1 know about 了解……情况 你对传染疾病了解多少？ what do you know about infectious disease? 有些事我想了解一下 there is something I want to know about
know of 听说过 I know of it, but i didn't know it well.
2. explain explain sb sth explain sth to sb
表示“向某人解释某事”时，sb.前必须使用介词 to，即explain to sb sth=explain sth to sb。 Eg. He explained the outline of his plan to us. explain的名词为explanation。
3. characteristic=feature A characteristic of the camel is its ability to live for a long time without water.
4. ? ? ?
pass sth from… “从…处传来，传下“ pass by 路过，经过… pass down 把…传下来 pass on 传递，传授
1.The tradition is ________their ancestors. 2. This spirit should be passed ______ from generation to generation. 3. Pass the letter ___ to the person next to you . 4. So many people pass ___ and never notice the change. 1.passed from 2. down 3.on 4.by
5 Who invented the way of giving electricity to everybody in large cities?是谁发明了把电带给 大城市中的每个人的办法? ? the way of doing sth.= the way to do … “做….. 的方法” ? 她给我们示范清洗它的办法. ? She showed us the way of cleaning it.= She showed us the way to clean it.
? the way引导的定语从句的引导词有三种, 可以用that;可以用in which;还可以省略. ※I don't like the way __ you speak to your father.
? by the way 顺便说,顺便问一下 ? by way of …通过……的方法 ? lose one’s way 迷路 ? no way 没门，别想 ? feel one’s way 摸黑走，谨慎从 事 ? on one’s way to …在去……的路 上 ? in this way=by this means=with
6 put forward=come up with
He put forward a plan at the meeting. They put forward the date of their wedding by one week.
知识延伸：put away 收好 put down 记下;镇压 put on 穿上 put off 耽误;延期 put out 熄灭(灯);扑灭 (火) put up 建立;张贴 put up with=can’t stand 忍受，容忍
Those are the facts ; what do you conclude from them ? 那些都是事实,你能从中得出什么结论? Conclude (from sth) that （从某事）得出结论 The teacher concluded the class by one sentence. 老师以一句话总结了这节课。
? ? ? ? draw / reach/ come to/arrive at 得出结论 a conclusion
I came to/drew /reached the conclusion that you were lying. ? in conclusion总而言之，总之
? Conclude (from sth) that （从某事）得 出结论 ? The teacher concluded the class by one sentence. ? 老师以一句话总结了这节课。
? draw / reach/ come to/arrive at a conclusion 得出结论 ? 我得出结论你在说谎 ? I came to/drew /reached the conclusion that you were lying. ? in conclusion总而言之，总之
8. defeat defeat the English troops. 打败了英国军队 He defeated the champion in three sets ※win / beat /defeat
win “赢得，获胜” 后接奖品，奖金，名誉，财产 beat “击败，战胜” ，后接竞争队伍或者对手，敌人 defeat “击败，战胜” ，后接竞争队伍或者对手，敌 人，（此用法同beat）; 疾病等
win the first place ? 1.Mary _____ in the competition. ? 2. Our school beat / defeated their _______________ school at football. beat / defeated ? 3. I ________________John at chess yesterday.
expert 专家；高手；权威。 ? an agricultural expert 农业专家 ? expert 也可以作形容词，“熟练的；老练的； 经验（或知识）丰富的” ? an expert rider 熟练的骑手
? Sophie learned to cook Chinese food with the help of expert chefs. ? 内行厨师
10 attend ? (1)to be present at 出席,到场. 如: ? attend school 上学 ? attend a lecture 听讲座 ? attend church 去教堂 ? attend (at) a wedding 出席婚礼
(2)to take good care of (a sick person, for example) 照看,照料.如:The doctor attended (on / upon) the patients. (3)to deal with ? I have some important things to attend to.
(4)to pay attention to
If you don’t attend to the teacher, you will never learn anything.
11 expose · · · to· · · ? 切勿将小孩曝晒。 ? Don’t expose the baby to the burning sun. ? The broken car was exposed to the wind and rain ? 接触 ? she tries to expose students to art and music 12 cure .v/n 治疗，治愈 ? Cure sb of sth ? This medicine can cure you of your cough/headache ? A cure for· · · 治疗· · · 的方法 ? Is there a certain cure for AIDS yet?
? Treat。v/n 治疗，请客，招待 ? The doctor was busy（in) treating an old patient ? It is my treat 14 control---controlled;controlling He can’t control his anger/temper lose control of… = be (go) out of control The driver lost control of his car and it knocked into a tree. The car was out of control and ran into a wall. in control of…= in charge of…(主) 控制、掌管 under the control of…（被）在· · · 控制、掌管之下 Mr. Brown is in control of the money.= The money is under the control of Mr. Brown.
? Bring/get sth under control 抑制；使……受控制 Chinese population policy gets the population of China under control. 15 suggest （1） 建议； ? I suggested （our） going to the park on Sunday. ? He suggested leaving early for the airport. （2）---that 从句 （虚拟语气） ? I suggested that he （should） give up smoking. ? 我建议他戒烟。 ? The chairman suggested the meeting be put off until next week. ? 主席建议会议延迟到下周举行。
? 2 imply 暗示，表明 ? Her pale face suggested that she was ill badly and I suggested she be sent to hospital without delay. ? Her expression suggested pleasure. 他面露喜色。
I suggest that everyone ____ A couldn’t tell lies B told lies C not tell lies D didn’t tell lies
? The officer commanded that everyone passing by ____ that day A search B would be searched C be searched D must be searched ? Her pale face suggested that she ___ ill badly and I suggested she ____ to hospital without delay. A be; should be sent B was; be sent C be; was sent D was; was sent
16. absorb吸收，吞并，兼并 The clever boy absorbed all the knowledge his teacher could give him. Absorb……into The big company has gradually absorbed these small companies into its own organization. Absorb a company吞并公司 ※be absorbed in=be buried in= be lost in=be devoted to=concentrate on The boy was so absorbed in the computer games that he didn’t realize his father came.
