’s (20 世纪 80 年代) ,读作:nineteen eighties. 如: His grandfather died in the 1970’s。 他爷爷死于 20 世纪 70 年代。 【重点】 6、表示分数:分数的表达方式是:分子用基数词,分母用序数词。分子是 one 时,分 母不必加 s; 分子大于 one 时,分母要加 s. 如: a(=one) third 三分之一 one fifth 五分之一 two thirds 三分之二 three fourths 四分之三 Two thirds of the trees were cut down the years ago.10 年前三分之二的树木被砍伐 了。 7、表示百分数:百分数的表达方式是:基数词+ percent(单数形式)+of+名词。 如: Thirty percent of the students in my class are from cities. 我班 30%的学生来自城市。 About 61 percent of the surface is covered by water. 大约 61%的表面被水覆盖着。 8. 时间和钟点 如:6:15 读作:six fifteen / a quarter past six 4: 30 读作:four thirty / half past six 6: 35 读作:six thirty-five /twenty-five to seven 9:10 a.m 读作:nine ten a.m. 9:数字运算表达

【基础题】 ( ) 1. There are ______ days in a year. A. three hundreds sixty-five B. three hundreds and sixty-five C. three hundred and sixty-five D. three hundred and sixty five ( ) 2. There are______ students in this school. A. eight hundreds and forty-six B. eight hundred and forty six C. eight hundred and forty-six D. eight hundred forty-six ( ) 3. ______people visit this museum every day. A. Hundred B. Hundreds C. Hundred of D. Hundreds of ( ) 4. There are two______ people in the meeting room. A. hundred B. hundreds C. hundreds of D. hundred of ( ) 5. Every year ______ watch NBA on TV. A. million people B. millions of people C. millions people D. million of people ( ) 6. ______ trees have been planted in our school in the past 10 years. A. Thousands of B. Two thousands C. Thousand of D. Two thousand of ( ) 7. Look! There are ______ in the sky. A. thousand stars B. thousand of stars C. thousands of stars D. thousands of star ( ) 8. My brother is in______. A. Three Class, One Grade B. Class Three, Grade One C. Grade One, Class Three D. class three, grade one ( ) 9. We are going to learn______ this term. A. book six B. six book C. the book six D. Book Six ( ) 10. Please turn to______. Let's read the text aloud. A. Page Two B. the page two C. second page D. page second 【提高题】 I.选择题 1. There are_________days in a year. A. three hundred and sixty-five B. three hundred sixty five C. three hundreds sixty-five D. three hundreds and sixty-five 2. Oh, it's ._________. Let's go to school together. A. the quarter to eight B. a quarter to eight C. seven forty-five minutes D. forty-five past seven 3. School usually begins on_________. A. the first of September B. the first, September C. September One D. September, the first 4. The Olympic Games will be held in Australia in_________. A. 2,000 year B. the year 2,000 C. the 2,000 D. the year of 2,000 5. I'm afraid_________of the stoiy is not so interesting.

A. the part two B. second part C. the second part D. part second 6. — Which room are you staying in? —_____. A. The Room 301 B. 301 Room C. Room 301st D. Room 301 7. — How many typewriters do you need? — I need________. A. three ones B. three C. the three D. them three 8. About_________said that they enjoyed those books very much. A. four fifths students B. four fifth of the students C. four fifths of students D. four fifths of the students 9. — How much does the parcel weigh? — Just a minute. I'll weigh it. It weighs________. A. one and half a kilogramme B. one and a half kilogramme C. one kilogramme and half D. one kilogramme and a half 10. — How soon will you finish typing the letter? —______. A. one or two minute B. one minute or two C. a minute or two D. a or two minutes 11. We'll spend the summer holidays in the mountain_______miles away. A. several hundreds B. hundreds of C. several hundred of D. hundred of 12. — He must be________. — Yes, he's still strong like a young man. A. in his sixties B. in his sixty C. over sixties D. sixty-year-old 13. As _______customer of the supermarket, Mr Li was given a nice present. A. a thousand B. the thousandth C. the thousands D. thousandth 14. Three students of our class have been chosen the top students of the year. And I am one of . A. three B. the three C. third D. the third 15. —Have you found the six coins you lost yesterday? — I have found _______ , but I can't find ____ . A. five, the sixth B. five, six C. fifths, six D. fifth, sixth 16. Next Sunday will be Jane's _______.birthday. A. thirty-ninth B. thirtieth-ninth C. thirtieth-nine D. thirty-nine 17. We'll have to enter the stadium at . ___. A. the Gate Four B. Gate Four C. Fourth Gate D. Gate Fourth

18. My _________daughter likes to ask questions about anything she sees. A. six-years-old B. six years old C. six-year-old D. six-year old 19. —What's on ............. ? — Sorry, I don't know. Why not look it up in TV Guide? A. Channel 20 B. 20 Channel C. Channel 20th D. 20th Channel 20. The Yellow River is _ longest river in China. A. two B. the two C. the second D. second 21. We have two computer rooms. Still we are going to build ______one. A. the third B. a third C. three D. the three 22. Angel knows a lot about China as she has been to China ............ . A. for the fourth time B. four times C. a fourth time D. for four times 23. In the past.................. , Shanghai has changed a lot. A. three years B. third year C. three-year D. third-year 24. A cent is of a dollar. A. the hundredth B. one hundredth C. a hundred D. the hundred 25. To my surprise, the machine was invented by a high school student of_______. A. fifteen-year-old B. fifteen C. fifteen-year age D. age of fifteen 26._________is not always________ best. A. Fist, the B. A first, a C. The first, the D. First, / 27. The store sells_________ dresses a month. A. several thousand B. several thousands C. several of thousand D. several thousand 28. Over_________pounds have been raised for the poor children there. A. four million B. four million of C. four millions D. four millions of 29. What work are you going to give _______? A. us two B. two us C. the two us D. the us two 30. She received a video camera for her_________birthday. A. fourteen B. the fourteenth C. fourteenth D. fourteen's 31. I remember that_________of the month was a holiday and I didn't go to work. A. third B. three C. one third D. the third 32. I've asked her twice. Shall I ask her_________? A. a third time B. three times C. third time D. the third time 33. _________of the machines on show are new items. A. Two fifth B. Two fifths C. The two fifth D. Two five

