陕西省西安市西工大附中2013届高三第七次适应性训练英语试题

陕西省西安市西工大附中 2013 届高三第七次适应性训练 英语试题
第一部分 英语知识运用(共四节,满分 55 分) 第一节 语音知识(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相 同的选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 1. thorough A. within B. smooth C. through D. that 2. chief A. quiet B. believe C. diet D. variety 3. edition A. reject B. editor C. recently D. gentle 4. range A. graph B. average C. diamond D. reputation 5. panicked A. accustomed B. embarrassed C. addicted D. bathed 第二节 情景对话(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 根据对话情景和内容, 从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 W:Can I talk to the manager? M:Yes, I'm the manager. 6 W:I saw your "Help Wanted" sign in the window. 7 M:Yes. We're looking for a dishwasher. W:I'd like to apply. M: 8 W:No, I haven't, but I'm sure I could learn quickly. M:Hmm. 9 W: Well, I haven't operated kitchen equipment before, but with a little training, I'm sure I could do a good job. M:Okay. Here's an application form. 10 W:Thanks very much. A.What can I do for you? B.You can sit over there and fill it out. C.Can you tell me what the position is? D.It's hard work and the pay is not high. E.Have you worked as a dishwasher before? F.We will give you a definite answer tomorrow. G.We need a person who can operate kitchen equipment. 第三节 语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。并 在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 11. —I will treat you to a big meal another day. —Oh, A. go ahead ! You cannot be serious. B. thank you C. come on B. If you arrived D. please don't

12. ______ a little earlier, you could have got a copy of his latest book. A. If you would arrive

C. Should you arrive whole day with my kids. A. in which worried. A. look A. of B. looks B. over B. that

D. Had you arrived

13. I’m always busy with my work, so occasions are quite rare ______ I can spend the C. why D. when

14. Mr. White found his wife surrounded by letters and papers and ______ very C. looking C. to D. to look D. into

15. The boy talked his mother ________ buying him a home computer. 16. I want to buy that kind of cloth because I _____ the cloth _____ well. A. have told; washes C. was told; washed center. A. what table would cost. A. such a beautiful wooden round C. one such round beautiful wooden B. one such beautiful round wooden D. such a round beautiful wooden B. which C. where D. that 18. She said she was in great need of such a table and asked me how much _____ B. have been told; washes D. have been told; is washed

17. His grandfather was among the first to settle in _____ is now a famous holiday

19. —How come a simple meal like this costs so much? —We have ____ in your bill the cost of the cup you broke just now. A. added B. included C. contained D. charged 20. —What do you think of that housewife? —She is ______ of a good housekeeper, for the children’s room is always a terrible mess. A. nobody —Thank you. I A. must B. somebody try some of it. B. may C. can D. might C. nothing D. something 21. —To celebrate your birthday, I made the cake on my own.

22. —What should I wear to attend his wedding party? —Dress ____ you like. A. what B. however C. whatever D. how 23. To read Tolstoy and ____ to the nineteenth century Russian literature are two excellent reasons for taking Professor Morel’s course.

A. to introduce

B. introduce

C. being introduced

D. to be introduced I'm wondering how old D. A; the D. go down

24. ____ friend of my grandfather's will come tomorrow. ____ man he might be. A. The; a A. go out B. The; the B. go away C. A; a C. go off

