【走向高考】2017年高考英语一轮复习 第一部分 基础知识聚焦 Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note课件_图文

走向高考 ·英语
人教版 ·高考总复习

路漫漫其修远兮 吾将上下而求索

第一部分 必修三

基础知识聚焦

Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note

1

基础知识晨记

3

基础知识巩固

2

考点探究演练

基础知识晨记

Ⅰ.单词速记 A.快速识记 stare 1.________ vi.凝视;盯着看 birthplace 2. ________ n.出生地;故乡

bow vi.& n.鞠躬;弯腰 3.________ seek vt.& vi.寻找;寻求 4.________
ahead adv.在前;向前;提前 5.________ phrase n.短语;词组;惯用语 6.________ indeed adv.真正地;确实 7.________ scene n.(戏剧)一场;现场;场面 8.________ scream vi.尖叫 n.尖叫声;喊叫声 9.________

contrary n.反面;对立面 10.________ account vt.& vi.说明;认为 12.________

adj.相反的 n.说明;理由;账目

spot vt.发现;认出 n.斑点;污点;地点 11.________ author n.作家;作者→(同义词)________ writer 13.________ novel n.小说;长篇故事→________ novelist n.小说家 14.________ rudeness n.粗鲁; 15.________ adj.粗鲁的;无礼的→________ rude 无礼

fault false adj.错误的;虚 16.________ n.过错;缺点→________
伪的

unbelievable adj. 难以置信的 → ( 反义词 )________ believable 17 . _____________
adj.可信的

permit vt.& vi. 允许;准许 n .许可证;通行证 18 . ________ permission n.允许;许可 →___________

adventurous adj.充满危险 19.________ adventure n.冒险;奇遇→___________ adventurer n.探险家 的;爱冒险的→___________
patience n .耐心;耐性 → ________ patient adj. 有耐心的 20 . ________ impatient adj.不耐烦的;没耐心的 →(反义词)________

B.归类巧记 1.与“过失”与“冲突”相关的高频单词集锦 ①fault n. ②argument n. ③blame n. ④conflict n. ⑤collision n. 过错 争吵;争论 (对错误或坏事应负的)责任 冲突 碰撞;冲突

2.“视觉”家庭
①stare at ②glare at ③glance at ④look at ⑤catch sight of ⑥catch a glimpse of 盯着看;凝视 怒目而视 瞥一眼;看一眼 看一看;瞧一瞧 看见 瞥一眼;看一眼

3.与“金融”相关的高频单词荟萃
①account n. ②budget n. ③capital n. ④cheque n. ⑤interest n. ⑥withdraw vt. 账目;账本 预算(案) 资金;资本 支票 利息 提取

Ⅱ.高频短语 bring up 1.抚养;提出_______________________

make a bet 2.打赌_______________________
go ahead 3.前进;可以;往下说_______________________

by accident 4.偶然;无意中_______________________ stare at 5.凝视;盯着看_______________________
account for 6.导致;做出解释_______________________ on the contrary 7.与此相反;正相反_______________________ take a chance 8.冒险_______________________ in rags 9.衣衫褴褛_______________________

as for 10.对于;关于_______________________ be rude to sb. 11.对某人粗鲁_______________________ find fault with sb. 12.找茬;挑某人的毛病_______________________ a large amount of 13.大量的(接不可数名词)_______________________ ahead of time(=in advance) 14.提前_______________________ bow to sb. 15.向某人鞠躬_______________________ 16.徘徊;闲逛;流浪_______________________ wander about/around

on the spot 17.当场;在现场______________________
permit sb.to do sth. 18.允许某人做某事_______________________

19.对待;处理;处置_______________________ do with
be lost 20.迷路;倾心于某事_______________________

Ⅲ.佳句填空
1 . I wonder, Mr. Adams, ________ you'd mind us ________(ask)a few questions. 亚当斯先生,不知你是否介意我们问几个问题。 2.It is Henry Adams, an American businessman, ________ is lost in London and does not know ________ he should do. 他叫亨利 ·亚当斯,一个美国商人,在伦敦迷了路,不知 道该怎么办。

3.Well, ________ nightfall I found myself ________(carry) out to sea by a strong wind. 哦,快到黄昏的时候,我发现自己被一阵大风刮到了大海 上。

4.The next morning I'd just about given myself up for lost
________ I was spotted by ________ ship. 第二天早上,我正感到绝望的时候,一艘船发现了我。 5.The fact is that I earned my passage ________ working as an unpaid hand, ________ accounts for my appearance.

