2014 上海高考一模完形填空

杨浦 In a society where many families are torn apart by divorce, and fast-paced modern life often causes parents to lose out on time with their children, the importance of cultivating healthy relationships between fathers and sons is __51__. The following tips maybe helpful. Learn to Talk to Your Son Do not __52__ face-to-face chats; instead, try talking while working on a project together. Watch for clues that he is __53__ to talk, as your son may feel more like talking after dinner rather than first thing in the morning. Be available at any hour, and let your son know it. Give your son verbal affirmation(肯定、认可), letting him know that he is loved and that you are __54__ to be his dad. Spend Time Together Parents spend lots of time shuttling kids to practices, classes and various other activities. __55__, the quality time needed to build relationships is often lacking. How dads spend their time shows their sons what is most important to them. Whether playing pretend with preschoolers or taking a hike with a teenager, fathers are encouraged to __56__ activities that their sons find interesting. Set Boundaries (界限) __57__ discipline in a loving way shows sons that fathers __58__ care about their education and are concerned about __59__ their character. Fathers should teach their sons to be responsible for their behaviors and respect authority. Knowing the __60__ of their actions helps children control behavior and think before acting. Thus, it is better for fathers to guide their sons by setting clear expectations and reasonable __61__. Teaching Respectful Behavior By modeling respectful behavior, fathers demonstrate __62__ reactions and expression of feelings for their sons. Communicating positive emotions and controlling negative ones shows sons how to healthily __63__ their feelings. Fathers have the responsibility of teaching their sons to __64__ women and not view them as objects. This will help them foster healthy relationships in the future. Additionally, by showing respect toward the son's mother, a father not only sets the standard of __65__ behavior but also develops a sense of security and acceptance. 51. A. apparent B. remarkable C. principal 52. A. neglect B. force C. enjoy 53. A. curious B. active C. ready 54. A. ashamed B. eager C. willing 55. A. However B. Therefore C. Moreover 56. A. involve in B. hold on C. participate in 57. A. Debating on B. Devoting to C. Carrying out 58. A. critically B. flexibly C. deliberately 59. A. recognizing B. shaping C. creating 60. A. consequences B. reactions C. motivations 61. A. directions B. limits C. examples 62. A. extreme B. passionate C. appropriate 63. A. convey B. ignore C. mix 64. A. value B. overtake C. dominate 65. A. determined B. balanced C. deserved 51-65 A B C D A C C D B A B C A A D

D. essential D. exchange D. likely D. proud D. Otherwise D. insist on D. Complaining about D. genuinely D. changing D. procedures D. suggestions D. progressive D. hide D. inspect D. expected

普陀 It’s believed that intelligent people are better at learning languages. Most language learning skills, __51__, are habits, which can be formed through a bit of discipline and self-awareness. But, some of them are not good enough. Here are the three most common __52__ language learners make and how to correct them. Not listening enough There’s a school of language-teaching experts that believe language learning __53__ a ―silent period‖. Just as babies learn to produce language by hearing and parroting sounds, language learners need to practise listening in order to learn. This can develop learned vocabulary and structures, and help learners see patterns in language. Listening is the communicative skill we use most in daily life, but it can be __54__ to practise unless you live in a foreign country or attend language classes. The solution? Find music, podcasts, TV shows and movies in the __55__ language, and listen, listen, listen, as often as possible. A single method Some learners are most comfortable with the listen-and-repeat drills of a language lab. Some need a grammar textbook to __56__ a foreign tongue. Each of these approaches is fine, but it’s a mistake to rely on only one. Language learners who use __57__ methods get to practise different skills and see concepts explained in different ways. What’s more, the __58__ can keep them from working in a situation that never changes. When choosing a class, learners should seek a course that __59__ the four language skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking). For self-study, try a __60__ of textbooks, audio lessons, and language learning apps. __61__ It doesn’t matter how well a person can write in foreign script, or finish a vocabulary test. To learn, improve, and truly use our language, we need to speak. This is the stage when language students should calm down, and feelings of __62__ or insecurity hinder (阻碍) all their hard work. In Eastern cultures where saving face is a strong social value, EFL teachers often complain that students, despite years of studying English, simply will not speak it. They’re too __63__ making mistakes of the grammar or mispronouncing words in a way that would __64__ them. The key is that those mistakes help language learners by showing them the limits of language, and correcting errors __65__ they become deep-rooted. The more learners speak and practise, the more quickly they improve. 51. A. however B. moreover C. furthermore D. therefore 52. A. successes B. wonders C. mistakes D. contributions 53. A. picks up B. begins with C. takes up D. meets with 54. A. efficient B. difficult C. easy D. ideal 55. A. national B. official C. sign D. target 56. A. make sense of B. make use of C. make profit of D. make fun of 57. A. common B. educational C. permanent D. multiple 58. A. variety B. change C. improvement D. alternative 59. A. postpones B. lacks C. assesses D. practises 60. A. selection B. preference C. combination D. replacement 61. A. Complaints B. Fear C. Secure D. Diligence 62. A. humor B. shyness C. achievements D. laughter 63. A. confident in B. comfortable with C. keen on D. afraid of 64. A. amuse B. inform C. remind D. embarrass 65. A. if B. before C. in case D. so that 51. A 52. C 53. B 54. B 55. D 56. A 57. D 58. A 59. D 60. C 61. B 62. B 63. D 64. D 65. B