25. If you don't keep the meat in the refrigerator on such a hot day, it may ____.

第四节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出适合填入 对应空白处的最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 In a spirit of gratitude(感恩) and giving back to the parents who raised them, Bill and Jackie Metz’s daughters have offered a generous invitation. “They both live in Chicago now,” said Bill Metz, 75, a retired Sacramento State psychology professor. “One was willing to put an extra floor on her house and 26 an elevator for us so we could live there. 27 wanted to change her basement for us. I told them we’d have somebody shoot us 28 we did that.” The Mazes, who live in their own home at Escalon Village Roseville, enjoy their big, close-knit 29 , which also includes two sons in California and 11 grandchildren. But the idea of living with the kids in their older age leaves them 30 . “My first reaction was, ‘I don’t want you to tell me 31 to do,’” said Jackie Maze, who is also 75 and a retired teacher and counselor. Most older adults 32 to be a bit more euphemistic (委婉的) about it: Typically, they say that they don’t want to be a 33 to their kids, or that they don’t want to bother them. 34 , statistics show a plainer truth. In huge numbers, seniors 35 their freedom, and they want to live on their own 36 they can. In the Sacramento region, US census figures (人口普查数据) 37 that almost three-fourths of people 65 and older live in same-generation (as opposed to multigenerational) households. National figures are even 38 , with nearly 80 percent of older adults living in their own households – more than three times the 39 of the 1940s. A recent survey from the research firm Gallup & Robinson highlights 凸显, ( 突出) that sense of 40 . While 53 percent of people below age 65 said they would 41 an aging parent who needed their help, only a quarter of people older than 65 said they would 42 an invitation to live with their grown children. Those attitudes 43 the stubborn old cultural way, in which the grandparents, kids and grandkids grow older together 44 one roof — a tradition from the days when there was no choice but for the generations to live

45

, like it or not. B. make B. The other B. since B. home B. happy B. what B. decide B. danger B. However B. win B. as good as B. show B. more B. size B. achievement B. take up B. accept B. challenge B. in C. fix C. Others C. after C. house C. puzzled C. when C. agree C. burden C. Therefore C. share C. as long as C. declare C. higher C. amount C. success C. take out C. receive C. cooperate C. from D. store D. The others D. before D. room D. warm D. where D. tend D. guide D. Otherwise D. lose D. as much as D. tell D. fewer D. sum D. responsibility D. take in D. send D. keep D. under

26. A. raise 27. A. Another 28. A. until 29. A. family 30. A. cold 31. A. which 32. A. plan 33. A. barrier 34. A. Furthermore 35. A. appreciate 36. A. as far as 37. A. announce 38. A. lower 39. A. number 40. A. independence 41. A. take down 42. A. refuse 43. A. reflect 44. A. on

45. A. alone B. apart C. together D. altogether 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最 佳选项。并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A I can’t remember a winter being as cold as this in Pennsylvania, but I’m sure there were colder days. Even though the daylight hours are growing longer minute by minute, it’s easy to find an excuse not to go out unless you absolutely must, but then again I often have to push myself to accomplish things. People I speak to have been in all kinds of nasty moods. They say they’re “under the weather,” not feeling good about this time of year. As I stood outside with my two dogs yesterday, it was so cold that my nose and face felt frozen and my ears were stinging. Of course, that doesn’t matter to Ricky and Lucy. They have a routine they must go through to find just the fighting spot no matter how cold or hot it is. So I wait. But this time it was different. As cold as it was, I suddenly was excited thinking about how wonderful this extreme cold really was. Then the sun broke through the clouds and memories of summer’s extremely

hot days flashed through my mind. I could remember standing in the heat of the afternoon, with sweat pouring down my brow and the hot, burning sun against my face. I reminded myself then and there that in the cold of the winter I would wish I had this heat. I was grateful for the extremes. Without the extremes in my life, I would never appreciate the days when things were just right. Without the extremes, life would be boring. It’s being pushed to one of the extremes that makes us appreciate the middle more. Health challenges remind us that we need to pay more attention to how we live. Financial extremes remind us that when things go smoothly it’s also time to save for raining days. I’ve come to the conclusion that all too often I find a reason not to be happy with where I am at that moment. Whether it’s hot or cold, good health or bad, in the money or out of it, I always want it to be different. I’m tired of being “Under the Weather!” 46. What is the author’s attitude towards the extremes in life? A. Grateful. B. Critical. C. Negative. D. Unconcerned. 47. That day the writer waited in the terrible cold because ______. A. his dogs wanted to hunt B. he wanted to face the cold bravely C. his dogs had a routine D. he wanted to be different 48. The underlined word “nasty” (Paragraph 3) can be replaced by ______. A. unpleasant B. violent C. favorable D. unusual B I hated writing thank-you notes as a child, but I had no choice: My mother was adamant (坚决的) about honoring other people’s kindness and generosity. But now after a childhood spent crafting those notes, the music of gratitude flows naturally from me. I hire Brant to build an arbor (凉亭) around my front door. I drew it exactly as I wanted, and he realized my vision perfectly. Surprised at how the arbor’s beauty uplifted me every time I stepped into my house, I called Brant a few weeks after the arbor went up. He answered the phone defensively. “What can I do for you?” he asked, his voice cold and distant. “You can say, ‘You’re welcome,’ ” I responded. “I don’t understand,” Brant shot back. “I am calling to say ‘Thank you.’ ’’ Silence. “What do you mean?” he asked. “I love my arbor, and I wanted you to know how much I appreciate your work.” More silence.