事实上我靠做义工顶替船费,这就是我衣冠不整的原因。

6.He ________(bring) up in Hanniba, Missouri, along the Mississippi River. 他在密西西比河边的密苏里州的汉尼拔长大。 答案:1.if; asking 2.who; what 4.when; a 5.by; which 3.towards; carried 6.was brought

Ⅳ.语法过关 宾语从句和表语从句 1.Experts said in a Tuesday statement ________ southern China will continue to experience snow, rain and freezing

temperatures in the next few days.
答案: that 考查宾语从句的引导词。句意:在周二的一 个声明中,专家说华南地区在接下来的几天里将继续有雨雪天 气和冰点以下的温度。此处为 said后的宾语从句,且从句句意 完整,空处不作成分,故用that引导。

2.The reason for his absence yesterday was ________ he did have something to do.

答案: that
因是??”。

考查名词性从句。句意:他昨天缺席的原因

是他确实有事情要做。The reason for...is that...意为“??的原

3 . Our bad living habits will destroy the earth. Only by
changing ________ we live can we save the earth. 答案:how 考查名词性从句。句意:我们坏的生活习惯 会毁掉地球。只有通过改变生活方式,我们才能拯救地球。 “________ we live”在句中作change的宾语,这个宾语从句中

缺少方式状语。

4.Some place names have been changing over the years. For example, Jinling in ancient China refers to ____ is now called Nanjing. 答案:what 考查名词性从句。句意:有些地名随着时间

的流逝而变化。例如,中国古代的“金陵”指的就是现在的
“南京” 。空处引导宾语从句 ,宾语从句缺少主语 ,故用 what。

5 . You are sure to know the result, but that's ________
everybody has finished their work. 答案 : when 考查名 词性从句 。 分析句 子结构可 知 ,

“________ everybody has finished their work”是表语从句,关
系词表示“当??的时候”,故用when。

Ⅴ.语篇填空
HENRY: Oh, yes. Well, towards nightfall I found myself ① ________(carry) out to sea by a strong wind. It was all my fault. I didn't know whether I could survive until morning. The next morning I'd just about given myself up for lost ②________ I was spotted by a ship. OLIVER: And ③________ was the ship that brought you to England.

HENRY: Yes. The fact is that I earned my passage by working
④________ an unpaid hand, which accounts for my ⑤ ________(appear). I went to the American embassy ⑥ ________(seek) help, but ... (The brothers smile at each other.) RODERICK: Well, you mustn't worry about that. It's ⑦

________ advantage.
HENRY: I'm afraid I don't quite follow you, sir. RODERICK: Tell us, Mr Adams, what sort of work did you

do in America?

HENRY: I worked for a mining company. Could you offer ⑧
________ some kind of work here? RODERICK: Patience, Mr Adams. ⑨________ you don't mind, may I ask you how much money you have? HENRY: Well, to be honest, I have ⑩________. 答案:①carried to seek ⑦an ⑧me ②when ③it ④as ⑤ appearance ⑥ ⑨If ⑩none

