【全国大纲1版】(步步高)高三英语一轮复习 Unit 17 Great women精品课件_图文

Unit 17
Ⅰ.重点单词思忆

Great women

基础落实
1.The actors inspired (鼓舞) the kids with their enthusiasm. 2.It was generous (慷慨的) of him to offer to pay for us both.

3.They’ve held the championship (冠军地位)
for the past two years. 4.They broke my windows and threatened (威胁) me. 5.She’s always been mean (吝啬的) with money.

Ⅱ.考纲词汇拓展
1.inspire vt.鼓舞;感动;激发;启示
→ inspiration n.鼓舞→inspiring adj.使人振 adj.(反义词) 奋的;鼓舞的→ inspired adj.有灵感的 2. dishonest adj.不诚实的→ honest 诚实的→ dishonesty 业生;v.毕业 4. cheerful adj.愉快的→ cheer v.愉快;欢呼 n.不诚实;不老实

3. graduation n.毕业;毕业典礼→ graduate n.毕

→ cheers
5. promise 前途的

int.干杯
n.& v.前途;允诺→ promising adj.有

Ⅲ.重要短语识记
1. around the corner (常与just连用)即将来临; 在拐角处 2.die down 变弱,平息;消失 3.come to terms with 甘心忍受(不愉快的处境) 4.be generous with money花钱大方 5.be popular with us受我们欢迎 6.struggle to one’s knees挣扎着跪起来 7.be thankful to you谢谢你 8.sing high praise for高度赞扬 9.rise to fame 声名大作 10.at the top of the voice高声 11.lead to illness导致疾病 12.put up 搭起;建立

Ⅳ.经典句式再现
1.Another journey of challenge and danger was about to begin (就要开始了).
2.On the third day I was struggling through stormy weather (与暴风雪天气拼搏)and during the next week the wind grew stronger and I found myself spending a whole day in my tent (只好整天呆在帐篷里). 3.Within a few minutes the winds increased to a howling storm that threatened to blow me and my tent away (像是要把我连帐篷一起卷 走),but none of that happened.

4.I struggled to my knees (挣扎着跪起 来)knowing that somehow I had to put my tent up for shelter. 5.Oprah Winfrey is not just a very successful TV personality in the US (不仅仅是美国一位 成功的电视名人),she is also a woman who has inspired millions. 6.For her family, life seemed to hold no promise (生活似乎毫无希望可言).

7. Being black and a woman time.

(作为黑人女性)made

life even more difficult in America at that 8.Oprah Winfrey’s wonderful career inspires many people to believe that success and happiness in life are within reach for everyone (生活中的成功和幸福是人人都可得到

的).

导练互动
重点单词 1.inspire
Do you know a woman who really inspires you? 观察思考 We were inspired by his speech. (回归课本P29)

我们被他的演说所激励。
The father inspired confidence in his son. =The father inspired his son with

confidence.
那位父亲激发了儿子的信心。

归纳拓展 鼓舞;感动;激发;启示 inspire词性: vt. 意思: (1)inspire sb.to do sth.鼓舞某人做某事 inspire sth.into sb.把某种思想灌输给某人 inspire sth.in sb./inspire sb.with sth.使某人 产生某种感情;激发某人的某种感情 (2)inspiration n.[C,U]灵感;启发;鼓舞; [C]给予鼓舞的人或事;想法;主意 inspired adj.有灵感的;品质优秀的

inspiring adj.鼓舞人心的

能力转化 (1)我们正在努力鼓舞他的信心。 We are trying to inspire him with confidence. (2)白求恩的英雄事迹使大家深受鼓舞。 We’re all inspired by the heroic deeds of Dr.Bethume. (3)我们认为林肯是一位有感召力的领袖。 We regard Abraham Lincoln as an inspiring leader . (4)因为受到了巨大的鼓舞,学生们下决心要更努 力地学习课程。 Greatly inspired ,the students made up their minds to work even harder at their lessons.

