高二英语测试报U2第三部分课件 Project(牛津译林版必修3)_图文

Can you make out any of these Chinese characters? 贞(会意) 今(会意) 夕(象形) 雨(象形) 其(象形) 疾(会意) 战国文字 甲骨文 Oracle Bone Inscriptions 金文 Bronze Inscriptions 小篆 Lesser Seal Characters 小篆 Lesser seal characters 仙野 人鹤 掌巢 上边 雨松 初最 晴古 江流有声 断岸千尺 隶书 Official Script 草书 Cursive Script 永和九年,岁在癸丑,暮春之 初,会于会稽山阴之兰亭,修 禊事也。群贤毕至,少长咸集。 此地有崇山峻岭,茂林修竹。 又有清流激湍,映带左右,引 以为流觞曲水...... 王曦之《兰亭序》 行书 楷书 Formal Script Running Script Do the Chinese characters remain the same for thousands of years? NO! Chinese characters are always changing! Who first invented Chinese writing? Cang Jie. When did the Chinese government introduce simplified Chinese characters? In the 1950s. Answer the following questions. 1.When did Chinese writing begin? Thousands of years ago. 2.How was Chinese writing invented? Cang Jie saw the tracks of animals in the snow and he got the idea he could use different shapes to stand for different objects. 3.How did the character of “mountain” develop over time? Can you give any other examples? The character for a mountain was at first three mountaintops together. This became one mountaintop and three lines, and over time turned into the character we used nowadays Cang Jie, who is believed to have invented Chinese characters, worked as an official under the Yellow Emperor in ancient China. It is said that the inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells were also invented by him. He has been taken as a legendary figure in Chinese history and culture. 仓颉, 汉字的创始 人,是古代神话传 说中黄帝的史官。 据说刻在兽骨和龟 甲上的文字也是由 他发明的.他被尊 为 “造字圣人”。 Forms and development of Chinese characters The first real Chinese characters Characters made by combining two or more elements together The form of the characters which are used to indicate directions and numbers Characters consisting of the semantic (语意的) radical and phonetic (语 音的) radical Pictographs 象形字 Ideographs 会意字 Indicatives 指事字 pictophonetic 形声字 A pictograph is a depiction (描绘) of a material object. Sun Moon Mountain Sheep 象形字 Pictograph Bull Human Woman Ideographs 会意字 composed of two or more existing characters. A man leans against a tree, which means that he is resting. Please move the boxes around to make a character to match the English word. sit man rest good forest 子 女 力 田 人 木 人 人 土 木 木 木 Indicatives or Self-Explanatory Characters 指事字 On the top 上 Beneath 下 The left symbol means a sword. Put a point on the character “sword”, then it refers to the blade. 指事字 Indicatives Pictophonetic 形声

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