考点探究演练

1.scene n. (戏剧) 场;现场;场面;情景

归纳拓展
the scene of the crime/accident 犯罪/事故现场 make a scene 大吵大闹 behind the scenes 暗中;秘密地;幕后 appear/come on the scene 出现;到场;在场

on the scene 在现场;当场
set the scene 提供条件;(为??)做好准备

巧 学 助 记

辨析 scene/scenery/view 词汇 scene 含义 指都市景观或室内陈设,还可指舞台场面或 部分布景,常包括人、事、物的活动在内, 是可数名词 指山、河、湖、海等自然景观,尤指乡间景 色;也可指舞台全部,是不可数名词

scenery

view

指从远处或高处看到的风景,常指一个人的 视野。have/get a good view of ... “能清楚地 看到??的景色”

即时应用 导学号 01830496 根据括号内汉语提示完成句子。 ①She doesn't like to ________ ________ ________(大吵大 闹) before strangers. ②One of the advantages of living on the top floor of a high rise is ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(看得很 清楚). ③People gathered at ________ ________ ________

________ ________(事故现场).

④Reporters were ________ ________ ________(到场) soon after the accident. 答案:①make a scene ②to get a good view ③the scene of the accident ④on the scene

2.permit v. 允许;容许;许可 证 归纳拓展

n. 许可证;执照;通行

(1)permit sth./doing sth. 允许某事/做某事 permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

[温馨提示]permit用作不及物动词,可表示时间、条件、天 气等“允许的话”,此时常用于独立主格结构,即“名词+现 在分词”,也可在前面加if表示条件。 (2)an entry permit 入境证 a driver's/driving permit 驾驶执照

permission n. 允许;许可
(3)with/without sb.'s permission 得到允许/未经允许 ask for permission 请求允许 give sb. permission to do sth. =permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

即时应用 导学号 01830497 用所给词的适当形式填空。 ①Would you permit them ________(enter) the room for a few minutes to talk to you? 你能允许他们进屋来同你谈几分钟话吗? ②The owners don't permit ________ (park) cars in front of the shops. 主人不允许在其商店门口停车。

③You are not permitted ________ (use) the room. 你们不被允许使用这间屋子。 ④________ permission, you shouldn't leave the room. 未经许可,你不能离开这个房间。

⑤ __________________________ , we will go boating
tomorrow. 假设时间允许,我们明天就去划船。

答案: ① to enter

② parking

③ to use

④ Without



Time permitting (=If time permits)

3.spot vt. 发现;注意到;认出 n. 斑点;污点;地点
归纳拓展 on the spot(=on the scene) 当场;当下 put sb. on the spot 使某人尴尬;使某人为难 a scenic/historic spot 风景名胜/古迹 be spotted with sth. 满是??污点;散布,点缀 spot sb. do/doing sth. 看到某人(正在)做某事

即时应用 导学号 01830498 完成句子。 ①He ________ his friend ________ with someone in the distance. 他发现朋友在远处和某个人在交谈。 ②To the left appeared a little hill, ________ ________ golden flowers. 左边出现了一座小山,点缀着金黄色的花儿。

③The police were ________ ________ ________ within a
few minutes. 警察几分钟后就赶到了现场。 ④He ________ his old friend in the crowd at once. 他马上从人群中认出了他的老朋友。 答 案 : ① spotted ; talking spot/scene ④spotted ② spotted with ③ on the

4.account vt. & vi. 认为;说明;总计有 由;计算;账目;报道 归纳拓展 keep an account of 记录;记载

n. 说明;理

give an account of 报道;叙述;说明
take ... into account=take account of ... =take ... into consideration 考虑到??;顾及?? on account of 因为;由于 on any account 无论如何

on no account 绝不(位于句首,句子用部分倒装结构)
account for 说明(原因);作出(解释);占(数量、比例)

即时应用 导学号 01830499 用 account 的相关词语完成下列片段。 Darling, you said you couldn't understand why I was so depressed. Last month, I went to the bank, ready ①________________(开一个银行账户). But ②__________ the low interests __________(考虑到), I changed my mind. I bought a house with the money I had saved for years; however, ③____________(由于) the new policy, the price of the house went down sharply. That ④____________( 解 释 ) my being so disappointed. 答案:①to open a bank account ②taking; into account