2.admire
Describe her and explain why you admire

her.
观察思考

(回归课本P29)

I admire him for his sincerity.=I admire his sincerity. 我钦佩他的诚实。 He was admired as a hero. 人们赞美他是一位英雄。

归纳拓展

admire词性:vt. 意思: 钦佩;赞赏;羡慕
admire sb./sth.羡慕某人/某物;喜欢某人/某物 admire sb.for sth.因……而钦佩某人 admire for doing sth.喜欢做某事 admire sb.as...钦佩某人是……

admire+that从句钦佩……
admiration n.钦佩;羡慕

能力转化 (1)我们钦佩刘谦是一位出色的魔术师。 We admire Liu Qian as an excellent magician. (2)我佩服他事业有成。 I admire him for his success in business.

3.regret
I did so without regret . 观察思考 I regret to inform you that we are unable to offer you employment. (回归课本P32)

我遗憾地通知你,我们不能雇用你。
Much to my regret,I must leave you now. 我很遗憾地告诉你,我现在要离开了。

归纳拓展

regret词性:vt.
悔;悔恨;抱歉

& n. 意思:为……感到遗憾;后

feel regret about/over/at sth.对某事感到后悔/ 惋惜 regret sth./that 事 regret to say/tell/inform...that clause很遗 clause感到遗憾/悔恨……

regret doing/having done sth.后悔/遗憾做了某

憾地说/告诉/通知(令某人失望的事)
to one’s regret令人遗憾的是 It is to be regretted that...令人遗憾的是……

能力转化
(1)—Robert is indeed a wise man. —Oh,yes. How often I have regretted his advice! A.to take B.taking D

C.not to take
解析

D.not taking

regret doing sth.表示“为做了某事

而后悔”,本题同时又表示否定,故选D。

(2)Unless my room is warmer tonight,I’m going to A.argue 解析 C B.regret to the hotel manager. C.complain D.pretend

regret to do sth.很遗憾地做某事;

complain to sb.about/of sth.抱怨/埋怨某人。

重点短语与句型 4.come to terms with
She has helped thousands of men and women come to terms with things that bother them... (回归课本P34) 观察思考 She is still coming to terms with her son’s death. 她还没有完全从儿子死亡的阴影中走出来。 They have come to terms with the fact that they were defeated. 他们已接受了失败的事实。 We have come to terms with them. 我们已经和他们达成协议。

归纳拓展
come to terms with 甘心忍受(不愉快的处境); 妥协;屈服于 (1)be on good terms with sb.与某人关系好 come to terms (with sb.)达成协议与某人

make terms with与……达成协议
keep on good/friendly terms with sb.与某人保 持良好/友好关系,与某人交朋友 (2)in the long/short term从长远/短期而言 in practical terms实际上 in terms of在……方面;从……方面来说;根 据……来说

能力转化
(1)玛丽已接受了她考试失败这一事实。 Mary has come to terms with she has failed in the exam. (2)从美国历史来看,200年的建筑是很古老的。 the fact that

A 200

year

old building is very old in

terms of American history.
(3)总是甘心忍受困难处境的人不会变成一个成功的 人。 Anyone who always comes to terms with a difficult situation can’t become a successful man.

5.put up
...I had to put my tent up before the winds
became too strong. 观察思考 She’s put her hair up. 她把头发挽在头上。 They’ve put up the rent by £20 a month. 他们把每月的租金提高了20英镑。 (回归课本P31)

归纳拓展 pu up 搭起;建立;举起;提升;增加;投宿 set up设立;安装好;创建

take up从事;占据
keep up保持 make up组成;补上

pick up拣起;接收;偶然学会
come up提出;上来 turn up出现

do up整理;打扮
tear up撕碎 join up连接起来 be made up of由……组成

能力转化 (1)(2009·陕西,15)A notice was lecture time. D in order to remind the students of the changed

A.sent up
C.set up 解析

B.given up
D.put up

A项为“发射”;B项为“放弃”;C项为

“建立,创立”;D项为“张贴”。此处为“张 贴通知”。

(2)(2008·浙江,14)American Indians A.fill up B.bring up 解析

C

about five percent of the U.S.population. C.make up D.set up 句意为:美洲印第安人占美国人口的5%。

A项为“填充”;B项为“培养,抚养”;C项为 “占据”;D项为“建立”。

6. It has often been said that life is
difficult as it is .人们经常会说生活本身 是很艰难的。
典例体验 Tom is said to love sports very much.

据说Tom很喜欢运动。
The treasures are said to be kept in a cave. 据说那些财宝被藏在一个山洞里面。 I thought that things would get better,but as it is ,they are getting worse.

