标题-2017-2018学年高中英语三维设计人教版浙江专版必修1:Unit 5 Section 3_图文

Section Ⅲ

Grammar——定语从句(Ⅱ)

语法图解

探究发现 1.The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. 2.It was in 1952 and Mandela was the black lawyer to whom I went for advice. 3.He was generous with his time, for which I was grateful. 4 . The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometres away. 5.However, this was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg.

6.The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest. 7....until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. 8....we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the government. [我的发现]

(1)关系副词 when在定语从句中作时间状语(句 1、5、6); 关系副词 where 在定语从句中作地点状语(句 4、7)。 (2)在“介词+which/whom”引导的定语从句中,which 用于指代物(句 3、8); whom 用于指代人(句 2)。

一、关系副词引导的定语从句 关系副词的指代及功能 关系副词 when where why 先行词 表示时间的名词 表示地点的名词 reason 功能 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语

1.关系副词 when 引导定语从句时, 先行词应是表示时 间的名词,关系词在从句中作时间状语。 I still remember the time when I first traveled by plane. 我仍然记得第一次坐飞机旅行的时候。 We will never forget the year when the 29th Olympic Games were held in Beijing. 我们将永远不会忘记第 29 届奥运会在北京举办的那 一年。

2.关系副词 where 引导定语从句时,先行词应是表示 地点或抽象地点的名词,关系词在从句中作地点状语。 I’d like to live in the house where there is plenty of sunshine. 我喜欢住在那个阳光充足的房子里。 Finally, we got to a factory, where many mobile phones of high quality were produced. 最后,我们来到一家工厂,在那里许多高质量的手机被 生产出来。

3. 关系副词 why 引导定语从句时, 先行词常常为 reason, 关系词在从句中作原因状语。 Can you explain the reason(=for which) why you don’ t help him? 你能解释一下为什么不帮助他的理由吗? Can you tell me the reason why you didn’t come to his birthday party? 你能告诉我你没参加他的生日宴会的原因吗?

[ 名师点津 ]

表示时间、地点及原因的名词作先行词

时,定语从句可用关系代词引导,也可用关系副词引导。若 先行词在定语从句中作状语时,应用关系副词;若先行词在 定语从句中作主语或宾语时,则应用关系代词。试比较: Do you remember the days when we chatted with each other all night? 你还记得我们整夜聊天的那些日子吗? (when 在从句 中作状语)

Do you remember the days that/which we spent together on the farm? 你 还 记 得 我 们 在 农 场 一 起 度 过 的 那 些 日 子 吗 ? (that 或 which 作 spent 的宾语) I don’t know the reason why he didn’t turn to his good friend for help yesterday. 我不知道昨天他为什么没向他的好朋友求助。(why 作原因 状语) I won’t listen to the reason that/which you have given us. 我坚决不听你提供给我们的那个理由。 (定语从句中缺少宾 语,所以用 which/that,不用 why)

[即时演练 1] 对比填空:that, which, when, where, why ①I will never forget the days that/which we spent together. ②I will never forget the days when we stayed together. ③The reason that/which sound. ④The reason why he was late was that he missed his train. ⑤Keep the book in a place where you can find it easily. ⑥This is the house which/that was built by my grandfather forty years ago. he explained at the meeting was not

二、“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句 当关系代词在定语从句中作介词的宾语时, 我们通常用“介 词+关系代词”引导定语从句。如果指“人”,用“介词+ whom”;如果指“物”,用“介词+which”;关系代词有时也 用 whose(作定语)。 选用介词的依据: 1.根据定语从句中谓语动词的搭配习惯(即固定短语)。 Yesterday we visited the West Lake for which Hangzhou is famous. 昨 天 我 们 参 观 了 西 湖 , 杭 州 因 其 而 出 名 。 (be famous for“因……而出名”)

2.根据先行词的搭配习惯(约定俗成,不一定是短语)。 This is the camera with which he often takes photos. 这就是他经常用来拍照的相机。 (with camera“用照相 机”) The boss in whose company Mr King worked heard about the accident. 金先生所工作的公司的老板听到了这起事故。 (in the boss’ company)

3.根据句子的意思来选择。 The colorless gas without which we cannot live is called oxygen. 这种无色的、离了它我们就无法生存的气体是氧气。 4.表示“所有”关系或“整体中的一部分”时,通常用 介词 of。 I have about 10 books, half of which were written by Mo Yan. 我有大约 10 本书,其中一半是莫言写的。

[名师点津]

在定语从句中,有一些含介词的动词短语不

可拆开使用,如 look after, look for 等不能把介词移至 which 或 whom 之前。 The babies whom the nurses are looking after are very healthy. healthy. ( 正) (误 ) The babies after whom the nurses are looking are very

[即时演练 2]

关系词或介词填空 have been

①Maria has written two novels, both of which made into television series.

②The girl to whom you talked just now is our English teacher. ③The day will come on which we will win the final victory. ④The woman with whom you shook hands just now is head of our company. ⑤The death of his son was an experience from which he never fully recovered.

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.The reason why/for which she changed her mind is quite clear. 2.The days when they travelled together meant a lot to him. 3.I saw a house, the windows of which were broken. 4 . She has two sons, both of whom graduated from Harvard University.

5.Nobody knows the reason for which she didn’t attend the meeting. 6.We went through a period when communications were very difficult in the rural areas. 7.The children, all of whom had played the whole day long, were worn out. 8. We visited the car factory where my uncle once worked three years ago. 9.This is the factory
that/which

I visited last year.

10.The old man has two sons, and both of them are lawyers.

Ⅱ.句型转换 1. The house has been pulled down.He lived in the house 10 years ago. →The house where he lived 10 years ago has been pulled down. 2.We settled down in a small village.In front of the village ran a winding river. →We settled down in a small village in front of which ran a winding river. 3.She has three sons.All of her sons are abroad now. →She has three sons and all of them are abroad now. →She has three sons, all of whom are abroad now.

4. There are sixty students in our class.Thirty of the students in our class are girls. →There are sixty students in our class, thirty of whom are girls. 5.The school lies in the east of the town.He once studied in the school. →The school where he once studied lies in the east of the town. 6 . Do you remember the days ? On those days we played together. →Do you remember the days when we played together?

Ⅲ.补全句子 1.The reason ill in bed. 他不能到那里去的原因是他卧病在床。 2 . We are living in an age when many things are done on computer. 我们生活在许多事情可以在电脑上做的时代。
why he could not go there

was that he was

3.After graduation he returned to the small town where/in
which he grew up .

毕业以后,他回到那个他长大的小镇上。 4.I don’t like the way (that/in which) you speak to your
parents .

我不喜欢你跟你父母讲话的方式。 5.The house
which was destroyed in the terrible fire has

been repaired. 那间在大火中被毁坏的屋子已经被重新修好了。

6.I’ll never forget the days when I worked together with you . 我永远也不会忘记和你一起工作的日子。 7.We made a survey among the students, 78% of whom vote Lee their monitor. 我们在学生中进行了一次调查,78%的学生投票支持 Lee 来当班长。 8.He is one of my old schoolmates, other day in the street. 他是我的一个老同学,我前几天在街上偶然遇见了 (come across)他。
who I came across the


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