高一英语必修一unit5_language_points_图文

Language points for Reading I

Unit 5 Nelson Mandela ---a Modern Hero

1.quality n.质量,品质,素质 比较:quantity n.数量 运用:根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 ⑴ 他是一个很有素养/素质的人。 good quality He is a man of ______________. ⑵ 质量和数量一样重要。 Quality as important as_________. quantity __________is

2.devote vt.(与to 连用)献身,专心于 devoted _________adj 忠实的,深爱着的 devotion 奉献 _________n. devote oneself/sth.to 把…用在/献给…… _____________________

be devoted to 专心于,忠诚于 ________________
此处to为介词,后接名词,代词或动名 词

1)他将一生奉献给了音乐。
. ___________________________________________________

He devoted himself to music

2)他们都专心于写作。 . ———————————————————————————— They devote themselves to writing.
同义句转换(使用be devoted to)
___________________________________________________

They are devoted to writing.

3. fight- fought- fought
fight for, fight against, fight back,fight with

? They told the workers to f_________ ight for their rights. ? We will have to f___________ ight againstdifficulties.
3) If the enemy comes, we’ll f_________. ight back

They fought with Italians in the last war
but against them in this.在上次战争中他们与意
大利人并肩作战,而这次却同意大利人交战

4. found-founded-founded建立 founded in 1920. 2) The hospital was _______ find-found-found 发现 found your missing 1)Have you _______ pen?

5.be out of work= be out of a job (失业, 表状态) lose a job (失业,表动作)

Eg.1)Now he is out of work.

2)That girl lost her job last month.

6.vote vt.& vi. 投票;选举

vote for sb.投票支持某人
vote on sth.投票表决某事

vote in favour of 投票赞成
vote against 投票反对 vote sth. down 投票否决

运用:用以上词语完成句子。 ⑴ We couldn’t decide who to be given the vote on (投票表决)it. prize,so we had to _______
⑵ Please __________ vote for (投票支持)Tom,a good citizen.

⑶ The citizens _____________ voted against (投票反对) his being president. ⑷ Everybody ________________ votes in favour of (投票赞 成)the new law on pollution.

7.either... or... (两者之中)…或…
要么…要么, 不是…就是 e.g. I will visit either Paris or London.

Either you or I am right. Either you or he is right. Either Kate or her brothers are right. *注意:就近一致原则

8.attack vt. 进攻;攻击;抨击 比较:attract vt. 吸引 运用:用attack或attract填空。 ⑴ The beauty of the West Lake attracts ______ me.
⑵ The Japanese ________ attacked China in 1937.

9…only

then did we decide to Line 27 answer violence with violence.
…直到那时我们才决定以武力解决武力。

only+副词、介词短语或状语从 句”位于句首时,句子要用部 分倒装。

倒装方法:

shall,should,can,could,may, might,will,would等

1.把句中的情态动词,be动词或助动词have,has,had 移到 主语前面

We can succeed only by working hard. → Only by working hard can we succeed . He is able to keep quiet only when he is tired .
→Only when he is tired is he able to keep quiet .

He has become very rich only by selling fruits .
→ Only by selling fruitshas he become very rich .

2.若句中没有以上的词,则在主语前添加相 应的助动词(do,does,did),并把动词改 为原形
We knew the truth only when he told us .

→ only when he told us did we know the truth .

?Only in this way ______ to make improvement in the operating system. A. you can hope B. you did hope C. can you hope D. did you hope 1) Only by practising a few hours every day will you be able to master English. 2) Only yesterday did his father tell him the truth, which was a big surprise to him.

10.as a matter of fact实际上;事实上=in fact=actually
翻译:事实上,你完全有理由拒绝他的无 理要求。 As a matter of fact ___________________,you have enough reasons to refuse his unreasonable requests.

11. equal n. 对手,匹敌,同辈 a. 相等的,平等的,胜任的 v. 等于,比得上 qual pay for equal 1) Women demand e_____ work.

2) All men are born e______. qual
qual 3) I’m not e______to the position.(=I’m not fit for the position.)

equal adj. 相等的;平等的
__________ equally adv平等地,同等地

equality 平等,同等 __________n.
__________adj. 不相等的,不平等的 unequal

______________ be equal to [搭配]与……相等,胜任

⑴ Bill is equal ____running the company. to ⑵ My uncle believes that all men are born _______ equal (equal). But traveling around the world, he finds that in some countries,what is called equality (equal) doesn’t really mean ______ equal _______ ( equal) rights for all people.

12.turn to 向……求助 There is no one else _____, is there? (2005北京) A.who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn. 分析:本题考查定语从句和词组搭配 turn to可表示求助于某人,‘she can turn to’作定语从句,省略了whom.

With no one to _______ in such a frightening situation, she felt very helpless.(2006陕西) A. turn on B. turn off C. turn over D. turn to [分析]本题旨在考查考相似动词短 语的区分。turn on 打开 turn off 关闭 turn over 翻转 turn to 求助 turn up出现,到场,调高turn down 调低 turn in上交 turn out证 明是,结果是

13.will modal v.将,愿意 n.意志;遗嘱

willing ____________adj. 愿意的
willingly ____________adv. 愿意地 ____________adj. 不愿意的 unwilling

be willing to do sth. 愿意去干某事

Fill in the blanks When Elias lost his job and was out of work , his wife was very __________ unhappy. She knew this meant he was in trouble when all she wanted peaceful life with enough was a ________ money every month. She tried to advise him not to fight the ______ government as she thought it was better to accept ______ that in South Africa

black people were not as important as white people. But he was willing to continue _______ the fight and help Mandela equal rights for black people. For win _____ a period _____ of time she felt helpless and ________, lost heart but Elias encouraged her with stories of how good life would be when white and black people worked and played together.

Homework:
1. According to discussion 2, write a short passage. Then hand in your composition the next day.
2. Please surf the Internet to get more information about Mandela.

Thank you!


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