我原以为情况会好转,但是现在看来,情况越来
越糟糕。

归纳拓展 (1)It is said that...是常见的句型,意为“据

说……;人们说……”。
It is said that...可以转换成sb./sth.is said to do/to be doing/to have done...句型结构。

与It is said that...类似结构的还有It is
thought/reported/believed/hoped/suggested/ann ounced that...等。 (2)as it is是固定结构,意为“事实上,实际 上,实际情况是,按原来的样子,照现在的样子”。

常用在句子的开头或结尾。

能力转化
(1)AIDS is said D the biggest health challenge to both men and women in that area over the past few years. A.that it is B.to be

C.that it has been
解析

D.to have been

句型sb./sth.is said to+不定式,当不定

式动作表示完成时,不定式需用完成形式,本题 需用被动形式,因此选D。

(2)据报道我们国家又发射了一个宇宙飞船。 It is reported that our country has sent another spaceship. (3)我更喜欢这所房子现在这个样子。 I like the house better as it is.

7.Another journey of challenge and danger
was about to begin.另一场挑战和危险即将 开始。
He’s going to buy her some shoes.

他要给她买几双鞋。
Sit down everyone.The film ’s about to start. 大家坐下来,电影马上开始。

拓展辨析 be about to do,be to do,be going to do (1)be about to do表示即将发生的动作,在时间

上指最近的将来。
注意:在含有be about to do的句子中,不能再加 时间表状语。 The medical team is about to start immediately.(×)

The medical team is about to start.(√)
医疗队就要出发了。

(2)be to do的用法:

①表示事先商定、安排或准备要做的事情。
②表示可能性、必要、责任、义务、禁止等。 (3)be going to do的用法 ①表示将要发生的事情或打算最近要进行的动作。 ②在含有条件状语从句的主从复合句中,主句一般 不用be going to,而常用will(第一人称用shall)。

能力转化 (1)(2009·湖南,23)When he A.would open C.had opened D the door,he found his keys were nowhere. B.opened D.was to open

解析

句意为:当他要打开门时,发现哪里也找

不到钥匙了。表示即将发生的动作用be to do sth.,所以D项符合句意。A项中出现了would,该 词用于将来时态或用来表达某种倾向。

(2)When we got to the stadium hurriedly,the
leaders C their speeches and the . performance

A.have finished;began B.had just finished;had begun

C.had just finished;was about to begin
D.just finished;begun 解析 考查时态。句意为:当我们匆忙赶往体育

馆时,领导们刚刚演讲完毕,演出即将开始。领
导们结束演讲发生在我们到达体育馆之前,所以 第一个空格处用过去完成时。be about to do sth.表示“即将做某事”。

考题回扣
【例1】Peter’s jacket looked just the same as Jack’s,but it cost B his.(辽宁高考)

A.as much twice as
B.twice as much as C.much as twice as

D.as twice much as
解析 句意为:彼得的夹克衫看上去与杰克的相 同,但价格却是他的两倍。表达倍数用“倍数词

+as+adj.+as”结构。
课文原文 For women it sometimes seems twice as difficult .

【例2】His sister left home in 1998,and since.(全国Ⅰ高考)

B

A.had not been heard of B.has not been heard of C.had not heard of D.has not heard of 解析 句意为:他的妹妹自从1998年离开家后一 直杳无音讯。根据句意,指从1998年后到现在一 直没有音讯,故应用现在完成时,排除A和C项; 又因他的妹妹和hear of之间是被动关系,故排除 D项。 课文原文 It has often been said that life is difficult as it is.

【例3】The number of foreign students
attending Chinese universities steadily since 1997. A.is C.has been B.are D.have been C rising (山东高考)

解析

“the number of+n.”作主语时,其谓语动

词用单数形式;由since 1997可知句子的时态应用 现在完成时。

课文原文
But changes were just around the corner.