③on account of

④accounted for

5.seek (sought, sought) vt. 寻找;探索;寻求 归纳拓展 seek fame/help 求名/助 seek one's home 回家

seek one's fortune 去闯天下;外出寻找发财的机会
seek out 找出;搜出 seek (after/for) sth. 寻找某物;追求某物 seek sth. from sb. 向某人寻求某事 seek to do sth.(=try/attempt to do sth.) 试图/企图做某事

seek shelter from rain 寻找避雨的地方

即时应用 导学号 01830500 根据括号内汉语提示完成句子。 ①As a result, many families began to ________ ________ ________(寻找各种方法) to save money. ②Some teenagers ________ ________ ________ ________(试图独立) from their parents as early as possible. ③Every time I am in need, I just ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(向老师寻求帮助).

答 案 : ① seek various ways

② seek to be/become

independent ③seek help from my teachers

6.fault n. 责任;过错;缺点 归纳拓展

vt. 对??挑毛病

find fault (with) 挑剔;找(??的)茬;对??吹毛求疵 at fault 有责任;有错 It's one's fault. 是某人的错。

辨析 fault/mistake/weakness 词汇 fault mistake 含义 多指性格上的弱点,行为上的过失,强调

因过失导致的应负的责任
指“错误,误会,误解”,多指缺乏正确 理解造成行动上或认识上的错误 指弱点或不足之处,是通用词,很少具有 特殊的词义色彩

weakness

即时应用 导学号 01830501 根据括号内汉语提示完成句子。 ①He is such a man who is always ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(老是挑别人的毛病). ②“I don't think ________ ________ ________(是我的错) that the TV blew up. I just turned it on, that's all,” said the boy. ③If you ________ ________ ________(犯了错误), don't be afraid of having them pointed out.

④We should know our ________ ________ ________(优点 和缺点) and think what could be done about them. 答案:①finding fault with other people ②it's my fault ③have made mistakes ④strengths and weaknesses

1.bring up 抚养;培养;教育;提出 归纳拓展 bring about 引起;带来;产生 bring down 使倒下;降低;减少

bring in 引进;赚得;收(庄稼)
bring on 引起;导致;使??发展(或前进);提出??供参 考 bring back 使记起;归还;恢复 bring forth 产生;产出;生产

bring forward 提出;出示;展示 bring out 揭露;显示;解释;出版 bring to oneself 使复苏 bring ... under control 使??得到控制 bring ... to a stop 使??停下 bring ... to an end 使??结束

即时应用 导学号 01830502 根据括号内汉语提示完成句子。 ①He was born and ________ ________ ________

________(在美国长大). ②The film ________ ________ ________ ________(使我想 起) the hours when I was taken good care of in a faraway village. ③With the help of the firefighters, the big forest fire ________ ________ ________ ________(被控制).

④The Internet ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(带来巨大变化) in the way we work. 答案:①brought up in America ②brought back to me was brought under control ④has brought about great changes ③

2.take a chance 冒险 归纳拓展 take a chance(=take one's chance=take chances) 冒险;碰 运气

by chance/accident 偶然;碰巧
miss/lose/seize the chance 错过/失去/抓住机会 Chances are (that) ... 可能性是?? There is no chance that ... 不可能??

即时应用 导学号 01830503 根据括号内汉语提示完成句子。 ①Yesterday I ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ (碰巧遇上我的一位老 朋友), which was really a pleasant surprise. ②Tom regretted ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(失去获得奖学金的机 会).

③I'm not sure of beating him, but let me ________ ________
________(碰碰运气). ④________ ________ ________ ________ ________(不可 能) it will rain today. 答案:①met an old friend of mine by chance missed the chance of winning a scholarship ③take a chance impossible that) ④There is no chance/possibility that(=It is ②having

1.Indeed, sir. I hope you'll come here whenever you like.