“I’ve been doing this work for 20 years, and no one has ever called to thank me for it,” said Brant. “People only call me when they have problems.” He was doubtful. I also had a similar experience with L.J. He answered my questions, didn’t push, and gave me space to think and decide. I wrote to let him know that he completely exceeded (超出) my expectations of what a beat-them-down car sales experience would be like, and that I was happy with my car choice. L.J. called me a few days later. He said that this was the first thank-you note in the history of the dealership. Are we really living in an age when feedback (反馈) only closes with complaint? It seems to me that when we focus on problems, we only have dissatisfaction and complaint. But when we focus on celebrating goodness, we are likely to turn it into something positive. 49. What can we learn from the first paragraph? A. Music is one of the author’s favorite subjects. B. Expressing gratitude has become a habit for the author. C. The author’s mother is a very kind and generous woman. D. The author used to help his mother write thank-you notes. 50. When Brant heard the author’s voice on the phone, he was _____. A. unfriendly B. surprised C. thankful D. excited 51. L. J. probably worked as a _____. A. driver B. guide C. salesman D. repairman 52. By telling his own experiences, the author tries to show _____. A. how to express thanks to others B. how to deal with interpersonal relationships C. the kindness of people who serve him D. the importance of expressing thanks C Drinking Water: Bottled or From the Tap? In America, people will include a case or two of bottled water when buying the week's groceries. When they are going to a soccer game or activity, it's common for them to grab a cold bottle of water out of the fridge with them.In fact, Americans buy more bottled water than any other nation in the world, about 29 billion bottles a year. But all these plastic bottles use a lot of fossil fuels and pollute the environment.In order to make all the 29 billion bottles, producers use 17 million barrels of crude oil, which is enough to keep a million cars going for 12 months. So why don't people drink water straight from the tap? Some people have a strong belief that bottled water is better than water out of the tap, but that's not necessarily true.In the US, the local governments make sure water from the tap is safe.There is also growing concern that chemicals in the bottles themselves may go into the water. People love the convenience of bottled water.But maybe if they realized the problems it causes, they would try drinking from a glass at home or carrying water in a reusable steel container instead of plastic.

Some argue that plastic bottle recycling can help. Recycled bottles can be turned into items like carpeting or clothing.Unfortunately, only one in six bottles is recycled.The rest make it to landfills(垃圾填埋场)or end as trash in other places.Plastic bottles take hundreds of years for them to disintegrate. Water is important for you, so keep drinking it.But think about how often you use water bottles, and see if you can make a change. And yes, you can make a difference. Remember this: Recycling one plastic bottle can save enough energy to power a 60-watt light bulb for six hours. 53. How many cars can be kept going for a year by the crude oil used to make 29 billion bottles? A. 100. B. 1,000. C. 100,000. D. 1,000,000. 54. Why do Americans prefer bottled water? A. Bottled water is better than water from the tap. B. Bottled water is cheaper than water from the tap. C. Bottled water contains beneficial chemicals in it. D. Bottled water is more convenient than water from the tap. 55. What does the underlined word "disintegrate" in the fifth paragraph probably mean_____ . A. Be well recycled. B. Become less poisonous. C. Break into small pieces. D. Go down below a surface. 56. The author's intention of writing this passage is to recommend Americans_____. A. drink more water from the tap B. send plastic bottles to landfills C. use water bottles to power light bulls. D. buy bottles filled with water from the tap D Psychologists have discovered that even the most independent-minded of us will conform to social pressure when we are with a group of people. In one classic experiment, people were shown a vertical(垂直的)line and asked to find a line of identical length from a selection of three. You might think that this is an absurdly easy task, and when people perform it by themselves they do very well. However, psychologists have discovered that we are very easily swayed by the opinions of other people when we do this task in a group. In one study, a group of three people was set up, where two of the people were confederates(同伙)of the experimenter. When the confederates deliberately gave wrong answers, people were often swayed to give the wrong answer also. In fact, 75% of people gave at least one wrong answer, with some people conforming to peer pressure on every occasion. But why do people conform in this way? In an easy task like this, it seems that people do not want to step out of line with the prevailing opinion of the group. On more difficult tasks, people also conform because they lose confidence in their own ability to make decisions and prefer to trust the majority opinion instead. A typical example of this kind of conformity arises when we come across people