【例4】—How do you find your new classmates? —Most of them are kind,but good to me as Bruce. A.none B.no one A is so (福建高考)

C.every one
解析

D.some one

but表示前后语意转折,根据语境应排除C、

D两项;no one仅指人,表示泛指;none既指人又 指物,用none时要有一定的范围,本题中暗含 “none of them”的意思。

课文原文 Within a few minutes the winds increased to a

howling storm that threatened to blow me and
my tent away,but none of that happened.

写作技能
如何使用高级词汇和做到句式多样化

高考英语写作部分在语言方面的要求中有:能
尽量使用较高级词汇。因此,英文写作中若有高级 词汇,是获取高分的重要条件之一,但如何使用高

级词汇?
1.注意使用词组、习语来代替一些单词以增加 文采。如:用make use of代替use,用catch sight of代替see等。

2.使用一些很有“洋味”的单词。如: Thank you for sharing the time with us.(用 share而不用spend) The noise nearly drove me mad.(用drive而不 用make) Tom had his leg broken last week.(用 have...done而不用broke his leg) 3.避免重复使用同一单词或短语。如:用I like reading while my brother enjoys watching TV. 比用I like reading while my brother likes watching TV.好。 英文写作中,如能做到句式多样,则能突显出运 用语言的实力,提高文章的档次,但如何做到句式 多样化?

1.改变句子的开头方式。不要一味地都是主语
开头,可以把状语置于句首等。如: [原]We met at the school gate and went there together early in the morning. [改]Early in the morning we met at the

school gate and went there together.
2.学会运用特殊句式。如: 省略句:If so,victory will be ours. 倒装句:Only in this way can we achieve our goal. 强调句:It was Ah Fu who had saved my little sister bravely.

3.学会使用复合句、分词状语、感叹句、with
的复合结构、it句型等多种句式。如: [原]We had to stand there to catch the offender. [改]What we had to do was to stand

there,trying to catch the offender.
[原]He often sleeps.The windows are open. [改]He often sleeps with the windows open.

即时练习——按要求改写下列句子 1.Our teacher came into our classroom.A lot of students followed him.He had a book in his hand. (1)简单句: Followed by a lot of students,our
teacher came into our classroom,book in hand/with a book in his hand. (2)并列句:Our teacher came into our classroom,with a book in his hand/book in hand,and a lot of students followed him. (3)复合句: Our teacher who was followed by a lot of students came into our classroom, with a book in his hand/book in hand.

2.I was born in a small town.In the town there was only one school.I studied there for six years. (1)用it改写上组句子: I was born in a small town.In it there was only one school.I studied there for six years. (2)用复合句和并列句改写:In the small town where I was born,there was only one school,and I studied there for six years.

(3)用复合句和简单句改写:I was born in a small town,where there was only one school.I
studied there for six years.

(4)用复合句改写: I studied for six years at
the only school in the small town where I was born.

自主检测
Ⅰ.品句填词
1.It was my father’s courage and devotion that inspired (激发) me with the

determination.
2.It was generous (慷慨的) of them to share their meal with their out of work

neighbors.
3.They won the men’s and women’s single championship (冠军) respectively. 4.This would threaten (威胁) the peace of the Middle East.

5.Most of our money goes for food and shelter
(住处). 6.Don’t bother (打扰) Ellen while she is reading. 7.They promised (答应) us that they would come on time. 8.The man is under the influence of extreme (偏激的) emotion.

Ⅱ.用所给词的适当形式填空
1.I regret to inform (inform) you that we are unable to offer you this job. 2.When I came back,I found he was sitting on the floor surrounded (surround) by books.

3.She speaks English so well that her friends
are filled with admiration (admire). 4.The conflict nowadays threatens (threat) a war in the near future.

5.I’m sorry to have bothered (bother) you
with so many questions on such an occasion. 6.He can’t bear to be laughed/being laughed (laugh) at in public. 7.Judging from the inspired (inspire) look of the audience,the speaker is giving a rather inspiring (inspire) speech.

Ⅲ.翻译句子
1.我家乡以绿茶而出名。(be known for) My hometown is known for its green tea. 2.他驾照考试失败后,我鼓励他再试一次。 (inspire) I inspired him to try again after he failed the driving test.

3.这些老年人总是对发生在他们身上的事逆来顺受。
(come to terms with) These old people are always coming to terms

with things that have happened to them.