徐汇 Anyone planning to go camping or hiking should first learn to recognize poison ivy, 51_____ this plant can cause a rash resulting in reddened skin, an annoying itch, and painful blisters. A severe 52_____ can even force a person to remain in bed or become hospitalized. The best way to 53_____ these discomforts is to avoid the plant. P.F. Productions 后期制作 Fortunately this plant is easy to 54_____. Whether it grows as a bush or a vine, the shape of it is always 55_____. Each leaf stalk has three glossy leaves, usually with jagged edges. In early spring the leaves are red, turning. And then the autumn comes, the leaves 56_____ to become bright red or orange. The poison ivy plant is found 57_____ everywhere in North America. Because many birds eat its berries, its seeds are 58_____ distributed. The plant loves the sun and flourishes along beaches, in fields, and by roadsides. It also grows 59_____ in light shade and is often found in parks and pine forests. However, in thick woods the story is different. It is not 60_____ there. That is because the leaves of the trees block out the sun, which the plant needs to grow. The poison in poison ivy is in the form of an oil that is in all parts of the plant. It is extremely 61_____. Merely touching the plant is enough contact for a person to be infected by the 62_____. Touching clothing or shoes that have brushed against the plant can also cause a rash and blisters. Even the smoke from a fire where poison ivy is burning can cause the skin poisoning. A person who makes 63_____ with the plant should wash all infected areas with a strong laundry soap as soon as possible. Clothes that have come in contact with the 64_____ should be dry cleaned or washed in soap and water. There is one good way to prevent the 65_____. Stay away from the plant! ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )51. A. since )52. A. cold )53. A. keep )54. A. forget )55. A. the same )56. A. become )57. A. barely )58. A. widely )59. A. very poor )60. A. supported )61. A. deep )62. A. oil )63. A. combination )64. A. smoke )65. A. poisoning B. so B. cough B. prevent B. grow B. various B. change B. always B. narrowly B. very good B. discovered B. high B. part B. contact B. fire B. weeding C. therefore C. case C. protest C. fertilize C. beautiful C. get C. usually C. practically C. quite well C. watered C. catching C. form C. access C. plant C. growing D. then

D. accident D. cut D. recognize D. ugly D. avoid D. almost D. strongly D. quite worse D. disturbed D. beautiful D. contact D. D. soap seeding D. clothing