in distress. Would you help a woman who has been attacked in the street? It turns out that you are much more likely to go to her assistance if you are alone. When other people are also around, a diffusion of responsibility occurs. People are paralysed into inaction, because everyone assumes that someone else will go to the woman's assistance. 57. In Paragraph 1, the underlined word “conform” probably means “ ”. A. seek independence B. disobey orders C. follow what others do D. seek pleasure 58. What is the purpose of the experiment described in Paragraph 2? A. To explain why would people be influenced by the opinions of others. B. To prove that people are easily influenced by the opinions of others. C. To train the confederates of the experimenter as independent minded. D. To describe how people would be influenced by the opinions of others. 59. In the last paragraph, according to the author, why wouldn’t one help the woman? A. He thinks he has no responsibilities to give a hand. B. He thinks he has nothing to do with it. C. He is too shy to give his helping hand. D. He thinks someone else will offer assistance. 60. What method does the author mainly use to develop the text? A. Giving examples. B. Cause-effect analysis. C. Comparative analysis. D. Process analysts. E 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从下框的A—F选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。 选 项中有一项为多余选项。 A. Look up things in the dictionary. B. Figure out things on your own. C. Exercise your mind in different ways. D. Study more effectively. E. Be more curious. F. Do some research. How to become more intelligent Are you embarrassed when you don’t know the answer to a teacher’s question? Everybody has those times when they just feel like they don’t know anything. Of course, you can’t know everything, but no matter how smart you are, you can start becoming more intelligent today. 61. How do some people get to know so much? Good memory skills are only part of the answer: you also have to be curious. If you’re satisfied going through life with little or no understanding of things you’re unfamiliar with, you won’t learn much. Make a conscious effort to be more curious by reminding yourself that developing your curiosity will broaden your horizons and help to make you more intelligent.

62. Curiosity without initiative (主动性) is like having a car that’s out of gas—it won’t take you anywhere. Fortunately, when it comes to knowledge you’re never far from success. If you read a word that you don’t know, look it up in the dictionary. If you wonder how airplanes fly, read a book about it. If you want to know more about politics, pick up a newspaper. With the appearance of Internet, there’s less excuse for not finding something out that you want to know. 63. If you know how to use references, from an Internet search engine to an encyclopedia (百科全书), you’ll be able to find the information you want more quickly and effectively. Effective research skills will nourish your curiosity because you’ll become more confident in your ability to get knowledge. If your research skills leave something to be desired, take a class or workshop on how to research, ask a librarian or teacher or simply practice researching. 64. There’s a lot more to intelligence than “book smarts”. We can learn to perform everyday tasks at work, home and school better and more intelligently. If you don’t know how to do something, you’d better not ask somebody else to do it for you or show you how. In most cases, you’ll be able to figure it out on your own, either by trial-and-error or by researching. While it usually takes longer to figure something out than it does to ask about it, you’ll learn more about the overall process, and you’ll remember it better. Most importantly, you’ll exercise your problem-solving skills instead of your “do as you’re told” skills. 65. Most of us are good at the things we do well in naturally or the activities we do every day. Challenge yourself to learn a new skill or to think in a different way, however, and you’ll actually become more intelligent. Choose something you’d like to learn to do, or a subject you don’t do well in and focus on it. At first, you may be uncomfortable and feel even less intelligent than you did before, but if you study or practise hard, you’ll become more confident, and you’ll make new connections in your mind.

