写作探究 能力提升区 [文体感知] 故事类文章属于记叙文文体。在写作过程中一些技巧需要 灵活地掌握和运用： (1)要把握住记叙文的六个要素，即时间(when)，地点 (where)，人物(who)，事件(what)，原因(why)和过程(how)。 (2)要把握故事性记叙文的结构。在文章开头要交代故事发 生的时间、地点和人物，然后写事件的原因及发展过程，最后 写结果。并且要有一条线索贯穿全文，使整个文章融为一体。
[增分佳句] 1．One day/The other day, sb. planned/intended/wanted/hoped to...某一天/几天前，某人计划/打算/想要/希望…… 2．Unfortunately/Fortunately/Suddenly, sb. found that... 不幸的是/幸运的是/突然，某人发现…… 3．sb. ran into/came across/met with...in the... 某人在……遇到了……
4．sb.felt very content/happy/sad/terrible/embarrassed... 某人感到非常满意/高兴/伤心/可怕/尴尬 5．sth. happened to sb... 某人突然发生了某事 6．It hit/occurred to/struck sb.that... 某人突然想到……
[写作规范] 题目要求 结合下面的提要，写一篇100个词左右的幽默故事。 1．一个过度肥胖的妇女找医生，想寻求减肥的方法； 2．医生建议她吃谷物和蔬菜两天，然后隔一天(skip day)，再反复如此两周； 3．一段时间后，她减肥将近20磅。医生很吃惊； 4．秘诀：跳跃。
第二步：遣词造句 词汇 1．lose_weight 减肥 2．put_sb._on_a_diet 限制饮食 3．shock vt. 使某人震惊 4．amazing adj. 令人吃惊的 5．follow_the_instructions 按照说明书 6．to_tell_you_the_truth 说实话
句式 1．一个过度肥胖的妇女找她的医生，想寻求减肥的方法。 A_terribly_overweight_woman_went_to_ask_her_doctor_abou t_ways_of_losing_weight. 2．她的医生让她节食。 Her_doctor_put_her_on_a_diet. 3．医生建议她吃谷物和蔬菜两天，然后隔一天(skip a day)，再反复如此两周。 The_doctor_advised_her_to_eat_vegetables_and_grains_for_2 _days,_then_skip_a_day，and_do_it_like_this_for_2_weeks.
4．下次我见你时，你会至少减去5磅。 The_next_time_I_see_you， you_will_have_lost_at_least_5_pounds. 5．一段时间后，当她回来时，她减肥将近20磅。 Some_time_later,_when_she_returned_she_lost_nearly_20_po unds. 6．她的医生很吃惊。 Her_doctor_was_shocked.
第三步 句式升级 1．用and连接1、2。 A terribly overweight woman went to ask her doctor about ways of losing weight，and_her_doctor_put_her_on_a_diet. 2．用by＋doing的形式合并5、6。 Some time later, when she returned she shocked the doctor by_losing_nearly_20_pounds.
第四步 妙笔成篇 The Perfect Diet A terribly overweight woman went to ask her doctor about ways of losing weight, and her doctor put her on a diet. “I advise you to eat vegetables and grains for 2 days, then skip a day, and do it like this for 2 weeks. The next time I see you, you will have lost at least 5 pounds.”
However, when the woman returned, she shocked the doctor by losing nearly 20 pounds. “Why, that's amazing！” the doctor said. “Did you follow my instructions？” The woman nodded, “To tell you the truth, I thought I was going to drop dead on the third day.” “From hunger, you mean？” “No, from skipping.”
[写作训练] 假设你校英语俱乐部将举办主题为“Humorous Stories”的分享活动。请你根据提示用英语续写一则幽默故 事，与其他成员分享。 注意：词数100左右(所给出的开头部分不计入总词数)； 参考词汇：hallelujah用于宗教歌曲，表示赞美或欢乐 amen基督教祈祷或圣歌的结束语 One day a man bought a horse.He taught him that when he said “hallelujah” the horse had to go and when he said “amen”， the horse would have to stop. The horse understood and sincerely obeyed his master.
【范文展示】 One day a man bought a horse. He taught him that when he said “hallelujah” the horse had to go and when he said “amen”， the horse would have to stop. The horse understood and sincerely obeyed his master. One day, however, the man was riding his horse towards the edge of a cliff. He was so scared that he forgot how to make the horse stop. The horse kept running. He became nervous and thought that this was the end of his life. Out of fear, he started praying but the horse was still not stopping. Just when he ended the prayer by saying “amen”， the horse stopped suddenly at the edge of the cliff. The man said “hallelujah” with a sigh of relief and off went the horse again!