51-55 ACBDA 56-60 BDACA

61-65 CABCA P.F. Productions 后期制作


松江 Kodak’s decision to file for bankruptcy(破产)protection is a sad, though not unexpected, turning point for a leading American corporation that 51 consumer photography and dominated the film market for decades, but finally failed to adapt to the digital revolution. Although many people owe Kodak’s downfall to ―complacency (自满)‖, that 52 turns to a blind eye to the long time which the company spent in reinventing itself. Decades ago, Kodak foresaw that digital photography would unavoidably 53 film — and in fact, Kodak invented the first digital camera in 1975 — but in a 54 decision, the company chose to 55 its new discovery and went on focusing on its traditional film business. It wasn’t that Kodak was 56 to the future, but rather that it failed to carry out a strategy to face it, said Rebecca Henderson, a professor at Harvard Business School. By the time the company realized its 57 , it was too late. Kodak is an example of a firm that was very much aware that they had to adapt, and spent a lot of money trying to do so, but 58 failed. Large companies have a difficult time 59 into new markets because they always attempt to put existing assets ( 资产 ) into the new businesses. Although Kodak predicted the 60 rise of digital photography, its corporate(企业的) culture was too 61 the successes of the past. Therefore, it is impossible for them to make the clean break, which is necessary to fully embrace the future. They were a company stuck in time. Their history was so important to them. Now their history has become a burden. Kodak’s downfall over the last several decades was 62 . In 1976, its products 63 90% of the market for photographic film and 85% of the market for cameras. But the 1980s brought new 64 from Japanese film company Fuji Photo, which defeated Kodak by offering lower prices for film and photo supplies. Kodak’s 65 not to pursue the role of official film for the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics was a major miscalculation. The golden chance went to Fuji instead, which exploited its sponsorship to win a permanent foothold in the marketplace. 51. A. prepared 52. A. result 53. A. charge 54. A. fruitful 55. A. share 56. A. sensitive 57. A. mistake 58. A. eventually 59. A. switching 60. A. critical 61. A. related to 62. A. common 63. A. decided on 64. A. chance 65. A. decision 51—55 CBCBD B. preferred B. explanation B. overcome B. fateful B. show B. blind B. decision B. necessarily B. looking B. reasonable B. concerned about B. average B. contributed to B. competition B. effort C. pioneered C. purpose C. replace C. useful C. shift C. accessible C. fear C. flexibly C. falling C. inevitable C. involved in C. regular C. accounted for C. hope C. regret D. promised D. measure D. resist D. hopeful D. shelf D. resistant D. concept D. naturally D. plunging D. essential D. trapped in D. dramatic D. benefited from D. means D. access

56—60 BAAAC

61—65 DDCBA



Scientists fear rising energy bills may lead to an increase in obesity after discovering a link between poorly-heated homes and higher body fat. Researchers from the University of Stirling’s Behavioral Science Centre 51 to explore claims that warm indoor temperatures have 52 increasing obesity levels in winter. Instead, the team found that people who live in 53 homes are more likely to have low body mass index (BMI) levels while those who keep their heating 54 or off tend to be heavier. Dr Michael Daly, behavioral scientist and senior lecturer, said: ―We come on to investigate the scientific claims that cooler indoor temperatures help us to 55 a healthy weight by pushing our bodies to consume more 56 through shivering and generating heat through tissues.‖ In fact, the research suggests people may eat less and 57 more energy when living in a warmer indoor environment. The 13-year study, published in the journal Obesity, 58 more than 100,000 adults across England. Researchers found 59 weight levels among people living in homes heated to above 23° C (73F), which accounted for about 15,000 of the households studied. Dr Daly said: ―As national gas bills continue to rise faster than the rate of inflation(通货膨胀 ), this research suggests the 60 of obesity could worsen where heating dropped below 61 levels or off for lengthy periods to cut costs. ―This is not just about people who live in warm enough homes being in the 62 position to afford more expensive low-calorie foods, exercise classes and sporting activities. 63 , they find it easier to stay at a low BMI level. The study took age, gender, social class and other factors into account. ―The comfortable surrounding temperature of 20.3-23° C is where we feel comfortable in our 64 and are neither hot nor cold. At temperatures above this, we consume more energy and we eat less because our 65 is taken away.‖ 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 51-55 A. set up B. set out C. set off A. contributed to B. devoted to C. resulted from A. well-heated B. well-designed C. well-organized A. turned on B. turned out C. turned up A. stay B. drain C. maintain A. energy B. strength C. power A. explore B. exhaust C. exploit A. impacted B. involved C. imposed A. increased B. added C. reduced A. miracle B. existence C. trend A. sensitive B. agreeable C. graceful A. financial B. appropriate C. social A. Otherwise B. Besides C. However A. shoes B. moods C. spirits A. nerve B. appetite C. stomach BAADC 56-60 ADBCC 61-65 BADDB D. set about D. differed from D. well-decorated D. turned down D. preserve D. muscle D. burn D. inspired D. lost D. delivery D. present D. defensive D. Therefore D. clothes D. labor


