命题：蔡美琼 审题：高四英语备课组 （2015.12.30） 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） A A Samoan airline says that it is the world’s first carrier to charge passengers by their weight. Samoa Air, which opened in 2012, asks passengers to give their personal weight during booking, which is then charged according to the length of a flight. The customers will also be weighed just before they board the plane. "It is believed that all people throughout the world are the same size," Samoa Air CEO Chris Langton said. "Airplanes always run on weight, not seats." "There is no doubt in my mind that this is the concept of the future. This is the fairest way of your travelling with your family or yourself." Though the airline introduced the plan last November, it caught people's attention last week when the carrier began international flights to neighboring American Samoa. Almost at the same time, a Norwegian economist, Bharat Bhatta, published a report suggesting that airlines should charge obese（过度肥胖的）passengers more. The Pacific Islands contain some of the world’s most common countries for obesity, many ranking in the top 10, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Samoa is ranked number four, with 59.6 percent of the population considered obese, said the most recent WHO report. According to Samoa Air's latest schedule, the airline charges up to $0.57 per kg for flights in Samoa and $1.03 per kg for its only international flight to American Samoa, around 250 miles. Children under 12 are charged 75 percent of the adult rate, with fares also based on weight. Any overweight baggage is calculated at the same rate as the passenger's personal weight. The plan could actually prove cheaper in some cases, such as for families travelling with small children, and Langton said customer reaction has mainly been "amazingly positive". The idea of charging passengers by weight has been hotly discussed before, and in the US some airlines require those who do not fit into a seat comfortably to buy a second seat. 21. What does the underlined word "this" in Paragraph 3 refer to? A. Airlines should charge passengers by flight length. B. All people throughout the world are the same size. C. It is unfair to weigh passengers at the airport. D. Airplanes always run on weight, not seats. 22. In Bharat Bhatta’s eyes, Samoa Air's plan might be _______. A. funny B. acceptable C. strange D. disappointing 23. A 100 kg adult flying to American Samoa would be charged _______. A. $57 B. $75 C. $103 D. $125
24. What does the text mainly tell us? A. 59.6% of Samoans are considered obese. B. Samoa Air introduces pay-by-weight pricing. C. Airlines should charge obese passengers more. D. Baggage must be calculated as passengers’ weight. B How many things can you see in the night sky? A lot! On a clear night you might see the Moon, some planets, and thousands of sparkling stars. You can see even more with a telescope. You might see stars where before you only saw dark space. You might see that many stars look larger than others. You might see that some stars that look white are really red or blue. With bigger and bigger telescope you can see more and more objects in the sky. And you can see those objects in more and more detail. But scientists believe there are some things in the sky that we will never see. We won’t see them with the biggest telescope in the world, on the clearest night of the year. That’s because they’re invisible. They’re the mysterious dead stars called black holes. You might find it hard to imagine that stars die. After all, our Sun is a star. Year after year we see it up in the sky, burning brightly, giving us heat and light. The Sun certainly doesn’t seem to be getting old or weak. But stars do burn out and die after billions of years. As a star’s gases burn, they give off light and heat. But when the gas runs out, the star stops burning and begins to die. As the star cools, the outer layers of the star pull in toward the center. The star squashes(挤) into a smaller and smaller ball. If the star was very small, the star ends up as a cold, dark ball called a black dwarf. If the star was very big, it keeps squashing inward until it’s packed together tighter than anything in the universe. Imagine if the Earth were crushed( 挤压 ) until it was the size of a tiny marble(弹球). That’s how tightly this dead star, a black hole, is packed. What pulls the star in towards its center with such power? It’s the same force that pulls you down when you jump – the force called gravity. A black hole is so tightly packed that its gravity sucks in everything – even light. The light from a black hole can never come back to your eyes. That’s why you see nothing but blackness. So the next time you stare up at the night sky, remember: there’s more in the sky than meets the eyes! Scattered(散开) in the silent darkness are black holes – the great mystery of space. 25. According to the article, what causes a star to die? A. As its gases run out, it cools down. B. It crashes into other stars. C. It can only live for about a million years. D. As it gets hotter and hotter, it explodes. 26. Paragraph 6 and Paragraph 7 mainly tells us ______.