4.我非常遗憾地告诉你,你被解雇了。(regret) I regret to tell you that you are dismissed. 5.我发现他在操场上打篮球。(find...doing...) I found him playing basketball on the

playground.
6.我们一家是个快乐的家庭,全家人都是音乐爱好者。 (family) My family is a happy one.All the family are music lovers.

Ⅳ.单项填空 1.It was during that period that many writers A . A.rose to fame C.achieved a fame B.rose to a fame D.reach to fame

解析

fame用作名词,意为“声誉,名望”,为

不可数名词,所以带有不定冠词的B、C项应排 除;表示“成名”时,fame可与下列动词搭配: rise/come to fame;reach/achieve/win/earn fame。

2.All of the students were day at Senior High School. A.inspiring;inspired

C by the

speech given by the headmaster on the first B.inspiring;inspiring

C.inspired;inspiring
解析 的。

D.inspired;inspired

inspired感到鼓舞的;inspiring鼓舞人心

3.—Sorry to the time?

C

you,but could you tell me

—No problem. A.worry B.prevent C.bother D.disappoint

解析

句意为:——对不起打扰你了,你能告诉

我几点了吗?——没问题。bother烦扰,打扰。

4.I don’t know what will become

C

the

boy if he keeps failing his examinations.

A.with
解析

B.in

C.of

D.on

become of sb.相当于happen to sb.,意

为“某人会发生……事”。

5.The basketball fans in Chicago C the Chicago Bulls. A.play 解析 B.promise C.admire

Michael

Jordan even if he is no longer fighting for D.allow

admire sb.钦佩某人。句意为:即使迈克

尔·乔丹不再为芝加哥公牛队效力了,芝加哥的
球迷们还是很钦佩他。

6.They hoped to finish the kitchen by Friday,but A.as it is C.as it were 解析 A they will probably have B.as it was D.it was as

to come back next week.

as it is=in fact实际上;确切地说。

7.He had not worked very hard,but it really took him a long time to come to A.receptions C.admissions 解析 B.agreements D.terms D with

the fact that he couldn’t go to college.

come to terms with甘心忍受。

8.The country will sooner or later pass through a time of great economic A.hardship B.ownership

A

.

C.scholarship
解析

D.friendship

hardship艰难。

9.—What do you think of your summer vacation
in the countryside? —It is an experience I shall never forget

and shall A for the rest of my life.
A.value 解析 B.respect C.hide D.honor value在此作动词,意为“重视,珍惜”;

respect可作名词和动词,意为“尊敬”;honor 尊敬;hide藏起来。

10.Whatever difficult situation he was in,he never lost confidence and was always about the future life. A.optimistic B.curious A

C.confused
解析

D.glad

句意为:无论处于何种困难,他从不丧失

信心,总是对未来保持乐观态度。be optimistic about sth.对……是乐观的,有信心的。

11.Mr.Scott was once a millionaire,so he
can’t A.go to C.come to 解析 C terms with being poor now. B.turn to D.get to

句意为:斯科特先生曾是一位百万富翁,

所以他忍受不了现在的贫穷。come to terms
with甘心忍受,屈服于;对……逆来顺受; 与……达成协议;与……和好。

12.Tom missed his footing and fell,but he quickly struggled A.with 解析 B.at C.for D his feet. D.to

struggle to one’s feet爬起来,挣扎

着站起来。

13.The use of horses on farms has almost A
in the developed countries,for example in the US. A.died out C.died away 解析 B.died down D.died hard

die out灭绝,(风俗、习惯等)消失,

消灭;die down(火、兴奋、暴风雨、光线、声 音等)渐弱,渐息;die away(声音、光线、风

等)渐弱,渐息;die hard不易根绝,难以灭绝。

14.A bank is reported in the local newspaper
C in broad daylight yesterday. A.being robbed B.having been robbed C.to have been robbed

D.robbed
解析 句意为:当地报纸报道说昨天一家银行在 光天化日之下遭到抢劫。It’s reported that...可转换成Sb./Sth.be reported to do/have done...。

15.The next football season is just C corner.I am sure that our team will do better this time.

the

A.at
解析

B.in

C.around

D.on

around the corner即将来临。

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