浦东 If you study medicine at university, chances are you’ll become a doctor. For music students, it’s less ____51____ what job you’ll end up with… but it could be really fulfilling. The idea that options are ____52____ and jobs are few for music graduates needs to ____53____. It’s wrongly assumed that when it comes to jobs, music students are ____54____ their field of study. ____55____, music graduates go on to do a wide range of jobs in a variety of different industries. Alumni surveys from the University of Nottingham show that music graduates are employed across a varied range of ____56____. As you might expect, a large proportion (50%) work in the creative industry, but the roles performed by graduates ____57____ greatly. Music grads work in publishing, editing, media production, broadcasting, and marketing. Some work with professional ensembles(歌舞团), but not all are performing as ____58____; — many work in management roles. Less anticipated but no less common is the employment of music graduates in finance and banking, legal and consultancy. Some music grads work with professional ensembles (歌舞团) , but not all are performing as ____58____: ---- Music grads work in publishing, editing, media production, broadcasting, and marketing. And many work in management roles. Less anticipated but no less common is the employment of music graduates in finance and banking, legal and consultancy. Dr. Robert Adlington, an associate professor of music at the University of Nottingham, ____59____ these successful and varied outcomes to the highly desirable ____60____ developed by music students during their studies. In 2011, the Confederate of British Industry outlined the seven skills that ____61____ employability: self-management, team work, business and customer awareness, problem solving, communication, numeracy, and IT skills. Adlington says that music students develop all seven of these. By this measure, music graduates are among the most ____62____ of all. While some of these skills are obtained by students of all subjects — for example, team work, good communication, self-management — Adlington points out that music students have a(n) ____63____. The experience of organizing, hosting, and performing in events that are open to the public provides them with skills beyond those on other degree programmes. Few degrees require knowledge of customer awareness, or interaction with the public, for example. Music graduates’ success is a(n) ____64____ of how changes in the music industry allow artists to produce and publicise themselves. The internet means artists can publish, distribute, and promote their own work. These methods are nothing new, but if ____65____ professional knowledge and experience, it can be a winning, name-making recipe. 51. A. important B. urgent C. obvious D. satisfactory 52. A. tight B. narrow C. hollow D. strict 53. A. change B. liberate C. reflect D. function 54. A. contributed to B. related to C. lost to D. restricted to 55. A. In addition B. In turn C. In contrast D. In reality 56. A. contracts B. fields C. subjects D. majors 57. A. vary B. improve C. reverse D. multiply 58. A. musicians B. managers C. amateurs D. customers 59. A. devotes B. owes C. alerts D. adapts 60. A. options B. intervals C. characters D. skills 61. A. isolate B. regulate C. offer D. define 62. A. comfortable B. honorable C. reliable D. employable 63. A. benefit B. advantage C. chance D. resolution 64. A. reflection B. command C. potential D. knowledge 65. A. related to B. charged with C. exposed to D. combined with 51-55 CBADD BAABD DDBAD

闵行 The motor vehicle has killed and disabled more people in its brief history than any bomb or weapon ever invented. Much of the blood on the street flows essentially from uncivil behavior of drivers who refuse to respect the legal and moral rights of others. So the massacre (大屠杀) on the road may be regarded as a(n) 51 problem. In fact, the enemies of society on wheels are rather harmless people, just ordinary people acting 52 , you might say. But it is a 53 both of law and common morality that carelessness is no excuse when one’s actions could bring death or damage to others. A minority of the 54 go even beyond carelessness to total irresponsibility. Researchers have estimated that as many as 80 percent of all automobile accidents can be attributed to (归因于) the 55 condition of the driver. Emotional upsets can affect drivers’ reactions, slow their judgment, and blind them to dangers that might otherwise be 56 . The experts warn that it is 57 for every driver to make a conscious effort to keep one’s emotions under control. Yet drivers are not the only ones to blame for the irresponsibility that accounts for much of the problem. Street walkers 58 break traffic regulations, they are at fault in most vehicle walker accidents; and many cyclists even 59 that they are not subject to the basic rules of the road. Significant legal advances have been made towards safer driving in the past few years. Safety 60 for vehicle have been raised both at the point of manufacture and through periodic road-worthiness inspections. 61 , speed limits have been lowered. Due to these 62 , the accident rate has decreased. But the accident experts still worry because there has been little or no improvement in the way drivers behave. The only real and lasting 63 , say the experts, is to convince people that driving is a skilled task. It 64 constant care and concentration. Those who fail to do all these things present a(n) 65 to those with whom they share the road. 51. A. social B. practical C. emotional 52. A. strangely B. fearlessly C. carelessly 53. A. priority B. principle C. process 54. A. survivors B. victims C. suspects 55. A. psychological B. current C. original 56. A. impossible B. evident C. avoidable 57. A. abstract B. difficult C. unusual 58. A. accidentally B. consequently C. regularly 59. A. accuse B. object C. acknowledge 60. A. records B. standards C. proposals 61. A. As a result B. No wonder C. In addition D. On the other hand 62. A. measures B. rights C. experts 63. A. effect B. solution C. change 64. A. calls for B. aims at C. takes on 65. A. result B. argument C. threat 51-55 ACBDA 56-60BDCDB 61-65 CABAC