A. what a black hole is B. why we can ’t see black holes C. black holes have enormous gravity D. the formation of black holes 27. What happens AFTER a star dies? A. It burns up all of its gases. B. It becomes invisible. C. It falls to Earth. D. It becomes brighter and easier to see. 28. Why can’t you see light when you look at a black hole? A. Most black holes are so far away. B. Because the gravity of a black hole is so strong that it sucks the light inward. C. Because as the star’s gases burn, it stops giving off heat and light. D. Because as a star cools, its outer layers pull in toward its center. C Moving to a new city and state was difficult for me, especially in winter. Little did I know that a Colorado snowstorm would greet me after I had been in my new home for only a week. I just missed home. But more than the old house and the beach, I missed Stacey, my best friend. And I missed our lovely tea. Going to a sweet little tearoom, we had discovered a special treat for us. The place was a Victorian dream, with delicate teacups and tablecloths with flower prints. The hat shelf near the front door swept us back to childhood. Stacey and I became little girls, trying on different hats until we found the perfect one for our dress-up tea party. We would then choose a lovely table and order our tea. That was a precious time, filled with laughter between scones（煎饼） and sharing our lives between tiny cucumber sandwiches. Springtime descended upon Denver, and the sun lightened my heart. But I still fought loneliness almost every day. I decided to explore the Denver area. While my husband went to the office, I took time to see what our new area had to offer. One day, I was walking along the street when suddenly the words "Tea Leaves" caught my eye. A tea room? Here, in the land of loneliness and pain? I walked through the doors, and tears came to my eyes. It was a beautiful room, not Victorian, but simple and lovely. I sat down and ordered a pot of tea, a cucumber sandwich, and some scones. It felt silly and wonderful -- and it felt like home. For the first time since moving, I felt as if this new city and state could be, would eventually be, my home. I would come back here and bring new friends. When Stacey visited, we would come here. I lifted my cup and made a silent toast. I toasted Stacey, whom I missed, and I toasted the sweet little tearoom that lessened my pain. 29. The underlined word "treat" in Paragraph 2 probable means ____________. A. delicious food B. something pleasant C. service D. a kind of tea party 30. Which of the following about "Tea Leaves" is true? A. It made the author recall her childhood. B. It looks silly and wonderful. C. Cucumber sandwiches and scones are its specialties. D. It touched the author. 31. We can infer from the text that the author would probably ____________.
A. open her own teahouse B. ask the owner of the teahouse to decorate it like a home C. want to actively adapt to the new environment D. go back to her hometown to visit Stacey 32. What would be the best title for the passage? A. East and West, Home Is the Best B. A Friend in Need Is A Friend Indeed C. A Difficult Settlement D. A Cup of Comfort D Anna Craig, 11, has a paper doll covered with stickers. Each sticker is labeled with a word such as creative, cheerful, smart or kind. “We choose stickers that best describe us and put them on our dolls," explains Anna. "All these words are what makes me beautiful!" The activity is part of a program called Beautiful Me. The Hance Family Foundation, which was created to honor three sisters killed in a car accident, offers the program for free to schools. The program’s goals are to help girls and young women build healthy levels of self-esteem and develop skills for handling problems and relationships with others. Beautiful Me explains that self-esteem means how you feel about yourself and what you think your value is as a person. "Girls of all ages benefit from recognizing what makes each of us valuable and different," says Kate Tuffy, who helped create Beautiful Me. "Our goal is to offer the program to as many girls as possible across the United States." About 6,000 girls have benefited from it due to her efforts. Beautiful Me organizers train teachers to present the program material to small groups of girls. It includes hands-on art activities, role-playing games about understanding body language and discussions on how to build friendships. Schools and groups present the program when they are ready. "The Beautiful Me program helps girls understand their feelings, solve problems and get along better in and out of school. Girls and women who have built healthy levels of self-esteem are more likely to be better friends to others and know how to solve conflicts," says Tuffy. Anna says she has learned all of that from the program. But most importantly, she has learned to appreciate the special qualities in people and that it’s important to feel good about yourself. "When you feel good about yourself," Anna says, "it is easy to make others feel good, too! 33. In Anna Craig' s eyes, beauty is _______． A. something that can be touched B. the beautiful things found in nature C. the good qualities inside of someone D. the attractive appearance someone has 34. Beautiful Me is a program that _______． A. helps girls feel good about themselves B. tries to make girls look more beautiful C. shows young women how to keep healthy