事实上,先生。希望你随时光临。
本句中的 whenever 引导让步状语从句,相当于 no matter when,意为“在任何时候,无论何时”。

归纳拓展
(1)whatever/whoever/whichever既可引导名词性从句,也可 引 导 让 步状 语 从 句 , 引 导 让步 状 语 从句 时 相 当于 no matter what/who/which。 (2)however用作连接副词,相当于no matter how,引导让 步状语从句,意为“不管怎样,无论如何”,从句结构为: however+形容词/副词+主语+谓语。

即时应用 导学号 01830504 根据括号内汉语提示完成句子。 ①Please come and see me ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(你方便的时候). ②The manager has decided to offer the job to ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(有责任心的 人). ③________ ________ ________ ________ ________(无论 我给他提什么建议), he just did what he wanted to do.

④If we work with a strong will, we'll overcome any difficulty, ________ ________ ________ ________(无论有多么大). 答案:①whenever it is convenient to you sense of responsibility however great it is(=it may be) ②whoever has a ④ ③ Whatever advice I gave him

2.The next morning I'd just about given myself up for
lost when I was spotted by a ship. 第二天早上,我正感到绝望的时候,一艘船发现了我。 此句中的when为并列连词,意为“正在这时(突然)”。 归纳拓展

类似常见的句型:
had just/hardly done ... when ... 刚做完??这时?? be doing ... when ... 正在做??这时??

be about to do ... when ... 正要做??这时??
be on the point of doing ... when ... 正要做??这时?? be on the way to ... when ... 正在??这时??

即时应用 导学号 01830505 根据括号内汉语提示完成句子。 ①He ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(正要转身离开) when someone patted him on the shoulder. ②We ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(正 在湖中游泳) when a storm came.

③I ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ (刚开始欣赏画) when the teacher said it was time to leave the museum. 答 案 : ① was about to turn round and leave swimming in the lake painting ② were ③ had just/hardly started to admire the

3.Well, towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind. 嗯,夜晚来临的时候,我发现自己被一阵强风刮进了海 里。 “ find sb./sth. + 过 去 分 词 ” 结 构 表 示 “ 发 现 ?? 被??”,过去分词在句中作宾语补足语。

归纳拓展 (1)find后可接动词的现在分词作宾语补足语,表示主动或 正在进行;也可接形容词、名词、介词短语等作宾语补足语, 表示主动。 (2) 可 用 于 这 种 结 构 的 动 词 还 有 : see , hear , watch , notice,have等。

即时应用 导学号 01830506 用所给动词的适当形式填空。 ①I found myself ________ (surround) by a group of children full of curiosity. 我发现自己被一群充满好奇心的孩子围住了。 ②Dick found himself ________ (walk) in the direction of Mike's house. 迪克发现自己在朝迈克家的方向走去。

③Peter, who was usually shy, found himself ________(talk)
to the girls. 彼得通常很害羞,但却发现自己不知不觉已在跟女孩子们 说话。 ④I often heard the poem ________(recite). 我经常听到有人背这首诗。 答案:①surrounded ②walking ③talking ④recited

基础知识巩固

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1 . —Jack can't concentrate on his lessons

recently. 导学号 01830507 —Yes, that might account________his low score in the last test.
答案: for 句意: —— 最近杰克不集中精力学习。 —— 是

的,这可能是他上次考试得分低的原因。account for...“解释,

是??的原因”符合句意。

2. The realization of the Chinese dream won't affect dreams of other countries. ________ the contrary, it helps them realize their own dreams. 导学号 01830508

答案: On

句意:中国梦的实现不会影响其他国家的梦

想,相反地,这会帮助他们实现梦想。由句意可知,选on the contrary,意为“相反地”。

3.(2013· 山东改编)________ I have to give a speech, I get extremely nervous before I start. 导学号 01830509

答案:Whenever

考查让步状语从句。句意:无论何时我

要进行演讲,在开始前我都会极其紧张。

4 . (2014· 大 纲 改 编 )Exactly ________ the potato was introduced into Europe is uncertain, but it was probably around 1565. 导学号 01830510