D. legal D. selfishly D. system D. killers D. different D. serious D. vital D. rarely D. believe D. belts

D. warnings D. achievement D. turns to D. information

金山 Recent years have seen considerable growth in the number of children learning a second or foreign language, as the importance of being able to use a language other than one’s first language has become recognized in an increasingly globalized world. In Asia and Europe ___51___, there has been a tendency to ___52___ the age at which school children begin to learn a foreign language, since it is believed that the earlier a child starts to learn a foreign language, the greater the ultimate achievement will be. In many countries, the language of education is not the same as the language of the home for__53__ children. Furthermore, in many countries, young language learners comprise the most rapidly growing segment of the elementary (primary) school population. ___54__ in some schools there is no extra support to help young language learners acquire the language of instruction, in most countries where there are large numbers of young learners, there is a ___55___ awareness of their special needs. There is ___56___ a need to identify the needs of young language learners, to ___57___ what level, if any, of proficiency they have in the target language to diagnose their strengths and areas in need of improvement. Language ___58___, whether this is informal, classroom- based, or large-scale, thus has a __59___ role to play in gathering the information needed for these purposes. Unfortunately, the vast majority of teachers who work with young language learners have had little or no ___60___ training or education in language assessment. Teachers are involved in assessment on a daily basis, as they ___61___ their pupils’ classroom performance, and as they develop formal classroom assessments. Assessment should therefore, wherever possible, be familiar and involve familiar adults, rather than ___62_____. The environment should be safe for the learner. Teachers responding___63___ to the child’s efforts is ideal for young learners. Such feedback maintains attention and ___64___. As children grow, they are able to work more ____65___ and for long spans of time without ongoing feedback. 51. A. in particular B. as a result C. for example D. in other words 52. A. shorten B. enlarge C. lower D. increase 53. A. the majority of B. the amount of C. the quantity of D. the number of 54. A. Before B. While C. As D. If 55. A. reducing B. watching C. growing D. slipping 56. A. however B. moreover C. instead D. therefore 57. A. discuss B. determine C. teach D. train 58. A. draft B. performance C. assessment D. arrangement 59. A. unnecessary B. uninteresting C. concrete D. critical 60. A. personal B. valuable C. professional D. approval 61. A. monitor B. master C. inspect D. control 62. A. students B. children C. strangers D. neighbors 63. A. quickly B. kindly C. rudely D. friendly 64. A. friendship B. relationship C. quality D. confidence 65. A. independently B. dependently C. roughly D. carelessly 51-55 ACABC 56-60 DBCDC 61-65 ACBDA


嘉定 When we think of green buildings, we tend to think of new ones----the kind of modern, solar-paneled masterpieces that make the covers of architecture magazines.But the US has more than 100 million existing homes, and it would be incredibly 52 them with greener versions. An enormous amount of energy and resources went into the construction of those houses.And it would take an average of 65 years for the a(an) __54 one. So in the broadest sense, the greenest home is the one that has already been built.But at the same time, 57 56 half of US carbon emissions come from heating, cooling and powering our 58 without dealing with , offices and other buildings."You can't deal with climate With some exceptions, the oldest homes tend to be the due to the tiny cracks and gaps that 62 60 59 53 carbon emissions (排放) from 55 lost by destroying an old _ energy-efficient (节能) home to make up for the 51 to tear them all down and

existing buildings," says Richard Moe, the president of the National Trust. energy-efficient.Houses 61 . built before 1939 use about 50% more energy per square foot than those built after 2000, mainly over time and let in more outside , there are a vast number of relatively simple changes that can green older homes, from 64 property owners from rising power C.wonderful C.replace C.used C.new C.materials C.rarely C.homes C.stability C.very C.strengthen C.smoke C.Fortunately C.ordinary C.punish C.businesses BCABB D.useful D.take D.destroyed D.beautiful D.resources D.mostly D.stores D.change D.least D.weaken D.water D.Frankly D.meaningless D.warn D.bargains 65 .