第三部分 写作(共三节,满分55分) 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词,在答题卡指定区域的横线上写 出对应单词的正确形式,每空只写一词。 66. Being _______ (暴露) to sunlight for too much time will do 66. ___________ harm to one’s skin. 67. ___________ 67. This medicine will ________________ (治愈) your headache.

68. George wants to major in _______(建筑学) in his further study. 69. _________ (粗略地) speaking, we receive about fifty letters a week on the subject. 70. She’s not _____________(乐观的) about the outcome. 71. The singer was regarded as a _______ (代表) of her generation. 72. Our company has ________ (更新) the computer systems. 73. You’d better ask your teacher to _________ (润色) your speech. 74. I find his rudeness ______________ (难以容忍的). 75. She cut her finger on a piece of glass and it is ________ (流血).

68. ___________ 69. ___________ 70. ___________ 71. ___________ 72. ___________ 73. ___________ 74. ___________ 75. ___________

第二节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删 除或修改。增加:在此处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下 面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从 11 处起)不计分。
As a senior three student, it won’t take long after I graduate. Now, I have much to share with my fellow student. Firstly, I’d like to show my appreciation to those stand by me all the way, teachers, parents and friends included. Without their help or advice, my life will be different. Secondly, it’s high time for I to say sorry to the classmates whom I hurt or misunderstood. I firm believe that communication and smiles act as bridges to friendship. Thirdly, I’ve made my mind to make every effort to study, so hard work is the key to a success. Finally I want to express my hope which all the young fellows can make full use of time, because time and tide wait for no man.

第三节 书面表达(满分 30 分)
假如你是一名大学生叫李华,对近年来大学毕业生就业情况颇有已见,请根据下面提 供的信息向报社写信谈谈你的看法。字数 100 左右。开头已给出 。 学生心态 就业现状 就业前景 Dear editor, I am writing to you to talk about taking up occupations for college graduates. 向往城市,不愿下乡。 城市人才过剩;农村渴求人才。 农村天地广阔,可施展才华。

Yours, Li Hua

陕西省西安市西工大附中 2013 届高三第七次适应性训练 英语试题参考答案

语音:1—5 CBADB 对话:6—10 ACEGB 单选:11—15 CDDCD 16—20 BABBC 21—25 ABDCC 完形:26—30 CBDAA 31—35 BDCBA 36—40 CBCAA 41—45 DBBDC 阅读:46-48—ACA 49-52—BACD 53-56—DDCA 57-60—CBDA 61-65—EAFBC 单词拼写: 66. exposed 67. cure 68. architecture 69. Roughly 70. optimistic 71. representative 72. updated 73. polish 74. unbearable 75. bleeding 短文改错:
As a senior three student, it won’t take long after I graduate. Now, I have much to share before with my fellow student. students Firstly, I’d like to show my appreciation to those∧stand by me all the way, teachers, who 或 standing parents and friends included. Without their help or advice, my life will be different. Secondly, would it’s high time for I to say sorry to the classmates whom I hurt or misunderstood. I firm believe me firmly that communication and smiles act as bridges to friendship. Thirdly, I’ve made∧my mind to up make every effort to study, so hard work is the key to a success. Finally I want to express my for/as/because/since hope which all the younger fellows can make full use of time, because time and tide wait for no man. that

书面表达
Dear editor, I am writing to you to talk about taking up occupations for college graduates. Nowadays many graduates are looking forward to obtaining employment in big cities, not willing to work in the countryside. As a matter of fact, there are not enough opportunities to satisfy most of the hunters in big cities while in the countryside talented people are badly needed and a lot of posts are waiting for us. Rural areas are a vast world, where you can put your abilities to good use and you’ll be able to make greater contributions to the building of new countryside. Therefore, I believe we can have as bright a future in the country as we have in the city. Yours, Li Hua


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