34. Only five students climbed to the top of the hill. I was______..... A. a fifth B. fifth C. the five D. the fifth 35. The bottle was about_________full then. A. three-quarters B. three quarter C. third quarter D. third quarters 36. Christmas Day is on_________each year. A. December, 25 B. 25th of December C. the December 25 D. the 25th of December 37. I think_________is the worst part of the play. A. act 5th B. 5th act C. act 5 D. the act 5 38. I found_________were too hard for the students. A. half of exercises B. the half of exercises C. the half exercises D. half of the exercises 39. I guess she is by now in _________. A. her late forties B. her late forty C. her late forty's D. the forties 40. It is_________I have been here. So I know the city well. A. six times B. the sixth time C. sixth time D. a sixth time II. 汉译英。 1、 这些年这儿造了几百栋楼房。 2、 第一个不行,第二个好一些。 3、 第三家旅馆比前两家更干净些。 4、 他坐下后,又一个学生站起来发言。 5、 中国比美国大六分之一。 6、 大约四分之一的鸡得了禽流感(bird flu) 。 7、 这些节目中我看了四个。 8、 二月份有二十八天或二十九天。 9、 这个游泳池长 50 米,宽 25 米。 10、 飞机场离市中心 80 千米左右。 11、 我们通常在每年 10 月第一个星期的周六聚会。 12、 几百万人在电视上观看了足球比赛。 13、 你可以在第 205 页上找到练习答案。 14、 我为他写了三篇发言稿,他对第二篇很满意。 15、 他开了这儿的第一家中国餐馆,然后又在纽约开了一家。 16、 上学第一天彼得就和许多中国孩子交上了朋友。 17、 建造这栋高层将花几千万美元。 18、 他 20 岁时在一家超市找了份工作。 19、 他在考试结束前 15 分钟才发现他漏做了第 12 题。 20、 请问,202 路公共汽车是不是到野生动物园?

参考答案:

中考真题 数词 01---10 年上海中考真题 1. About films were shown during the 5th International Film Festival.(01)

A two hundred of B two hundreds of 2. We’ll have a A two days

C two hundred

D two hundreds

holiday. What about going to the West Lake? (02) B two-day C two-days D two-days’ picture in Lesson Two. (03) D twenty…the first

3. Now children, turn to page A twentieth…one B twenty…one

and look at C twentieth…the first

4. During the seven-day May Day holidays, A thousand 5. I’ve read A two B pieces B thousands

families went sightseeing. (04) D thousands of

C thousands and thousands

sports news about the F1 race today. (05) C two pieces D two pieces of

6. During World War ii, a Jewish(犹太的) lady was protected by a local family in Shanghai in her A fifties .(05) B fifty C fiftieth D the fiftieth

2007-2003 年全国各省市中考试题汇编 1.--- How much does it cost to build the school library? --- Four ____ yuan. (2007 南京) A. million B. millions C. millions of D. million of 2. ---Excuse me, is the supermarket far from here? (2007 宁波) ---No, it’s about ___________. A. 7 minutes walk B. 7 minute walk C. 7 minutes’ walk D. 7 minute’s walk 3. This is a big Class, and _______ of the students are girls. (2006 河北) A. two third B. second three C. two-thirds D. two three 4. ---How many students are there in your newly built school? (2005 杭州) ---Two thousand in ______ classrooms. A. four B. fourth C. forty D. the fortieth 5. Harry has just finished writing a ___ composition. (2005 无锡) A. nine-hundred-word B. nine-hundred-words C. nine-hundreds-word D. nine-hundreds-words 6. Inside a box there are six smaller boxes, and inside each small box are six much smaller boxes. How many boxes altogether? _________ (2005 烟台) A. Thirty-six B. Thirty-seven C. Forty-three D. Forty-two 7. It’s _________ ride from my home to the factory. (2004 黄冈) A. two hour and half’s B. two and half hours’ C. two and a half hours’ D. two hour and a half’s 8. _____ Chinese are looking for ways to learn English well before Beijing 2008 Olympics. (2003 北京) A. Thousand B. Thousands C. Thousand of D. Thousands of

9. Both of the two rulers are broken. I want to buy a ____ one. (2003 天津) A. three B. third C. forth D. 不填 10. The doctor worked for ____ after twelve o’clock. (2003 河北) A. two more hours B. two another hour C. more two hours D. another two hour 11. It is said that SARS has killed more than ___ people worldwide. (2003 杭州) A. two hundreds B. two hundreds’ C. two hundred’s D. two hundred 12. ____ people are fighting against SARS. (2003 湖北) A. Million of B. A million of C. Millions of D. Several millions 13. In our school several ___ students are able to search the Internet for useful information now. (2003 盐城) A. hundred of B. hundreds for C. hundred D. hundreds

数词 1-5. ACCDA

6-10. CCDBA

11-13. DCC


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