北师大英语必修一unit 1 language points知识点_图文

重点单词

Unit 1 language points

1.matter vi 要紧 noun 物质,事件 It doesn’t matter. 没有关系 a matter of sth: 是……的问题 作文金句:Protecting the environment is a matter of life or death. (生死攸关) 2.peaceful:adj peace: noun peacefully: adv 3. stressful: adj 充满压力的 stress: noun 压力 stressed: adj 感到压力的 be under a lot of stress=stressed

4. suppose vt 认为,猜想 be supposed to do sth: 应该做某事

5. complain: verb 抱怨 complaint: noun 投诉 complain to sb about sth
6. switch on switch over switch off

7. go off: 离开;灯熄灭;铃声响;牛奶变质
8.take up: 占据;开始从事;承担

9.urgent: adj 紧急的 in urgent need of sth: 紧急需要某物 例:The earth-stricken areas are in urgent need of food and water. 10. social: adj 社交的 social situations:社 交场合 society: noun 社会,社团

11. reduce: verb 减少 be reduced to doing sth: 沦落到要做某事 例:The rich man was reduced to begging in the street.

12.organise: verb 组织 organisation: noun organised: adj 有条理的

13.diet: noun 饮食 be on a diet:节食 have a balanced diet:膳食平衡
14.stand:verb 站立;经受的起;忍受 stand doing sth: 忍受做某事 The works of Shakespeare can stand the test of time. 莎士比亚的作品经得起时间的考验。

15.volunteer: noun 志愿者 verb 自愿做某事 volunteer to do sth: 自愿做某事 voluntary: adj 自愿的 16. graduate: verb 毕业 noun 毕业生 graduate from…: 从……毕业 graduation: noun 毕业

17. challenge:noun 挑战 face the challenge: 面对挑战 meet the challenge: 迎接挑战 verb challenge to do sth: 挑战做某事 challenging: adj 富有挑战的

18.support: noun 支持 in support of sth: 支持某人 verb 支持;支撑;供养 例:The old man came in, supported by a girl. The man has a big family to support. 19. crowded: adj 拥挤的 be crowded with sth: 充满…… crowd: noun[C] 人群 20. otherwise: adv 否则=if not You’d better put on a coat, otherwise you’ll feel cold. 21. formal: adj 正式的 informal: adj 不正式的

重点短语

1.at midnight: 在午夜 2. an expert on sth: 某 方面的专家 3. suffer from: 遭受……的痛苦 4. prefer to do rather do=prefer doing to doing sth 5. can’t stand doing sth:不能容忍做某 事 6. be filled with sth 充满着 7. at the moment: 此刻,目前 8. over the years: 数 年间 9. go off: 闹钟响,爆炸声 10. get changed: 换好衣服(get sth done: 做好某事) 11. take up: 占据,开始从事,迎接(挑战) 12. be filled with sth: 充满某物 13. complain to sb about sth: 向某人抱怨某物

14. get bored: 变得厌烦 15. arrive at: 到达某处 16.spend…doing sth: 花费……做某事 17. make sure: 确认 18. be free of sth: 免于…… 19. by distance learning: 通过远程教育

重点句型

1. I turn on the television and watch the children’s programmes and old movies until about half past ten. not…until…: 直到……才 例:He didn’t come home until midnight. =It was not until midnight that he came home. =Not until midnight did he come home. (非常重要,考查介词、强调句型、倒装)

2. I always take my portable TV and I sit on the stone wall while my dog walks around in a circle. while表示对比 例:In some countries, men stay at home while women work outside. 3. Of course, we couldn’t live this lifestyle without a good wife. 虚拟语气 4. It takes me less than fifteen minutes to wash, get changed, have breakfast, leave home and get on a bus. 记住这个重点句型

5. I am always the first person to get to the office. 在序数词和最高级后使用to do充当 后置定语。 例:The last to arrive will pay the bill. 6. As a teacher, I feel it’s my duty to do something for students in poor areas. it做形式主语,to do充当真正的主语。 7. Teaching in Inner Mongolia is going to be a great challenge for me. -ing充当主语

8. I’ll have lots of lesson plans to make and homework to do. to do做后置定语

9.They are said to be very good students. 固定句型:据说……
10.That’s what people call the underground in London. 表语从句,使用what来引导

11. We like to visit nice, quiet places far away from the city and go walking where there are no shops, crowds or the tube. 地点状语从句 12. We don’t have the same work hours that office workers in the city have. 定语从句 13. That’s what people call the underground in London. 表语从句,使用what来引导

重点语法

1. 一般现在时和现在进行时 2. be going to do等一般将来时的 用法


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