Language points for Reading I
Unit 5 Nelson Mandela ---a Modern Hero
1.quality n.质量，品质，素质 比较：quantity n.数量 运用：根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 ⑴ 他是一个很有素养/素质的人。 good quality He is a man of ______________. ⑵ 质量和数量一样重要。 Quality as important as_________. quantity __________is
2.devote vt.(与to 连用)献身，专心于 devoted _________adj 忠实的，深爱着的 devotion 奉献 _________n. devote oneself/sth.to 把…用在/献给…… _____________________
be devoted to 专心于，忠诚于 ________________
He devoted himself to music
2）他们都专心于写作。 . ———————————————————————————— They devote themselves to writing.
同义句转换（使用be devoted to)
They are devoted to writing.
3. fight- fought- fought
fight for, fight against, fight back，fight with
? They told the workers to f_________ ight for their rights. ? We will have to f___________ ight againstdifficulties.
3) If the enemy comes, we’ll f_________. ight back
They fought with Italians in the last war
but against them in this.在上次战争中他们与意
4. found-founded-founded建立 founded in 1920. 2) The hospital was _______ find-found-found 发现 found your missing 1)Have you _______ pen?
5.be out of work= be out of a job （失业, 表状态） lose a job （失业，表动作)
Eg.1)Now he is out of work.
2)That girl lost her job last month.
6.vote vt.& vi. 投票；选举
vote for sb.投票支持某人
vote on sth.投票表决某事
vote in favour of 投票赞成
vote against 投票反对 vote sth. down 投票否决
运用：用以上词语完成句子。 ⑴ We couldn’t decide who to be given the vote on (投票表决)it. prize，so we had to _______
⑵ Please __________ vote for (投票支持)Tom，a good citizen.
⑶ The citizens _____________ voted against (投票反对) his being president. ⑷ Everybody ________________ votes in favour of (投票赞 成)the new law on pollution.
7.either... or... (两者之中)…或…
要么…要么, 不是…就是 e.g. I will visit either Paris or London.
Either you or I am right. Either you or he is right. Either Kate or her brothers are right. *注意:就近一致原则
8.attack vt. 进攻；攻击；抨击 比较：attract vt. 吸引 运用：用attack或attract填空。 ⑴ The beauty of the West Lake attracts ______ me.
⑵ The Japanese ________ attacked China in 1937.
then did we decide to Line 27 answer violence with violence.
only+副词、介词短语或状语从 句”位于句首时，句子要用部 分倒装。
1.把句中的情态动词，be动词或助动词have，has，had 移到 主语前面
We can succeed only by working hard. → Only by working hard can we succeed . He is able to keep quiet only when he is tired .
→Only when he is tired is he able to keep quiet .
He has become very rich only by selling fruits .
→ Only by selling fruitshas he become very rich .
2.若句中没有以上的词，则在主语前添加相 应的助动词（do,does,did)，并把动词改 为原形
We knew the truth only when he told us .
→ only when he told us did we know the truth .
?Only in this way ______ to make improvement in the operating system. A. you can hope B. you did hope C. can you hope D. did you hope 1) Only by practising a few hours every day will you be able to master English. 2) Only yesterday did his father tell him the truth, which was a big surprise to him.
10.as a matter of fact实际上；事实上=in fact=actually
翻译：事实上，你完全有理由拒绝他的无 理要求。 As a matter of fact ___________________，you have enough reasons to refuse his unreasonable requests.
11. equal n. 对手,匹敌,同辈 a. 相等的,平等的,胜任的 v. 等于,比得上 qual pay for equal 1) Women demand e_____ work.
2) All men are born e______. qual
qual 3) I’m not e______to the position.(=I’m not fit for the position.)
equal adj. 相等的；平等的
__________ equally adv平等地，同等地
equality 平等，同等 __________n.
__________adj. 不相等的，不平等的 unequal
______________ be equal to ［搭配］与……相等，胜任
⑴ Bill is equal ____running the company. to ⑵ My uncle believes that all men are born _______ equal (equal). But traveling around the world， he finds that in some countries，what is called equality (equal) doesn’t really mean ______ equal _______ ( equal) rights for all people.
12.turn to 向……求助 There is no one else _____, is there? (2005北京) A.who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn. 分析：本题考查定语从句和词组搭配 turn to可表示求助于某人，‘she can turn to’作定语从句，省略了whom.
With no one to _______ in such a frightening situation, she felt very helpless.(2006陕西) A. turn on B. turn off C. turn over D. turn to [分析]本题旨在考查考相似动词短 语的区分。turn on 打开 turn off 关闭 turn over 翻转 turn to 求助 turn up出现，到场，调高turn down 调低 turn in上交 turn out证 明是，结果是
13.will modal v.将，愿意 n.意志；遗嘱
willing ____________adj. 愿意的
willingly ____________adv. 愿意地 ____________adj. 不愿意的 unwilling
be willing to do sth. 愿意去干某事
Fill in the blanks When Elias lost his job and was out of work , his wife was very __________ unhappy. She knew this meant he was in trouble when all she wanted peaceful life with enough was a ________ money every month. She tried to advise him not to fight the ______ government as she thought it was better to accept ______ that in South Africa
black people were not as important as white people. But he was willing to continue _______ the fight and help Mandela equal rights for black people. For win _____ a period _____ of time she felt helpless and ________, lost heart but Elias encouraged her with stories of how good life would be when white and black people worked and played together.
1. According to discussion 2, write a short passage. Then hand in your composition the next day.
2. Please surf the Internet to get more information about Mandela.