答案:when

本题考查名词性从句的引导词。句意:马铃

薯是在什么时候被引进到欧洲的不确定,但是可能是在1565年 左右。分析结构可知,此处是主语从句的引导词。根据but并列 句中的关键词 around 1565可以知道,此处表示“时间”,故要 用when引导主语从句。

5.The professor thought that the idea the young engineer brought ________ was worth considering. 导学号 01830511

答案:up

句意:教授认为那位年轻的工程师提出的想法

值 得 考 虑 。 分 析 句 子 结 构 可 知 , “ the young engineer

________” 是定语从句,修饰先行词 the idea ,且根据句意可
知,bring up“提出”符合句意。

6.—What will we do tomorrow? 导学号 01830512 —It is unclear whether the meeting will go ________ as planned.
答案:ahead 句意: ——我们明天做什么?——尚不清楚会

议是否会按计划举行。go ahead进行,符合句意。

7.(2014· 浙江改编)“Every time you eat a sweet, drink green tea.” This is ________ my mother used to tell

me. 导学号 01830513

答案:what

本题考查名词性从句的引导词。句意:“每

次你吃甜东西,喝点绿茶。”这是过去妈妈经常对我说的话。 分析结构可知,此处考查的是表语从句的引导词。从句缺少tell

的一个宾语,用what引导。

8.There is much chance ________ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race. 导学号 01830514

答案:that There is much chance that...为常用句型,意为 “很有可能??”。that引导的从句说明chance的内容,等同于

同位语从句。

9.I found Jane ________(seat) at the desk, ________(do) her homework carefully. 导学号 01830515

答案:seated;doing

句意:我发现简坐在桌旁认真地做

作业。 seat 为及物动词,用法为 be seated 或 seat oneself ,所以

Jane后可接seated或sitting作宾补;doing her homework carefully
是现在分词短语作伴随状语。

10 . (2014· 江 西 改 编 )—Could I use this dictionary ? 导学号 01830516 —Just go________. It's a spare one.

答案: ahead

本题考查情景交际。句意:“我能用一下

这本词典吗?”“________,这是多余的一本。”根据“It's a

spare one.”可知,后者应该是同意前者使用这本词典。just go
ahead意为“用吧”,表示同意,符合语境。

11. (2014· 湖南改编)There is no greater pleasure than lying on my back in the middle of the grassland, ________(stare) at the night sky. 导学号 01830517

答案:staring

本题考查非谓语动词。句意:没有什么能

比躺在草地中央凝视着夜空让人感到更高兴的事儿了。根据句 中的on my back可知,lying的动作由“我”发出,而stare的逻 辑主语也是“我”,“凝视夜空”的动作由“我”主动发出, 故用现在分词短语作状语,表示伴随。

12.(2011· 浙江改编)Even the best writers sometimes find themselves ________(lose) for words. 导学号 01830518

答案: lost

考查非谓语动词。句意:即使最好的作家有

时发现自己无以言辞。be lost for words“说不出话来”。然后
结合“find+宾语+宾语补足语”结构可知,此处用lost作宾语 补足语。

13.(2013· 江西改编)Whenever I made mistakes, the teacher pointed them out with ________ (patient). 导学号 01830519

答案: patience

句意:每当我出错时,老师总是耐心地

给我指出。with patience耐心地。
14.(2011· 福建改编)Born into a family with three brothers, David was brought ______ to value the sense of

sharing. 导学号 01830520

答案: up

本题考查动词短语在具体语境中的应用。 句意:

生在一个有三个兄弟的家庭里,戴维被教育要珍惜分享意识。 bring up“教育,抚养”。

15.(2012· 江西改编)He seems to be giving the impression that he didn't enjoy himself in Paris. ________ the contrary, he had a wonderful time. 导学号 01830521

答案:On 反”。

句意:他好像是在给人一个印象:他在巴黎玩

得不快乐。正相反,他玩得很开心。 on the contrary“正相

Ⅱ.完成句子 导学号 01830522 1. A poor woman dressed ________ ________(衣衫褴褛) and shaking with cold was struggling on a lonely road, while the merciless rain was beating her without pause. 2.When wandering in the strange city, he met one of his old classmates ________ ________(偶然). 3 . The businessman put ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(一大笔钱) in the envelope carelessly. 4 . Once you are determined to cut down on smoking, ________ ________ ________(绝不) should you give up halfway.