63 ones like Lincoln's Cottage to your own postwar home.And efficiency upgrades (升级) can save more than just the earth; they can help 51. A. terrible 52. A.put 53. A.reduced 54. A.old 55. A.magazines 56. A.nearly 57. A.libraries 58. A.improvement 59. A.most 60. A.expand 61. A.dust 62. A.Oppositely 63. A.historic 64. A.charge 65. A.prices 51----- 65 BCACD B.wasteful B.build B.increased B.fashionable B.trees B.hardly B.schools B.appearance B.really B.narrow B.air B.Unfortunately B.worthless B.protect B.costs ACDDA


黄埔 For many people today, reading is no longer relaxation. To keep up their work they must read letters, reports, trade publications, interoffice communications, not to mention newspapers and magazines; a never-ending flood of words. In getting a job advancing, the ability to read and comprehend __51__ can mean the difference between success and failure. Yet the unfortunate fact is that most of us are __52__ readers. Most of us develop poor reading habits at an early age, and never __53__ them. The main shortage lies in the actual stuff of language itself – words. Taken individually, words have little__54__ until they are strung together into phrases, sentences and paragraphs. Unfortunately, __55__, the untrained reader does not read groups of words. He laboriously read one word at a time, often regressing to __56__ words or passages. Regression, the tendency to look back over what you have just read, is a common __57__ habit in reading. Another bad habit which __58__ the speed of reading is vocalization – sounding each word either __59__ or mentally as one reads. To overcome these bad habits, some reading clinics use a device called an accelerator, which moves a bar (or curtain) down the page at a predetermined speed. The bar is set a slightly __60__ rate than the reader finds comfortable, in order to ―__61__‖ him. The accelerator forces the reader to read fast, making word-by-word reading, regression and sub-vocalization, practically __62__. At first comprehension is __63__ speed. But when you learn to read ideas and concepts, you will not only read faster, but your comprehension will improve. Many people have found their reading skill __64__ improved after some training. Take Charles Au, a business manager, for instance, his reading rate was a reasonably good 172 words a minute before the training, now it is an excellent 1,378 words a minute. He is delighted that now he can go through a lot more reading material in a(n) __65__ period of time. 51. A. quickly 52. A. casual 53. A. acquire 54. A. formation 55. A. however 56. A. recite 57. A. horrible 58. A. achieves 59. A. orally 60. A. better 61. A. distract 62. A. demanding 63. A. applied to 64. A. dramatically 65. A. indefinite 51-55 ADCBA B. silently B. curious B. cultivate B. meaning B. moreover B. reread B. incurable B. gains B. physically B. faster B. embarrass B. impossible B. matched with B. hardly B. lengthy 56-60 BADAB C. thoroughly C. efficient C. kick C. pronunciation C. somehow C. reuse C. social C. measures C. quietly C. lower C. interest C. reasonable C. sacrificed for C. slightly C. limited D. vaguely D. poor D. practice D. transformation D. therefore D. rewrite D. viewing D. reduces D. repeatedly D. steadier D. stretch D. useful D. substituted for D. subconsciously D. set 61-65 DBCAC