D. honors beautiful girls killed in car accidents 35. For what purpose is the text written? A. To introduce a program on beauty. B. To praise girls like Anna Craig. C. To show several outdoor activities. D. To discuss if beauty lasts forever. 第二节（共5小题；每小题2分，满分10分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两 项为多余选项。 36 .Unlike student loans(贷款), scholarships do not have to be repaid. Hundreds of thousands of scholarships from several thousand sponsors are awarded each year. Generally, scholarships are reserved for students with special qualifications. 37 Awards are also available for students who are interested in particular fields of study, who live in certain areas of the country or who demonstrate financial need. 38 . Fastweb is such a search. It compares your background with a database of awards. Only those awards that fit your profile (简历）are identified as matches. There are several free scholarship databases available online. The Fastweb scholarship search is the largest, most accurate and most frequently updated scholarship database. If you supply an email address, they will inform you when new awards that match your profile are added to the database. 39 Scholarships come in all shapes and sizes. Knowing and searching the types of scholarships that are out there will ensure that you find any and every scholarship for which you qualify. Students who are awarded scholarships often need additional financial assistance. 40 .To find out about grants and other aid types, visit the section discussing Other Types of Aid. For businessmen and philanthropists (慈善家)who are thinking about sponsoring a new scholarship, find the Scholarship Design & Management section. A．Students can apply for scholarships from their teachers B．See the Loans section for information on student and parent loans C．The best way to search for scholarships is to use a personalized search D．Scholarships are forms of aid that help students pay for their education E．However, it is very difficult for students to get the special qualifications F．Those who have academic, athletic or artistic talent are likely to be awarded G．Fastweb also includes a college search and numerous other student resources 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以 填入空白处的最佳选项。 Coffee is our dog, Dad's favorite. Five years ago， 41 suffered a stroke, and the doctors told us he would not 42 through. Mum and we sisters took turns taking care of him，trying to 43 him by asking questions, such as，“Are you OK？”“Do you know who we are？”．.. .. 44 ，we never got the answers we were
. As months went by, I started to miss our 46 ，thinking of those funny things he would do. So one day, when I was asking Dad our daily questions, without even 47 it，I blurted out (脱口而出)：“Is Coffee a tiger？”Suddenly, we saw Dad move 48 ， and the corner of his 49 began to turn up. He was smiling! It was the first 50 in four months that Dad had 51 some awareness. Coffee called Dad back to 52 ！ Since then, Coffee came into our 53 . I would remind him of how Coffee54 walking on grass. Every time we threw a ball in our garden, Coffee would run 55 the edge， on the brick paths, to the closest point where the ball had 56 ， tiptoe onto the grass to pick it up, and then run back along the pavement again. It took one year before Dad was 57 well enough to return home, and I'll never forget the homecoming. Coffee was waiting for Dad and, with no idea that he wasn't as steady on his feet as before, Coffee rapidly jumped himself into Dad's 58 ， almost pushing Dad over. But Dad didn't seem to 59 one bit: the smile on his face was the most 60 I've ever seen and the tears in his eyes said it all. 41．A. Mum B. Dad C. I D. Coffee 42．A. go B. get C. put D. pull 43．A. help B. comfort C. awake D. save 44．A. Sadly B. Fortunately C. Strangely D. Firstly 45．A. learning about B. caring about C. hoping for D．looking for 46．A. home B. garden C. neighbor D. dog 47．A. asking B. minding C. realizing D. hearing 48．A. calmly B. slowly C. quickly D. worriedly 49．A. ear B. mouth C. face D. nose 50．A. notice B. sight C. sign D. view 51．A. lost B. showed C. found D. expressed 52．A. life B. smile C. spirit D. thought 53．A. memories B. hearts C. conversations D. stories 54．A. thinks B. knows C. cares D. hates 55．