5.________ ________(关于) the water pollution, the local government has taken action to deal with it and before long you will

find the river clean again.
6.不管我们做什么,我们应该顾及到国家的利益。 ________ ________ ________ , we ought to take into

account the interests of the state.
7 .与许多人想象的正想反,这位毕业生来这儿不是为了 追求名誉与金钱,而是为了追求生命的真正价值。 ________ ________ what many people thought, the graduate came here not to ________ ________ or money but the true value

of life.

8 .确实,为了还清债务,这些年他们日夜不停地工作,
这就是他们为什么看起来很苍老的原因了。 Indeed, they worked hard day and night these years in the hope of paying off all their debts, ________ ________ ________ their aged look. 9.众所周知,吃太多脂肪和含糖食品容易使人变胖。 ________ ________ ________ ________eating too much fat and sugary food makes one put on weight easily.

10.李医生建议我多吃膳食纤维,避免无限制地吃含糖小
食品。 ________ ________ Doctor Li ________ advises me to add more fibre to my diet and avoid eating sugary desserts without limits.

答 案 : 1.in rags
amount/sum of money

2.by accident/chance

3.a large
9.It is

4.on no account

5.As for 6.Whatever

we do 7.Contrary to; seek fame

8.which accounted for

well-known that 10.It is; that/who

Ⅲ.单句改错 导学号 01830523 1 . The reason he gave to account his absence was unbelievable.__________________ 2.—You feel tired. —On contrary, I am relaxed.__________________ 3 . I hear you are making a bet whether she will marry him.__________________ 4 . To be honest speaking, I don't like the way he does things.__________________

5



You

can

take

everything

whatever

you

like.__________________ 6.They were filled of joy when they set foot on the Chinese soil.__________________

7.When the man was trying to break into the bank, he was
caught by the police on spot.__________________ 8.We haven't settled the question that it is necessary for him to study abroad.__________________ 9.Who told you that if you passed the exam you would

receive a reward was telling lies.__________________

10.Wasn't it until Michael ran into me when he recognized I was once his partner?__________________ 答案:1.account后加上for 4. 去掉 speaking 或 filled→full 9.Who→Whoever 2.On后加上the 3.bet后加上on 6.of→with 8.that→whether 5. 去掉 everything 或去掉 whatever 7.on 后 加 上 the 10.when→that

Ⅳ.话题写作 导学号 01830524 根据要求运用本单元所学知识完成下面小作文,并背诵成 文。 1. 马克· 吐温(1835-1910)生于美国 Missouri。 他是美国 19 世纪著名的作家之一。(bring up) 2.他的家乡在密西西比河河畔,马克· 吐温在那里度过了 他的童年。成年后,未经父亲同意,他冒险在密西西比河的船 上当水手。(permit; take a chance)

3 .在征求了父亲的建议后,他决定当一名作家。这一职 业使他赚了很多钱。(seek; an amount of) 4 .他的作品被译成多种语言,这就是全世界读者喜爱他 的作品的原因。(account for) __________________________________________________

答案:

Mark Twain, one of the best known American writers in the
nineteenth century, was brought up in Missouri in the middle part of the United States. Mark Twain's hometown lay on the banks of the Mississippi River, where he spent his childhood. When he grew up, he took a chance to work as a pilot on a river boat for some time, which was not permitted by his father at first. After seeking some useful advice from his father, he decided to become a writer, which helped him

make an amount of money.

Mark Twain wrote a lot of novels, some of which have been translated into many languages, which accounted for the reason why he and his works are deeply loved by readers throughout the world.


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