长宁 Ecotourism is a combination of ecology (the study of systems of living things) and tourism. It is ___51___ ―responsible travel to natural areas that preserves the environment and improves the welfare of the local people‖ by the International Ecotourism Society. Actually, ecotourism can mean travel to far-off places of great natural beauty, but not always in a(n) ___52___ way. It’s a big business, and the attraction of money can cause people to think about ___53___ first. While ecotourism offers benefits to people and ecosystems, it leaves ecosystems open to negative effects, too. Costa Rica, once a Spanish colony, and independent since 1821, has an ecotourism industry worth over one billion dollars yearly, and thousands of jobs have been ___54___. Nearly 21 percent of the land is now protected national parks, ___55___ thanks to ecotourism. Nevertheless, due to the number of people visiting the country’s natural places, some damage to the ecosystem has occurred. While ___56___ can have a negative impact on ecosystems, the same areas might have been ___57___ by industries such as farming, logging, or mining if there were no ecotourism industry. Shelters (庇护所) have been created ___58___, keeping the ecosystem protected. And, by visiting beautiful rainforests and seeing rare animals, visitors get a sense of their ___59___, and of gratitude for them. Tour guides can also be educators who train people to love and care for the environment. Visitors can take these ___60___ with them to their home countries. Unfortunately, while their effect may not be ___61___ in the off-season, the constant parade of visitors in the high season can be damaging. At one national park in Costa Rica, wild monkeys now feed on garbage left by the tourists. ___62___, ecotourists tend to seek out places with the rarest animals and plants, ___63___ the most delicate living things. It is easy to be critical of the ecotourism industry, but it is important to be ___64___ as well. Ecotourism can never be ―pure‖. We can’t expect zero negative effects on the ecosystem. It is also ___65___ to suppose that humans won’t go anywhere accessible to them. If protection efforts are maintained and increased, those remaining places of undisturbed nature may be stressed, but they won’t be destroyed. 51. A. defined as B. made up of C. applied to D. combined with 52. A. attractive B. natural C. different D. responsible 53. A. effects B. nature C. profits D. economy 54. A. lost B. created C. abandoned D. shifted 55. A. mainly B. comparatively C. unfortunately D. barely 56. A. tourists B. environment C. manufacturers D. politics 57. A. fertilized B. destroyed C. reserved D. stimulated 58. A. equally B. regularly C. instead D. though 59. A. freedom B. hardness C. welfare D. value 60. A. ecosystems B. lessons C. animals D. trainers 61. A. uncertain B. noticeable C. healthy D. special 62. A. For instance B. On the contrary C. In addition D. As a whole 63. A. appreciating B. discovering C. sheltering D. pressuring 64. A. positive B. creative C. effective D. sensitive 65. A. feasible B. reasonable C. unrealistic D. inevitable 51-55 ADCBA 56-60 ABCDB 61-65 BCDAC

宝山 More and more shoppers are buying things online these days, allowing them to avoid 51 salespeople and long lines at checkout counters. In spite of online convenience, 52 , there are some items — like clothes — that customers prefer to 53 before buying. In light of this, two companies are finding ways to modernize stores and 54 the gap between online and in-store retail (零售). A software company that also happens to sell designer jeans, Hointer has created a fast and painless shopping 55 for its customers. Shoppers walk into a Hointer store and select one of the many pairs of jeans 56 down from bars. Then they point their smartphones at the tag and 57 the Hointer app, after which they select the size and press ―try on.‖ The app then directs them to a specific dressing room. German-made robots bring out the 58 jeans and deliver them through a chute (斜槽) to the dressing room in about 30 seconds. Immediately after 59 pairs of jeans are dropped through another chute, the ―outbox,‖ they disappear from the list in the app. Purchases at Hointer are made with a swipe (刷卡) of a credit card. And interacting with a salesperson is optional! This allows Hointer to hire fewer people and focus on their ultimate goal: developing 60 that supports a retail revolution. Men’s clothing retailer Bonobos has 61 a more personalized shopping experience. Although it is — in fact — an online retailer, Bonobos has decided to open a handful of brick-and-mortar stores called Guideshops. Shoppers make a(n) 62 online before arriving at a Guideshop, where they receive one-on-one 63 from a fitting guide. Because these shops have limited inventories (存货), shoppers aren’t able to take home the outfits they select. But guides help shoppers make online purchases before they leave, after which the items will be 64 to customers in one or two days. While Hointer focuses on convenience, Bonobos Guideshops focus on customer service. But both efforts have one thing 65 : giving clothing retailers a new look for the 21st century. 51. A. respectable 52. A. however 53. A. convince 54. A. break 55. A. experience 56. A. hiding 57. A. start 58. A. desired 59. A. qualified 60. A. employment 61. A. come up with 62. A. decision 63. A. contact 64. A. presented 65. A. in conclusion 51—55 CADBA B. considerate B. therefore B. guarantee B. bridge B. mall B. hanging B. upload B. well-designed B. wanted B. efficiency B. looked forward to B. appointment B. instruction B. packaged B. in common 56—60BAADC C. aggressive C. anyway C. ensure C. shallow C. direction C. storing C. save C. promoted C. chosen C. technology C. looked up C. contribution C. notice C. delivered C. as usual D. violent D. moreover D. examine D. deepen D. principle D. labeling D. download D. well-prepared D. unwanted D. market D. brought up D. impression D. attention D. transferred D. in general

61—65 ABDCB