17 severe be strict with sb=be severe with sb He is severe with himself. ? A severe attack of toothache. ? He has a severe pain in his leg. 18 blame be+动词不定式，可以表示该做或不该做的事情，相当 于must, should, ought to 等。 如： Who is to be responsible for this? You are not to drop litter in the park. 公园里不允许乱丢纸屑。
Be to blame 该受责备(不能用于被动语态） be to blame (for sth.) I am to blame for our losing the game. Who is to blame for starting the fire? It is Mr Lee who is to blame
? blame sb. for sth.= blame sth, on sb. Do you blame him for the accident? Do you blame the accident on him? look into=Investigate ? Who will look into this matter together.
20 link…to... 把…与…连接；联系 如： Fingerprints linked the suspect to the crime. 指纹证实了嫌疑犯的犯罪事实。 be linked to 连接 如： The two towns are linked by a railway. 21 announce v. to make sth known publicly The captain announced that the plane was going to land. 机长宣布飞机就要着陆了。 Warm sunshine announces the coming of spring.
23 instruct Instruct sb to do sth He instructed me to deliver it to a customer. 他吩咐我把东西送去给顾客。 be under construction. 正在建设之中 contribute He contributed generously to the Red Cross. Make a contribution to/towards + n/pron/v-ing（to) 为介词 Your suggestion will contribute to solving the problem. 你的建议将有助于解决这个问题。
Carelessness Lead to = result in = bring about= account for= cause= contribute to the serious traffic accident. 知识延伸：Devote to ; pay attention to; object to; stick to; look forward to Lead to be/get used to在这些短语中，to 均为介词，后 面接名词、代词 或v-ing.
25 apart from apart from 除…之外，此外 in addition= besides= what’s more 除此之外, 也， 另外 除了……之外(没有) but , except, 除了……之外(还有) besides, in addition 除了……之外(没有)还可以表示除了……之外(还 有)apart from
? We could see nothing but/except endless sands there. ? I won’t buy the book, for it’s too dear. Besides/ in addition, it’s not much of use for me ? Apart from being short, Tom is smart. 除了个子矮了点， Tom还是挺帅气的。 ? Apart from the cost, it will take a lot of time. 除了花费钱以外， 它还需要不少时间。
? There was an earthquake. In addition/ besides, there were tidal waves(海啸） ? Apart from an earthquake, there were tidal waves ? He speaks French in addition to/besides/apart from English
26 make sense 我认为这个句子不通 I don’t think the sentence makes sense. make sense of 理解，弄懂 Can you make sense of this telegram? 你看 得懂这电报的意思吗？ Make no sense 没有道理，毫无意义
be strict with sb. 对某人严格=be hard on sb Father is always strict with his sons. 父亲对子女经 常要求严格。 比较：be strict in sth. 对某事物要求严格 Teachers are strict in students’ homework. 老师对 学生的作业要求严格。 ?be enthusiastic for / about/ over sth 对某事很热情 be cautious about sb/sth 对某人/某事谨慎 take up a new career 从事一项新的职业 make room for 腾出空间 point of view 态度，观点，看法 positive反义词negative be similar to
? So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak 每次爆发（霍乱）时， 就有大批惊恐的老百姓病死 这是由名词词组every time 充当连词的时间状语从句意 味着“每当”，相当于when , 故本句可变为 So many thousands of terrified people died when there was an outbreak. 解析：某些表达时间的名称词组可直接充当连词，即“名 词连词化现象” 常见的有： 1 不定代词+time 如：many time , each time 2 介词加time.如：by the time. 3 序数词加time如：the first time. last time,
4 the 加瞬时名词。如：the minute, the moment, the instant 5 the加时间名词。如： The day, the night, the month, The time. 6 immediately/instantly/ directly 例句：She demands sweets from me any time she sees me. She is always excited with tears full of her eyes at the time She is speaking of her past
She demands sweets from me any time she sees me. She is always excited with tears full of her eyes at the time She is speaking of her past
The first time he did the experiment ,he succeeded I will give him your message the minute he arrives He bought a computer the day he got his salary
Get 的用法大全 get interested in… get 系动词 ? get annoyed ? get changed ? get separated与------走散了 ? get lost迷路 ? get excited 对……激动 get burnt被烧伤 If you play with fire, you get burnt
2) get sb. to do… Would you please get a porter（搬运工） to carry my cases? 3) Get sth. Done I am now going to get my watch repaired. 2) get sb. to do… / have sb. do I have got LiMing to turn off the water. Would you please get a porter（搬运工） to carry my cases? 3) Get sth. Done You must get your homework done before watching TV. I am now going to get my watch repaired.
4. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense. only ﹢加状语放于句首时，主句用部分倒装。 eg: Only a week later did I receive an answer from her. Only when you are forty and looking back will you realize that you haven’t done your best.
拓展：only if 可译为“只有” eg: Only if you study hard, will you pass the test. Make a call only if it is important.