A. on B. over C. along D. beyond 56．A. came B. left C. hit D. landed 57．A. immediately B. only C. hardly D. finally 58．A. arms B. hands C. eyes D. tears 59．A. feel B. mind C. see D. stand 60．A. interesting B. beautiful C. colorful D. surprising 第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入一个单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 61 we all know, life is full of dreams and having a good dream is of great importance in our daily life. 62 a good dream, people can’t make progress and countries can’t develop. And I hold the strong belief 63 everyone, whether he is old or young, poor or rich, junior or senior, does have a good dream! After all, dreaming is certainly a positive part of our life, and 64 (wish) for good things, however, costs nothing! What’s more, it is important to fly our dreams, especially for those 65
are senior high school students. It is high time for them to fly their dreams. If they can’t let out dreams fly, the dream would just be 66 dream, not reality! Therefore, 67 is no wonder that so many people have a dream since their childhood. With a nice dream, China succeeded in hosting the 29th Olympic Games in 2008; with a nice dream, Hong Kong 68 (return) to the motherland peacefully in 1997; with a nice dream, Yuan Long Ping rids the world of hunger; with a nice dream, Michael Jordon becomes the most popular basketball star; with a nice dream I can stand on this stage to compete in the final English speech contest. And with an aim of achieving success, I must do the best! So my good friends, if you want to realize your dream, please do not be afraid in face of difficulties or give up in face of failure 69 lose your dream in face of pains. You must keep going forward 70 (brave)! Just fly your dream highly above the sky!
第四部分 写作(共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分)
I was excited when I hear that our community was to have its own McDonald’s restaurant. I thought about all those young people whom would not have to go to the next town to buy its favorite burgers and chips. McDonald’s cares about health eating too and works with scientists to provide food that is high quality, safe and healthy. They often provide salads as good as burgers and chops. You can also choose between cola with milk shakes. Of course it also means more work for our area that need jobs badly. McDonald’s says they are interested in doing what is right for the community and being good neighbor. So I think they will be concerned about provide parking for the cars in our main street. 英语答题卡 2015.12.14 班级: __________ 姓名：____________ 学号：_________ 得分：_________ 一、选择题（100 分） 21 22 23 24 25 ? [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? ? ? ? ??? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 41 42 43 44 45 ? [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? 二、语法填空（15 分） 26 27 28 29 30 [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 46 47 48 49 50 [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? 31 32 33 34 35 [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 51 52 53 54 55 [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? 36 37 38 39 40 [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [E]? [E]? [E]? [E]? [E]? [F]? [F]? [F]? [F]? [F]? [G]? [G]? [G]? [G]? [G]? 56 57 58 59 60 [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [A]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [B]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [C]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]? [D]?
? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?
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61.___________62.___________63.___________64.__________ 65._____________ 66.___________67.___________68.___________69.___________70.____________
短文改错（10 分） 短文改错 (共 10 分;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
I was excited when I hear that our community was to have its own McDonald’s restaurant. I thought about all those young people whom would not have to go to the next town to buy its favorite burgers and chips. McDonald’s cares about health eating too and works with scientists to provide food that is high quality, safe and healthy. They often provide salads as good as burgers and chops. You can also choose between cola with milk shakes. Of course it also means more work for our area that need jobs badly. McDonald’s says they are interested in doing what is right for the community and being good neighbor. So I think they will be concerned about provide parking for the cars in our main street.
21-24 (DBCB) 25-28 (ADBB) 29-32 ( BDCD) 33-35 (CAA) 36 ～ 40. DFCGB
完 形 填 空 ： 41-45 56-60 DDABB
61. As 66. a 改 错
62. Without 67. it
64. wishing 70. bravely
68. returned 69. or
4.health---healthy 5.is 后面加 of 6.good---well 7. with---and 8. need---needs 9.being 后面加 a 10.provide----providing