湖北省宜昌市高中英语Unit5TravellingabroadPartIIIGrammar学案(无答案)7

Unit 5 Travelling abroad Part III Grammar 一、 【学习目标】 复习掌握定语从句的九大考点。 二、 【基础知识】定语从句九大考点 : 1、用什么引导 (1)关系代词: who , whom, which , that , whose , as (2) 关系副词: when ,where , why 2、限定性和非限定性定语从句的直观概念 :主句和从句之间带逗号的叫___________ 。 主句和从句之间不带逗号的叫__________。 3、非限定性定语从句的特点: (1) 没有定语从句,不影响主句的意思完整。如: I like unit 3 , which is about environment. 这种句子可去掉“,”成为限定性定 语从句。因为说话人认为从句不重要那就打逗号,说话人认为重要就不打逗号。 (2) which 代指前面的整个句子,无论重不重要 ,从句都得带逗号。如: He didn’t pass the exam, which made his father angry . (3) as 引导的定语从句也由不得人,必带逗号。如: Animals are endangered , as is reported in newspapers . = As is reported in the news paper , animals are endangered . such….. as…. (as 引导的是定从,从句内部不完整, such ….that …that 引导的 是状从 ) I like such kind of book as you bought. ________________ He was such a good teacher that we all like him. _______________ He is so good a man as I mentioned just now . _______________ He is so good a man that all of us like him . _______________ (4) It is the same+ n as 引导的定从是 “相似”的意思。 It is the same +n that 引导的定从 是“同一个东西”的意思。 注意:as 引导的从句如果从句内部是完整的,通常翻译成:因为或 当..时候, 那就是状 从。 4、Whose 在定语从句中既可以指人,也可以指物: 指人:My sisters, whose photos I showed to you yesterday, will come to see us this evening. 指物:I bought a house , whose windows faced the south.. 翻译:The majority of the Spanish were religious men , whose ministry was to teach the Catholic religion to the native Americans . 5、关于什么时候只能用 which , 什么时候只能用 that , who, whom : 只能用 that 的情况先行词前面有 : 1 (1) 形容词的最高级 (2) 序数词 the first 、the last 等 (3) 先行词为不定代词:all, much , some , little ,few , no,anything , everything , something ,nothing 等或被不定代词修饰。 (4) the only , the very , the same (5) 先行词既有人,也有物时,只能用 that . 注意:表示职业的词, 而非具体的人时,用 which 如:He was a professor , which I wanted to be . 只用 who ,whom : (1)非限定从,人只能用 who , 前有介词用 whom 只能用 which : (1)非限定性: 修饰物只能用 which 6、先行词为时间名词,什么时候用 when , 什么时候用 which 及先行词为地点名词时,什 么 时候用 where , 什么时候用 which。 I still remember the days when we studied ( English )together. ( 从句内部完整) I still remember the days which we spent by the sea. ( 从句内部不完整) I went to the city where she studied ( English ) 3 years ago. ( 从句内部完整) I went to the city which she visited 3 years ago. ( 从句内部不完整) 从句内部完整概念: 及物动词的主谓宾不缺;不及物的主谓不缺; 系表结构系表不缺。 从句内部不完整概念: 及物动词 要么缺主语,要么缺宾语; 系表结构缺表语 。 说明: where 前面是动词,从句不是定从,而是状语从句, 此时 where ≠ in which . 句中 有先行词为地点名词时,where = in which He was born _____________ we are working now . 是_________ 从句 He was born in the city ____ we are working now . 是 _________ 从句 7、关于 way 的定语从句: 比较下面两个句子: (1) The way to learn English that/which / ____ he in

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